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fions, to profess unfeigned devotion to New Palace Yard. Eaft side ; unour antient works. Well; his deline touched. South side; a coach - way ation, his manner of restoration, his has been made through those buildings where, and how, was fortuned, as in on the left, and abutling against the fact, we find the Palace has been un. North front of the Hall. The archder professional dominion, every part, way to this "drive,” is but an indicain foine degree or other, bearing the tion of a fomething that is to be ; it marks of hammer, brush, or trowel; gives an extreme flat Pointed arch, and it now becomes my province to in. which arch and its jambs are done in a reftigate these matters by fair and open make shift way with stone and brick, discussion. My pretentions to this of- and the head-way in continuation with fice rest on long experience, and long lath and plaster, or Compo. The two attachment to the Antiquities of the coffee-houses against the front of the country. It will be taken on credit, I Hall remain, but the public-houses am on this occasion an “upright hiding the basement of the building to judge." I am independent, as I mean the right are demolished. to speak the truth; have no interest West Gde of the Hall. Many of the before

me, as I am certain of touching modern erections standing before the no folid reward, except thanks at this line, with some of the Tudor offices, time for being "entertaining *." Envy are done away; and in lieu of these I have none; my lot is fo low, I can latter contingences, one or two new hardly hope to rise, Prejudice nigh elevations have been fet


with overwhelming me. Malice I have bastard" copyings of the Tudor winnone, as I had rather convert than con- dows, fuffered to stand, as they happen demn. Uncharitableness I utterly wash not to interfere with the present line of my hands of, being too sensible we all arrangement. Let it be said, the new are liable by nature to err. Upon these windows are made of deal, correct in premises I come forward to arraign the their heads, but the fills not fo, being TASTE OF THE DAY, chaunting iny old on the improved plan. The new door. fong, with theconstant burthen, « Ve- ways partake of the same inattention ; Deration for the Antiquities of England.” no architraves, and the doors are fet

Soaring fo high in mental bufle, I back from the face of the wall one foot had almost lost light of my friend the at least, in a return, after the common Grecian Professionalist, who, on find- modern house way; and nothing more ing things against him in change- seems to be attempted than 10 bring ful tide, dutifully bowed the head, and out the mere Tudor Alat arch sweep. retired with all his documents, and Towards the Southern extremity of all his mortifications; to wait at For- this side of the Hall, a few alterations tune's call a brighter day.

are making in the crypts of the old ata I refer the reader to my survey of tached chambers, by way of a pallage the Palace in 1800 (vol. LXX. p. 33) to an opening cut through the thickness in its then condition ; as it is necessary of the wall of the Hall; and, that he should be well studied in this respect, light may be obtained, several Pointed and go with true interest into the sub- openings are made ranging with some jeci now about to be fcamned and illus- original openings of irated. The method I oblerved, of in- So averse are these imitators to anvihing troducing each edifice to view at that like a faithful copy, modern key-stones period, will again be aitended to;

are inserted infiead of the an:ient centre whence it may be seen, what paris arch joint; the one and universal mode have been fubfqnently done away, or

of anlient masonry pursued over the alered, and what new elevations have the land. As these very arch jointheen fet up in the prevailing fantastic ings are ae the elbows of ihe workmen, file of building

Baby-houses of 'noihing but a perierfe and wilful des Compo, unworthy the name of Architec- termination to set such authority at detues.

fiance, can have impelled them to a

departure from so much truih and chaVol. LXXVI, p. 901.

racter. At the back of the Tudor $ Exhibited in the House of Lords building running on the right of the and from to time to time in the Royal front of the Hall, is a very antient Academy.

chamber (Court of Exchequer); and I Retort courteous. Sir C. Wren called by the remains of doors, windows, &c. our cathedrals “ Mountains of stone, un. it must be of the earlielt Pointed style worthy the name of Architecture.”



the crypis.


of workmanship. Many of the wine an opinion. The Lords then delivered dows have been cut into, and other their own objections; among which, wise havocked, about the time of Eli. the following is the fire : zabeth. One window, however, re- • Firit, it is ihought ihat the Lordes mains perfect at the West end of this of this lond must nedes calle to their. court; and the design poflefies so much remembraunesi, the grete Othes the originality, and so much of that which which they have made to the Kvog ouc is curious, that too much cannot be Soverayn Lord, the which may be advanced to procure it respect, and to leyde to the feid Duc of York, and preserve it from demolition, in case that the Lordes may not breke thoo any sudden impulse of improvement hap- Othes.” pens to range this way. On ļhe base- To which the Duke of York made ment, and directly beneath this win- answer as follows : dow, is another window in the same “The said Richard answereth and taste, but plainer in form. I blush 10 faith, that every man, under the peyne note, that a brick wall is running up of everlasting dampnation, is bounden in contact with this relick. Call you to obeye to the lawe and cominaundethis restoring of the Palace ? Wade mentes of God, by the which lawe and on. I have a gulph to tiruggle through, commaundementes, trouth and justice thick fet with glaring innovations ; one owe to bee preferred and observed, and fucceeding another in all the monstrosty untrouth and injustice leyed apart and of barefaced improvement. Courage, represled ; and loo it is, that of this heart! proceed ! Not to conquer; I bonde and duetee of obedyence to despair of that; but to controul. Hope Godd's lawe, noo man may discharge goes with me in this at leait !

himself by his owen dede or act, pro(To be continued.)

mise or noth, for elles of the contrary

wold enfure innumerable inconvenia Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 5.

Wherefore fith it is foo, that THE THE letters which have appeared in the mater of the title and clayme of the

your Magazine from Dr. Milner, faid Richard Plantagenet is openly true and Mr. Churton, on the subject of and lawful, and grounded upon evident Oaths, indų me to request the infer- trouth and justice, it foloweth that man tion of extract: from a very curious fhuld have rather consideration to trouth, flate paper, which is to be found in right, and justice in this mater, accorthe Rolls of Parliament of the 39th dingly with the wille of the lawe of year of King Henry the Sixth, and in God, then to any promise or ooth made the fifth volume of the printed copy. by hym into the contrarie ; considered

Richard (Plantagenet) Duke of namely, that by the lawe and determiYork, on the 16th of October in that nation of holy Chircle, an oth made year, in the Parliament-chamber deli- hy oon persone, unto the prejudice or vered to the Chancellor, to be opened hurt of another, contrary to trouth, to the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, justice, and charitee, in the which stanin Parliament assembled, his claim of deth the plenitude and perfection of right to the Crown of England, setting Godd's lawe, is voide and of noon efforth his descent as lineal heir to King feet, neither in anywise obligatorie ; Edward the Third, through his third and that the vertu and nature of an fon Lionel Duke of Clarence. On ooth is to conferme trouth, and of noo the 17th of October, the Lords wajied wile to impugne it; and over that, that upon the King, and opened the matter by the ooth of feaute, homage, or lis to him by the mouth of the Chancel- geauvce, noo man is bounden to any lor, and were commanded to search for inconvenient or unlawfull thyng." objections against the claim. On the A Protestant of the Church of England, 181h of October, the Lords sent for the

and an Old Correspondent. King's Justices to the Parliament-chamber, to give their advice and counsel Mr. URBAN, Brecon, Feb. 2. in the affair; who took until the 20th SHALL be obliged to any of your of Odoler to consider of it, and then


Correspondents who will give me prudently answered, that it was 100 any information as to Sir John Dary, great a thing for them to meddle with. who died in 1624 without issue, pofa The King's Serjeants and Attorney were fessed of the litrle forest of Brecknock then consulted, but also declined giving in Wales, forfeited upon the attainder


roni Ous.

Fel 7.

" a

of Seymour Lord Sudley, Admiral Bernardus to feek shelter from its of Great Britain in ihe reign of Edw. enemies, how was it protected previous VI. How he came by this property, and to fiuding a deterted mansion suitable where he was born, with any other to its purpose ? particulars of his life

As I have nrt the ncceffary means to The tradition of Brecknockshire make a proper inquiry on this subject, makes him a native of that County, I hope fomeone, more converfant in and a lawyer; but this is evidently er- a fcience of which I confels milelf

The surname is not Welsh ; ignorant, will favour me wish their he was of, Aldermanbury when he died; conjectures on it, through the channel his uncle wis Sir : .. Smith ; "his of your entertaining Milcellany. relation, a Lady Funshaw ; bis fervant,

Yours, &c. Ι. Η. Ε. to whom he bequeathed a considerable part of his property, was named Ec


Chippenham, Wills, cleston. The answers :o thrle enqui. ries are fought after, for inter on in the VOL LXXVI. p. 1017. The plate Second Volume of my Count. Hiftory, which I can now inform my Subleri. on which cour Correlpondent ihinks bers, is nearly comple:ed, though it will there is a crofs. Is not the figure on consist of two parts.

the Rone more likely a sword? THEOPHILUS JONES. P. 1029. The remains of Sir Tho

mas Wodehouse, after whom D. enMR. URBAN,

Jan. 6 qnires, were deposited in Lord WodeA

houte's family vault. engage the attention of mankind, P. 1097. Deacons cannot be choNatural History very properly claims a fen into Parliament; and Irish and fhare. To persons converlaut on ibis Scotch noblemen are not exempt from fubject I wish to propose a few quier- arrest It is the poflellion of a seat in tions, relative to the Cancer Bernar- Parliament, and not the possession of a dus of Linnæus. This animal (from ti le, that is ihe security. its hinder paris being fost and unpro- Vol. LXXVII. p. 24. Your very tected), chufes for itlelf a habitation accurate Correspondent would oblige in the forfaken shell of some other fish, many readers by giving a list of Irish generally that of the Buccinum vulgá- Bishops and Archbishops who have rum; and in this borrowed covering died since the Acceslion of George III. performs all its neceflary functions. P. 39. The title of Wyou is merged

1. If at the creation of animals in that of Headley; as iš the title of each was provided with a habitation Hyde in that of Roden, suitable to its wants, it is natural to P. 40. For LXVI. read LXXVI.; conclude that the one in question had likewise, for Cheltenham read Chipits shell, or muit have exposed its un- penham. proiected parts as a prey to others. Ibid. Earls, when created knights

2. Had this actually been the case, of the Garter, are always styled in the it is reasonable to fuppose that the Ber- Gazette not with the proper title to nardus would have poffelled a fhell pe- which they are elevated, but by their culiar to itself. But, on the contrary, former riile :--thus the Gazette says, I find it in the younger flages of ex

William Efq. created a Baronet. --iflence, inhabiting the shells of a He is not styled Sir William

-; por finaller kind, as the Turbo Littorens is the Earl liyled any thing more than of Linnæus, Neritæ, &c. therefore the Right Honourable. proof of its pollelling two species of I shall feel mylelf much obliged by Thells, will, I think, fufficiently coné having the following Questions autradict the firli conjecture.

fwered. Are thole ladies who are 3. Is it not contrary to reason to called Honourable authorized, when fuppose that the Almighty created any married, to retain the title with the race of animals withont the necessary name of the man they marry, if he has means of protection : or, that a certain not a litle

Can any Correspondent number of one species were detiroyed favour your readers with a litt of the immediately after their creation, to Knights and Chiefs who accompanied supply others with a habitation ? William the Conqueror to England ? 4. If it is now necellary for the Yours, A VERY OLD SUBSCRIBER.


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15. A Sermon, preached at the primary practice of explaining away the literal

Viptation of the Most Reverend the Lord meaning of the Scriptures is in itself
Archbishop of Canterbury, holden at fo fufpicious as to appear at once evi-
Alford, in Kent, June 13, 1801. By dence of a weak cause."
the Rev. Edward Nares, M. A. Rector of
Biddenden. Published at the Request of so much of, of Gospel or Evangelical

'As to the distinction lately heard the Clergy.

Preachers, if we are not Gospel Preachers, "ROM the words of St. Paul, 2 in what estimation can we be held ? Bat Christian Religion against those who the self-denominated Rational Christians misrepresent iis Martyrilums, but at che we should be allowed to queftion the fume time “commend tpostacy, al propriety of this exclusive denomination. mire Idolatry, vindicare Perfecution, There is another denomination, to which and applaud to ilie skies the most in- the persons to whom the former title is fignificant acts of fironnei; in every given, beait also of being almost exclucaure. hut ihe cause of God." The lively entitled, that of Calvinists, who al. fame fortiue, if not in digree, cer. ledge, that by subscribing to the Articles tainly in kind, is necellary to preserve of our Church, you have subscribed genethe iruth inviolaie. The Church has rally to the opinions of Calvin. God forloft nothing by the intrinsic foree of bid! To the best of my belief, Calvin any arguments yet avanced against ii, entertained Some opinions to which a large nor suffered any real eclipfe from the will never be brought to, affent; tome

majority of the subscribers to the Articles rivalry and oppofition of those who opinions; which the compilers of the Are have put themfelves out of our com- ticles, so far from approving or confirmmunion. 'The arguments of Free- iny, whave most carefully omiteed; which thinkers and Deisis are directly leveled is certainly the case very particularly with against Revelation is felf; and none of the Calvinistic doctrine of Reprobation t. these arguments will be found of later Nor are such omissions a matier of mere date thau Christianity itself, and an. conjecture, it being well known that the fwered by the primitiva Fathers. The Calvinists of the time when the Articles only novelly in he admired is.“The were produced, nay even Calvin himself, conspicuous defection of one member actually objected to, and remonstrated of the Church of Rome here giving against, such omiffions I. This instance way to scoffs and tamnis, to the pert

alone is enough to shew, that to be Gofinfinuations of Sciolikls, the profane Calvinifts. It is also enough to shew, and

pel Preachers we need not certainly be Tneers of infidels. It is thus ihat the this is a point of considerable importance, dependence of Christianity on the Old that from the filence and omissions of the Tellament has been almost given up, Articles themselves, Calvinism was sufand the great doctrine of Redlemption pected at least, at that very time, of beJoit sight of awidli ihe difficulties that ing in some points by no means strictly have arisen on the subject of the evangelical. Calvin was but one out of Full*." To the Rational Chrillians, many interpreters of Scripture with whom, as they call themkires, Mr. N. op- as in forç points we agree, in some we proses ihe exprel's woris of Scriptore differ. The Established Church, to judge and the declaration of our Lord him- from her Articles, has dealt the same by felf, both on the doctrine of the Tri- the Church of Rome, the Church of Genity and the Aionement; asking them, neva, and other reformed Churches. She in the words of St. Auliin to the Ma: has done all the could do to separate what nichæans, “T-il us fairly that you do

was found in their doctrines from what was not believe the Bib:e: for while you card the latter. And thouyh this method

erroneous, to adopt the former and difwill believe only what you choose to believe, and all that you do not choose fubjected us to the taunt of having a

of proceeding and judging should have to believe, reject, it is plainly your

• Popish Liturgy, Calvinistic Articles, and selves only that you have any faith in,

an Arminian Clergy,' so far from this beand not in the Bible.” The fame ana ing any reflection when duly considered, fwer may be given 10 the rejection of it particularly, I think, redounds to our Prophecy and Inspiration.

6. The

of " This is admitted by Calvinists * "See M. de Luc's Correspondence themselves. See O:crton's True Churchwith M. Teller, of Berlin, and Dr. man, chap. II. fect. 2, 2d edit." Geddes's Prefaces to his version of the “See Laurence's Bampton Lectures, Bible.”

1804." Genr. Mag. February, 1807.


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praife. To the Church of Rome, to Cal. themselves converted? Truly, no where vin, and to Arrainius, we have done all that I know of! This I know, that one the justice we could do. We have given of their most conspicuous writers, one of them all the credit of being right in some the greatest advocates for the abandonpoints though wrong in others. In all ment of here fundamental Articles of points in which we could agree, we have Christianity', tried by his pen exprefly to done all we could to keep in communion convert both jews ,and Infidels ; but we with them, which ought to be received as have his own acknowledgment, that as to proof enough of our sincerity in regard to Infidels he knew not that he had ever all those points in which we have felt converted one unbeliever *; and as to the compelled to differ. . Such differences in- Jews, it is remarkable that they had the deed are forely to be lamented, and most wisdom to discover, from the very concrfardently do I wish they could be removed; jions he proposed, that Ile who endeavourbut, in the present state of things, they ed to convert them was himself no Chrifcertainly prove nothing against us. St. tian'. Shall we then, with such vain Paul himself could not preach the Gospel hopes of converting Jews, Turks, Infidels, so as to satisfy every body; though con- and Hereticks, to an adoption of the mere fiftent enough, we may be fure; in his morality of the Gospel, abandon the very do&rine, earnest enough in his address, first principles and most fundamental docand most anxious for its success, of very trines of Chriftianity (for such I trutt we many who attended him, "Some believed all efteem those doétrines I have just enuthe things that were spoken, and some merated)? God forbidl! Reason enough believed not ;" “ Some received the would the Calvinifts then have to separate word with gladness, fome mocked and themselves from such pretended Preachers blafphemed.” Acts xvii. (pp. 17-19.)- of the Gospel ; for, where is the Gospel As then the present state of things does without the good tidings' of Redempnot seem to call for any concessions on tion, and where are the good tidings of the part of the Eftablished Clergy, in re- Redemption to be fought for but in the gard to Faith and Doctrine, I shall, laftly, bocy and blood of Christ our God and Saendeavour (and as briefly as possible) to viour? Such doctrines are truly fundaThew that the present state of the world mental parts of Christianity, and muft gives 'no encouragement to such concef- never be loft sight of, must never fupfions ;

in doing which, I shall again take preffed; and though they may still keep, a short view of those three descriptions of us feparate from Jews, and Turks, and opponents, the Infidels, Rational or Uni- Infidels, and pretended rational Christians tarian Chriftians, and Evangelical or Cal- of all denominations, God knows that vinistic Preachers.” (p. 19.) ---" In the without lnen we can have no hope of revery place where Infidelity lo lately reared claiming either Papist, Calvinift, or Arher head, with an audacity and effrontery minian; who, if they differ in some never before witnessed, after a fufficient points from the Established Church, difexperiment of the obvious effects of Irre- fer far more from thote I have been ligion in general, all the fophisms of In- speaking of. Shall we then, I must next fidelity, all the absurdities of Atheism, all afk, in hopes of preserving the unity of the' freaks and fancies of a vain Philofo- the spirit, in the bond of peace and righphy, have been openly condenined and teousness of life, follow the Evangelical renounced, and the Religion of Christ re- Preachers into the depths of Calvinism ? stored, with no small triumph, as above This end, detireable as it must seem, all things conducive both to the glory of could never, I apprehend, be answered by God and good of man. The chief encou- to doing. Certain I am, that if the mysragement to conceffions which the per- teries of the Etablished Religion have fons calling themselves Rational Chrif tended to alienate thote who call themtians hold out to us is, the greater proba- felves Rational Christians, much more bility there would be of our converting would the mysteries of Calvinisin have all Jews, Turks, Infidels, and Hereticks. this effect. I will venture to say, the If we would but discard all myfteries, if gloomy doctrine 1 of arbitrary reprobawe would but renounce our belief of tion, and the extravagant depreciation of Chrift's atonement, if we would forbear moral righteousness, will for ever alarm to worship him, dey his divinity, with the Rational Christian more than the the divinity and personality of the Holy Church do&trines of Atonement by the Giroft, and be content to regard Chriftia- Blood of Christ, or even the Trinity in nity as nothing more than a rule of life, then we are told the stumbling-block of * “ See Dr. Priestley's Letter to Mr. offence would be removed, and we might Hammon." all become one Fold under one Shepherd. t « See Mr. David Levi's Letters to This is their encourageinent; but where Dr. Priestley." are their proofs ? where are the Jews, “ Horribile decretum" is Calvin's Mahometans, and Infidels, they have own expression, Inft. p. 608."

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