Page images

XXI. (No. 18). Tomb of Rameses XI. (Now used as an engine room.)

XXII. (No. 4). Tomb of Rameses XII. This tomb was not finished.

XXIII. (No. 5). An entrance to a corridor or chamber, uninscribed.

XXIV. (No. 12). An uninscribed mummy pit.
XXV. (No. 13). Tomb of Bai, an official of Sa-Ptah.

XXVI. (No. 19). Tomb of Ment-her-khepesh-f, already mentioned

XXVII. (No. 21). An uninscribed mummy pit.

XXVIII. (No. 24). Uninscribed tomb in the Western Valley.

XXIX. (No. 25). Uninscribed tomb in the Western Valley.

XXX.-XXXVII. (Nos. 26–33). Uninscribed mummy pits or tombs.

XXXVIII., XXXIX. (Nos. 36, 37). Tombs not royal.
XL-XLII. (Nos. 39-41). Uninscribed mummy pits.
XLIII. (No. 42). Tomb of Sen-nefer, XVIIIth dynasty.
XLIV. (No. 44). Tomb of Thentkaru.
XLV. (No. 45). Tomb of Userḥāt.

XLVI. The tomb of Sa-Ptaḥ was excavated in 1905-06 by Mr. H. Theodore M. Davis, assisted by Mr. Ayrton.

XLVII. Discovery of the tomb of luda and Thusu, the father and mother of Thi, wife of Amenhetep III, about B.C. 1450. This important tomb was discovered by Mr. Theodore M. Davis on February 12th, 1905. Early in that year this gentleman began to excavate a site which had been chosen for him by Prof. Maspero, Director-General of the Department of Antiquities of

Egypt, mid-way between the tombs of Rameses IV. and Rameses XII., on the west bank of the Nile. In the course of the work a flight of steps leading down into the ground was discovered, and at its foot the way was blocked by a doorway filled with large stones. When some of these had been removed, a boy was sent through the opening, and he returned with a staff of office in one hand, and a yoke of a chariot plated with gold in the other. Mr. Davis then passed through the opening, and found himself at the head of a second flight of steps, twenty in number, on which were lying some objects which had been stolen from the tomb some thirtyfour centuries ago. The thieves had been

[graphic][merged small]

disturbed in their work, and probably dropped these as they fled. On the following day the tomb was formally opened in the presence of the Duke of Connaught, and those who were allowed to enter it saw the most curious and gorgeous funeral furniture which has ever been seen in an Egyptian tomb. Mummy-cases plated with gold, exquisitely formed alabaster vases, painted boxes and chairs, a chariot, etc., lay piled one above the other in barbaric profusion. The sepulchral chamber is about 30 feet long, 15 feet wide, and 8 feet high. To the left of the entrance were two large wooden sarcophagi, painted blue and gold, each containing two coffins, two for the man and two for the

*A + woman, who were the occupants of the tomb. Each outer case was plated with gold outside and lined with silver, and each inner case was plated with gold outside and lined with gold leaf. Near the wall to the right were two mats made of palm

Vase inscribed with the names of leaves, which are commonly Åmen-hetep III and Queen Thi. called “Osiris beds.” On the mats layers of damp earth were laid, and in the earth wheat was planted in such a fashion as to outline figures of Osiris. When the grain grew up the form of the god appeared in living green. Primarily the placing of an Osiris mat in the tomb was merely an act of sympathetic magic, but there is reason to believe that in the XVIIIth


dynasty spiritual beliefs of a high character were connected with the custom. At the western end of the tomb were several large sealed jars full of wine and oil, and small boxes containing pieces of cooked meat wrapped up in black muslin. Above these was the chariot already mentioned, and close by was the set of “Canopic" jars, which contained

[graphic][ocr errors]

Inscribed Coffer from the Tomb of Iuda and Thuku.

some of the intestines of the deceased. Elsewhere in the tomb were found sandals made of papyrus and leather, boxes to hold ushabtiu, and ushabtiu made of wood, alabaster, gold and silver, and painted wooden vases. Worthy of special note are : 1. A box for holding the clothes of the deceased, made of palm-wood and papyrus; inside it is a shelf provided with papyrus faps. 2. A tox

plated with gold and blue porcelain. 3. A box, on four legs, with a rounded cover, inlaid with ivory; the names and titles of Amen-ḥetep and Thi are given in gold painted on a blue ground. 4. A long bed, with the head-piece ornamented with panels, wherein are figures of the old deities Bes and Ta-urt made of giided ivory. This is undoubtedly the bed whereon the deceased had slept during


Outside of the head of the bedstead of Iuảa and Thuiu.

their lives, and the plaited flax on which they lay is curved by use. 5. A chair, ornamented with reliefs in gilded plaster. On each side is a figure of a gazelle, and a triple emblem of "life.” In it is a cushion stuffed with goosefeathers. 6. A chair of state, with solid sides and back, ornamented with figures of gods and of Sat- men, daughter of Queen Thi. In front, at each side, just above the legs, is a carved female head ; the seat of the chair is made of

« PreviousContinue »