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think she holds the doctrine of the Apos. trines as these, the inevitable tendency tles, she must know she is in fellowship of which is to seduce the ignorant inwith them.' (p. 6.)

quirer from the only foundation of our "We have been kept one with the hope-the Saviour and His Word-into Apostles by the succession of lawful a vain reliance on the spurious dogmas ministers ordained in all ages by the and deductions of men ? Bishops of the Church.' (p. 7.)

I have the honor to be, my lord,
Being in fellowship, or communion,

Your most obedient servant, with the Apostles,' means 'not having

CHARLES GIBERNE. separated from them and their followers. “ The Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of (p. 6.)

Bath and Wells. • The Church may be known (inter alia) by having the three orders of minis- •12, Marine Parade, Brighton, ters bishops, priests, and deacons.'

April 29, 1851. (p. 7.)

“Sir, I beg to acknowledge your “St. Peter and St. Paul founded the letter of the 23rd, and to thank you for Church at Rome.' (p. 15 )

the little publication it contained, and ««• The Church was always spread by which I return. sending clergy with a bishop over them, I Sir, your faithful servant, to the different countries.' (p. 24 )

R. BATH AND WELLS. "The Church was planted in the East

Capt. Giberne. Indies and South Africa by persons going out from Portugal to trade, who

“ Bath, May 1st, 1851. took their religion with them.' (p. 24.) “ My Lord,-I beg to acknowledge

• The Church was planted in South the receipt of your note of the 29th, America and the West Indies when they with its inclosure. were conquered by the people of Spain.' · Will your lordship permit me to in. (p. 24.)

quire whether the matter may be now “6 • The One Church is the same in all left, under the assurance that the characplaces, its faith and practice teaching all ter and tendency of Mr. Mangin's pubtruth.' (p. 6.)

lication will receive at your lordship's “Mr. Mangin next proceeds to ignore hands a full investigation, and the case the existence of the Church of Scotland, be dealt with accordingly; or whether it . a sect called Presbyterians, who are is to be inferred, from the book being without Bishops, which was established returned without remark, that your lordby King William the Third.' (p. 34.) He ship declines interfering in the matter? condemns Protestant Dissenters for leav- I have the honour to be, my lord, ing out of their forms of religion many

Your most obedient servant, things which the Apostles and early

CHAKLES GIBERNE. Church thought necessary to salvation,' “ The Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of (p. 34,) and can think of them, and of

Bath and Wells. those who separate themselves from the Church,' including therefore converts

“ Bath, May 15, 1851. from Popery to any of the Protestant My Lord, - I beg to foi ward the anChurches without Bishops, only with nexed copy of a communication I did sorrow (as of Jews, Mahomedans, and myself the honor of addressing to your Heathens,) to whom the promise of sal- lordship a fortnight since, of the receipt vation, through Christ, is not made.' of which I have received no acknowledg(p. 9.)

ment. · The sacrificial priesthood (the Pon- “ In the event of my not being shortly tisex and Sacerdos) of the Church of favoured with a reply, I would submit Rome, having being thus identified with whether I shall not be fully justified in the Presbyter or Minister (the priest) of understanding, either that Mr. Mangin's our own communion, Mr. Mangin pro- publication meets your approbation, or ceeds to state that—'A priest may con- that your lordship declines adopting secrate the bread and wine, and offer measures to drive away the erroneous them with the prayers of the congrega- and strange doctrines contrary to God's tion to God, in the Holy Communion.' Word 'which are taught therein. (p. 8.)

I have the honor to be, my lord, " I would earnestly appeal to your

Your most obedient servant, Lordship, whether a parochial ninister

CHARLES GIBERNE. should be permitted, under the sanction " The Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of of his rector, to disseminate such doc

Bath and Wells.

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“ Wells, May 20, 1851. promise of salvation through Christ,' “Sir,—The Lord Bishop of Bath and than Jews, Mahomedans, and Heathens.' Wells being for the present deprived of (pp. 9, 34.) the use of his right hand, I am directed " 4thly. That ‘it may be proved from by his lordship to acknowledge the receipt Holy Scripture,' that a priest of the of your communications of the 1st and Church of England 'may consecrate the 15th of May.

bread and wine, and offer them with the "His lordship further instructs me to prayers of the congregation to God, in acquaint you that your inference is cor- the Holy Communion.' (p. 8.) rect_That from the book being re- "Entertaining a deep and solemn conturned without remark, he declines in- viction of the duty of protesting against terfering in the matter.'

the unfaithful conduct of many of our I have the honour to be, sir,

clergy, who, under the influence of their Your obedient servant,

position, are disseininating the seeds, and EDMUND DAVIES. promoting the growth, of the Romish “ To Capt. Giberne.

A postacy, of the effects of which in our

own family circles, many of us have had “ Bath, May 29th, 1851. bitter experience assured on unerring “My Lord Archbishop.-In transmit- testimony that a house divided against ling the accompanying publication, of itself cannot stand, and that the Tractawhich upwards of six hundred copies are rian heresy must either be eradicated stated to have been sold in this city, I from our Church, or will ultimately beg to solicit the interference of your prove its destruction, I approach your Grace, in putting a stop to the further Grace with the greater confidence, under circulation, under the influence of a pa- the conviction, that no member of our rochial minister, of the 'erroneous and Church entertains a deeper abhorrence strange doctrines, contrary to God's of the false and fatal principles of TracWord,' which are taught therein.

tarianism, than does he, who in the good “I beg to apologize for trespassing on providence of our Heavenly Master, has your attention, occupied as it necessarily been called to the highest office within it. is in the duties of your exalted and re. “That your Grace may be long spared sponsible station, but the Rector of the to be a guide and example to the Church, parish and the Lord Bishop of the diocese and that you may be rightly and divinely (a copy of whose letters are annexed) directed under all the difficulties and having both declined interfering in the anxieties of your high calling, is the earmatter, there remains no alternative but nest prayer of an appeal to your Grace.

My Lord Archbishop, “I would beg to adduce the passages I

Your Grace's have marked, as teaching the following

Most faithful and obedient servant,

CHARLES GIBERNE. “]st. That the Church is founded on "His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury. the Apostles, and is dependent for the promise of salvation on the existence of

"Lambeth, May 31, 1851. a three-fold order of ministers, (pp. 6, 7, Sir,- I fully concur with you the 9, 13.)

opinion that there is 110 warranty in " 2ndly. That (notwithstanding several Scripture for the doctrines which, as you qualifications and contradictions,) the state in your letter, are inculcated in the Apostate Church of Rome, and the Pro- Catechism to which you object. testant Church of England, are identical, “ But when you ask me to 'put a stop as 'the One Holy Catholic and A posto- to their further circulation, you ask me lic Church,' 'the same in all places, its to do that for which I have no authority faith and practice teaching all truth.'

or power. (pp. 24, 5, 6, 7.)

I remain, sir, • 3rdly. That the Presbyterian and Your faithful and obedient servant, other Protestart Churches without Bi.

J, B. CANTUAR, shops,' have no more interest in the “ Capt. Giberne.”








JULY, 1851.


Those of our readers who have not tures and words cut in wood before visited the British Museum this sum- the invention of moveable type. It mer, will, we are sure, thank us for is, in short, a block book; and by the bringing before their notice one of the side of it are other volumes of the most interesting sections of our na- same class. The Book of Canticles is tional collection which a thoughtful a very elegant series of designs. Christian can examine. We refer to Then we have the fine Mazarine Bithe cases in the Museum library, ble, in Latin, supposed to have issued which, among other literary trea- from the press of Gutenberg and Fust, sures, contain some exceedingly rare at Mentz, in 1455. It is the earliest and valuable editions of the Scrip- printed Bible, and also the earliest tures. The curious volumes here dis- printed book with moveable types played have hitherto been known known: the typography is beautiful. only to a few favoured sight-seers, or We have also the Mentz Psalter, by persevering book-worms of the library, Fust and Schoeffer, the first book but are now placed so that every vi- printed with a date (1457), and the sitor may see them. The entire library first example of printing in colour. has this

year been thrown open, and In the next case we have the first the treasures of rarity carefully se- Bible with a date,-a Latin Bible lected, and ranged in glass-cases on printed at Mentz in 1462. each side. We may notice some of From this room the visitor proceeds the contents of such cases as come to the Manuscript department. In within the scope of our magazine. the case on the right hand are auto

Entering the room appropriated to graph letters of Galileo, Wolsey, Sir the Grenville Library, we observe Thomas More, and the following Resome of the rarest specimens of the formers,– Erasmus, Luther, Calvin, noble art of printing, in its infancy. Melancthon, Cranmer, Ridley, LatiHere is what is called the Biblia Pau- mer, and Knox; also a letter of the perum, a series of Scripture histories notorious Bonner's, partly burnt. In told in rude wood-cuts, sparingly de- another case are various MSS. in scribed from Holy Writ; both pic- Burmese, Cingalese, &c.; and some



curious volumes of miniatures and original carved covers, executed by a other paintings in the styles of Persia, Greek artist named Herodius. In the India, &c. Conspicuously, in a case last case in this department are some by itself, is placed a manuscript of volumes of larger size,-one of them the Bible, containing the Latin text a manuscript containing the History of the Vulgate, as revised by Alcuin, of the Old and New Testaments, reprobably written in the reign of Char- presented in miniatures, with explales the Bald, King of France, about natory texts; executed in France in the year 840. In the adjoining case the thirteenth century. Besides these may be seen the celebrated manu- large volumes, are two or three rich script of St. Cuthbert's Gospels, writ- copies of Hours of the Virgin. ten and illuminated by Eadfrith, Bi- Passing into the King's Library, shop of Lindisfarne, 698—720. The we find, among other printed books, Latin text is accompanied by an the first Hebrew Bible, by Abraham Anglo-Saxon gloss, added in the tenth Colorito, Soncino, 1488; the first Hecentury. Here is also a volume of brew Pentateuch, also printed by Cothe Codex Alexandrinus, containing lorito, Bologna, 1482; and the first the Greek Septuagint version of the Greek Lexicon, about 1478, most Scriptures; one of the earliest copies probably at Milan. known to exist, and probably written From this noble room, proceeding at the beginning of the fifth century. through the Banksian Library, we It was presented to Charles I. by enter the general Library of the MuCyril, patriarch of Constantinople. seum. Here is a case containing In the other half of the case which volumes of the deepest interest. The contains these two treasures, are following may be mentioned :-1. The some volumes in elaborate bindings. first Reformed Prayer-book of Edward Among the rarities here displayed, VI., 1549.- 4. The Reformed Prayeris the Treatise by Martin Bucer, book of Queen Elizabeth, 1559.De Regno Christi, in the hand-writing 6. A Primer and Catechism in the of the author, and presented by him Irish language, 1571, being the first to Edward VI. There are, also, a book printed in the Irish character.volume of Texts of Scripture in proof 7. The Bible translated out of Douche of the doctrine of justification by and Latyn into Englishe; supposed faith, collected and written by Ed- to have been printed at Zurich; 1535. ward VI., with a dedicatory epistle to This Bible, commonly called Coverhis uncle, the Duke of Somerset; a dale's Bible, is the first complete ediBook of Hours believed to have been tion of the Scriptures in English.used by Lady Jane Grey on the scaf- 8. The Bible translated by John Rofold, and containing some notes in gers, 1537, printed on straw-coloured her hand-writing; a manuscript of the paper.–12. A fragment of the first Latin Gospels, of the eighth or ninth edition of Tyndale's translation of the century, in the ancient binding, co- New Testament, forming the earliest vered with plates of silver set with specimen of a printed version of the gems; and the Latin Psalter, with Scriptures in English: the date is miniatures prefixed, written in the 1525.-19. The Great Bible, 1539.-20. twelfth century for Melissenda, Queen Another edition of the Great Bible, of Jerusalem, and still presenting the revised by Cranmer, 1540.— 21. The first edition of the authorized version Cambridge, 1674; bound in embroiof the Scriptures now in use, 1611. dered velvet for King James II.

In the same room are exhibited 20. Parker, De Antiquitate Britannice many other rarities, including an Ecclesiæ, 1572; privately printed; a extraordinary series of books printed presentation copy to Queen Eliza. by Caxton, the finest and completest beth. possessed by any library. Here also From this brief notice the reader is the Polyglot Bible, printed by Plan- will see that the best thanks of the tyn, of Antwerp, and remarkable as public have been well earned by the being the copy presented to the Duke library authorities, who have so zealof Alva by order of Philip II. of ously placed within the reach of the Spain. A German Bible may likewise ordinary visitor such a variety of be seen, with the autograph of Luther choice and curious articles. We have upon it: the same copy passed after- noticed but a part of the curiosities wards into the possession of Melanc- thus newly exhibited: there are others thon, who has written a long note well deserving both mention and inwithin it. A curious map of Cam- spection. We can truly say that our bridge in 1574 may be mentioned; visit to the library has tended to make and among the varied specimens of us more deeply thankful to Him who bookbinding of the sixteenth and se- has not only given to man the revelaventeenth centuries, we may enume

tion of His will, but has graciously rate, for the sake of the contents, the watched over its preservation, and, following :-1. The Gospels in Anglo- by means of the art of printing, and Saxon and English, 1571, a presenta- of the Reformation, has blessed us tion copy

from John Foxe, the editor, with an open Bible. to Queen Elizabeth.-19. The Bible;





The words of God are true: there is many would be prepared to admit, not a single sentence of God's word that he who so entirely separates that will not be found essentially himself from the evil ways of men, as true; and the more we look into any not only, not to sit down and settle assertion of the word of God, the himself in the scorner's seat, not only more fully shall we be satisfied that to avoid all lingering about the paths this is the case, and that every such of unholy men, but actually not walk assertion so made contains in it a very even according to wicked counsel, valuable lesson. Such is the case that such an one is blessed and happy. here. In Psalm i. David describes a So far most men of common sense man who “walketh not in the counsel and moral feeling would agree. But of the ungodly, nor standeth in the subsequently David says of this man, way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat “Whatsoever he doeth shall prosper." of the scornful ;” and he pronounces And here many would be disposed to him to be blessed. And certainly doubt, — What! in this world of

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