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CAIRO TO ASWÂN BY THE UPPER EGYPT RAILWAY.
The journey from Cairo to Luxor by train occupies about 14 hours, the distance being about 420 miles; the journey from Luxor to Aswân occupies from 7 to 8 hours, the distance being about 130 miles. The Nile is crossed at Nag' Hamâdî by an iron bridge 1,362 feet long. The ordinary gauge is used from Cairo to Luxor, and a narrower gauge from Luxor to Aswân ; this necessitates a change of carriage at Luxor. The following are the stations passed :
kilos. and metres from
Name of Station.
مزغونه العياط المتانيه
sikur Gízah 27'513 Hawâmdiyah 32*180 Badrashên 44-330 Maz'ûna 58-813 Al-'Ayâț 64546 Matânîyah 72-814 Kafr 'Ammar
hoc é » 83'134 Rikka
J! 91.844 Al-Wasțât
| Beni-Suwêf 101'440 Beni Hudêr
; da u * The formula for converting kilometres into miles is ( + + The passenger for the Fayyûm changes carriages here.
| IoI,340 ((district)
طنسا Beni Mala Tansa
بني مزار ,
مطای قلوصنه سمالوط اطسا المنيا منسفيس ابو قرقاص
اتليدم Asyte وضه Fawrika Al
197 596 Beni-Mazar
5186 3,863 4,263 6,786
295:18i Malawi 305124 Der Mawas 316182 Derat
521*096 5292172 5386254 547-986
Balyana Abd Shisha Abû Tisht Farshût
المنشاه العصيرات جرجا برديس البلينا ابو شوشه
ابو تشت ,, Kana فرشوط
CAIRO TO LUXOR.
The Pyramids of Lisht.
These pyramids lie near the village of Matâniyah, and were built by Amenemḥāt I., the first king of the XIIth dynasty, and his son Usertsen I.; they are about 35 miles to the south of Cairo.
The Pyramid of Mêdúm.
This pyramid, which is about 40 miles south of Cairo, is called by the Arabs Al-Haram al-Kaddab, or “the False Pyramid'; it is probably so named because it is unlike any of the other pyramids known to them. It appears to have been built by Seneferu
, the first king of the IVth dynasty, for the name of this king is found at various places in and about it. The pyramid is about 115 feet high, and consists of three stages: the first is 70, the second 20, and the third about 25 feet high. The stone for this building was brought from the Muķatļam hills, but it was never finished; as in all other pyramids, the entrance is on the north side. It was opened by Prof. Maspero in 1881, and was examined ten years later by Prof. Petrie. The sarcophagus chamber was found empty, and it would seem that this pyramid had been entered and rifled in ancient days. On the north of this pyramid are a number of mașțăbas in which 'royal relatives of Seneferu are buried; the most interesting of these are those of Nefermat, one of his feudal chiefs ( 8 s erpå ha) and of Atet his widow. The sculptures and general