Page images

Unity. Conceflions, therefore, on the in danger. . Let this then stand as a crites
part of the Church give no hope of con- rion of the good fenfe and good princias
ciliation: what we would concede to one ples, the wishes and intentions of the
would more than ever alienate the other. bulk of the Nation; not of the Clergy
Steadiness and firmness alone, in adhering only, but very particularly of the Laity.
to those principles in which we agree With the encouragement of such an ex-
with either, may afford us the happy pro- ample, an example to approved by all
fpeét of reclaiming both. Last of all, ranks of people, and placed, moreover,
fuffer me to ask, do you think the Laity under the immediate government and in-i!
expect us to make conceflions ? Surely fpection of a Prelate not more distinguish-
far otherwise. Never was there a period ed by the eminence of his high ftation,
in which the Laity evinced a stronger de than the confidence of such a Sovereign,
fire and resolucion not to abandon the let us be careful, beyond all things, to
principles in which they were educated. keep “the form of found words" com-
Careless indeed too many may appear of mitted to us, to "continue perfectly join-
the Christian doctrines in their fad neg. ed together in the fame mind, and in the
lect of the Sacraments, and of Christian fame judgment;" to be “inftant to preach
holiness in the conduct of their lives; the Gofpel in reason and out of feason,"
but, generally Ipeaking, fo far from en- not in “ the spirit of Fear, but of Power
couraging any undue concctions in us, I and Confidence, of Love, and a found
know not where the Clergy will find fe- Mind.” (pp. 21-23.)
verer judges, for any imprudent relaxation
of discipline, of doctrine, or of morals, 19. The Duty of the Clergy to enforce the
than in the wise, considerate, and respect- frequent Receiving of the Sacrament of
able part of the Laity of these realms. Nor the Lord's Supper: A Serinon, preached
are the wiie and confiderate among the at the Visitation held in the Parish
Laity a small part only; never had we Church of Holy Rood, Southampton.
stronger demonstrations than the present By the Rev. Samuel Clapham, M. A.
times afford of a very general attachment l’icar of Chrift Church.
to the Establishment both in Church and

IT is generally considered as an ex-
State-never was there a period in which

ercise requiring much skill and judgundue Conceirions appeared to be less cre

ment to write a Sermon “entitled to ditable, Firmness more respectable. Re

The attention and worthy the meditaflect, I beteech you, for a moment, on

tions of a reverend Allembly" (Dedicathe unexampled popularity of that exalted Peitonage whom, by the Laws eliablished

nion, with the Author of this dire at the Refornation, we are sworn to regard as the visible Head of the National course, that, “to folicit the attention Church. In the whole lift of English

of an Affembly of Clergymnen 10. ab. Sovereigns few ever reigned so long, and

firacl fpeculations or sclinlasiic fubtle none furely in the whole lift altogether to lies, is an entire milapplication of time, worthily. None were ever expoted to the very purpose of visitations being to 'ruder demands, none had ever to combat excite in the Clergy an emulation to greater licentiousnets of opinion. Yet let discharge their duty in their respective me alk, is his popularity the fruit of any parishes in luch a manner that their undae Conceflions ? Has he, to conci- feveral hearers may become wise unto liate the favour of the multitude, ever

falvation" (1). 2); whilll others seemi abandoned one Article of his Creed, or

to think, that, to enforce the general violated one Principle of the Eftablished duty of the Clergy, or to offer to their Faith? Has it not been moft efpecially notice a particular duly, would indiowing to the unihaken manliness of his

care arrogance and presumption. Mr. character, to his most magnanimous refolution, to his almost heroic fortitude on

Clapham is not one of thele. He obe all trying occafions, that the hearts of all

ferves the Sacrament of the Lord's his subjects are so entirely devoted to

Supper 10. be very generally neglected him? in fickness and in health, in peace

in ihe Church; he therefore thews the and in war, in times of public tranquil- blessings arising from the devout partia lity, or even public commotions, no So- cipation of it: he iheu exhorts the vereign ever, I think, received such strong Clergy, which is the principal delign and unfeigned marks of affection and re- of the discourse, to enforce the necel. fpect from all denominations of people. fity of its celebration pou their leve. For, let me say it to their praise, no one ral hearers. The reader will perceive, body of Diffenters, at all respectable, has from the following extracts, that Mr. ever been backward toʻmanifeft its attach- Clapham has not been educated in the ment when his Perton has been threaten. Houdleian School : ed, his Government traduced, or his Life

“ Under


[ocr errors][merged small]


“ Under the Chriftian Covenant, and and from that deplorable condition in what we believe ratified, when we parti. which, instead of peacf, they have great cipate the body and blood of Christ, is bitterness Who does not feel himself given us that great and precious promise conftramed to let before then the horror which He hath promited us, even eternal of 10 thamefully and perversely disregard: life.' Chrift, by his death, became an ex- ing the voice, and tranfgrefing the law, pịatory facrifice, by which He eftablished of their Redeemer and Judge? St leems, this new and better Covenant, called the indeel, scarcely pofiible that the feelings New Covenant in his Blood. Whoso cateth and fențibility of a minister of a parith iny feh, and drinketh my blood, linth eter- should be more keenly excited than when nal life, and I will raise him up at the last he perceives some of his parishioners live

ing in an entire neglect of the Sacrament In the following sentence the Au

of the Lord's Supper ; people too, whose thor Thews, in fiill flronger terms, the behaviour, according as it is exemplary or

profligate, pious or profane, is productive indispensable necesiity of derout cum

of abundant good, or of most pernicious munion :

eril. And, whilft we contemplate their “Our Lord gives us a positive com- insa uation, do we noi, instinctively, ex- · mand to observe this ordinance-Do this tend our concern to their children and fas în remembrance of Me. Now, whosoever milies? Do we not look forward to the shall keep the whole Law, Thall be moft

next generation, and anticipate them, punctual in the observance of moral du

like their fathers, absenting themselves ties, and yet shall, intentionally and wil- from God's holy ordinance ? To prevent fully, offend or transgress, in one point, then, if it be in our power, a thoughtless thall be considered as suilty of all. Is parent froin entailing upon bis offspring a not every command then deserving of disregard of Goxl's commands, let us, my equal regard? He who issued the prohi- Reverend Brethren, thus reason with ourþition, Do not commit adultery, enjoined selves :-Hath the Lord ordained nie 10 the precept, Do this in remembrance of preach the Gojpel? Bath lie given me a Me. Now, if thou cummit no adultery,' tongue, that I fiould know how to speak a yet if thou contemn the authority of the word in seafon to him that is di/obedienti Law-giver, in respect to another com- I will pour out my soul before Him to mand, thou art a transgresor of the me with his grace; and, however ! After elucidating the fubject of ihe

may be oppoled by Irreligion, derided by Sacrament, Mr. Clapham calls upon Thoughtlessness; or ineered ái by Formathe Clergy, in the following eainelt lity, ? inom" that I Mall not, in such a manner, to inculcate the necellity of caute, le ajkomed." receiving it :

Nir. Clapham's folicimade for the fpi

riival welfare of ihe inferior orders of .66 To enforce a devout and frequent celebration of Christ's death in the Holy Sa- fociety is for amiable and praise-worthy crament, the Ministers of the Geipci ale

that or readers will, we are sure, impelled by the most powerful and urgent perute by's oberrations with as much motives. When we look around on our pleafire as we did our clie's. flocks, and perceive, more especially the " Whilft we are jusly folicitous to prehigher, and, in a worldly sense, the more. vail with the higher clafles of the comrespectable, parts of our congregations, munity to celebra e forthily the Holy Saimitated; unhappily, where imitation is crament, it is equally our duty to direct inoit culpable, voluntarily depriving them- our attention and revote our thoughts to Yelves, with an unuccountabie infatuation, those in the lowest phere, who usually of that fpiritual nourifliment, which en- live in an entire neglcct of it. Of them it dureth unto everlasting life; when we con- may, unhappily, with certain limitations, template the train of evils which usually be faid, ihat when they hear, they do not pursues such astonishing insensibility--in- understand; their ignorance is indeed dedifference to public worship, neglect of plorable, their intensibility is truly alarmfamily prayer, absence of religious princi- ing. That this order of men' mould, ple-who, interested in the house of God, above all others, feel the consolations of and solicitous for the salvation of man, Religion--that they should be entitled to does not feel himself constrained to em. forgiveness of fins, thould be supported ploy, according to the state of his several by the aliiftance of God's Holy Spirit, heareis, all those powers with which the and should, through the observance of Gospel has supplied him, mild persuasion, the dying command of their Redeemer, vehement exhortation, urgent reproof- baze a well-grounded hope in futuritya--iś that he may, in love to their souls, be- an impression which, it might be fupcome an instrument in the hand of God, posed, cannot but be made upon the to delįver them from the pit of corruption, mind of every clergyman-an impression


which, it might equally be supposed, amount of !,!11,3881. on an average would ftimulate him to convince them ci of seven years in 1778, when the the reatonblenets, and likewile perfuade cumber of people was about five them to ihe observance, cf that holy ordi- milions.

Belides wuich, there has nance. These men constitute the great been, for several years pist, a confidermals of the community; on the upright- able and annually-increasing exportaness of their principles, and che regularity tion of that article of food (poinces), of their behaviour, the comforts of fociety

on which the lower Oiders almost in no small degree depend; and it will incontrovercibly be allowed, that Religion wholly fitblift. T}is probable increase

of population is not fufficie:lly referis the only foundation on which we can erect a permanent superstructure of civil

red to in the reprefentation of Ireland obedience and moral duty. I must far- by the Act of Union. Ireland Is als

mofi miformly exhibited, thronghout ther atsume, that pure and undefiled Reii

the courtë of the last century, a combigion, that Religion that will attuage the horrors of Death, and exempt us from the

nation of all those circumfiances which doom of Judgment, is derived from a de- are acknowledged :o be pre-eminently vout participation of the Body and Blood auspicious to a rapid inereale' of peoe of Chrift. Our Church reprelents the ple; and the ordinary effects of such commemoration of our Lord's death in the circumsances have, in that country, Sacramental Feaft, as generally necesary been but partially frulirused by wars to falration : the Redeemer of the World, and emigrations. The climate is in a comprehending every defcription of peo- high degree falubrious; there is plenty ple to whom the Gospel Mould be preach of food; marriages increase among the ed, lays, Except zic cat of the tieth of the lower orders. Emigrations, in the latt Son of Mait, inil drink his lovel, ye have no life in your whop, eateth my fejh and century, either by, cenuivance at lerydrinketh my blood, fath eternal life, and I ing men for Fiench lervice, or by einiwill raise him up at the lujl day!"

grizion to America, or by continual

eftlux to England and otliei Counties, The peroration is liill more affecting: have decreafed tince 1983, or fince the it is an imprelive and an awakening

commerce of Ireland began to a gume call to the Clergy to lead their people

a relpectable appearance, iis nanufacinto the patlıs of duty and salvation.

tures hegan to be manipiled and exThe Son of Man could vol, we think, he heard with indiference; and it will tencel, and its a rendere perfied not, we hope, be rear by any ciergy; netuully present to our view, in a fule

with fpirit and pureels. nun withont producing a powerful of unfruiruted agercy, every phyfical, and lasting effect.

moral, and political cafe that can con

tribute to a speedy reduplication of peo20. Elaus on the Population of Ireland, ple" (p). 30.)

and the Churactor up the Irish. By a The lwent class of people in Ire. Member of the laji Irish Parliament.

land, including all persons ilow the THE population of Ireland is here condition of the fubfiantial, frared at upwards of five millions, and will, if cinsidered in every point of likely 10 increase to leven befiire ihe vier", ppear to herit a greater share of lapte of 20 years. The importation of antention, on the part o Government, coa!s is brougit as a collateral proof of ihan the central class. The true chathe rapid increale of people in Ireland. raeter of the Irih i uniknova ta'the The extremely fertile foil of Ire'arri is English. Their libılery and penetracapable of great improvement iy tkil ioni, inquifiuire and communicative ful culture. Nearl: one :uillion acres difpofiion, retenire memories, fonda of box and mountain rar yet be con.. ness for wit and learning, their allowa verted, will considerable profit, inte ed courage, their excljive hospitaliiy, good meadow and villige land. I native good humour, boundles charity, abounds with natural manures. Its uniform readiness to oblige and clin, fisheries would furnith filty times more general benevolence, fingulur foculiny, than at prefint. It annually exports uncommon propenhty to commiserution, provisions io the amount of bout which fien, at the risk of their lives, inree millions dierling. Its exportation and frequently, it murfi be owned, to the of provisions, and increale of people, detriment of focietu, rey, urill gratify intiead of proceeding inversely; have in lehalf of the perfecuted, whether in. been, we may fay, commentirale with nocent or in fuult, are all, conselledly, each orier; the fornier being 10 the more or less incompatible with a fan


Ireland (1063

[ocr errors]

guinary disposition. They have been deed are pride, gravity, parsimony, wrongfully accused of noth and per- oftentation, and punctiliousness, difrefidy. These are the bright strokes in lished by this clats, and by the Irish at their character; the Eilayist allows, p. large, that he whole character is inc48, “they are certainly, for the most tured with them will alıvays find Ire. part, thievilh, lawless, dishoneli, and land, in point of Society, a molt inelidestitute of a sense of equity (except gible refidence. The chief faulis of the people of Ulfier); almost uniformly this clals, which, however, are 'rery gnarrelfone when drunk, but neither far from being so universal as the amiirritable nor phlegmatic when fober; able qualities I have jufi mentioned, very bigoted, but not more fuperlii- leem io be, an alınott total want of tions than other people of the fame public spirit and disinterefiednels ; a rank; restless and licentious, but delii- high degree of venaliiy, lupineness, tute of a true fpirit of liberty, except and parality, in the exercile of all in some of the Northern counties; re- public functions, elpecially those of bellious, but, with the fame excep- the mazistracy; and an unbecoming tion, regardless about the nature of and imprudent propensity to intole. their government. There are fullicient rance on the score of religion, unacgrounds for pronouncing them 10-' companied by a due veneration for the grateful, heedless in their generofily, religion the profess; faulis to which extremely improvident, precipitate, and many are disposed 10 ascribe several of segardlels of consequences, immediate the bad qualities dilcoverable in the or remote; versatile and accommoda- characters of the lowveli class of the ting, manifesiing an altonishing degree Trilh. Throughout all the claifes of of confidence, which nothing can the Irish communiiy, hofpitali'y, urabalh, couloiind, or overawe. They baniiv, confidence, and vivaciti, are are prone to fuppofe then felves conj- predominant; courage and fagacity petent 10 the performance of many very commons and a high degree of things which others of the fanie rank, intellectual vigour by no unean's rare. equally competent, would diffidently Thar fneh a general character Drould or modestly confider beyond the corn- be turnished by religious animolity, inpals of their powers; and this fippuri- jullice, political corruprion, and politition (philofophers will credit the fact) cal delinquency, camot be fufficiently has generally the effect of giving un- lameoted.” (1). 54.) wonted energy to their abilities, and Whatever correctness may be in this eventually insuring luccess. Upon the writer's account of the population and whole, the character of this numerous foil of Ireland, we hardly ever read and important class of the Irish com- such contradictions in the characier of munity, notwithstanding its many re- any people as he has here exhibiied in proachable qualities, can by no means that of its natives. These Elays were be considered as decidedly and radically first published in the IVth and Vilih bad. On the contrary, I am inclined numbers of “The Literary Journal.” to think it possible to render them as useful citizens, and as valuable fub

21. Turf-House, a Pomm ; founded on the jects, as any upon the face of the

Success of William Pearce, a poor Mun, earth.” (pp. 43-50.) “In the mid

who reclaimed Tuelve Acres of Swamp dle class, dueling, ouce lo prevalent, to Cultivation and Fertility ; for which has almost totally cealed. Drunken- he received the Silver Medal and Fifteen nels is no longer a common vice. Fru- Guineas from the Society for the Encougality has become more general than nagement of Arts, &c.

II ith an Appenprodigality. Agriculture and com- dix, containing the Purticulars of the inmerce are now favourite pursuiis; and tercjiing l'act. politeness is every day more practised THE interesting fact here alluded to and more admired.” (p. 52.) * In the may be found in the Prefiice 10 vol. highelt class no qualities or acquilitions XXII..of the Society's Tranlaclions. are more common than holpitality, Twelve acres of barren down had been gaiety, affability, and liberality, po- taken from the common in the parish liteness without pride, generosity with of Laudewednach, near Hellion, in out affectation, chariıy without often- Cornwall; feven or eight of which tation, courage without boasting, af- were put by William Pearce into a furance without effrontery, and learn high state of cultivation, and the rest ing without pedantry. So highly in- in a very forward state of improve

[ocr errors]

of age



ment, as noticed by Thomas Hum- far the greater part of whose inhabitphreys, lieutenant in the Roral Nary. ants, who are aflefled, are poor themThis space was divided into eight dif- felves; “nor do I know on which ferent fields by seventeen fione fences, class the pressure bears with the greatinterfected by narrow drains to the est leverily, those who are obliged to ditches round each lield. In 1803 the crave relief, or ihose who are forced to land produced ten Cornish bushels of pay." harlev, nine trulles of hav, two hogt- ''The poor of this quarter, thongh heads of oats, ten buhels of wheat, virtually the poor of the City, are not, helides pafture for cattle. The owner nor can le, relieved; and are comple ely began in his 50th year, and was eigh- excluded from the benefits originally teen years at work; the walls of his intended by the Legislature, simple behouse and buildings are of curf; and canle the geographical boundaries of the rafters and thatch laid on by him- this parish divide inem from their niore self. He has travelled in the time 200 opulent employers. The number of miles for manure, at the average quan- poor in the house last year, exclusive tily of 50 loads, and bringing coals 267 of the children under leven

years miles, labouring under a violent firell- kept in the counıry, amount to 330; ing in the left hand, fu that he can and the amount of their earnings exonly hold the plough with one, and be- ceeded 9501. But whereas, in other ing now (8 years old, with a wife, fis parishes the scavenger gives annually s tous and one (laughter, beginning with or 4001. for the under dust, here it is one mare, and one Chilling a day, to burnt so many times over as to render clear the firface less than six inches it of no value, but actually to cost anon a bed of large stones, from { lb. to nually 2751. to remove. The money 3 cwt. The turf was burut, and the advanced to the wives of militia-men, ftoves removed to form the inclosures. for the last four years, amounts to

above 5001. ; which the corinty-trea22. A new Method of brewing Mall Li- firer in ruin calls for, wbile Mr. Hale,

quors in small Quantities, for domestic the parish-ireafurer, finds himself unaUse. ' By J. Rawlinson.

ble in pay eveni in part, from the exDATED from Derby, and dedicated treme poverty of the parish. The reto the Humane Society, containing di

turn of Lord Lauderdale from Paris, rections to brew five gallons of beer, without fuccess, and the consequences or three of ale, without any pernicious of continued war, reminded Mr. Hale ingrediens; and how to taie money that Mr. Whitbread gave notice, in ihe and preserve health by fobriety.

lali Parliament, of his intention to pro

pole foune alterations in the Poor Laws 23. A Letter to Samuel Whitbread, Esq. of the country. He does viot propose

M. P.; containing Olfervations on the the remedy, but only offers fuits, “in Distreffes peculiar to the Poor of Spical order thai they may be enibraced in Fields, arising from their Local Situa- the detail of Mr W's comprehenfive tion. By William Hale.

plin, intended to be laid before the STATES the very great distresses of new Parliament." these poor people; and adds, that hy Mr. Henry Thornton's attention to 24. A Chemical Catechifin. them, above 20,0001. were granted by By S. Parkes, Manufacturing Chemist. warrants nade payable 10 bim, and THE pre-eminence we enjoy as a distributed within the 12 months to manufaćinring Nation is attrītarable, the poor of Christ church, Spital-fields, not only to the capital of the inerchant Mile End New Town, and Bethnal- and the indefaligable industry of the green; besides the donations, amount- manufacturer, but also, in a great meaing to a confiderable fum, given by sure, to the superior intelligence of the the Committee at Lloyd's. The at- working artizans, whofe coudition in tention of Government was totally this country is certaivly far inare destopped in the end of 1801 ; and from firable than that of the labouring part that period this neighbourhood has of the communiiy in any other Eurodragged on under its foriner load of pean kingdom. In order to preferve farochial difficuliy, wiihout the lealt ihis fuperiority, and to render it fillalliance from thole quarters which its niore apparent, it is necellary that the peculiar fitualion lo julily entitles it to. neu who are emploved in the fahrica. No relics can be had from the parishes; tion of our manufactures Mould be in


« PreviousContinue »