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" the university.” The civilities which he received at Oxford might indeed proceed from his known connection with Sir William Temple ; but he might reasonably impute them also to the suppression of a reproach against which there was good reason to fear this connection would not have supported him : nor is it ftrange, that Swift, after his reputation was established, should, while he was sporting with this incident in the gaiety of his heart, pretend a mistake which never happened, or that what he meant as a jeft upon the univerfity, should. be seriously remembered as an event of his life.

It has also been said, that, upon his disgrace at Dua blin, he resolved to pursue his studies at Oxford, where he almost constantly refided during three years, and was avowedly supported by Sir William Temple. (O. let, 2.) But the contrary is incontestably true; for there are not quite two months between the date of his teftimonium, and his taking his Master's degree. Befides, in the letter to his uncle just mentioned, he says,

alhamed to be more obliged in a few weeks to frangers, than in seven years to Dublin college 7." (vol.

u I am

4. P. 197]

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lorum nominibus, et collegii figillo quo in hisce utimur, confirmanduma
curavimus. Datum die tertio Maii 1692.


Ben. SCROGGS. Quibus in venerabili congregatione magistrorum regentium 14 die Junił 1692 habitâ publicatis, JONATHAN SWIPT (gratiâ priùs petita et conceffi) ad eundem gradum, ftatum, et dignitatem, admiJus fuit, apuci O.conienfes, quibus insignitus erat apud fuas Dublinienses.

10 Nov. 1753,

vera copia RIC.RAWLINSON,


Hart Hall, July s. 16921 D. S. p. 43. 44.

# See the note, above, p. xi.

+ He went to college, at the age of fourteen, in 1681 ; continued shere seven years, as appears by his letter; so that he did not leave


From Oxford he returned again. tö Moorpark, where he affifted Sir William Temple to revise his works f, corrected and improved his Tale of a Tub, and added the digressions. From the conversation of Sir William,, who was minutely acquainted with all the intricacies of party, and the secrets of state, during the reigns of K. Charles II. and K. James II. Swift greatly increased his political knowledge. But having long suspected Sir William of neglecting to provide for him, merely that he might keep him in his family, length resented it so warmly, that, in 1694, a quarrel ensued, and they parted, [vol. 4. p. 199.]

It is probable that Swift did not leave Sir William for such a reason without severe expoftulation, not only because Swift was no respecter of persons, but because it. appears that Sir William, though he was extremely angry, admitted his claim to fome provifion, by offering to make him his deputy as Master of the Rolls in Ireland. This offer however Swift did not accept : but re-, plied, that since he had now an opportunity of living without being driven into the church for fupport, a fcruple which had hitherto kept him out of it, he was determined to go

into Ireland and take orders. Swift, during his residence with Sir William, had ver failed to visit his mother at Leicester once a-year; and his manner of travelling was very extraordinary, He always went on foot, except the weather was very bad; and then he would sometimes take shelter in a waggon. He chose to dine at obscure alehouses among pedlars and hoftlers, and to lie where he saw written over the door, Lodgings for a penny ; but he used to bribe



Ireland till 1688. He was some months with his mother before he went to Sir William, and two years with him before he went 10 Ireland for his health, which must therefore be in 1691. He returned from Ireland, and continued fome time longer with Sir William before he went to Oxford ; which must therefore be in 1692: and in that very year he took his degree. The fact therefore which, Lord Orrey says, was immediately construed to fa. vour an opinion that Swift was Sir William's natural fon, appears never to have happened. Hawkef.

Swift translated for Sir William his letters out of the original Trench into English. D. S. p. 99.

the maid with a tester for a single bed and clean sheets. He delighted (says Lord Ortery) in scenes of low life. The vulgar dialect was not only a fund of humour for him, but I verily believe was acceptable to his nature ; otherwise I know not how to account for the many file thy ideas and indecent expressions (I mean indecent in point of cleanliness and delicacy) that will be found, throughout his works 1.

.. In this manner he went down to his mother upon his leaving Sir William, and from Leicester he wrote a letter, dated June 1694, [in vol. 4. p. 194.] to his cousin Deane Swift, then at Lilbon; in which he relates his quarrel with Sir William, and declares his purpose


* When Swift was a young man, he was prodigiously fond of rambling, even before his pocket could afford the common expences of a journey: and therefore we cannot but applaud his manner of travelling ; lince travel about he certainly must, or esse die of the spleen, Oxford, Dublin, London, Moorpark, and Leicester, were at various times the places of his abode ; but Leicester in particular, during his mother's life,' he commonly visited once a year, let his general residence have been where it would. In fbort, upon his own fect he ran like a buck from one place to another. Gates, stiles, and quicksets, he no more valued than if they had been so many

ftraws. His constitution was strong, and his limbs were active.- His company in those flights were, I believe, all sorts of people which he met in towns and villages where he chanced to refresh himself; some chat for an hour, and again to the fields. Hisi imagination was always alive, and perhaps beyond all others he had a power to conciliate his ideas to the several capacities of all human race, and at the same time catch entertainment to himself from every species of uoderstanding; agreeable to what is said in that panegyric on the Dcan written in the person of a lady in the north of Ireland.

Wbene'er you joke, 'tis all a case
Whether with Dermot, or his Grace ;
With Teague O Murphy, or an Earl,
A Duchess or a kitchen-girl.
With such dexterity you fit
Their sev'ral talents with your wit,
That Moll the chambermaid can smoke,

And Gahagan take ev'ry joke. vol. 6. p. 380. However, the Doctor hath often told his friends, that whatever moncy he saved by this manner of travelling, he conftantly threw it away, as soon as he went to London, upon a fine waisicoat, or some additional gaiety upon a suit of cloaths. D. S. p. 99. 100, 1.

to take orders in the September following, wishing he could procure for him the chaplain ship of the factory.

What was the effect of this letter, is not known ; but Swift roon after obtained a recommendation (sup pofed to be from Sir William Temple) to Lord Capely then Lord Deputy of Treland, who gave him the prebend of Kilroot, in the diocese of Connor, a northern district, worth about 100 l. a-year *, But Sir William, who had been used to the converfation of Swift, foon found that he could not be content to live without him ; he therefore urged him to resign his prebend in favour of a friend, and promised to obtain preferment for him in England, if he would return t. Swift consented ; and Sir William was so much pleased with this act of kindness, that during the remainder of his life, which was about four years, his behaviour was such as produced the utmost harmony between them. Swift, as a testimony of his friendship and efteem, wrote the battle of the books, of which Sir William is the hero ; and Sir William, when he died, left him a pecuniary legacy, (supposed to have been about soo 1.) and his pofthumous works.

What other favours he received from Sir William, cannot certainly be known. Swift acknowledged none but his ineffectual recommendation to K. William ; and he is known to have received frequent remittances from his uncle William, and his uncle Willoughby Swift :. fo.


* Swift soon grew weary of this preferment. It was not fufficia ently considerable, and was at so great a distance from the metrópolis, that it absolutely deprived him from that kind of conversation and society in which he delighted. He had been used to very different scenes in England, and had naturally an aversion to solitude and retirement. He was glad therefore to resign his prebend in favour of a friend, and to return to Sheen, &c. Orrory, let. 2.

+ This appears by a letter from Swift's filter, then in Ireland, to her cousin Deane in Portagal, dated May 26.1699: “ My poor bio“ ther” (says she) " haft loft his best friend Sir William Temple, who

was fo fond of him whilft he lived, that he made him give up his living in this country to stay with him at Moorpark, and promised

him one in England: but death came in between, and has “ left him unprovided both of friend and living." D. S. p. 66.

to get

that Sir William does not seem to have treated him with a liberality for which it is difficult to account.

UPON the death of Sir William Temple, Swift applied by petition to K. William for the first vacant prebend of Canterbury or Westminster, for which the royal promise had been obtained by his late patron, whose posthumous works he dedicated to his Majesty, to facilitate the success of this application. But it does not appear, that, after the death of Sir William, the King took the least notice of Mr Swift *. His petition and dedication were equally neglected t; and after a fruitlefs attendance at court, which probably increased the austerity of his temper, he accepted an invitation of the Earl of Berkeley, who had been appointed one of the Lords Justices of Ireland, to attend him as chaplain and private secretary. It might reasonably have been hoped, that although he had been disappointed of the preferment for which he solicited, yet the employment to which he was invited would have been secure. But it happened, that after he had acted as secretary during the whole journey to Dublin, one Bush found means to infinuate to Lord Berkeley, that the post of secretary was not fit for a clergyman ; and his Lordship suffered himself to be fa easily convinced of this impropriety, that after making fome apology to Mr Swift, he appointed Bush secretary in his stead ll.

This The promises of kings are often a kind of chaff, which the breath of a minister bloweth, and scattereth away from the face of a court. Swift's petition had no effect. It was either totally forgotten, or drowned amid the clamours of more urgent claims. From this first disappointment, may probably be dated that bitterness towards kings and courtiers, which is to be found so universally dispersed throughout his works. Orrery, let. 3.

The Earl of Rumney, who professed much friendship for Mr Swift, promised to second his petition ; but as he was an old, vitious, illiterate rake, without any sense of truth or honour, he said not a word to the King.

+ What then was to be done? Honour, or, to use a properer word, pride hindered him from staying long in a state of servility and contempt. Orrery, let. 3.

| Here was another disappointment, and a fresh object of indig. nation. The treatment was thought injurious, and Swift expressed his fenfibility of it in a short, but satirical copy of verses, intitled, The Discovery. Orrery, let. 3. Sec vod. 7. p. 134.

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