Page images
PDF
EPUB
[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

* Pronounced hard in Egypt.. # Usually unpronounceable by Europeans.

Accompanied by a rattling sound.

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

* In the Boheiric dialect there are thirty-two.

+ Six letters of the Coptic alphabet are modifications of the forms of Egyptian characters in demotic. See p. 213. The names of the letters in Coptic are &2a, Brad, reella, addad, el, 31T&, HTA, OIT&, s&TT&, kanna, nátha, els, NI, X1, 0, ns, po, ciele, T&T, re (86), $s, XI, 4s, &7, cyer, qer, Dei, sops, x&nXid, Celá, TI.

NAMES OF THE COPTIC MONTHS. The Copts use an Era called the “Era of the Martyrs,” or the “Era of Diocletian,” which began on the day equivalent to August 29, A.D. 284, in consequence of the persecution of the Christians by that Emperor. The years of this Era have 12 months of 30 days each, with five additional days in a common year, to make up 365 days ; a sixth day being added every fourth year, making such fourth years consist of 366 days; and as the Julian Leap Years, and the intercalary years of this Era fall together, the ist of Thoth always corresponds to the 29th of August. The Era of the Martyrs was generally used by Christian writers until the introduction of the reckoning of the Christian Era by Dionysius Exiguus, A.U.C. 1286 = A.D. 533. The Copts call the Epagomenal Days, “The little month.” Coptic.

In Arabic.
OWOTT Aug. 29 Tût
N&OM

Sept. 28

Bâba Αθωp

Oct. 28 Hatûr Xos&K Nov. 27 Kihak TWBS Dec. 27 Tûbah иєҲр Jan. 26 Amshir Bellenwe Feb. 25 $apecores Mar. 27 TAXI April 26 πάωπι May 26 ENAM

June 25 Abib иєсюрн July 25 Masari

توت

بابة

کیه

طوبه

امشیر

برمهات Barmahat

Barmada
برموده

Bashans
بشنس

Bawanah
بوونة
ابيب
مسري

NAMES OF THE MUHAMMADAN MONTHS.

The Muhammadan day always begins at sunset, not midnight. For religious purposes the month begins at sunset of the day when the new moon is first seen after sunset. If the new moon is not seen on the first or second evening after conjunction, the month will begin on the third evening whether the moon be visible or not. For civil purposes the month is made to begin at the sunset immediately following conjunction. Thus there may be the difference of one or even two days between the religious and civil reckoning. The months are :-

Muharram

الرم

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

NAMES OF THE ETHIOPIAN OR ABYSSINIAN

MONTHS.

The Abyssinians use the Era of the Martyrs, like the Copts. The Months are:

Maskarram መስከረም፡ Aug. 29
Țekemt

ጥቅምት፡ Sept. 28
Khedar

484:

Oct. 28
Tâkhshash JUH.W; Nov. 27
Țer

95:

Dec. 27
Yakậtît የካቲት፡ Jan. 26
Magâbît መጋቢት፡ Feb. 25
Mîyâzya

PHP: Mar. 27
Genbôt
ግንቦት፡

April 26
Sene

712 :

May 26
Hamle
ሕጮሴ፡

June 25
Nahasse ናሴ።

July 25
The Epagomenal Days are called Pâgrěmên 874993:
The Abyssinians also call their months by the Arabic forms
of their Coptic names, thus :-
Maskarram = Tốt

fit:: Tekemt = Bâbê

nn: Khedâr = Khatûr

ዓቱና፡

« PreviousContinue »