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“The Jews have frequently been instan- of the genuine Parisian female, with the ced as a confirmation of the influence of cli- coarse ill-favoured person, and stolid exmate; and being an unmixed people, they pression of the Norman peasant. p. 30, 31. afford a striking example. Those of Poland and Germany, having assumed the European But it is not merely the physical chacomplexion, while those of Africa are as racter which is thus influenced by habit; swarthy as the Moors themselves. And the even the moral or mental constitution various shades of complexion among them seems to be subject to the same agency; as will be found proportioned to the time they may be seen in theinstance of seamen; who have been settled in different climates.

even in a few years, acquire a character, “But, with regard to the influence of climate upon complexion, the fact is so obvi

as decidedly different from that of landsous, that it would be but a waste of time to

men, as can possibly exist between two enter into further proofs of it: forasmuch

different tribes; and, if this were contias, both in Asia and Africa, the original in

nued by an hereditary naval life, we habitants nearest the equator are, without might expect to see it still more distinctly exception, dark, and those descendants of marked. Europeans who are found among them, have We may likewise add, that the change lost the florid complexion of their European effected by climate and habit upon the relatives, and are evidently in a state of ap- physiognomy, is not limited to the comproximation to the colour of the Aborigines,

plexion alone. Even the more solid parts though civilized habits of life must doubt

of the face are subject to it. For Proless secure them against becoming black. As an example of this we may instance the

FESSOR CAMPER, speaking of the differ

ence of formation between the skulls of English settlement in Jamaica. Even the negroes of Africa themselves differ extremely

Americans and Europeans, says, that it in physiognomy; some tribes being woolly

is perceptible, even in those of Angloheaded, others lank haired; some tall and

Americans. well grown, others short and ill shaped. The same remark has been made with regard

“I have never," says he, “ been able to

obtain possession of the cranium of a to the natives of India, of the Hindoo race; native American, nor of an Anglo-Amerisome castes being black, others tawny only.”

can, which has, however, some peculiarities pp. 26-28.

that were pointed out to me by that celebraWith regard to the influence of habit ted artist, Mr. West; of which, as he was upon the physical, mental, and moral born in Pensylvania, he was best qualified to character of men, Mr. Price observes :

judge. Their face is long and narrow; and

the socket of the eye surrounds the ball in “It must be evident to every observer, so close a manner, that no space is allowed that any material change of habit makes a for a large upper eyelid, which is so gracevisible difference even in the same indivi- ful to the countenance of most Europeans." duals; and that in a very short time. The [And it appears that this formation does not difference of appearance between those proceed from any peculiarity of race; for, classes, whose circumstances enable them to speaking of the upper eyelid, the professor live without labour, and such as are subject adds :] “The women of Orralaska have the to a labourer's life, and hard fare, is so great same physiognomy, and the same small eyethat if we did not know them to be continu- lids as those of Kamschatka, Mr. West inally intermixing, we might be inclined to forms me that this is a peculiarity observaconsider them as distinct races: just as ble also in the English that are born in North Pinkerton, and his disciples do the Highland America." chiefs and populace. For persons occupied within doors, as are the inhabitants of We might add to this, the remark so towns, naturally manifest a fairer, and less often made upon the national physiogcoarse texture of skin, than the rustic popu- nomy of the Anglo-Americans, that the lation of the same countries. And, though florid complexion of Europe soon disaptowns are continually supplied with inhabi- pears, and gives place to a sallow one: the tants from the country, yet even in one features also assuming a peculiar cast, generation, so visible a change takes place, which enables travellers at a glance to that there can be little doubt, that could any

distinguish between Americans and Enginstance be discovered of these two classes

lish. having been kept distinct for a few centuries, they would appear two several generic races,

Professor Camper further remarks, that as the Pinkertonians would say. Every

a similar change takes place in other town will afford examples of this difference. countries; whereby the descendants of But to see it to advantage we should contrast Europeans lose the original character of the delicate frame and animated countenance their parents, and assimilate to the na

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tives of the countries, in which they are rays which human learning supplies, but born. “The greatest singularity that by the light of 'revelation. They would strikes me,” says he, “equally in a Cele. then form correct conclusions, and avoid bese, a Chinese, and an Otaheitan, con- the errors which unsanctified learning is sists in the rectangular form of the infe- so apt to lead men into. rior maxilla. I have also remarked the The remainder of the essay is occupied same in all the women born in Asia of in an examination of the effects of coal Dutch or English parents.”

fire on the colour of the eye, on the But it appears from the observations of colonization and population of Britain, the same writer, that a considerable de- on the Celtic tribes, on the local physigree of change is sometimes perceptible ognomy of Britain, and on Continental even in the same individuals; and our physiognomy; and on the causes affecting author enumerates several which have mental character. certainly been effected by a change of These topics, though apparently didiet and climate ; hence he observes with verse in their character, are yet made to justice:


the main object of the author,

so that we must acknowledge, to use his “Now, if such changes as these are produced in one or two generations, and even

own language, that the contents of the

book do by a forcible train of arguments, in the same individuals, we must needs admit them to be indisputable proofs of the from facts already acknowledged, and by effects of climate and habit upon the human

the developing of physiological causes physiognomy.”

hitherto unknown, contribute materially

towards the general stock of knowledge, It is by a series of facts and observa- and place the subject of which it treats, tions like these, that our author accounts, upon a foundation entirely new. and that most satisfactorily, for the diver- We should, did our limits permit, obsity which actually prevails amongst the ject to some statements of the author, existing tribes and nations of the earth. and to

deductions which And it will be seen that his scheme har

not warranted by the facts stated, but monizes with divine truth, for if it be as they do not affect the general possible, (and that it is so, is proved by argument we pass them over; we like Mr. Price,) to account for these varieties our author more when he is adducing in a satisfactory manner, without assum- facts, than when he attempts to theorise. ing an original distinction to have existed, As a whole, the volume does credit to his then we shall fully come to the truth of heart, as a defender of divine truth ; to the text we have before quoted, that God his head, as a scholar; and to his indushath made of one blood all nations of men try, for the collection of interesting facts that dwell on the face of the earth.

by which it is illustrated. It has been observed, that a grain of We ought, perhaps, to apologise to our sweet is worth a pound of sour; in like readers both for the length of our extracts, manner, we say that a single fact is worth and our remarks on the work before us, a thousand theories. It is the fault of but we trust its importance will plead men of science that they still adhere to our excuse. To the physiologist, the dischool philosophy, and forget the induc- vine, and the christian, it presents ample tive process of Bacon; if they adhered materials for reflection; and we recommore closely to the latter, they would mend it as containing a storehouse of observe how much dependence there is information, and a variety of ingenious between all the works of God. They remarks on subjects which are important, would not seize on a solitary fact, or a but which are greatly misunderstood. series of facts, whereon to build a theory or construct a system, without observing EGOTISM.—Never talk much in what the connection of those facts with others, you do, or of what you do. Let your and thus surveying the operations of God works, and not your words, praise you in in all things : their reasonings would then the gate ; and rather imitate the deep and be more correct; their theories, perhaps, silent river, that pursues its noiseless less few and ingenious, but more pro- way, and is only known by the fertility found and practical. In a word, they and luxuriance it diffuses in its course, would “look through nature up to na- than the impetuous brook, that attracts ture's God,” and examine his works, not the eye by its clamour, only to behold its by the dark, uncertain, and glimmering shallowness. Dr. Raffles.



THE PUBLIC MEETINGS OF 1829. their large pecuniary resources their

attentive and persevering committees TAE public meetings are over : most of

their laborious and indefatigable misour country friends have returned to their sionaries? We might go on to particuhomes ; the excitement arising from

larise the various institutions of benevolarge assemblies, eloquent speeches, and

lence for the body, and for the mind; interesting reports has, in some degree,

on behalf of the Jew and the Greek the abated; we have looked and listened our bond and the free—the christian and the

and we now sit down to reflect, and heathen, but we forbear. It may be said, to reason upon what we have seen and“ They are unequal, altogether unequal, heard. Our annual religious festival is to the requirements of the Saviour, or the not intended for mere mental gratifica

wants of mankind :" they are; but viewed but that we may be rendered strong as a whole, they are a noble exhibition of and vigorous, and prepared for new and

christian principle, and a gratifying proof extended exertion. We take our stand of what may be accomplished by volunon an elevated spot, not only that we may tary disinterested exertion. contemplate the beauties of the surround- In reviewing these meetings we rejoice ing scenery; but that we may survey the in the ability with which the cause of religion ground over which we have passed, and

has been advocated. Notwithstanding the estimate the difficulties already sur

defects which we shall presently notice, mounted. The same elevation enables the most critical and fastidious hearer us also to look forward, to observe the must, we think, allow that the reports extent of territory still in the possession

have been characterised by candour, of the enemy, that we may cheer each plain dealing, and good sense ; that the other onward with the cry,

“ There re

speeches have been distinguished for maineth yet very much land to be possessed. benevolence, piety, and eloquence. The We are not of a melancholy temperament:

advocates felt that they were pleading for like Hume, we “ are ever more disposed

and defending a good cause, before an to look on the favourable, than the un- enlightened and liberal tribunal ; they favourable side of things;" a turn of were fervent and zealous in the work, mind which he observes, “it is more they called upon the people to support happy to possess, than to be born to an the claims of religion and morality, estate of ten thousand a-year.” But against superstition, idolatry, and vice; were we contrariwise inclined, it would they invoked the name of Jehovah—the be impossible to indulge in gloom, unless sacred fire descended, and the audience we could unite with it the most deter- with one voice exclaimed “ The Lord he mined misanthropy. Who that feels any

is the God! the Lord he is the God!” interest in the temporal welfare of his We have been delighted with the liberfellow-creatures ? who that has any

ality which (with a few exceptions) has anxiety for their religious and moral im- characterised these meetings. Christians provement? who that is disposed to have at length discovered that they can, join in the sacred anthem, Glory to without compromising their own opinions, God in the highest, peace on earth, and unite with other Christians, who profess good will towards men,” but must feel a somewhat different creed, to ameliorate grateful for what has been already ac- the condition, and promote the welfare of complished, and animated by the pros. mankind. We rejoice in this, for while pects which open before him? What we feel the importance of those five friend to the circulation of the Scriptures doctrinal points which have occasioned so but must rejoice that the Bible Society much controversy in the religious world, alone has distributed within the year, and of our own interpretation for which three hundred and sixty-five thousand we should, at the proper time and place, Bibles and Testaments ? What friend ofre- be willing to contend; we also know ligious education, but must receive with that there are at least five other points to pleasure the report that there are in Great which our Lord required the attention of Britain and Ireland, more than ninety his followers, when he recommended them thousand gratuitous teachers, and about to feed the hungry, to clothe the naked, a million of scholars ? Once more we to visit the sick, to instruct the ignorant, ask, what friend to the evangelization of and to set the prisoner at large. By conthe heathen, but must view with delight tention for the former, we sometimes the progress of the Missionary Societies, provoke our opponent to wrath; by at

about “

tention to the latter, we may provoke | they are very properly afraid of being each other“ to love and to good works.” dull and prosing, they would willingly To us, then, it is an interesting sight to serve the cause of truth and righteousness, behold a multitude of Christians, declar- by interesting their auditors, but let them ing by their conduct, that repentance beware how they minister to a prevailing towards God, and faith in our Lord Jesus bad taste. It is almost too much to talk Christ, are matters of so much import

sweeping the streets of London ance to the temporal interests and im- with the besom of benevolence.” Yet mortal welfare of their fellow-creatures, this is in good taste, compared with some that they can, for a while, forget their things to which we have listened. We own minor differences and peculiarities, have hearers of a wayward sort of godand say, what care we! Christ is

dess, one Fancy, who preached, and therein we do rejoice, and we will rejoice!

“Scatters from her pictured urn,

Thoughts that breathe and words that burn." We must notice one or two defects, which we wish to see remedied. It is too

She is almost an outlaw ; yet she ought much the fashion to give and receive

not to be allowed so to outrage the laws compliments on the platforms of our

of nature, as “to make feathers descend Public meetings. The disciples of the

with destructive velocity,” or stones fly meek and lowly Jesus should abstain from informing their fellow-labourers

away as the eagle towards heaven.''

Thunders are not accustomed to whisper, that they are “great men,” “ bright and shining lights,” "" stars of the first mag

nor lightnings to shed their genial influnitude;" that their “ whole lives are de

ence on the earth, by travelling in their

respective orbits. But enough of this; a voted to the welfare of mankind,” that

word to the wise is enough. “a whole continent willsing their praises;"

We take our leave of this subject, with and so on. If those who are known to

our best wishes for the societies and be actively employed in the same com

their advocates. May wisdom guide their mittee or society, and to be in con

deliberations ; zeal and integrity distinstant private communication, stand be

guish their agents; the influences of the fore the public thus to speak of each other, they will find it difficult to exone

Holy Spirit secure their success; and a still rate themselves from the charge of being

happier meeting be afforded them in the

spring of the year, 1830! parties to a previous contract, the terms

We intend to devote a small space in of which are, “ Allow me to be Cæsar,

succeeding numbers, for the purpose of and you shall at least be Brutus :”.

laying before our readers a summary “ Tho''tis determin’d by the schools

statement of the operations of the reThat Flattery's the food of fools

spective societies which have held their Yet now, and then, you'r men of wit Will condescend to take a bit."

anniversaries, as they may be gathered

from their respective reports. We regret this condescension, for after all it is so. These gentlemen have an established reputation, their claims and their merits are appreciated by the public; THE INFLUENCE OF MONEY.—Money and they may dispense with these tricks of has a magic influence, a transforming cajolery. The nobleman can afford to

power, that rectifies every inauspicious appear in a plain dress, it is his footman

circumstance, and fills up every unhappy who needs the trappings, and lace, and void. It can give youth to age—beauty embroidery.

to deformity-devotion to indifference We wish that the speakers would be elegance to rudeness-orthodoxy tosceptiless extravagant with their similes and

cism-gentleness to austerity—and the metaphors. All reasonable allowances bloom and loveliness of twenty, to the must be made for those who are re- wrinkles and decrepitude of three score peatedly called upon on public occasions : years and ten. Dr. Raffles.


Where Communications may be addressed to the Editor, (post paid.)
Harjette and Savill, Printers, 107, St. Martin's Lane, Charing Cross.




No. 21.]

THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 1829.

[Price 3d.




Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou

not known me!"-John xiv. 9. AMONG the variety of teachers employed whom the miracles were despised. He for the instruction of the children of men, holds up his own testimony of love in different ages and countries of the denies having any connexion with the world, they have discovered different dis- elevation that this world might bestow positions, different modes of instructions, upon its children,

and yet he is arraigned and have acquired different habits in as an enemy to Cæsar, and is crucified pressing on those whom they intended to and slain. And when his divine power learn, the instruction they offered. Among is manifested by the resurrection, and he most, however, of the teachers of the

appears again upon the earth, his object children of men, we find a readiness to is, to renew in his ambassadors the teachyield to obtuseness, or indifference, or ing for which he suffered and died, and opposition, when either of these causes he commands the very renewal to be seemed to indicate that those who should opened in that Jerusalem where all his have been taught, were either incapable wisdom had been derided and despised. of learning, or unwilling to be improved. The Redeemer, however, does not conWe find the teacher, after persevering for fine his perseverance as a teacher to those a certain season, at last giving up in des- who statedly and directly opposed the inpair, abandoning the work he had under- struction he administered. We are told taken, and taking it for granted, that it that he pursued the same perseverance must belong to another field of operation, with regard to his disciples. We wonand that any further effort on his part is der not at those that are beyond our coninterdicted either by the stern resistance troul, despising that wisdom with which of the individual opposed to him, or his they may not be acquainted, and the value utter hopelessness of succeeding, from and importance of which they have but the want of his pupil's capacity to learn. little opportunity of ascertaining. But We cannot, however, discover this to be when we find rebellion against parental the case with regard to the Lord Jesus kindness, or opposition to the instruction Christ. In this respect, as in every other, which it is within the bounds of a parent's he rises above all instructors that pre- love to impart, we find some risings of ceded him-above all that followed him. mind peculiar to those circumstances, as He is reviled, and he reviles not again, a response for the ingratitude with which but teaches still. He is kind, and his our assiduity may have been treated. Now kindness is misinterpreted, and still he this was not the way of our Redeemer. invites them to hear his lessons of wis- He was as kind to his opposing, despising dom. Those who came to hear, are un- disciples, as he was to those who were willing to be taught, and yet he presses far beyond the circle in which he moved. home the wisdom that comes from above. When the men who had tasted of his His miracles are derided, when he makes kindness, and felt the power of his love, an appeal to them as a proof of the divine or who had seen the wonders of his miraorigin of the mission he came to execute, cles, or had shared in their benefits, or and yet he continues to multiply those mi- had ministered with him in the work racles as a channel through which he might of love, to whom direct lessons of divine yet expect to get at the mind of those by wisdom had been imparted, were found

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