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Preachingcrofles, Market crosses, and better able to judge of their age when I Conduits, which were every where to see your book. I found, likewise, be met with, sometimes richly deco- plenty of Roman cities, with remains fated with sculpture, and even painted not hitherto taken notice of. Some and gilt, were certainly ornament's to British monuments 100, but not in the fireeis wherein they were situated, that plenty I expected. I hope you and, when viewed in contiesion with have noted the age of your several the overhanging fronts of the houses Norman buildings, without which i on either side, decorated with fculp- think it will be impoflible to give any tured pannels of arms and foliage, la- light to the Saxon. I imagine that cious bow windows, olien lighted with the style of building was pretty near Nained glass, and adorned with a pro- the fame in the several ages, all over fusion of tracery, brackets, pinnacles, Europe; following the model of the and finials, produced a coup d oil not Italians. But you are the better judge Tess pleasing, and, perhaps, poflefling of these things, and therefore I fay no not less intrinsic elegance, than the more about them. I am obliged to glaring red and yellow brick fronts of you for reckoning me in the number the present day.

of your friends, and for the trouble Towos far remote from the metro)- you have taken.

You 'may, perhaps, polis, no doubt, itill retain many fea- fiud fome opportunity at your leisure tures of their original character; it, of sending the last guinea ; I am in no may, therefore, be an object worthy hafte.--I have had fome thoughts of the attention of your architeciural publishing a little thing ; An Hiltoricalfriends 10 secure, while it is yet prac- Critical Dillertation upon the Saxon ticable, fome general views of fireets Poetry, but find so many difficulties in where these features have been least ob- it, that I do not know when it will see literated.

the light. It is a fiudy lo much neg: A Conduit somewhat limilar in forın lected by all our Antiquaries, that I to the present appears in the painting of expect but little áflittance from friends, the Chainp de Diap d'Or, forinerly in and as little from books. Our greateit The Royal Collection, according to the men in the Saxon way, always except print of it published by the Antiquarian ing Junius, bave been here miferably Society, and is, I believe, described as gravelled, and I can discover some running with wine upon the highly- great errors in them, but still am unafestive occasion which that painting was ble to produce any thing perfect and designed to celebrate ; but whether any compleai of my own; for want of a fimitar fructures are fill standing in thorough knowledge of the Runick; England, is a question which your Cor- and it is not now a time of life for me respondent the Archiiect (whole per- to study dead languages. Had I been Yonal acquaintance with the remaining bred in Sweden, and was perfely malantiquities in this kingdom evidently ter of their language, I flatter myself Turpatles that of any other perfon in ii) that I could have made many discovecan beli resolve.

T. Fisier. ries that would have been very accept

able to the curious. Donerer, imperLetter from Mr. Wife to Dr. Ducarel. fect as my work is like to be, I may

DEAR Sir, Holywell, July 31, 1753. perhaps one day or other send it to the 1

AM forry it so happened i hat I did prefs, and submit it to ihe cenfure of

not see Mr. Mores wheu, he was in the world. In the mean uime, Oxford, but I was then upon a jour

I am, dear Sir, Tey which I had long projected, and

Your, &c. which afforded me a great deal of plea

FRAN. WISE. fore. I only wanted the alliance of " I have now an old friend with me tich a friend as yoursell, to have made from the Land's-end ivi Cornwall, who i more agreeable and uteful. I visited is publishing the An:iquities of that jurts of Monmouth and Glamorgan County; if you have not already lubihires, where are many remains of fcribed, I hope you will give me a British, Roman, Saxon, Danilh, and commillion to do it for yon; as you may Norman antiquities. They abound be afliired, from the character of the particularly wiih castles ; 'Toine of Auihor (Mr. Borlale) that the thing which leem to me to be older than will be well execuied. thev are commonly taken tó be, viz. To Dr. Ducarel, of the Saxon times. But I shall be Doclors Commons, Lundun."


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PROJECTOR, No LXVII. 115 THE PROJECTOR, N° LXVII. - thrice within the space of a year, not “ Caftigatque, auditque dolos through the now and expensive me

VIRG. dium of booksellers, who wait until TH FHERE are few subjects which books are called for, and then demand,

seem to have perplexed writers a price for thein, but by every method more, than what estimate they ought to of gratuitous dispersion. Their ingeform of the progress mankind are nious remarks appear in the shape of making in wisdom and virtue. So op- handbills, of posting bills, of letters, posite are their opinions on this subject, of fongs and anecdotes, sometimes elethat fome refer all that is wise and good gantly printed, and “ adorned with to certain past happy days, of which sculptures ;” and are distributed not they can know very little; and others. only in the repofitories where they are bid us look forward to some future wriiten, but at the corners of the glorious æra, of which they can know. ftreets, at every turnpike, on every nothing. Some maintain that we are bridge, and every highway ; and fuch amazingly degenerated from our wiser is the impartiality of the authors that and better ancestors, while others these presentation-copies are expreslly congratulate themselves on living in ordered to be given io all claffes, els an age enlightened beyond any former, pecially the lower, including “ serving and fast approaching to perfection. men and maids.” And left the persons

Whoever takes the trouble to ex appointed to disperse fuch valuable amine these positions with attention, writings, should by negligence, or wil, and to weigh the arguments and proofs fully, overlook any individual whatsor by which they are to be confirmed, ever, every publick edifice and dead will probably find his mind alternately wall is covered with them, printed in perplexed and informed, and be un- letters of such large dimensions, that able absolutely to join either party. the invalid may read them from his All the conclusion he can draw with bed-chamber window, and the nearany degree of certainty will probably fighted may not lament having forgot be, that there is more wisdom and his spectacles in his other coat pocket. virtue in the world than fome will al- This last contrivance cannot be fufli. Jo v, and less use made of them than ciently" praised for its ingenuity; for others thiuk there ought. It would what can be more happily contrived for appear, that every age has contributed the benefit of those who are already forvething to our flock of materials, half blind, or in a fair way to become but that they are allowed to remain fo by porióg over the pocket-editions of unemployed, owing to a discovery the works of these benevolent writers, many persons have made of certain and imbibing their principles & Nay, fubftitutes for Wisdom and Virtue, that the heedless passengers may he which answer their purpose just as well. attracted in every way, the very hack

The question of general improve ney coaches are covered with large pament or degeneracy, however, seems per copies of these lucubrations, and of late to have been agitated by a set of we have seen a species of small caris philofophers, who have taken upon decorated in like manner. them the pleasing task of disperling un- Here, too, I must pause, to admire bounded riches throughout the realm, the metaphorical benevolence of thele and who fancy they know human na- gentlemen, who by this striking ima. ture more intimately than their prede- gery (far beyond the reach of our best cessors. They have accordingly been poets) give their readers an idea, either endeavouring to establish a theory upon of gratifying their ambition by a coach, this subject extremely simple, and to or of gaining their end in a cart. them extremely practicable. The re- With an equally happy attention to the fult of their arduous labours and deep wisdom that speaks in hints, and in confultations appears to be contained parables and allegories, they regularly in this single proposition; namely, that publish very large editions of their all mankind are fools, except about a works on the walls of Bedlam and St. dozen or fourteen individuals, whose Luke's; an illustration of caule and efbusiness it is to profit by their folly, feet, which none of our fabolists ever and whole opinion it is, that mankind hit upon, from Afp to Dodsley. Inwill never get wiser.

deed, I have ever considered tlie two The lucubra:ions of these philofo- buildings juli mentioned as admirably. phers are regularly published iwice or adapted for a course of leciures on the



principles of those philosophers, had not tain that men cannot be made fools, our Le&turers determined that the Old merely by fuppofing them to be fo al. Bailey was a more central situation. ready, or withing that they can be

From an attentive perufal of the made so for a few weeks. works of these gentlemen for the last The proportion of rogues to fools is, fix weeks, I have been led to deduce notwithstanding, a question of great the position above stated as the founda- importance, particularly to the former; tion of all they have to advance, and for they never can begin business with the great encouragement to them as any hope of success, unless they are authors; namely, that all mankind able to make some calculation, or are fools, except the writers of these plausible conjecture on the subject. very edifying and attractive addresses, Indeed, it is perhaps, to them only remonftrances, and supplications. But, that the refolving of the question is inperhaps, it may be doubted, whether teresting, for fools, in general, meet they are to be accounted very conclu- with rogues enough to do their busifive reasoners. There is one general ness, and are therefore at no extraordi. error that runs through the whole of nary pains to count the number. It is their premises; and where that is the inot, however, my intention, nor within cafe, it is surely not very philosophical my power, to offer much upon the to draw peremptory conclusions, and subject which will lead to a decision not very wise to confide in them. I yet a few desultory remarks may not observe, in particular, that veracity, be inconsistent wiin the design of the which has by some been thought a present lucubration. very useful ingredient in every kind of And, in the first place, I cannot reasoning, has been entirely overlooked help thinking it very surprizing, that by these writers. In its room, indeed, this question has not been long ago they have substituted an article which settled; the persons moft interelted in the courtesy of our times calls modest the decision have made many attempts, assurance, but which sometimes is de- and perfifted in them long; and, pernominated by a single word far more haps, it is the only question of equal intelligible and expressive; a word that interest from which no fatisfactory reI doubt not they would make use of fult has followed. The experiments to themselves, if they could for a mo- determine it, which have been tried ment change places with their readers. upon the largest scale, we owe to two

For thefe reasons I must take the li. claffes of benefactors, those who dilo berty to differ with these gentlemen, pense health, and those who difpenfe as to the grand division they have at- riches. For many years, the former tempted, and the general opinion they had all the trouble to themselves, but entertain of inankind. Ingenious as of late years the distributors of wealth they are, I cannot be induced to think have run the race with them, and with that they have forted us in exact pro- such vigour, that if the question is not portions, when they take all the wif- foon brought to a decision, we may be dom to ihemselves, and give all the afraid it never will. folly to the rest of the inhabitants of One reason, perhaps, why the expeGreat Britain and Ireland. The pro- riment is yet in process, may be the portion of fools to rogues, is a ques. obftinacy of a confiderable part of man. fion which has perplexed writers of en- kind, who persist in the antient and larged obfervation and experience in dilatory modes of regaining health and all ages ; and it would be too great a 'acquiring riches; fich as temperance, tireich of complaisance to allow that taking regular advice, and cultivating these gentlemen have resolved it, merely habits of honest and contented indul becaule they wish to keep all wisdom try. While this continues to be the to themselves, or because they tell us case, the gentlemen above mentioned that they have taken ont'a licence for will always take the number of rools the purpose, and are obliged to make at too high a rate, and at the fame lime all their calculations upon the pre- afford us reason to think, that we take funption that mankind are every year the number of rogues at too low. By becoming more foolish. It is a quer- this neither party will be much bene. tion which is not to be resolved by fited. How ihe evil is to be remedied I types of a foot in length, by proceffions know not. As a PROJECTOR, howof coaches and carts, nor by getting rid ever, I am bound to propose a fomeof veracity and argument; and it is cer- thing, and I can propose nothing more likely to succeed than an Act of Par.' it seems not unnatural to conclude Tiament, commanding an unfeigned that deception is losing ground; and aflent and consent to all and every pro- when it becomes necessary to affault position submitted to the publick, for common sense in new and unheard of ihe cure of disease or poverly. Who, ways, we may be certain that the old indeed, can read a quack bill, or a lot and accutiomed methods have lott Lery bill, and not think it intolerable their effect. In opposition, therefore, to hear of the agonies of disease, or to to the ingenious writers and gratuitous behold the fqualor of poverty? Who publishers, whole works I have humcan temperately lisien to the complaints bly endeavoured to commerborate in of men in pain, or in debt, of men un- this paper, I would suggest to them, able to more a limb, or to pay a bill, that it is possible they may be mistaken and at the same time read the infallible in their calculations. Far be it from remedies and benevolent offers which me, however, to destroy the whole of decorate, not to speak of other places, their doctrine. I would only hint the walls of the Royal Exchange that all the world, themelves excepted, There must be fomething more in this may not be fools, and that among the inconsistency “than good men think classes over whom they think they for," since it is impossible that aches have most influence, there may be fome and rheums, that liarvation and rags, not altogether destitute of common can be more eligible than health and sense; a few more who have been riches, plenty and independence, things wife enough to profit by experience; notoriously offered every day, and for and perhaps many who can feel an insuch small sums, that the benevolent sult to their understandings with as dispensers of these bleslings not only much keenness as the wile men who adapt themselves to the meanest under- offer it. They ought also to recollect, ftanding, but to the lowelt pocket. that even in folly there are degrees, and

In considering the comparative num- that the fools upon whom they calcú. bers of rogues and fools, some are in. late, are perhaps no fools in the article clined to think that the latter are upon at which they principally aim. A single the increale; they seem to consider the

act of folly, such as they prompt, may parties are agreeing to intermarry and

not lead to idiotism, and because a man propagate the breed. Although I am has once been deceived, it does not folo not entirely of this opinion, yet I al- low that he should cherish the deceit low that many attempts have been made or the deceiver. Still let them not be in the way of marriage, and perhaps discouraged by these fuzgeftions. Erthese marriages have been prolific. It roneous as their calculations may be, is no less certain, that the parties are so they can still reckon that new modes naturally connected, that ihe one can- of address will produce new converts, not exist without the other; and it is and, I am afraid, they may at all times equally certain, and absolutely requi- rely upon idleness, and not unfre. fite, that the number of fools Ihould quently upon profligacy and despair. always greatly exceed that of rogues. And whatever the exact proportions may

Mr. URBAN, be (for po pike wilt ever tell

us how YOU have performed an acceptable lowed), it seems to be not improbable the Publick at large, in preferring the that there is at present a sufficient sup- very curious Report (vol. LXXVI. p, ply of fools, or, if they are reluctant 1205) on the Will of the laie Lord and hesitating, it must be supposed,

Chedworth. There is one part, how. that the numerous addrelles made to erer, of Dr. Parr's letter concerning the them in the ways above mentioned, inscription on the plate, which requires are not without success.

such an explanation as I am certain Whether their number be upon the your candour will readily induce you whole increasing, is yet a doubtful io give ; and this, perhaps, cannot point. I am rather inclined to think, be done with more propriety than by ihat folly has not of late received any copying the following letter from the remarkable additions ; and my reason

Warwickshire Advertiser of January 10, for this opinion is, what would per- 1807. haps at first fight occasion an opposite “Sir, When men of extensive abilities conclufion. In proportion, however, and profound erudition, are made the obe 10 the pains taken to practise deception, jects of malignant cordure and wanton



abuse, it becomes the duty of every well- used to cover the dark designs of a maliwisher to the cause of literature, to refute cious libeller, or as the medium through the one and expose the other, by every which to convey to the publick the overmeans in his power.

flowings of a mind charged with haLearning, Sir, on its own account, tred and anger, and breaking forth into juftly claims from us a tribute of respect accusations, to which the accuser was and admiration; but, when we find a man evidently ashamed or afraid to subscribe pre-eminently gifted with talents both his name. natural and acquired, and joining to these “I am the more anxious that Mr. Eyre's the unpremeditated exercise of the no- refutation of John Bull's charges should bleft feelings of the heart, active huma- appear in your paper, as it is published nity and unbounded benevolence, such a in the very centre of the Doctor's neigh: man, though he may possess a few trifling bourhood, in which neighbourhood, I am eccentricities, which lay him open to the sorry to observe, there are men equally ill-nature and envy of the precite and the ready to revile the Doctor when absent, ignorant, has ftill the most unlimited

or to wipe his shoes when present; and right to our regard, our deference, our whether from ignorance or impertinence, veneration.

there are many who ftill fpeak of the in“Influenced by such confiderations, I fcription as if written by the Doctor, and felt peculiarly gratified by a paragraph characterise it as medest, unassuming, &c. copied from a London paper, and inserted Your publication of Mr. Eyre's statement in your paper of the 27th September laft, will deprive them of the plea of ignorance, It was in the form of a note from the and, as a check to their impertinence, let Rev. Mr. Eyre, of Solihull, addressed to them remember, they are reviling a man the Editor of the Morning Chronicle, and whose name will live for ever in the anintended to arreft the progress of a scan- nals of literature, while a reference to a dalous and malicious libel, inferted with parish register will be the only means of the signature of John Bull, in many of ascertaining that such men as his accusers the public prints; in which the Rev. Dr. have ever exifted. Parr was charged with being himself the

5* I remain, Sir, Yours, writer of an infeription engraven on a

" A CONSTANT READER, piece of plate, presented to him by the Warwick, January 7th, 1807." jate Lord Chedworth. In the infcription Letter of the Rev. Mr. Eyre, to the Editor the Doctor was praised and complimented,

of the Morning Chronicle. certainly not beyond, if equal to his de- "Sir, On proceeding to fulfil mg ferts ; but in a way in which the laws of promise of detecting the fallacies condecency and modesty forbid a

tained in John Bull's letter, dated Auguft fpeak of himself. Mr. Eyre in his note 20th, and inserted in the Oracle of Sepaffirmed, that he, and not the Doctor, tember 10th, I cannot help observing, wrote the infcription queftion, and pro

that the quaint title of Parr v. Chedworth, mised, as soon as he had had time to ar- the exact price of the tureen, and the range his papers, to lay before the pub- mention of the name of the artist, the lick full and convincing proofs of his

words of the inscription, and a very unaffertion.

kind reflection, said to be made by Lord By inserting Mr. Evre's preliminary Chedworth, upon Dr. Parr's requeft, lugnote, you tacitly pledged yourself to give gest no improbable conjectures as to the the remainiler of his correspondence with real writer ; and manifeftly shew, that he the Editor of the Morning Chronicle, was either in poffeffion of Lord Chedwhenever it appeared, and I have worth's private papers, or had been furanxiously looked over the columns of nished with them for the purpose of caeach fucceeding paper, hoping to find it. lumniating Dr. Parr. John Bull says, In this hope, however. I was disappointed; “ that nothing can be more modeft than and Mould have concluded, Mr. Eyre's the infcription to the Doctor, written by defence of the Doétor had never appeared, himself and to himself: that the praises had not accident thrown in my way, a

are all in favour of the accipient : not few days since, the paper in which it was a word in praise of the donor; which, as publijed. That paper I now fend to you, a common act of gratitude, might have and beg you to copy what you will there been expected from the Doctor, when he find on the subject. It would appear. both himself had requefted to write it.” Now fuperfluous and impertinent in me to add the facts are, that the Doctor wished to another word, after what has been fo write the inscription in a different form ably said in answer to John Bull, by Mr. from that in which it is composed by my. Eyre; I would, however, just remark, felf: that he intended to praise the donor, that the name of John. Bull is generally as appears from his own words when he coupled with honour, honefiy, and inté- speaks of preparing what is to be engraved grity, and, I believe, was never before on the present: that, by the desire of


man to

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