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baptism; that by Him we have been hometan faith : 'There is but one God, made children of God, and consequently, and Mahomet is his prophet.' It is supinheritors of the kingdom of heaven: and posed that this chair had been, among on the other, never to forget the solemn the spoils of the Crusaders, offered to the promise and profession we then made, Church at a time when a taste for antiand without performing which we despise quarian lore and the deciphering of inour birthright and lose the blessing ; that scriptions was not yet in fashion. This
are vowed soul and body to God; story has been since hushed up, the that we are His sworn soldiers, bound to chair replaced ; and none but the unhalresist the world, the flesh, and the devil, lowed remember the fact, and none but pledged to believe His promises, and the audacious repeat it. Yet such there obediently to keep His commandments are even at Rome.” unto our life's end."
We do not wonder that this stateIf it be that all those who have ment should occasion great annoyance been baptized, have necessarily been to the superstitious and credulous in that ordinance spiritually regene- votaries of the Romish apostacy; rated, and that they who now mani- much less that it should provoke the fest no proofs of such regeneration in wrath of those whose object is to maintheir lives and conduct, have fallen tain and uphold that awful system away from a state of grace, we cannot of imposture and delusion. Dr. Wisebut dissent from such conclusions; but man, at an early period of his life, it we trust the author, with ourselves, would seem, was provoked thereby to repudiates a sentiment like this. We venture into print, both in English should deeply regret the presence of and Italian; and the controversy has such error, combined with so much recently been revived, of which, one that is truly excellent and scriptural. consequence has been the publication Congregations are made up but of two of the pamphlet before us; in which, classes, believers with the heart unto we must say, that the lady deals as unrighteousness, and those who are such ceremoniously with the Cardinal as she in name only, whatever their outward had done with the pretended chair of privil may have been; and we St. Peter. must consider that language at least Lady Morgan is a spirited writer, unguarded, which fails to recognize and well able to plead her own cause. the broad line of demarcation which She is deeply imbued with the liberal, really exists between them.
if not with the infidel, spirit of the
age; and there is much in her style Letter TO CARDINAL WISEMIN; in
of writing, and in different parts of
this pamphlet, which we can by no answer to his “Remarks on Lady
means approve: but there is much Morgan's Statements regarding St. in her letter to the newly-appointed Peter's Chair.” By SYDNEY LADY “ Cardinal,” which is likely to tell Morgan. Charles Westerton, 1851.
with that public to which she fearlessly
appeals. We are tempted to transcribe The following passage in Lady the following passage, which follows a Morgan's “ Italy," vol. 2, gave great long quotation from Dr. Wiseman's offence to Romanists, and especially, Remarks :it should seem, to Dr. Wiseman :
“Such, my Lord Cardinal, are your “ The sacrilegious curiosity of the proofs of the Augustan age of the relic; French broke through all obstacles to and the details, picturesque and minute, their seeing the chair of St. Peter. They gorgeous and elaborate, would do honour actually removed its superb casket, and to the inventories of a Mabillon, or a discovered the relic. Upon its moulder.. Montfaucon, a Walpole, or a George ing and dusty surface were traced carv- Robins,—all great writers in their several ings, which bore the app arance of let- ways on similar subjects. Your descripCardinal GREGORIO CORTESE, and it bears Cortese, 'that Turrigio, accurate as he the quaint title, 'Of the Journey of the was, and always determined to inspect Prince of the Apostles, to Rome, and of with his own eyes [a privilege denied both his doings there.” Perhaps I shall better to your Eminence and to the Cardinal bring it to your recollection by giving Cortese, as you assert the cover of the the title as it stands :
The chair was quickly brought tion, however, though eloquent, is not into a better light, the dust and cobwebs original ; for it is taken textually, literally, removed, and the inscription (for an in- from a work which now lies before me scription it was) faithfully copied, The upon my library table. It is an oldwriting is in Arabic characters, and is fashioned Latin work, by one who, like the well-known confession of the Ma- yourself, was a Prince of the Church,
chair has not been raised for three cen" "GREGORII CORTESIT,
turies, ] what he describes, was mistaken, S. R. E. CARDINALIS
when he said that those ornaments are DE ROMANO ITINERE
made of metal or pinchbeck (aurichalco); GESTISQUE
for in real truth they are of fine gold : and PRINCIPIS APOSTOLORUM, this was proved by Alexander VII., who LIBRI Duo.'
had it duly probed by men skilled in “But is it probable, my Lord, that such matters, as testified by Phæbeus, St. Peter, the humble fisherman of in page lxx. of his dissertation.'" Galilee, permitted himself to be seated or carried in this gorgeous chair, on the
And again : shoulders of slaves, as his successor “ Your Eminence then proceeds to Pio Nino does at this day?-he who had give the moral grounds of the probable so recently heard his Divine Master de identity of the chair, by the testimonies clare that • foxes had holes, and the birds of Eusebius, in the fourth century ; of the air had nests, but the Son of Man Nicephorus, Vallerius, and other great hath not where to lay his head,'-he,
and grave names, qui finissent en us,' to whose Eastern habits such a chair (as Boileau has it;) - testimonies which,' must have been repugnant! who had
you observe, 'are, I trust, more than taught, not ex cathedra, but, like the sufficient to overthrow the foolish story Master he served, walking, or reclining with which Lady Morgan has treated on the lap of the earth. The day was her readers.' But there is one old then far off, some three centuries, when
saint whom you have omitted to refer to, the servants of the servant of God'
who has always come forward in my deshould repose in chairs of state, or
fence, whenever I have been 'had up' mount thrones of ivory and gold. They
by the Sbirri of Holy Offices, before that had not as yet turned the judicial great and infallible judge--the Public ; Basilicas of Pagan Rome into the gorge
I mean, my Lord, Saint VERITAS,-one, ous temples of public worship. If they perhaps, who is better known among the sat upon a raised seat, it was a stone concealed in the catacombs or in caverns,
army of martyrs, than in the Church's
accredited Calendar of Saints !” as their perilous position dictated.
The early Christians, the humble reformers These extracts will, we think, amuse of cultes' Pagan or Jewish, which no our readers, and serve to show in what longer served the purposes to which they
manner her Ladyship deals with the had been destined, though still supported “ Cardinal” and his relic. by the Church' of Jupiter, and the
We need not go further into this State of the Cæsars, were the secret societies of those times of transition. question. It has already been well Their Divine Philosophy was deemed observed, --indeed it naturally occurs treasonable and sacrilegious; and if
to us plain Englishmen, — that the Pudens, the Christian Senator, gave St.
only way of settling the dispute would Peter a chair to teach from, it was more
be, to submit the so-called chair of likely to be one of stone (like that in the St. Peter to public examination. Let Church of St. Peter at Venice), than a it be uncovered, and carefully exchair of ivory and gold carried on the amined by any, and by all, Protestshoulders of his fellow creatures.
ants as well as Romanists, who may “Before I proceed, I must quote a few happen to visit Rome. Lady Morgan's words from the book which has served
statement would thus be brought to the purposes of both your Eminence
the test. and myself. “And because,' says Fran
But that might be very dangerous ! cesco Maria Turrigio, (quoted in the Car
What if it were found to be true? If dinal Cortese's note, at page 317,)“because
it be much more tedious and difficult from great age St. Peter's chair was going to pieces, and had got somewhat ricketty,
to argue out the matter at great length, it was encompassed round with iron hoops
as the learned Doctor has done, is it and with bars of wood.' • It is, however, not much more safe to envelope the to be observed,' continues Cardinal question of fact in a cloud of arguproper test?
ment, than to bring it to its sure and but we ought to have our young men
at the Universities thoroughly taught The more important question, how- the errors of the one, and the subever, could not thus be settled. The tleties of those who are the most perantiquity of the chair having been severing agents in its communion. traced, we will suppose, to the time of We must have our families guarded Claudius, and fully established, the against the dangerous intrusion of question would still remain, Was Jesuits, male or female, who are perSt. Peter ever at Rome at all? The
fectly unscrupulous in the means Scripture is silent; and tradition is which they employ to gain their ends, dubious and uncertain. And, even and whose principles are utterly opwhen those difficulties have been all posed to Scripture and morality. The overcome, and that point settled, the little tract which we have placed at questions of supremacy and infalli- the head of this notice, is one which bility would still remain. For if it may be perfectly depended upon for were proved, in spite of Scripture, that authenticity and accuracy of statethis most frequently erring and trip- ment, and is well calculated to open ping of all the apostles was indeed su- the eyes of those who are slow to appreme and infallible, how is it proved prehend any dangers from the mathat he did not leave his infallibility chinations of the Jesuits. and supremacy at Antioch, where we know from Scripture that he once was, rather than at Rome, which we do not The Night Lamp: a Narratire of the know that he ever visited ?
Means by which Spiritual Darkness
was Dispelled from the Death-bed of THE SECRET INSTRUCTIONS
Agnes Maxwell MACFARLANE. By Jesuits ; with Extracts from some
the Rev. John MacFarlane, LL.D. of their Principal Writers, exhibiting
Glasgow. pp. 328. London, Nisbet, the principles upon which they act.
1851. pp. 47. Seeleys.
The present is an age of bookThere can be no doubt that the making. Volumes and pamphlets, Jesuits are amongst us, and doing one after another, issue from the their best, under the well-nigh im- press, on every subject, and to suit penetrable cover of Satanic darkness every class. If an old author could with which their system is identified, complain that his age"groaned under to pour confusion upon the Protestant such a surcharge of new books, that faith, and to destroy, wherever they though the many good ones lately can find entrance, the peace and hap- published did much balance the great piness of the families of England. swarms of ill, or at least needless ones, Men of the world laugh when you yet all men complain of the unnecestell them that Jesuits are in their sary charge and trouble many new midst; they believe in the security of books put them to," what would be their wealth, their education, and his astonishment now on looking down their political liberty; and, if they the advertising columns of our newsadmit the fact, they deny or despise papers, or glancing over the covers of its consequences. They forget that our periodicals! It is true, there is the same God who poured the light of an evil here, as in everything else; a the Gospel upon the darkness of vast amount of what is in a high deRome's deeds and doctrines, can gree injurious is constantly poured withdraw those glorious beams from forth, to inundate the land with sentia country which, in forgetfulness of a ments and principles the most appalpast deliverance, has not simply tole- ling; but, if we have the bitter waters rated, but fostered and helped to pro- of much that is evil, we have also the pagate Popery. We ought not to satisfy sweet waters of much that is sound ourselves with the bare knowledge that and scriptural, to assuage the thirst for there is such a thing as Romanism, and excitement, knowledge, and happithat there are such people as Jesuits ; ness, everywhere apparent. Never
were religious publications of a deci- able, he told the writer that some time dedly beneficial tendency so nume- ago an interesting daughter of his had rous as at present. We cannot but closed her life in a most remarkable manrejoice at the circumstance, and hear- ner. Though delicate, she was not undertily do we concur in the sentiment,
stood to be dying, and, being only about “Thank God, our press is free.” Still
twelve years of age, it was hoped that deit may be questioned, whether, amongst and that early promises of good would be
bility would have given way to ength, the numerous volumes of a theological fulfilled in the inaturity of age. One afternature there are not many which are
noon she suddenly awoke, as was thought, mere repetitions of what has been bet
from a refreshing sleep, — surprise was ter expressed before, or records of the pictured on every feature of her sweet lives of some who, however their me
countenance, and she gazed around as if mory may be deservedly cherished by she had unexpectedly found herself in a their immediate surviving relatives, new world. Mother,' she exclaimed, 'do are scarcely entitled to general notice, you see no change on my face? Is there and whose lives, exhibiting nothing of nothing peculiar about my looks ?' 'No,' a very unusual character, it is perhaps replied the astonished parent: “Why do scarcely wise to bring under public you ask?' . Because,' said the child, 'I notice.
have just been in one of the most beautiful We have been led into these re
places I ever beheld, and have seen some marks, by perusing the volume before
of the most glorious and beautiful beings!
0, I cannot describe where I have been, us. It is the biography of one, who in
and what I have looked upon! Tell me, early life was blessed with religious inother, is there no change on my face? privileges of no common kind, but
Surely there must be. Being told that who, although in some measure influ- there was none, she became calm and sienced by the truth, was yet drawn lent for a time, and then she burst forth away by the fascination of worldly with an exclamation: There, there it is things to forgetfulness of her spiritual again-1 see it again, dear mother, I see interests, until laid upon the bed of these beautiful beings again, they are sickness and death, when she was led coming !'~and so she died.” by the hand of a gracious God to a Without wishing to cast the shadow deeper knowledge of her own sinful- of a doubt on the Christianity of the ness, earnestly sought the Lord, and individuals whose cases are brought departed triumphing in her Redeemer. under our notice, we could yet have In all this, it is true, there is both in- wished to see less of what might posterest and instruction; but taken as a sibly have been excitement, as is eswhole, we scarcely think the narrative pecially the case with regard to one of importance sufficient to justify its who had so recently been brought to publication.
the experimental knowledge of the The main object of the writer ap
“ truth as it is in Jesus.” At all events, pears to be, to communicate his belief we feel more deeply impressed with that dying Christians have frequently the necessity of connecting every such some foretaste of the joys unspeaka- case with previous christian experible into which they are about to enter, ence, and corroborating it by previous while the spirit yet lingers on the holiness of life. And we rejoice to threshold of eternity, and ere it wings believe, that in Miss Macfarlane's its happy flight to those glories which case there existed satisfactory evi“eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, dence of her safety in Christ, in addineither hath it entered into the heart tion to the manifestation of joy and of man to conceive" them. He illus- triumph we have transcribed. trates this by several narratives, one We close our notice of the work of which seems very remarkable. It with recommending to our readers, occurs at page 9.
the account of the last hours of
an eminent minister “Recently conversing with a truly ex
of Christ, the cellent clergyman of the Church of Scot
Rev. John Brown, which the author land, whose parish lies on the shores of has inserted in the earlier part of his one of these romantic Highland lochs for work, and which exhibits all the “sowhich the Seottish west coast is remark- ber certainty of waking bliss.”
Intelligence. The United Church of ENGLAND is, to be formally handed over to a AND IRELAND.
hierarchy imposed by a foreign SoveWe have this month to notice the reign Pontiff. attitude which the bishops in Ireland have assumed, with reference to the Papal agression in England.
We Mr. COBDEN AND THE WORSHIPPERS cannot wonder at the feeling which
of MAMMON. was manifested by the Irish bench, at In a speech delivered within these the omission of the usual united ap- last few days at Manchester, Mr. Cobpellative when the English bishops den, who has lately forgotten the approached the throne, to depre- somewhat wholesome proverb, “Ne cate the Romish movement. This
sutor ultra crepidam,” has been taking omission was, as has been satisfacto- it upon himself to state his views of rily stated by the Archbishop of Can- what ought to be done in the cause of terbury, purely unintentional; but Wiseman and others against theCrown, we cannot avoid the conviction that people, and religion of England. the English branch of the national Whilst Mr. Cobden bent the energies Church has for a long season been of his mind to the attainment of his too unmindful of the anomalous and grand commercial free-trade scheme, awkward position of its sister branch, we of course had no claim or wish to by the recognition, favour, and actual interfere with his efforts, but now grant of place and precedence, be- that he is enlarging the field of his stowed by the Government upon the operations, and pronouncing with a dignitaries of our great opponent, the fancied oracular authority upon the communion of Rome. We have seen national duty, in a question of deep with far too much of listless indiffer- national moment, so perfectly beyond ence, the assumption by Romish bi- a grasp of mind which is purely shops of the territorial titles, belonging worldly, we must remind him that he only to the prelates of the Protestant is altogether incapable of judging what Church; and we have not protested ought to be the policy of a christian as we ought to have done, with all the
realm in resisting the onward movemight and earnestness which it be- ment of the enemy of God and man. comes us to exercise, against the Mr. Cobden's mission—whether good positive infraction of those stipula- or bad, it is not for us to argue—is to tions, and the absolute disregard of burst every fetter, which in the plenithose prohibitory provisions, under tude of his wisdom and charity, he cover of which the Catholic Eman- imagines curbs the rights and liberties cipation Act was obtained. The of trade; he is the high priest of a Bishop of Cashel's reply, although system which exalts and magnifies somewhat sneered at by the Irish cor- free and unrestrict commerce, but here respondent of the Times, as differing his own judgment should tell him to in tone and temper from those of his stop. He may be qualified from long brethren, is positively refreshing to and patient investigation, for the task the spirit of the true Christian, in the of completely changing the commerspiritual tone with which it meets the cial system of the country, but let the whole question of the Romish move- country beware of listening to the ment, and is to be honoured for the ultra-latitudinarian doctrines of this bold and christian faithfulness with apostle of free-trade, who would, in which it traces the causes which have conformity with his liberal crced, led step by step to every fresh insult allow, as it is termed, every religion to the Protestant Crown and faith of to have a fair field and fair play. England. If the people of England The blindness of these men is inare righteously indignant at their own conceivable, and Rome laughs them cause of quarrel with Rome, surely to scorn, while she uses their misthey will not, they dare not, commitchievous policy. so suicidal an act, as to allow Ireland, The truth is, that Mr. Cobden and priest-ridden and priest-blinded as it his party are too much mammon wor