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live, Herod had ordained that the government should be o conferred, not on his son, but rather on a brother. He al“ so had accused the king of great barbarity, and of the “ slaughter of his sons; and that it was out of the fear he was “ under, lest he should do the like to him, that made him contrive this his journey to Rome, and Pheroras contrive “ to go to his own tetrarchy."

2. These confessions agreed with what his sister had told him, and tended greatly to corroborate her testimony, and to free her from the suspicion of her unfaithfulness to him. So the king having satisfied himself of the spite which Doris, Antipater's mother, as well as himself, bore to him, took away from her all her fine ornaments, which were worth many talents; and then sent her away, and entered into friendship with Pheroras's women. But he who most of all irritated the king against his son, was one Antipater, the procurator of Antipater the king's son, who when he was tortured, among other things said, That Antipater had prepared a deadly potion and given it to Pheroras, with his desire that he would give it to his father during his absence, and when he was too remote to have the least suspicion cast upon him thereto relating; that Antiphilus, one of Antipater's friends, brought that potion out of Egypt; and that it was sent to Pheroras by Theudion, the brother of the mother of Antipater the king's son, and by that means came to Pheroras's wife, her husband having given it her to keep. And when the king asked her about it, she confessed it; and as she was running to fetch it, she threw herself down from the house-top; yet did she not kill herself, because she fell upon her feet: by which means, when the king had comforted her, and had promised her and her domestics pardon, upon condition of their concealing nothing of the truth from him, but had threatened her with the utmost miseries if she proved ungrateful, (and concealed any thing;] so she promised and swore that she would speak out every thing, and tell after what manner every thing was done; and said what many took to be entirely true, That “the potion was brought out of Egypt by Anti“ philus; and that his brother, who was a physician, bad pro“ cured it; and that when Theudion brought it us, she kept “ it upon Pheroras's committing it to her; and that it was “ prepared by Antipater for thee. When, therefore, Phe

roras was fallen sick, and thou camedst to him, and took“ edst care of him, and when he saw the kindness thou hadst for him, his mind was overborne thereby." So he called me to him, and said to me, “woman! Antipater hath cir

cumvented me in this affair of his father and my brother, by persuading me to have a murderous intention to him,

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“ and procuring a potion to be subservient thereto: do thou, “ therefore, go and fetch my potion, (since my brother ap

pears to have still the same virtuous disposition towards “ me which he had formerly, and I do not expect to live

long myself, and that I may 'not defile my forefathers by " the murder of a brother and burn it before my face: that accordingly she immediately brought it, and did as her 6 husband bade her; and that she burnt the greatest part of “ the potion; but that a little of it was left, that if the king, 66 after Pheroras's death, should treat her ill, she might poi

son herself, and thereby get clear of her miseries." Upon her saying thus, she brought out the potion, and the box in which it was, before them all. Nay, there was another brother of Antiphilus's, and his mother also, who, by the extremity of pain and torture, confessed the same things, and owned the box (to be that which had been brought out of Egypt.] The high-priest's daughter also, who was the king's wife, was accused to have been conscious of all this, and had Tesolved to conceal it; for which reason Herod divorced her, and blotted her son out of his testament, wherein he had been mentioned as one that was to reign after him; and he took the high priesthood away from his father-in-law, Simeon the son of Boethus, and appointed Mattathias the son of Theophilus, who was born at Jerusalem, to be high-priest in his

3. While this was doing, Bathyllus, also Antipater's freedman, came from Rome, and, upon the torture, was found to have brought another potion, to give it into the hands of Antipater's mother, and of Pheroras, that if the former potion did not operate upon the king, this at least might carry bim off. There came also letters from Herod's friends at Rome, by the approbation and at the suggestion of Antipater, to accuse Archelaus and Philip, as if they calumniated their father on account of the slaughter of Alexander and Aristobulus, and as if they commiserated their deaths, and as if, because they were sent for home, (for their father had already recalled them,) they concluded they were themselves also to be destroyed. These letters had been procured by great rewards, by Antipater's friends; but Antipater himself wrote to his father about them, and laid the heaviest things to their charge; yet did he entirely excuse them of any guilt, and said, they were but young men, and so imputed their words to their youth. But he said, that he had himself been very busy in the affair relating to Sylleus, and in getting interest among the great men; and on that account bad bought splendid ornaments to present them withal, which cost bim !wo hundred talents. Now, one may wonder how it came about,


that while so many accusations were laid against him in Judea during seven months before this time, he was not made acquainted with any of them. The causes of which were, that the roads were exactly guarded, and that men bated Antipater; for there were nobody who would run any hazard himself, to gain him any advantages.

CH A P. Vir

Antipater's navigation from Rome to his father; and how he

was accused by Nicolaus of Damascus, and condemned to die by his father, and by Quintilius Varus, who was then president of Syria ; and how he was then bound till Cæsar should

be informed of his cause. § 1. Now Herod, upon Antipater's writing to him, that having done all that he was to do, and this in the manner he was to do it, he would suddenly come to him, concealed his anger against him, and wrote back to him, and bid him not delay his journey, lest any harm should befal himself in bis absence. At the same time also he made some little complaint about his mother, but promised, that he would lay those complaints aside when he should return. He withal expressed his entire affection for him, as fearing lest he should have some suspicion of him, and defer his journey to him; and lest, while he lived at Rome, he should lay plots for the kingdom, and moreover, do somewhat against himself. This letter Antipater met with in Cilicia; but had received an account of Pheroras's death before at Tarentum. This last news affected him deeply; not, out of any affection for Pheroras, but because he was dead without having murdered his father, which he had promised him to do. And when he was at Celendris in Cilicia, he began to deliberate with himself about his sailing home, as being much grieved with the ejection of his mother. Now some of his friends advised him, that he should tarry a while somewhere, in expectation of farther information. But others advised him to sail home without delay; for that if he were once come thither, he would soon put an end to all accusations, and that nothing afforded any weight to his accusers at present but his absence. He was persuaded by these last, and sailed on, and landed at the haven called Sebastus which Herod had built at vast expences in honour of Cæsar, and called Sebastus. And now was Antipater evidently in a miserable condition, while nobody came to him nor saluted him, as they did at his going away, with good wishes or joyful acclamations; nor was there now any thing to hinder them from entertaining him, on

the contrary, with bitter curses, while they supposed he was come to receive his punishment for the murder of his bre. thren.

2. Now Quintilius Varus was at this time at Jerusalem, being sent to succeed Saturninus, as president of Syria, and was come as an assessor to Herod, who had desired his advice in his preseut affairs ; and as they were sitting together, Antipater came upon them, without knowing any thing of the matter; so he came into the palace clothed in purple. The porters indeed received him in, but excluded his friends. And now he was in great disorder, and presently understood the condition he was in, while upon his going to salute his father he was repulsed by him, who called him a murderer of his brethren, and a plotter of destruction against himself, and told him that'Varus should be his auditor and his judge the very next day; so he found, that what misfortune he now beard of was already upon him, with the greatness of which he went away in confusion : upon which his mother and his wife met him, (which wife was the daughter of Antigonus who was king of the Jews before Herod), from whom he learned all circumstances which concerned him, and then prepared himself for his trial.

3. On the next day Varus and the king sat together in judgment, and both their friends were also called in, as also the king's relations, with his sister Salome, and as many as could discover any thing, and such as had been tortured ; and besides these, some slaves of Antipater's mother, who were taken up a little before Antipater's coming, and brought with them a written letter, the sum of which was this, that “ he « should not come back, because all was come to his father's “ knowledge; and that Cæsar was the only refuge he had left to prevent both his and her delivery into his father's hands." Then did Antipater fall down at his father's feet, and besought him “ not to prejudge his cause, but that he might be first “ heard by his father, and that his father would keep him s still unprejudiced.”. So Herod ordered him to be brought into the midst, and then “ lamented himself about his chil. “ dren, from whom he had suffered such great misfortunes ; " and because Antipater fell upon him in his old age. “ also reckoned up what maintenance, and what education " he had given them; and what seasonable supplies of wealth " he had afforded them, according to their own desires, none 56 of which favours had bindered them from contriving against so him, and from bringing his very life into danger, in order

to gain his kingdom, after an impious manner, by taking

away his life before the course of nature, their father's s wishes, or justice, required that tbat kingdom should " come to them; and that he wondered what hopes could ele“ vate Antipater to such a pass as to be hardy enough to at“ tempt such things; that he had by his testament in writing " declared him his successor in the government; and while “ he was alive he was in no respect inferior to him, either “ in his illustrious dignity, or in power and authority, he “ having no less than fifty talents for his yearly income, and 6 had received for his journey to Rome no fewer than thirty 66 talents. He also objected to him the case of his brethren

whom he had accused ; and if they were guilty, he had 66 imitated their example; and if not, he had brought himn “ groundless accusations against his near relations; for that " he had been acquainted with all those things by him, and

by nobody else, and had done what was done by his ap• probation, and whom he now absolved from all that was 6. criminal, by becoming the inheritor of the guilt of such their


4. When Herod bad thus spoken, he fell a weeping, and was not able to say any more; but at his desire Nicolaus of Damascus, being the king's friend, and always conversant with him, and acquainted with whatsoever he did, and with the circumstances of his affairs, proceeded to what remained, and explained all that concerned the demonstrations, and evidences of the facts. Upon which Antipater, in order to make his legal defence, turned himself to his father, and“ enlarged

upon the many indications he had given of his good-will 66 to him; and instanced in the honours that had been done 66 him, which yet had not been done, had he not deserved " them by his virtuous concern about him; for that he had " made provision for every thing that was fit to be foreseen 66 before-hand, as to giving him his wisest advice; and when

ever there was occasion for the labours of his own hands, “ he had not grudged any such pains for him. And that it " was almost impossible that be, who had delivered his father from so many treacherous contrivances laid against him, " should be himself in a plot against him, and so lose all the “ reputation he had gained for his virtue, by his wickedness " which succeeded it; and this while he had nothing to pro6 hibit him, who had already appointed his successor, to en“joy the royal honour with his father also at present, and " that there was no likelihood that a person who had the one “ half of that authority without any danger, and with a good " character, should hunt after the whole infamy and danger, “ and this when it was doubtful whether he could obtain it “ or not; and when he saw the sad example of his brethren " before him, and was both the informer and the accuser * against them, at a time when they might not otherwise,

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