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Dr SWIFT. Ixvii furprise, wondering for what crime he had deserved to be turned out of his place His maiter obierving this, asked him if he had no cloaths of his own to put on ? he told him he had. Then go your ways, said the Doctor, and as soon as you have thrown off your livery, and drelied yourfilf, come back to me again. The poor fel!ow, tho he was greatly astonished at this proceeding, knew Swift too well to expoftulate; and therefore, with whatever reluctance, did as had been commanded. When he returned, the Dean ordered the other servants to be called up; who immediately attended, expecting that the butler was to be dismissed in terrorem, and that they should be warned in very severe terms of his offence. Swift, as soon as they had ranged themselves before him, ordered them to take notice, that Robert was no longer his servant; he is now, said the Dean, Mr Blakely, the verger of St Patrick's cathedral,

a place which I give him as a reward for his fidelity. The value of this place is between thirty and forty pounds a year. However, Robert would not quit his master, but continued to be his butler fome years afterwards. [D. S. p. 190, 1:] In this instance the Dean exercised his pride, his fortitude, and his equity, in a manner peculiar to himself; and tho' there are many who would equally have rewarded such fidelity, there are few who would have ventured to wait the issue of so severe and dangerous a probation.

FROM this time the Dean's influence in Ireland was almost without bounds. He was consulted in whatever related to domestic policy, and, in particular, to trade. The weavers always confidered him as their patron and legislator, after his proposal for the use of Irish manufactures, and came frequently in a body to receive his advice in fettling the rates of their stuffs, and the wages of their journeymen; and when elections were depending for the city of Dublin, many corporations refused to declare themselves, till they knew his sentiments and inclinations. Over the populace he was the most absolute monarch that ever governed men; and he was re

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garded by persons of every rank with veneration ard

IT appears by many of his writings, that he lived in
great friendship and familiarity with Lord Carteret du-
ring his lieutenancy, not withitanding his Lordship had
signed the proclamation to discover him as the writer
of the Drapier's letters Swift indeed remonstrated against
this proceeding; and once aked his Lordship, how he
could concur in the prosecution of a poor honeft fellow,
who had been guilty of no other crime than that of wri-
ting three or four letters for the instruction of his neigh-
bours, and the good of his country? To this question
his Excellency elegantly replied, in the words of Virgil,

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-Regni novitas me talia cogit

[D. S.p. 270.)
He was equally diligent to recommend his friends to
Lord Carteret, as he had been to recommend them to
Lord Oxford ; and he did it with the same dignity and
freedom. Pray, my Lord." said he one day,

" have
“ you the honour to be acquainted with the Grattons ?"


* The name of Augustus was not bestowed upon Octavius Cxfår with more universal approbation, than the name of the Drapier was bestowed upon the Dean. He had no sooner assumed his new cognomen, than he became the idol of the people of Ireland, to a degree of devotion, that in the moft fuperftitious country scarce any idol ever obtained. Libations to his health, or, in plain English, bumpers, were poured forth to the Drapier, as large and as frequent as to the glorious and immortal memory of K. William III. His effigies were painted in every street in Dub. lin. Acclamations and vows for his prosperity attended his footsteps where ever he passed. He was consulted in all points relating to domestic poley in general, and to the trade of Ireland in particular : but he was more immediately looked upon as the legillator of the weavers, who frequently came in a body, consisting of fifty or fixiy chieftains of their trade, to receive his advice; in settling the rates of their manufactures, and the wages of their journeymen. He received their addresses with lefs majesty than sternness, and ranging his subjects in a circle round his parlour, Ipoke as copiously, and with as little difficulty and hesitation, to the several points in which they fupplicated his aslistance, as if trade had been the only study and employment of his life. When clections were depending for the city of Dublin, many corporations


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My Lord answered, he had not : “ Why then, pray, my

Lord,” said Swift, “ take care to obtain it; it is of great consequence: the Grattons, my Lord, can -" raise ten thousand men " (7. R.p.95.]. He obtained a living for his friend Dr Sheridan ; and he recommended several others, of whom he knew nothing, but that they were good men. (vol. 4. p. 231.]

He used also to remonftrate with great freedom againA fuch measures as he disapproved ; and Lord Carteret having gained the advantage of him in fome dispute concerning the distresses of Ireland, he cried out in a violent paffion, " What the vengeance brought you among

us? Get you gone, get you gone ; pray God al"" mighty send us our boobies back again,"15. R.p. 25.); a reply which shewed at once the turn, the strength, and the virtue of his mind; as it was a fine compliment to the force of reason, by which he had been juft foiled, and was exprefled with all the vehemence of his temper, and all the peculiarity of his wit.

He was several times in England, on a visit to Me Pope, after his fettlement at the deanery, particularly in the years 1726 and 1727.

There is a passage in one of his letters to Dr Sheridan (vol. 4. p. 242.) during his visit in 1726, by which it

appears, that he then had such an offer of a settlement, in the midst of his friends, within twelve miles of London, as, if he had been ten years younger, he would gladly have accepted: “ but I am now," says he, “too " old for new schemes, and especially such as would “ bridle me in my freedoms and liberalities.” He had also an invitation from Lord Bolingbroke to spend a winter with him at his house on the banks of the Loire in France ; and this he would have accepted, but that he received an account from Ireland, that Mrs Johnson was dangerously ill. (vol. 4. p. 242.]


refused to declare themselves, till they had consulted his fentiments and inclinations, which were punctually followed with equal chearfulness and submission. In this state of power, and popular love and admiration, he remained till he lost his senses. 0.

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Mrs Johnfon's conftitution was tender and delicate ; and, as the Dean himself fays, The had not the stamina svita. In the year 1724, the began visibly to decay ; and, in the year 1726, was thought to be dying. The - Dean received the news with agonies not to be felt but by the tenderest and moft ardent friendship, nor conceived but by the moft lively imagination, and immediately haftened back into Ireland. (vol. 4. p. 243.]

It happened, however, that Mrs Johnson, contrary to - the opinion of her physician, recovered a moderate share -of health and the Dean, probably to complete fome design, which in his hafte he had left unfinithed, resurned again to England in 1727.

From England he was once more about to set out for France, opon Lord Boling

broke's invitation, when news : arrived of the King's death. (vol. 4. p. 246.]

He had attended the late Queen, while she was Princess, in his former excursions to England; and he had

feen her twice in one week by her Royal Highness's command in this. She had always treated the Dean with great civility, and the Dean had treated her with his ufual and peculiar frankness. The third day after the - inews of the late King's death, he attended at court, and kiffed the King and the Queen's hand upon their acceffion, and was blamed by his friends for deferring it fo long. (vol. 4 p. 246.)

WHAT profpečt he had of a change in public affairs on this event, or of any advantage which such a change might prodace to himselfor his friends, does not appear;

but he was earneftly intreated to delay his journey. And when he had again determined to set out, he was, op. on some new incidents, again prevailed upon not to go, by the vehement perfaasion of some persone, whom, the 'fays, he could not disobey. Many schemes were proposed, in which he was eagerly solicited to engage; but he received them coldly; not, as it appears, because he was determined no more to enter into public life, but because the fchemes themselves were such as he did not approve. However, in the same letter in which the says, that if the King had lived ten days longer, he fhould not have dated it from London, but Paris, he fays, that his share in the hurry of the time would not


(voli 4.

be long, and that he should foon return. P. 246. 247.]

He was soon after seized with one of his fits of giddiness and deafness; à calamity which was greatly aggravated by the news that Mrs. Johnson was again for ill, that the physicians despaired of her life. Upon this occasion he relapsed into the agonies of mind which he had felt the year before. He expected by the next poft to hear that she was dead; and intreated that he might be told no particulars, but the event in general; for that, his age being then within three months of fixty, his weaknefs and his friendship would bear no more. As he despaired of seeing her alive, he determined not to return to Ireland, so foon as he had intended, but to pass the winter either near Salisbury-plain, or in France. That he might not be interrupted by company, and condemned to the torment of suppresfing his sorrow, to preserve the rules of good-breeding, he quitted the house of Mr Pope, at Twickenham, and 'retired to a village near London, with a female relation for his nurse. The next letter that he received, he kept an hour in his pocket, before he could fufficiently fortify himself against the shock which he expected when he should open it. :. However, as Stella's life ebbed by flow degrees, and sometimes seemed at a stand, if not to flow, his hope of a parting interview revived, and he set out" for Ireland as soon as he was able to travel {vol. 4. let. 120, 1, 2.]

He found her alive ; but, after having languished about two months longer, she expired on the 28th of January 1727-8, in the 44th year of her age, regretted by the Dean with such excess of affection and efteem, as. the keeneft fenfibility only could feel, and the moft excellent character excite.

BEAUTY, which alone has been the object of univerSal admiration and defire, which alone has elevated the poffeffor from the loweft to the highest station, has given dominion to folly, and armed caprice with the power of life and death, was in Stella only the ornament of intellectual greatness : and wit, which has rendered deformity lovely, and conferred honour upon vice, was in hes only the decoration of fach.virtue, as withont either


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