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(4) variant readings of a few poems, such as “Thanatopsis’ and “The City in the Sea,” whose revision has peculiar interest or significance; (5) quotations from sources and parallel passages, to show the poet's literary relationships and his way of shaping material; (6) specimens of contemporary criticism, taken chiefly from periodicals.

I express my thanks to Mr. H. L. Koopman, of the John Hay Library, and to Mr. G. P. Winship, of the John Carter Brown Library, Brown University, for courtesies in connection with the use of rare books; and to Professor W. P. Trent, who has kindly allowed me to reprint from his Southern Writers a poem by Hayne not otherwise accessible to me, and has furnished certain information about it. My thanks are also due to the following men and publishing houses for kind permission to use copyrighted material: D. Appleton & Co., publishers of Bryant's works and of Godwin's life of him; Messrs. H. L. Traubel and T. B. Harned, Whitman's literary executors, and Mitchell Kennerley, the publisher of his works; the B. F. Johnson Publishing Co., publishers of Timrod's poems; Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Co., publishers of Hayne's poems; Mr. M. P. Andrews, editor of Randall's poems, and the Whitehall Publishing Co., the publishers of them; Mr. W. H. Thompson, author of "The High Tide at Gettysburg"; the Whitaker & Ray-Wiggin Co., publishers of Miller's poems; Charles Scribner's Sons, publishers of Lanier's poems; Little, Brown & Co., publishers of Miss Dickinson's poems. My wife has rendered invaluable assistance by preparing copy, collating texts, making the table of contents and the indices, revising notes, and reading proof; without her aid my labor would have been much heavier, and the book less accurate.


August 20, 1912

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