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only reply, that whatever authority for “Holy men,” Prophets and Aposour Lord conferred on Peter, by the tles, “spake as they were moved by gift of the keys of the kingdom of the Holy Ghost.” heaven, the same authority was also I humbly trust that the above given to all the Apostles, as appears will tend to clear up, and firmly esfrom chap. xviii. ver. 18. The Papists tablish, the only sound, consistent, have eyes to see the former passage, and scriptural interpretation of this but none to see the latter.

important passage of holy Scripture, If it be objected to this verbal cri- which has been wrested by the Papists ticism, that our Lord spoke in Hebrew to their own destruction, and very or Syriac, and not in Greek, we an- imperfectly understood and explained swer, our Lord and His Apostles by Protestant commentators in gespoke and wrote by the same Spirit ; neral.



The time is fast approaching at which try, either expressly for the purpose all our great Religious Societies will of attending them, or gladly availing hold their Anniversary Meetings in themselves of the opportunity of so this metropolis. This is always a sea- doing. Some there often are who son of much interest and excitement; come from other countries; and of ought it not to be also a season of these it may fairly be expected that much spiritual profit and refreshment? the number will, this year, be unu-a season which should leave an sually large. On some of these occaabiding blessing upon the souls of sions, something near approaching to those who attend these meetings ? four thousand persons will be assemOught it not to be our desire and bled in Exeter Hall; and ministers, prayer that the result may be to make missionaries, christian noblemen, and all the Christians who take an interest gentlemen, from every part of the in those societies more diligent and land, and from almost every part of active, more devoted and self-deny the habitable globe, will be put foring, throughout the whole of the fol- ward, and called upon to address the lowing year? so that the benefit and multitudes gathered together. blessing should be both great and Here then we have a combination permanent.

of all the circumstances which conIf this should be our desire and stitute a great opportunity. We have prayer, ought it not also to be the large assemblies gathered together, to careful and earnest endeavour of all promote the interests of great sowho are concerned in arranging such cieties, whose objects are unspeakmeetings, that those meetings should ably important, having reference not be so conducted as is calculated, un- merely to the temporal well-being, der the blessing of God, to secure but to the eternal welfare of mansuch permanent benefits? Is the im- kind. The objects in view are the portance of such meetings duly con- glory of God, and the salvation of sidered ?—that is to say, the import- immortal souls. Do the secretaries ance of the opportunities they present and committees of the various sociefor christian edification, and the use ties, who arrange these meetings, take of such means as are best suited to these facts into due consideration ? secure advantages and blessings that Do they keep them in constant reshall not quickly pass away?

membrance ! Are they influenced by A large proportion, it may be sup- a single and paramount desire to seposed, of the Christians in this great lect such speakers as are most likely city will attend some one or more of to do their utmost to improve the op

these meetings. Many Christians portunities which are presented ? Do on: fro'n distant parts of the coun- the speakers, each and all, consider

We can

the very solemn responsibility which throne, and Him that sits thereon; rests upon them? Do they, with the from whose face the earth and the deepest and best consideration of heaven shall fly away, and no place which they are capable, and with shall be found for them. Then you very earnest prayer for guidance and must give account of what you have blessing from on High, prepare be said, and they must give account of forehand, and earnestly endeavour at that which they have heard. Ought the time, to say something so weighty, you not then to strive, to the very utso well-digested, so pointed and strik- most of your power, to say someing, so apt, and (above all) so scrip- thing which is calculated, with the turally true and momentous, that it blessing of the Lord, to do them real may be reasoanbly expected to leave and lasting good ? Should you not a deep and abiding impression upon take care to have ready for the occathe minds and hearts of all who hear. sion some words like goads, and which

“ The Preacher sought to find out shall be like nails fastened in a sure acceptable words: and that which place, so as never to be forgotten ?" was written was upright, even words The same observations will apply, of truth. THE WORDS OF THE WISE substantially at least, to all those who ARE AS GOADS, AND AS NAILS FASTENED go forth into different parts of the BY THE MASTERS OF Assemblies, which country to plead the cause of our are given from one Shepherd,” Eccl. various religious societies. xii. 10, 11.

assure them that much is expected of We wish much that every one who them; and, if they do not take good asks a Christian, whether clergyman care to leave some spiritual blessing or layman, to speak on one of these behind them, wherever they go, reinteresting occasions, would have the marks are made upon them (and will faithfulness to say to him, “Remem- and must be made), which are not ber, dear and honoured sir,-my only to their disadvantage, but to the learned, or noble, - or reverend, or disadvantage of the societies which right reverend brother (as the case they advocate. The chief instrumentmay be), that you are called upon to ality by which, in these days and in plead the cause of a society whose this country, the communion of saints great object is, that the blessed Re- is to be maintained, the standard of deemer may see of the travail of His sound doctrine, and of vital godlisoul, and be satisfied. You are to liness and evangelical holiness upheld, speak on an occasion that occurs but and the blessings of which one portion once a-year : you may never have the of the Church partakes communicated opportunity again. You will have to other portions, is to be sought and before you three or four thousand found in the agency, by means of immortal mortals, -many of them which different societies seek to proyoung persons, or young and unesta- mote among their auxiliaries and asblished Christians, whom you may sociations the great objects for which never meet again, never again have they are formed. Very great, therean opportunity of addressing, till you fore, is the responsibility which rests and they shall stand together before upon them to follow out in earnest the judgment-seat of Christ, to see, the apostolic precept, 2 Tim. iv. 1-5. with your own eyes, that great white

T. A.


(The Editors are not responsible for every statement or opinion of their correspondents, at the same time, their object is to open the pages of their Magazine to those only, who seek the real good of that Protestant Church with which it is in connexion.)

To the Editor of the Christian Guardian. opinions, nay, the prejudices of the

brethren. The observance of days, SIR, -The ultra section of the Tracta- abstinence from certain meats, cirrian party, with their accustomed dis- cumcision ;-these, and similar, were honesty,charge latitudinarianism upon the topics which agitated the Church all who refuse to receive their Romish in its first and best age. And what system; and as this term conveys to said the inspired Apostles? He who the minds of the unreflecting (a large doeth those things, doeth them unto mass) the idea of indifference to all the Lord, and he who keepeth them religion, it is of great importance that not, keepeth them not equally unto correct views upon the subject should the Lord. Dr. Pusey, and his folbe enforced.

lowers, call this Latitudinarianism; Religion, as revealed to us in holy but it is that of the Apostles, whose Scripture, consists of two parts: the successors, "par excellence,they profirst,-purely spiritual,—the doctrines claim themselves to be. to be believed, and made the Chris- In later times, the Apostles' injunctian's daily life and practice; the tions have been well nigh reversed; second,---what may be termed the where they “forbeared to tread,' material part, the organization others "rushed in.". Take our own through which spiritual life is sus- Church as an example; not that she tained, and the Gospel extended to has erred in this respect more grievthe nations ;-in this are included, ously than others, but because her the ordinances, the discipline, and well being and doing more immedithe frame-work of the Church. The ately concerns ourselves. former, the spiritual, is explicitly and At the time of the Reformation, the finally laid down in the New Testa- Church of England bid fair to encircle ment beyond all cavil and doubt; but in her arms England's Protestant whilst the general principles of the people; but shortly dissensions arose, latter are enunciated, an authorita- and such was the temper of the times, tive code of governance is not pre- that pertinacity on one side engensented to us.

dered tyranny on the other; the auThe true idea of mutual toleration thorities, lording it over God's heriappears to be, (that whereon but little tage, attempted to carry matters with is said, and that little may be dif- unbending rigour, and, had their inferently understood, and upon such tellects not been blinded infatuasubjects as are confessedly in them- tion, they had clearly seen the result, selves but "means to an end,”) that which we at this day have to mourn as wide and comprehensive a basis as over and lament. For want of modepossible should be allowed, in so far rate councils, the Church of England as it does not mar the beauty of the (whose genius was peculiarly suited unity of the whole, or the symmetry of to the English people, whilst her its fair proportions. Such a course is foundations, being the pure word of alike dictated by sound policy, and God, must have struck deeper and the example of the Church in the deeper in the affections of the people) apostolic age. The Apostles, ever lost her hold, which she has not yet watchfully jealous over the purity of regained. But the same causes being the faith, -repeating warning, upon now in active operation, produce the warning, of false doctrines, and false like results. teachers " teaching another Gospel," Thousands have been driven into -yet, upon certain subjects, exer

Dissent, against their convictions and cised a very large forbearance to the affections, merely by the wording of

your readers

a ritual, which might, without forcing

To the Editor. the conscience of any one, be so altered as to afford them relief.

Dear Sir,-Can any of When suggestions of this kind have furnish any information as to who been made, they have been attempted Diotrephes was? From his loving to be answered by the assertion, that

“the pre-eminence,” but also posthe formularies of the Church would sessing power to “cast out of the then be of ambiguous meaning. To Church," (3 John ver. 10,) it would this we plead, as we think we have seem probable that he was a Christian shewn, the Apostles' practice,—unity bishop, who opposed himself even to in the faith, diversities in secondary the Apostle John (ver. 9.) It is to matters. The objection comes, how- be feared that the character of Dioever, with especial bad grace from trephes is not extinct in the English the Tractarians, for in the Episcopal Episcopate of the nineteenth cenChurch of Scotland, which they hold tury. up as their“ beau ideal” of a Church, In the second epistle of St. John, two distinct offices are permitted for

ver. 7. should not epxouevov, be rather the Communion Service. But whilst translated, “is coming" than “is come”? they are candidly silent on this, they (see Matt. xi. 3.) If so, it would deare loud in their condemnations, when cisively condemn the Swedenborgians. a proposal is made to admit a few We have lately heard much in your words as a double form. Dr. M`Neile, little work of revising the liturgy. a few years ago, suggested that cer

I would also invite attention to anotain passages (very few in number) ther desideratum, viz., a revision of should be placed within brackets ;

our authorized version of the Bible. this moderate re-arrangement,-alte- The learned Bishop, R. Gray (of Brisration it cannot be called,—is met tol) in the concluding pages (pp. 23by a factious cry, “Latitudinarian- 25,) of the “Introduction to his ism.

valuable “Key to the Old TestaA glorious path lies open to the ment,” decidedly advocates it, as does Protestants and true Churchmen of also the present Bishop of St. Asaph, the present day. It is the path of (Dr. T. V. Short,) in his “ History of duty; not of duty only, but of safety. the Church of England," (s. 540.) The end thereof is the salvation of our Bishop Short is also a decided wisher Church. The requisites of the enter- for some changes in the Liturgy, (see prize are, union amongst all shades of s. 676, 749, 808, and 810. Evangelical and Protestant Church

I remain dear Sir, yours truly, men; undaunted courage, prudence,

PailEcCLESIA. and brotherly love. With these, and, 24th March. above all, a prayerful spirit and entire reliance upon the Head of the Church, P.S.-Might I remind your readers, the Church of England may again (as the Visitation " season of the become what she is now only in year is drawing on) that in reply to name, The Church of the people; the queries put to churchwardens carry the tidings of salvation to na- respecting their “presenting " offendtions yet unborn; plant her apostolicers, according to the Canons, their government, and bless with her all reply should be something of this but inspired liturgy, other Churches kind, “When I am furnished with and other lands. May the Lord

the legal proofs of their guilt.” This hasten it, in His own time.”

is far more proper than the more Yours truly,

common course. H. F.

Reviews, and Short Notices of Books.

GENUINE AND SPURIOUS RELIGION : tion has ever yet been discovered A Compendious, Scriptural, and Con

which had not some kind of religion ;

some form of worship, some expressecutive View of the Origin, Deve

sion of their hopes and fears with relopment, and Character of Different gard to an imperishable futurity, Systems of Belief. By the Rev. Buried, almost lost, as the celestial John MUHLEISEN, late Agent of the gem of Divine truth has frequently Church Missionary Society for Africa been, amidst the chaotic confusion of and the East, Corresponding Member wholly extinguished. And it is a

spurious creeds, it has yet never been of the Egyptian Literary Association, knowledge of this fact, (the authen

&c. pp.760.2 vols. 8vo. J.H.Jackson. ticity of which the author of these .6. What is truth?” From the first volumes proves beyond the possibility moment that our great progenitor fell of doubt, if proof were wanting) from the high and lofty estate in which

which should ever afford the strongest he was originally created, has this encouragement, the most powerful all-important question ocçupied the incentive, to the Christian of every mind of man. Whether luxuriating in

denomination, to persevere without all the delights of refined civilization, ceasing in his efforts to evangelize the or plunged into the lowest depths of Pagan world. savage barbarity, man is continually “ The Pagan world seeks after the unsearching for “the truth;” for that known God, who hath made of one blood knowledge which will enable him to all nations of men for to dwell on all the contemplate the mysterious future with face of the earth; and hath determined hope; to anticipate the destiny that the times before appointed, and the awaits him beyond the grave without bounds of their habitation, that they alarm. To this inextinguishable thirst might seek the Lord, if haply they might for truth, all spurious forms of belief, In watching the working of the Pagan

feel after him and find him.' (Acts xvii.) all spurious systems of religion, are at

mind in its strenuous efforts to seek the tributable. Unaided by the light of living amongst the dead.' is it not as if Divine revelation, unguided by the

we did catch the accent of that beautiful þright effulgence of Divine wisdom, prayer of one of the Christian saints : the mind of man wandered into a la

Tu fecisti nos ad te, et inquietum est byrinth of error, and, according to the cor nostrum donec requiescat in te. Quies varying influences of varying climes apud te est valde et vita imperturbabilis!' and circumstances, erected for him. Paganism did 'grope after God,' accord. self some standard of truth, however ing to the original; but further we canerroneous; some shrine, however su- not go, and more we cannot say upon perstitious, at which he might wor

the subject. Paganism did not find him, ship. The refined Pagan offered up

because it sought amiss. It commenced his orisons in gorgeous temples de

with uncertainty, it proceeded, 'groping' voted to a host of imaginary gods; Yet notwithstanding this melancholy fea

in darkness, and ended with confusion. the untutored savage prostrated himself before the beast that perisheth: that we should discover solitary truths in

ture in spurious Religion, it is natural both animated by the same principle, a disfigured and mutilated condition, the same feelings, the same aspira- which indicate a noble descent, and tell tions. Throughout all ages has that the tale of a very doleful and melancholy vast portion of the great family of wreck.” man which has not been blessed with The work before us is an invaluable the light of Divine revelation, been addition to our religious and theogroping, amidst profound darkness, logical literature. It is replete with after that knowledge which might interesting matter, and it is the result inspire them with a better hope than of the personal observations and inthis world could afford; and no na- vestigations of a powerful mind, -a

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