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of Seymour Lord Sudley, Admiral Bernardus to seek shelter from its of Great Britain in the reign of Edw. enemies, how was it. protected previous VI. How he came by this property, and to fiuding a deferted mansion suitable where he was born, with any other to its purpose ? particulars of his life
As I have not the ncceffary means to The tradition of Brecknockshire make a proper inquiry on this subject, makes him a native of that County, I hope fome one, more converfant in and a lawyer; but this is evidently er a science of which I confels myself
The furname is not Welsh ; ignorant, will favour me wiih their he was of, Aldermanbury when he died; conjectures on it, through the channel his uncle wis - Sir : .. Smith; his of your entertaining Miscellany, relation, a Lady Fanshaw ; bis fervant,
Yours, Sic. I. H, E. to whom he bequeathed a confiderable part of his properly, was named Eccleston. The answers to thrle enqui.
Mr. URBAN, Chippenham, Wilts, ries are fought after, for infer: on va ibe VOL LXXVI. 1; 1017. The plate Second Volume of my Count. Hifiory,
has a tomb-lione, which I can now inform my Subscri on which your Correlpondeni thinks bers, is nearly comple:ed, though it will there is a crofs. Is not the figure on consist of two parts.
the hone more likely a sword ? THEOPHILUS Jones. P. 1029. The remains of Sir Tho
mas Wodehouse, after whom D. en. MR. URBAN,
Jan. 6 quires, were deposited in Lord WodeA MONG the various disputes that hople's family
P. 1097. Deacons cannot be choNatural History very properly claims a fen into Parliament; and Irish and Thare. To persons convertint on his Scotch noblemen are not exempt from subject I wish to propose a few quer arrest It is the poflellion of a feat in tions, relative to the Cancer Bernar. Parliament, and not the possession of a dus of Linnæus. This animal (from ti le, that is the security. its hinder paris being fost and unpro Vol. LXXVII. p. 24. Your very tected), chules for illelf a habitation accurate Correspondent would oblige in the forsaken thell of some other filh, many readers by giving a list of Irish generally that of the Buccinum vulga. Bishops and Archbishops who have Tum ; and in this borrowed covering died since the Accellion of George III. performs all its necessary functions. P. 39. The title of Wynn is merged
1. If at the creation of animals in that of Headley; as is the title of each was provided with a habitation Hyde in that of Roden. suitable to its wants, it is natural to P. 40. For LXVI. read LXXVI.; conclude that the one in question had likewise, for Cheltenham read Chipits shell, or must have exposed iis un penham. protected parts as a prey to others. Itid. Earls, when created knights
2. Had this actually been the case, of the Garter, are always styled in the it is reasonable to suppose that the Ber- Gazette not with the proper title to nardus would have poffefled a shell pe- 'which they are elevated, but by their culiar to itself. But, on the contrary, former uitle :--thus the Gazette says, I find it in the younger tiages of ex
William ---, Esq. created a Baronet. istence, inhabiting the shells of a He is not styled Sir William
; por fimaller kind, as the Turbo Littorens is the Earl liyled any thing more than of Livnæus, Neritæ, &c. therefore the Right Honourable. proof of its poflelling two species of I fall feel mylelf much obliged by Thells, will, I think, fufficiently con- having the following Questions autradict the firli conjecture.
swered. Are those ladies who are 3. Is it not contrary to reason 10 called Honourable authorized, when fuppose that the Almighty created any married, to retain the title with the race of animals withont the necessary name of the man they marry, if he has means of protection : or, that a certain not a title? Can any Correspondent number of one species were dettroyed favour your readers with a litt of the immediately after their creation, 10 Knights and Chiefs who accompanied supply others with a habitation ? William the Conqueror to England ? 4. If it is now necellary for the Yours, A VERY OLD SUBSCRIBER.
18. A Sermon, preached at the primary practice of explaining away the literal
Visitation of the Most Reverend the Lord meaning of the Scriptures is in itself
“As to the distinction lately heard the Clergy.
Preachers, if we are no! Gospel Preachers, F "ROM the words of St. Paul,
in what estimation can we be held ? But Tim. 7, Mr. N. vindicates the it is moft reasonable, that in the case of Christian Religion against those who the self-denominated Rational Christians misrepresent iis Martyrılums, but at the we should be allowed to question the fame time “commend apostacy, ac propriety of this exclusive denomination. mire Idolatry, vindicare Perfecution, There is another denomination, to which and applaud to the skies the most in- the persons to whom the former title is significant acis of firmneis in every given, bcast also of being almost exclucause hut ihe cause of God." The fively entitled, that of Calvinists, who al. fame fortiue, if not in degree, cer. ledge, that by subscribing to the Articles tainly in kind, is necellary to preserve of our Church, you have subscribed genethe iruth inviolaie. The Church has rally to the opinions of Calvin. God forlost nothing by the intrinsic foree of bid! To the best of my belief, Calvin
entertained some opinions to which a large any arguments yet arisanced against il, majority of the fubfcribers to the Articles nor fuffered any real eclipse from the will never be brought to, affent; fome rivalry and opposition of those who opinions, which the compilers of the Are have put themselves out of our com- ticles, so far from approving or confirme munion. The arguments of Free- ing, have most carefully omitted; which thinkers and Deists are directly leveled is certainly the case very particularly with againit Revelation intelf; and none of the Calvinistic doctrine of Reprobation t. thefe arguments will be found of later Nor are fuch omissions a matier of mere date than Christianity is felf, and an. conjecture, it being well known that the fwered by the primitive Fathers. The Calvinists of the time when the Articles only yovelty in be admired is.“ihe were produced, nay even Calvin himself, conspicuous defection of one member actually objected to, and remonstrated of the Church of Rome here giving against, such omiffions I. This instance way to scoffs and tamnis, to the pert alone is enough to Thew, that to be Gosinfinuations of Scioliits, the profane pel Preachers we need not certainly be fneers of infidels. It is thus that the Calvinists. It is also enough to shew, and dependence of Christianity on the Old that fron the filence and omissions of the
this is a point of considerable importance, Téllan ent has been almost given op, Articles themselves, Calvinism was sufand the great doctrine of Redlemption pected at least, at that very time, of beJoit fight of amidst the difficullies that ing in some points by no means ftrictly have arisen on the subject of the evangelical. Calvin was but one out of Full*" To the Rational Chrifliais, many interpreters of Scripture with whom, as they call themfilves, Mr. N. opo as in some points we agree, in some we poses ihe express woris of Scripture differ. The Established Church, to judge and the declaration of our Lord liim- from her Articles, has dealt the same by felf, both on the doctrine of the Trie the Church of Rome, the Church of Genity and the Aionement; asking them, neva, and other reformed Churches. She in the words of St. Auliin to the Ma: has done all the could do to separate what nichæans, “T-il us fairly that you do was found in their doctrines from what was not believe the Bible: for while you card the latter. And though this method
erroneous, to adopt the former and difwill believe only what you choose to believe, and all that you do not choole lubjected us to the taunt of having a
of proceeding and judging should have to believe, reject, it is plainiy your
Popish Liturgy, Calvinistic Articles, and selves only that you have any faith in,
an Arminian Clergy,' so far from this beand not in the Bible.” The fame ana ing any reflection when duly considered, fwer may be given 19 the rejection of it particularly, I think, redounds to our Prophecy and Inspiration.
+ This is admitted by Calvinists * " See M. de Lic's Correfpondence themselves. See Orerton's True Churchwith M. Teller, of Berlin, and Dr. man, chap. II. feét. 2, 2d edit." Geddes's Prefaces to his version of the I “See Laurence's Bampton Lectures, Bible.”
1804." Genr. Mag. February, 1807.
praife. To the Church of Rome, io Cal. themselves converted? Truly, no where vin, and to Arrainius, we have done all that I know of! This I know, that one the justice we could do. We have given of their most conspicuous writers, one of then all the credit of being righi in some the greatest advocates for the abandonpoints though wrong in others. In all ment of ihele fundamental Articles of points in which we could agree, we have Christianity, tried by his pen expressly to done all we could to keep in communion convert both jews ,and Infidels; but we with them, which ought to be received as have his own acknowledgment, that as to proof enough of our sincerity in regard to Infidels he knew not that he had ever all thore points in which we have felt converted one unbeliever *; and as to the compelled to differ. . Such differences in- Jews, it is remarkable that they had the deed are forely to be lamented, and most wisdom to discover, from the very concefardently do I wish they could be removed; jions he proposed, that Ile who endeavourbut, in the present state of things, they ed to convert them was himself no Chrifcertainly prove nothing against us. St. tian. Shall we then, with such vain Paul himself could not preach the Gospel hopes of converting Jews, Turks, Infidels, so as to satisfy every body; though con and Hereticks, to an adoption of the mere fiftent enough, we may be fure, in his morality of the Gospel, abandon the very doctrine, earnest enough in his address, first principles and most fundamental doce and most anxious for its success, of very trines of Chriftianity (for such I trutt we many who attended him, “Some believed all efteem those doctrines I have just enuthe things that were fpoken, and fome merated)? God forbid! Reason enough believed not ;" “ Some received the would the Calvinifts then have to separate word with gladness, fome mocked and themselves from such pretended Preachers blafphemed.” Acts xvii. (pp. 17-19.) of the Cospel; for, where is the Gospel “As then the present state of things does without the good tidings' of Redempnot seem to call for any concessions on tion, and where are the good tidings of the part of the Eftablished Clergy, in re- Redemption to be fought for but in the gard to Faith and Doctrine, I mall, laftly, body and blood of Christ our God and Saendeavour (and as briefly as possible) to viour? Such doctrines are truly fundaThew that the present state of the world mental parts of Christianity, and must gives 'no encouragement to such concef never be loft fight of, must never fupfions; in doing which, I shall again take preffed; and though they may ftill keep a short view of those three descriptions of us feparate from Jews, and Turks, and opponents, the Infidels, Rational or Uni. Infidels, and pretended rational Christians tarian Christians, and Evangelical or Cal- of all denominations, God knows that vinistic Preachers.” (p. 19.) - "In the without then we can have no hope of revery place where Infidelity lo lately reared claiming either Papist, Calvinist, or Arher head, with an audacity and effrontery minian; who, if they differ in some never before witneffed, after a fufficient points from the Established Church, difexperiment of the obvious effects of Irre fer far more from those I have been ligion in general, all the fophisms of In speaking of. Shall we then, I must next fidelity, all the absurdities of Atheism, all afk, in hopes of preserving the unity of the freaks and fancies of a vain Philoso the spirit, in the bond of peace and righphy, have been openly condenined and teousness of life, follow the Evangelical renounced, and the Religion of Christ re Preachers into the depths of Calvinism? ftored, with no small triumph, as above This end, detireable as it must seem,
all things conducive both to the glory of could never, I apprehend, be answered by . God and good of man. The chief encou to doing. Certain I am, that if the myja
ragement to conceffions which the per- teries of the Eftablished. Religion have sons calling themselves Rational Chrif tended to alicnate those who call themtians hold out to us is, the greater proba felves Rational Chriftians, much more bility there would be of our converting would the mysteries of Calvinisin have all Jews, Turks, Infidels, and Hereticks. this effect. I will venture to say, the If we would but discard all myfteries, if gloomy doctrine I of arbitrary reprobawe would but' renounce our belief of tion, and the extravagant depreciation of Chrift's atonement, if we would forbear moral righteousness, will for ever alarm to worship him, duhy his divinity, with the Rational Christian more than the the divinity and períonality of the Holy Church doctrines of Atonement by the Ghoft, and be content to regard Chriftia Blood of Christ, or even the Trinity in nity as nothing more than a rule of life, then we are told the stumbling-block of *“See Dr. Priestley's Letter to Mr. offence would be removed, and we mighi Hanimon." all become one Fold under one Shepherd. † “ See Mr. David Levi's Letters to This is their encourageinent; but where Dr. Prieftley." are their proofs? where are the Jews, * “ Horribile decretum" is Calvin's Mahometans, and Infidels, they have own expression, Inft. p. 608."
Unity. Concessions, therefore, on the in danger. - Let this then stand as a crite part of the Church give no hope of con rion of the good fenfe and good princios ciliation: what we would concede to one ples, the wishes and intentions of the would more than ever alienate the other. bulk of the Nation; not of the Clergy Steadinets and firmness alone, in adhering only, but very particularly of the Laity. to those principles in which we agree With the encouragement of such an exwith either, may afford us the happy pro- ample, an example to approved by all fpet of reclaiming both. Last of all, ranks of people, and placed, moreover, Tuffer me to ask, do you think the Laity under the immediate government and in-i! expect us to make conceffions ? Surely fpection of a Prelate not more distinguishfar otherwila. Never was there a period ed by the eminence of his high fation in which the Laity evinced a stronger de than the confidence of such a Sovereign, fire and relolucion not to abandon the let us be careful, beyond all things, to principles in which they were educated. keep “ the form of sound words” comCareless indeed too many may appear of mitted to us, to "continue perfectly jointhe Christian doétrines in their fazt neg. ed together in the fame mind, and in the lect of the Sacraments, and of Christian fame judgment;" to be “inftant to preach holiness in the conduct of their lives; the Gospel in reason and out of feason," but, generally lpeaking, fo far from en not in “ the spirit of Fear, but of Power couraging any undue conceilions in us, I and Confidence, of Love, and a found know not where the Clergy will find le Mind.” (pp. 21--23.) verer judges, for any imprudent relaxation of discipline, of doctrine, or of morals, 19. The Duty of the Clergy to enforce the than in the wise, considerate, and respect frequent Receiving of the Sacrament of able part of the Laity of these realms. Nor the Lord's Supper : A Sermon, preached are the wise and confiderate among the at the visitation held in the Parish Laity a small part only; never had we Church of Holy Rood, Southampton. stronger demonstrations than the present By the Rev. Samuel Clapham, M. A.' times afford of a very general attachment l'icar of Chrift Church. to the Establishment both in Church and
IT is generally considered as an exState-never was there a period in which
ercile requiring much skill and judgundue Concesions appeared to be lels cre ment.lo write a Sermon “entitled to ditable, Firmness more respectable. Re
the attention and worthy the meditaflect, I beteech you, for a moment, on
tions of a reverend Asembly” (Dedicathe unexampled popularity of that exalted
tion); fome Clergymen being of opiPeitonage whom, by the Laws established
nion, with the Author of this dire at the Reformation, we are tworn to regard as the visible Head of the National
course, thal, “ to folicit the attention Church. In the whole list of English
of an Aifembly of Clergymnen 10. abSovereigns few ever reigned so long, and
firael (peculations or scholastic fubtlenone iurely in the whole lift altogether to lies, is an entire milapplication of time, worthily. None were ever exposed to the very purpose of visitations being to 'ruder demands, none had ever to combat excite in the Clergy an emulation to greater licentioufnels of opinion. Yer let discharge their dury in their respective me alk, is his popularity the fruit of any parillies in Puch a manner thai their undae Concellions ? Has he, to conci fe: eral hearers may become wise unto liate the favour of the multitude, ever
falvation" (P.2); whilli others seemi abandoned one Article of his Creed, or
to think, that, to enforce the general violated one Principle of the Eftablished
dury of the Clergy, or to offer to their Faith? Has it not been most especially notice a particular duly, would indiowing to the unshaken manliness of his character, to his most magnanimous refo- Clapham is not one of thele. He obe
care arrogance and presumption. Mr. lution, to his almost heroic fortitude on
ferves the Sacrament of the Lord's all trying occasions, that the hearts of all his subjects are fó entirely devoted to Supper 10. be very generally neglected him? In sickness and in health, in peace
in ihe Church; he therefore shews the and in war, in times of public tranquil- blesings arising from the devout partia lity, or even public commotions, no So- cipation of it: he then exhorts the vereign ever, I think, received such strong Clergy, which is the principal design and unfeigned marks of affection and re of the discourse, to enforce ihe neceffpect from all denominations of people. fity of its celebration upon their leveFor, let me say it to their praise, no one ral hearers. The reader will perceive, body of Diflenters, at all refpeétable, has from the following extracts, that Mr. ever been backward to 'manifeft its attach- Clapham has not been educated in the ment when his Perton has been threaten
Houdleian School : ed, his Government traduced, or his Life
“ Under the Chriftian Covenant, and and from that deplorable condition in what we believe ratified, when we partie which, instead of peacf, they have great cipate the body and blood of Christ, is bitterness Who does not feel himself given us that great and precious promise constrained tu let before then the horror which He hath promised us, even eternal of so thamefully and perversely disregard. life.' Christ, by his death, became an ex ing the voice, and transgreting the law, piatory facrifice, by which He eftablished of their Redeemner and Judge? It seems, this new and better Covenant, called the indeal, scarcely posible that the feelings New Covenant in his Blood. Whojo çateth and sențibility of a minister of a parith mny flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eter should be more keenly excited than when nal life; and I will raise him up at the last he perceives, some of his pätishioners live
ing in an entire neglect of the Sacrament In the following sentence the Au
of the Lord's Supper; people too, whose thor Thews, in full flronger terms, the behaviour, according as it is exemplary or
profligate, pious or profane, is productive indispensable necesiity of derout cum
of abundant good, or of most pernicious munion :
evil. And, whilst we contemplate their “ Our Lord gives us a positive com insa uation, do we noi, instinctively, ex- . mand to observe this ordinance-Do this
tend our concern to their children and far jn remembrance of Me. Now, whosoever milies? Do we not look forward to the fall keep the whole Law, shall be moft
next generation, and anticipate them, punctual in the observance of moral du
like their fathers, absenting themiélves ties, and yet shall, intentionally and wil- from God's holy ordinance? To prevent fully, offend or transgress, in one point, then, if it be in our power, a thoughilels shall be considered as suilty of all. Is parent from entailing upon bis oftisforing a not every command then deserving of disregard of God's commands, let us, my equal regard ? He who issued the prohi- Reverend Brethren, thus reason with ourþition, Do not commit adultery, enjoined selves :~Hath the Lord ordained nie to the precept, Do this in remembrance of preach the Gospel? lath lie given me a Me. Now, if thou cummit no adultery, tongue, that I should know how to speak a yet if thou contemn the authority of the word in seafon io him that is riiloledient? Law-giver, in respect to another com I will pour out my soul before Him to mand, thou art a tranfgreffor of the Law.” help me with his grace; and, however !
After elucidating the subject of the may be opposed by Irreligion, derided hy Sacrament, Mr. Clapham calls upon
Thoughtleilness, or ineered at by Formathe Clergy, in the following earnelt lity, I not that I shall not, in fuch a manner, to inculcate the necellity of caule, ye nafhamed," receiving it :
Mr. Claphain's folicinde for the fpi5. To enforce a devout and frequent ce
rinial velfare of ihe inferior orders of lebration of Christ's death in the Holy Sa-fociety is for amiabile and praise-worthy crament, the Ministers of the Geipciale
Die onr renders will, we are sure, impelled by the most powerful and urgent perute by's ob errutions with as much motives. When we look around on our pleasure as we did ourselves. flocks, and perceive, more especially the " Whilft we are jusly solicitous to prehigher, and, in a worldly sense, the more. vail with the higher clailes of the comrespectable, parts of our congregations, munity to celco: ie worthily the Holy Saimitated; unhappily, where imitation is crament, it is equally our duty to direct inoit culpable, voluntarily depriving then. our attention and devote our thoughts to selves, with an unaccountabie infatuation, those in the lowest (phere, who usually of that fpiritual nourisiment, which en live in an entire negicct of it. Of them it dureth unto everlasting life; when we con may, unhappily, with certain limitations, template the train of evils which usually be laid, ihat when they hear, they do not pursues such astonishing insensibility--in- understand; their ignorance is indeed dedifference to public worship, neglect of plorable, their insensibility is truly alarmfamily prayer, absence of religious princi- ing. That this order of mien nould, ple-who, interefted in the house of God, above all others, feel the confolations of and solicitous for the salvation of man, Religion--that they should be entitled to does not feel himself constrained to em forgiveness of fins, should be supported ploy, according to the state of his several by the aliiftance of God's Holy Spirit, heareis, all those powers with which the and should, through the observance of Gospel has supplied him, mild persuasion, the dying command of their Redeemer, vehement, exhortation, urgent reprooi have a well-grounded hope in futurity is that he may, in love to their fouls, be an impression which, it might be fupcome an instrument in the hand of God, posed, cannot but be made upon the to delįver them from the pit of corruption, mind of every clergyman-an impresion