« PreviousContinue »
substantiation, are explained to the subject.” In this weariness we parInquirer.
ticipate; but we feel that our weariIn the next section of the same ness is no excuse for avoiding it: in chapter, the Christian sacrament is one form or another, it is evidently farther elucidated by accounts of the the question of the day. It is no unritual of the Jewish sacrament of the common thing to overhear a remark Passover. And, in the third section, on Popery as we pass along the pubthe Minister gives his parishioner lic thoroughfare, or to find it occupy such an account of the introduction, a large share of conversation when progress, and establishment of the friend meets friend in the social cirPopish doctrine, as an intelligent per- cle. Romanists themselves are deterson, though unlearned, may be ex- mined that we shall not forget them pected to understand, and in some or their creed: aggression is their degree to appreciate.
business; and the accession of every In the fifth chapter, where the Mi- new convert adds to their hopes, and nister has to explain 1 Cor. xi. 24-28, stimulates them to further efforts. It and Luke xxii. 20, he takes care to is then no time for us to weary of inform his parishioner that our trans- the conflict. England, though deeply lators would have rendered the Lord's moved, is not yet quite awake to what words more suitably, had they em- Romanism is; and it is the duty of ployed the word covenant instead of every watchman in Israel to arouse testament. In fact, the father of our
are still sleeping, lest the English translation, William Tyndale, enemy come upon them nnawares. was well aware, that in consequence This duty our author zealously labours of their priests neither reading nor to fulfil.
His preface commences speaking of the Scriptures, except as they had them in their Latin vulgate, “ We have entered on one of the most the people had become so exclusively disastrous passages of our national and habituated to the use of the Latin word ecclesiastical history. An attempt to deal, testament, that if he had published his on a tolerant and liberal policy, with an English version with the more correct intolerant and illiberal system such as the title of New Covenant, they would Papacy, has been a matter of disadvanhave thought it altogether a new book, tage, and has involved us in difficulties and no part of the Scripture. He
which may not be as easily met as prodeemed it necessary, therefore, to con
duced. The experiment has failed. The tinue to use the word testament, but triumphant tove of the Papacy, and the took care to inform his readers that indignation of all England, have pro
claimed the failure. Rome is progressive, they were to consider it as meaning and England is disquieted: for the one “ an appointment made between God
long ago discovered, and the other is raand man, and God's promises.”(Works, pidly diseerning, the position in which Park. Soc. ed., vol. i. p. 409.) And he both are placed. Viewed apart from the farther took care to employ the word light of prophetic Scripture, the whole occasionally in that same sense in his affair would be inexplicable. With that other writings, that he might accus- light full upon it, all is intelligible and tom his readers to such an use of it.*
clear. God's hand is on His own work, and men are His instruments. *
“If the Papacy has not yet declared A SEVENFOLD Aspect of Popery. By
war, she has unfurled her banner, which the Rev. G. Fisk, LL.B., Preber- is tantamount. If she has not established dary of Lichfield, fc. pp. 321. fcp.
her sovereignty in the land, she has as
serted a right. If she has not yet set 8vo. Nisbet & Co.
herself above law in England, she is the “ Another book on Popery !” per
bold violator of whatever shred of law
there may be yet left for us. And is not haps some readers are ready to exclaiin, “We are almost weary of the
every Roman Catholic subject of the Bri
tish Crown who does not protest against • For example, "When she seeth temptation her acts-at this moment in a state of and peril draw nigh, she turneth to the testa. constructive rebellion ?" Christ's blood.” Id. p. 93.
Further on he remark.,
ment that God hath made to all that trust in
“Well ;-- the crisis which every student the Romish Church,– so did the Caof prophecy has long foreseen, is come. tholic Institute, presided over by the No man who knows his Bible has any late Daniel O'Connell, some of the difficulty about interpreting either this bitter fruits of which we are now bePapal act, which has set us all, Papists ginning to experience; and the same and Protestants, in motion, or the state of things in England that opened the way
systematic and united action is being for it. "Nor do any such feel the smallest pursued at this moment by the Romandoubt of what the ultimate fate of the Pa.
ists of Ireland. Surely it is incumbent pacy must be. But during the brief in- upon all real Christians to join heart tervening period, between its resuscitation and hand against their common foe. and its destruction,--alas! for all who Wetrust the dangers gathering around have not the Apocalyptic seal on their will, by the blessing of God, lead them foreheads,-and Christ in them the Hope to combine in defence of the “ faith of Glory.”
once delivered to the saints." We have long deplored the absence The Lectures themselves we have of that amount of united vigorous ac- only space to enumerate; they treat tion among real Christians, which the of Popery as a deceiver of souls,necessities of the times for some years an enslaver of nations,—a restless have demanded. Romanists find no tyrant, -a helper of infidelity, - a difficulty in uniting, and their union is hindrance to spirituality,-subversive onegrand reason of their success: union of morality-and, foredoomed of God. in any undertaking will accomplish We cordially recommend the vogreat things. The famous Catholic lume as one of the best that has apleague of 1576 produced results of an peared in relation to the present extensive nature, most favourable to crisis.
Intelligence. The Bishop Of Exeter's PASTORAL
direct attack upon the Judicial Com
mittee of the Privy Council, which Among the curiosities of the litera- pronounced the Judgement against ture of the year 1851, may be reck- the Bishop in Mr. Gorham's case. oned a publication which bears the Now it is well known, that it was the title of "A Pastoral Letter to the Bishop's own choice which made it Clergy of the Diocese of Exeter, on necessary to bring the case before that the Present State of the Church. By particular Court. The competence and Henry, Lord Bishop of Exeter.” This legality of that Court the Bishop himstrange production had reached the self had fully acknowledged, by pleadsecond edition before we could get ing deliberately before it
, without any sight of it; and, except as one of the protest against its jurisdiction. Therecuriosities of the year, we really should fore, after its decision was pronounced not think it worthy of notice : for we against him, to arraign the judgement think that very few persons of any of the Court, and to impugn its jurisparty, except those who have entirely diction (as he has done in this pamtaken leave of their senses, will much phlet, in no measured terms) is an concern themselves with what may outrageous violation of all propriety be said, or can be said, by this blind and decency. leader of the blind. But as this is the 2. His attack upon the Archbishop year of the Great Exhibition, we sup- of Canterbury, whom he charges with pose
that Henry of Exeter thought it heresy again and again, (pp. 14—45,) incumbent upon him to make such is equally unseemly and outrageous. an exhibition of himself, as even he We know not how rightly to describe never made before; and we think that the insolence of this portion of his he has succeeded : for,
letter. Let any one judge whether 1. The first part ofthis Pastoral Letter it be not a direct violation of his oath of the Bishop of Exeter (which is, pro- of due obedience to the Archbishop, fessedly, intended to supply the place as the former part is of his Oath of of an Episcopal Charge, see p. 1) is a Allegiance to the Queen, and utterly
inconsistent with that acknowledgement of her Supremacy, which he himself has made, and (by the thirtysixth Canon) requires every clergyman whom he ordains, to make also. But, as he had already declared, and now repeats the declaration (p. 14,) that he "could no longer hold communion with his Metropolitan,"-is it not the duty of all and every one of his clergy, who respect that excellent Metropolitan, to let him know distinctly, that they cannot hold communion with him, so long as he refuses to hold communion with the Archbishop?
direct or obvious denial of it: but only of the sense in which some persons profess to understand it: and it is so far from being, as some pretend, a denial of any Article of the Catholic Faith, that we are fully justified in affirming that the wordsthey stand in the Creed-do not form an article of the Catholic Faith at all. For, if they were intended to be so, why is the expression changed from "I believe" (which implies faith), to "I acknowledge?" (Oporow, Confiteor). This is observable; and yet we would not insist much upon a word, were it not for a far more important point, to which we feel it a duty to call attention. The Athanasian Creed professes to set forth "The Catholic Faith:" it concludes with saying, "This is the Catholic Faith; which except a man believe faithfully he cannot be saved." But, in this Creed, the Church is not so much as named, and Baptism is not so much as mentioned. How then can any one, who professes to believe the Athanasian Creed, pretend, with any appearance of reason, that those points which the Bishop of Exeter, cum suis, so fiercely insists upon, are any portion of "the Catholic Faith?" Shall we be saying too much if we affirm, that they neither believe the Athanasian Creed, nor know what the Catholic Faith really is?
In short,-if it be come to this, that he will neither submit to the decision of the highest judicial authority which is recognised by the constitution, nor hold communion with his Metropolitan,-ought he not, in common decency, to resign his Bishopric?
Let him do this, and then he may hold his Diocesan Synod as he proposes (pp. 108-113) with those who choose to follow him-without exposing himself or them to any just rebuke or legal censure. But, if he presumes to do anything of the kind, while he pretends to hold the See of Exeter, we hope that Her Majesty's Government will interfere, to prevent such proceedings as would manifestly amount to a setting up of the Church of Exeter in opposition to the Church of England, and could only be regarded as a direct and evident schism in the Church, to which he still professes to belong.
We do not deem it needful to enter into any long refutation or review of the Bishop of Exeter's pamphlet. We do not think that he is worthy of so much trouble. If he had been really respected by any party in Church or State, we might have judged differently but we believe that he has already done for himself, what no enemy or adversary could ever have done for him: we will therefore content ourselves with one remark upon a statement which has been made by others, as well as by himself, namely, that the late decision in the Gorham case is a denial of the Article of the Nicene Creed, "One Baptism for the remission of sins." Certainly it is no
And because these persons are very fond of insisting on the Authority of the Church, we will just tell them what is really the Doctrine of the Church of England on this point;—which will, perhaps, a little surprise them.
In an Exposition of the Articles, "perused, and by the lawfull authority of the Church of England, allowed to be public," dedicated to Archbishop Bancroft, and of which he ordered a copy to be purchased for every parish in the Province of Canterbury, we find it distinctly stated, in the exposition of Article xx.:
and to every member of sound judgement "Authority is given to the Church, in the same, to judge in controversies of faith; and so in their places to embrace the truth, and to avoid and reprove Antichristianity and errors; and this is not the private opinion of our Church, but
both the straight commandment of God bers of our own Church were placing himself, particularly unto all teachers a Protestant nation, for the Sovereign and hearers, of God's Word, and gene- to speak out through the proper conrally unto the whole Church; and also stitutional medium. the judgement of our godly brethren in
The letter from Sir George Grey to foreign countries."
the two Archbishops, and which has This is the doctrine of our Church. now been made public, is of a most Can any one pretend to produce any satisfactory character. Of course it statement of her doctrine, or the autho- will not satisfy those who are not prerity of the Church, which can pre pared to make due allowance for the tend to carry equal weight with this proper reserve and caution of an offiwhich we have quoted ? We need not cial communication, embodying the name the book to any who pretend to Royal wishes upon such a subject. learning or research in such matters. Its tone and general character we hold
to be far more satisfactory than the The Address of the ARCHBISHOPS been issued either in consequence or
Pastoral, which we presume to have AND Bishops.
in anticipation of such a royal admoSome of our readers may have been nition. The letter of the Bishops gives prepared for the appearance of a do- immediate and indubitable evidence cument which has been issued during of the heads, hands, and hearts conthe past month, and which bears the cerned in its production, and hence it signatures of the two archbishops, and is, that it has almost fallen still-born twenty-two out of the twenty-four mem- and inoperative from their Lordships' bers of the Episcopal Bench. It can- hands. It is not of that bold, decided, not certainly be denied that the time Protestant character which would at had more than arrived when a united once have obtained for it the cordial movement on the part of the eccle- welcome from a nation which has siastical authorities was urgently de- recently declared itself equally opmanded. The proceedings of the posed to Rome and its ally — TractaTractarian party had roused the indig. rianism. It does not deal with the nation of an immense body amongst questions at issue, as the emergency the laity, who saw in rapid progress of the times, and the enlightened and the development, by the ultra high advanced character of the age deChurch party, of all Romish doctrines manded. It speaks of peace, conand ceremonials; and they felt that if cession, and obedience to parties who longer undisturbed action were al- have sufficiently shewn, by their past lowed to the working of the heresy, and present actions, that they are the Church of England must be con- strangers to all three; and that they sidered in extreme peril. Our readers are determined to agitate the Church, are all aware of the great meeting until either they have effected a juncwhich took place, under the presidency tion with Rome, or are themselves of Lord Ashley, and which resulted in driven by conscience, or by an indiga largely signed, and most influential nant people, to join the enemy, withaddress to the Crown, praying for the out waiting for the success of their immediate interference of the Sove- plot. reign, as the earthly head of the Pro- We cannot express pleasure that in testant Church.
so alarming a juncture, such a tempoThis appeal has not been made in rizing and indistinct voice should have vain. We rejoice to feel assured that proceeded from the Episcopate of the Romanizing movement has never England. The limited expression of found favour with our beloved Queen ; their Lordships' feelings is hardly and that it has only been necessary woith the trouble which it must have for Her Majesty's Protestant subjects cost them to have arrived even at to approach the throne, in the dutiful such a meagre and undignified result; language of a protest against the ag- and we feel quite certain that both gression of Rome itself, and the false those who are rebuked and counselled position in which treacherous mem- for excess in observing rubrics and cere
proper issue ?
monials, as well as those who are evi- When are long talked-of proceedings dently pointed out as erring by defect to be instituted, and interdicts to be in these matters, will at least agree in put in force, against the preaching forming but one opinion of the Bi- and ministering of the man who leads shop's letter, first, that the whole others to take that fatal step from composition bespeaks much of con- which he himself shrinks. Newman flicting sentiment in the minds of has gone, and now Archdeacon Manits authors; and, secondly, that its ning, -a man of mind, but of a mind tone is not of that resolute, unwaver- confused and perverted, by dallying ing character, which evinces a deter- with unholy, speculative, and delusive mination to stop the unprotestantizing doctrines-he too has sought refuge of the Church of England.
in a communion which lulls both mind It cannot be concealed that the time and conscience to the rest of a false of their Lordships might be more ad- security. When will the arch-priest vantageously occupied, and the stre- of this system awake to his own duty, nuous support of the country at large and follow his dupes? or rather when secured, were they to place themselves will the rulers of the Church, in which at the head of a movement which he plays so false a part, awake to should have for its object the removal their duty, and force Dr. Pusey to the of all those ambiguous canons and rubrics upon which Tractarians build their system; and the timely revision of services which contain expressions
The Great Exhibition. causing confusion within the Church
We are most sincerely gratified to itself, and which deprive it of the learn that Her Majesty not only inmembership and services of those who tends opening this Great National might otherwise be its most effective Exhibition in person, and in the presupporters.
sence of and ainid the rapturous wel
come of her subjects, and the throng The SecessiON OF ARCHDEACON of foreign guests, but that the underMANNING, &c.
taking is to be solemnly and most approIn the review of Mr. Dodsworth's priately consecrated by a prayer from pamphlet in another part of this num
the lips of our venerable Primate. ber, we have sufficiently dealt with This act of homage to the Majesty of the body from which the Archdeacon
Heaven will be welcomed by thouand a numerous party of his brethren
sands and teus of thousands of our have now seceded to Rome. We can
christian fellow countrymen, while only afford room for a remark or two
the nature of the act itself, in its simin reference to the perversions at plicity, and the absence of all superLeeds. We never looked upon Dr.
stitious usages, cannot fail to have a Pusey's Church at that place in any
striking effect upon our foreign guests. other light than as another training
We earnestly pray and trust that school for the Romish Church; and
nothing will occur to mar a spectacle we have not been surprised that the
which will teach the crowd of visitors, masters, with a few of the pupils, from all parts of the world, that the should at length have discovered the
gathered thousands of England, while baseness of the position they were
gazing at the national spectacle, and occupying in the bosom of a Protestant hailing with joy the presence of their Church. But what order is to be Sovereign, are one and all actuated taken with the patron of the Church,
by a fervent desire to “Fear God and the presiding genius of the system of honour the Queen.” treachery there carried on? Is Dr.
IRISH CHURCH MISSIONS. Pusey to be suffered, during his natural life, or the term of his stifled Upwards of twelve months have or sleeping conscience, to work for elapsed since we called the attention Rome in the garb of a Regius Pro- of our readers to the efforts making fessor, and the character and vest- by this Society for the evangelization ments of a Protestant clergyman? of the Roman Catholic population of