Page images
PDF
EPUB

UPPER EGYPT.

CAIRO TO ASWÂN BY THE UPPER EGYPT RAILWAY.

The journey from Cairo to Luxor by train occupies about 14 hours, the distance being about 420 miles; the journey from Luxor to Aswân occupies from 7 to 8 hours, the distance being about 130 miles. The Nile is crossed at Nag' Hamâdî by an iron bridge 1,362 feet long. The ordinary gauge is used from Cairo to Luxor, and a narrower gauge from Luxor to Aswân ; this necessitates a change of carriage at Luxor. The following are the stations passed :

Distance in

kilos. and metres from

Name of Station.

Province.

Population

in 1€97

Cairo.

16,820

الحوامدية

1,995

البدرشين

5,884

1,542

مزغونه العياط المتانيه

94

1,975

13'331* Gizah

sikur Gízah 27'513 Hawâmdiyah 32*180 Badrashên 44-330 Maz'ûna 58-813 Al-'Ayâț 64546 Matânîyah 72-814 Kafr 'Ammar

hoc é » 83'134 Rikka

J! 91.844 Al-Wasțât

| Beni-Suwêf 101'440 Beni Hudêr

; da u * The formula for converting kilometres into miles is ( + + The passenger for the Fayyûm changes carriages here.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

بني سويف

15,297

135504

2,096

145 '354

Biba

| IoI,340 ((district)

8,935

159°436 Fashn
168:408 Fant
179.874 Maghâgha
187.840 Abâ al-Waķf

3,281

3,543

140

طنسا Beni Mala Tansa
ببا
و
Minyah الفشن

الغنت
مغاغه

ابا الوقف
,,

بني مزار ,

مطای قلوصنه سمالوط اطسا المنيا منسفيس ابو قرقاص

اتليدم Asyte وضه Fawrika Al

R6da
ملوى
,,

دير مواس
,,

ديروط
,,

197 596 Beni-Mazar
207-855 Matat
216:384 Kultanah
221916 Samalay
232014 Etsa
247.826 Minyâ (Minyah)
258•850 Mansafis
267-8o2 Abd Kerkas
274078 Atlfdam

5186 3,863 4,263 6,786

1,680

20,404

2,770

6,212

4954

287134

2,136

15,471

295:18i Malawi 305124 Der Mawas 316182 Derat

6,20

1,624

330'042

Nazâlî Gânîb

2,450

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

سوهاج

13,930

10,451

[blocks in formation]

583

[blocks in formation]

17,271 6,156

[blocks in formation]

7,232

521*096 5292172 5386254 547-986

374

Balyana Abd Shisha Abû Tisht Farshût

المنشاه العصيرات جرجا برديس البلينا ابو شوشه

ابو تشت ,, Kana فرشوط

نجع حمادي
و

النصبعيه
,

2,434

9,839

[blocks in formation]

4,365

563616 Dabh

3,122 5,049

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

الشلال

[ocr errors]

CAIRO TO LUXOR.

The Pyramids of Lisht.

These pyramids lie near the village of Matâniyah, and were built by Amenemḥāt I., the first king of the XIIth dynasty, and his son Usertsen I.; they are about 35 miles to the south of Cairo.

The Pyramid of Mêdúm.

This pyramid, which is about 40 miles south of Cairo, is called by the Arabs Al-Haram al-Kaddab, or “the False Pyramid'; it is probably so named because it is unlike any of the other pyramids known to them. It appears to have been built by Seneferu

, the first king of the IVth dynasty, for the name of this king is found at various places in and about it. The pyramid is about 115 feet high, and consists of three stages: the first is 70, the second 20, and the third about 25 feet high. The stone for this building was brought from the Muķatļam hills, but it was never finished; as in all other pyramids, the entrance is on the north side. It was opened by Prof. Maspero in 1881, and was examined ten years later by Prof. Petrie. The sarcophagus chamber was found empty, and it would seem that this pyramid had been entered and rifled in ancient days. On the north of this pyramid are a number of mașțăbas in which 'royal relatives of Seneferu are buried; the most interesting of these are those of Nefermat, one of his feudal chiefs ( 8 s erpå ha) and of Atet his widow. The sculptures and general

« PreviousContinue »