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guinary difpofition. They have been deed are pride, gravity, parfinony, wrongfully accused of foth and per- ostentation, and punetiliousness, difrefidy. Thele are the bright strokes in lished by this class, and by the Irish at their character; the Etsayist allows, p: large, that he whole character is uinc48, “they are certainly, for the most tured with them will always find Ire. part, thievish, lawless, dishoneli, and land, in point of fociety, á molt inelideftitute of a sense of equity (except gible residence. The chief faulis of the people of Ulfier); almost uniformly this clals, which, however, are 'rery gnarrelsome when drunk, but neither far from being so universal

the ani! irritable nor phlegmatic when fober; able qualities I have jufi mentioned, very bigoted, but not more fuperlii- seem to be, an almott total want of tious than other people of the fame public spirit and disinterefiedness; a rank; restless and licenious, but delii- high degree of venaliiy, lupineness, lute of a true fpirit of liberty, except and partiality, in the exercile of all in some of the Northern counties ; re- public functions, especially ihole of bellious, but, with the faine excep- the magistracy; and an unbecoming tion, regardless about the nature of and imprudeiit propensity to intole. their government. These are suflicient rance on the foors of religion, unacgrounds for pronouncing them companied by a due veneration for the grateful, heedless in their generofily, religion ther profess; faulis to which extremely improvident, precipitate, and many are difpoled to afcribe feveral of segardless of consequences, immediate the bad qualities discoverable in the or remoie ; verfauile and accommoda- characters of the lowest class of the ting, manifesting an attonishing degree Trith. Throughout all the claffes of of confidence, which nothing can the Irish community, hospitaliiy, urabalh, coufond, or overawe. They baniiv, considence, and vivaciti, are are prone to fuppofe then felves coni- predominant; courage and fagacity petent 10 the performance of many very commons and a high degree of things which others of the fanie rank, intellectual vigour by no inean's rare. 'equally competent, would diftidemly Thae luch a general characler Brould or modestly confider beyond the co:n- be tarnished by religious animosity, inzpals of their powers; and this forppuli- jutlice, political corruption, and politition (philofophers will credit the fact) cal delinquency, camot be lufliciently has generally' the effect of giving un- lamented.” (1). 54.) wonted energy to their abilities, and Whatever correctness may be in this eventually insuring success. Upon the writer's account of the population and whole, the character of this numerous foil of Ireland, we hardly ever read and important class of the Irish com- such contradictions in the characier of munity, notwithstanding its many re- any people as he has here exhibiied in proachable qualities, can by no means that of its natives. Thele Elavs were be considered as decidedly and radically first published in the IVth and Vilih bad. On the contrary, I am inclined numbers of “ The Literary Journal.” to think it possible to render them as useful citizens, and as valuable sub

21. Turf-House, a poem ; founded on the jects, as any upon the face of the

Success of William Pearce, a poor Mun, earth.” (pp. 43--50.) "In the mid

who reclaimed Tuelve Acres of Swamp dle class, dueling, once lo prevalent, to Cultivation and Fertility; for which has almost totally cealed. Drunken- he received the Silver Medal and Fifteen ness is no longer a common vice. Fru- Guineas from the Society for the Encougality has become more general than ragement of Arts, &c. With an Appenprodigality. Agriculture and com- dir, containing the Purticulars of the inmerce are now favourite pursuits; and terejiing lact. politeness is every day more practised THE interesting fact here alluded to and more admired.” (p.52.)

6. In the

may be found in the Prefice 10 vol. highelt class no qualities or acquisitions XXII.. of the Society's Tranlaclions. are more common than holpitality, Twelve acres of barren down had been gaiety, affability, and liberaliiy, po- taken from the comnion in the parish liteness without pride, generosity with- of Landewednach, near Hellion, in out affectation, charity without often- Cornwall; leven or eight of which tation, courage without boasting, af- were put by William Pearce into a furance without effrontery, and learn high state of cultivation, and the rest ing without pedantry. So highly in. in a very forward liate of improve

Hient,

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ment, as noticed by Thomas Hum- far the greater part of whose inhabitphreys, lieutenant in the Roral Nary: ants, who are aflefled, are poor themThis space was divided into eighe dif- felves; “nor do I know on which ferent fields by seventeen fione fences, class the preffure bears with the greatintersected by narrow drains to the est leverity, those who are obliged to ditches round each field. In 1803 the crave relief, or those who are forced to land produced iron Cornish bushels of pav." harlev, nine trulles of hav, two hogt- so 'The poor of illis quarter, thongh heads of oats, ten bushels of wheat, virtually the poor of the City, ure not; helides patture for cattle. The owner nor can le, relieved; and are comple:ely began in his 50th year, and was eigh- exchided from the benefits originally teen years at work; the walls of his imended by the Legislature, simple behouse and buildings are of rurf; and canle the gengraphical boundaries of the rafters and thatch laid on by him this parish divide inem from their niore felf. He has travelled in the time, 200' opulent employers. The number of miles for manure, at the average quan- poor in the houle last year, exclusive tily of 50 loads, and bringing coals 267 of the children under seven years of age miles, labouring under a violent fivell kept in the couniry, amount to 330; ing in the left hand, fu that he can and the amount of their earnings exonly hold the plough with one, and be- cecded 950). But whereas, in other ing now (s years old, with a wife, fis parishes the scavenger gives annually s tous and one daughter, beginning with or 4001. for the under duft, here it is one mare, and one Thilling a day, to burnt so many times over as to render clear the firface less than six inches it of no value, but aclually to cost anon a bed of large stones, from { lb. 10 nually 2751. to remove. The money 3 cut. The turf was burut, and the advanced to the wives of militia-men, fioues removed to form the inclosures. for the last four years, amounts to

above 5001. ; which the county-trea22. A new Method of brewing Mall Li- furer in vuin calls for, while Mr. Hale,

quors in small Quantities, for domestic the parish-ireasurer, finds himself unaUse. ' By J. Rawlinson.

ble io pay eveni in part, from the exDATED from Derby, and dedicated treme poverty of the parish. The reto the Humane Society, containing di

turn of Lord Lauderdale froma Paris, rections to brew five gallons of heer,

without fuccess, and the consequences or three of ale, without any pernicious

of continued war, reminded Mr. Hale ingredients; and how to save money that Mr. Wü'hitbread gave notice, in the and preserve health by sobriety.

lali Parliament, of his intention to pro

pole lume alterations in the Poor Law's 23. A Letter to Samuel Whitbread, Eļq. of ihe country. He does not propose

M. P.; containing Olfervations on the the remedy, but only offers fulis, “ja Distrelles peculiar to the Poor of Spical order thai thev may be enibrced in Fields, arising from their Local Situa- the detail of Mr W's compratzenlive tion. By William Hale.

plin, intended to be laid before the STATES the very great distresses of new Parliament." these poor people; and adds, that by Mr. Henry Thornton's a!tention to 24. A Chemical Catechifm. them, above 20,0001. were granted by By S. Parkes, Manufacturing Chemist. warrants nade payable to him, and THE pre-eminence we enjoy as a distributed within the 12 months to manufaćinring Nation is attritiotable, the poor of Christ church, Spital-fields, not only to the capital of the werchant Mile End New Town, and Beihnal- and the indefatigable industry of the green; besides the donations, amount- manufacturer, but also, in a great meaing to a contiderable fum, given by sure, to che superior intelligence of the the Committee at Lloyd's. The at- working artizans, whose coudition in tention of Government was totally this country is certainly far anore destopped in the end of 1801 ; and from firable than that of the laboucing part that period this neighbourhood has of the communiig in any other Eurodragged on under its former load of pean kingdom. In order to preserve parochial difficuliy, wiihout the least this fuperiority, and to render it ftillalliance front hole quarters which its Niore apparent, it is neceflary that the peculiar fitlülion to julily entitles it to. nien who are einplored in the fahricaNo relief can be had from the parishes; tion of our manufactures should be in.

firucted

firucted in the nature and properties of of those who are entirely unacquainted the different tubstances on which they with the science. Prefixed to the work operate.

is “An Address to Parents, on the line On this account we were particu- . portance of an early Cultivation of the Jarly pleased with the perural of the Underlianding, and of the Advantages Chemical : riechild, vihich is calcu- of infpiring Youth with a Tafie for Jate! tu akurd not only information Chemicai Er:quiries." The design of and ainulement to the cholar and the this paper is, io theiv the connexion of genilemalı, biit, by its fimplicity and our sererad manutactures with chenila perfpicuit, to yield infiruclion alfo to try, and 10 point out the advantages ihe enquiring mechanick and to the which would accrne in that grand un!, eredi aruzalli.

fonrce of our national Health, is manuTine sverk is divided into XIII chap- facturers in general were to atiain a ters, cari síslich is a distinct tractate fufficient knowledge of chemiiry to 000 he subject on which it ireals. enable them to appreciate the value of The learning chemical facts are through- The riffereut articles used in their leve. ont card compuer explained in the cate- ral wades, and inov to put each of cheveal part of the work, and where hem to the belt account. A paper of els ducidavon or air liacation was this kind was published fome years ago thougetiereikry, there are thrown in. by Mr. ilenry; but the eflay before us to the firm of, notes. The following snews the fulferriency of chemistry 10 arrangement of die subjects, we are the Arts in faller detail than any diing told in the Preface, “was adopted in we have ever seen. In order 10 jullify order to afford the student a greater fa- the remarks we have made, we hall cility in the acquisition of chemical close the article with a few extracts knowledge;" and perhaps a more po- from the work. pular ciallification could not easily have “All kinds of vegetables, when aslifted been chosen.

by the rays of the fun, have the power of Chapler I. intituled - Introductory decompoling water; during which deand Miscellaneous,'treats of foliels anil composition the hydrogen is abforbed, fluids--ofthe cause or fubflances iwim and goes to the formation of oil and relin ming in fluids--of the nature of lpecie in the vegetable; while the oxygen comfic gravity-fe aporation--and of the bines with part of the caloric received formation of clouds, rain, &c.-11. Os from the sun, and is given out in the atmospheric air.-Ill. Of caloric, or

form of oxygen gas; so that this one opethe macier of heat.-IV. Of waier.-

ration of nature gives nourishment and V. Of earths.-VI. Of the alkalies.

provides materials of growth to the vege

table creation, and at the fame time reVII. Of acids.-Vill. Of falis.--IX, Of fimiple combustibles.-X. Or me.

novates the vital principle in the atmotals.-- XI. Of oxides.-il. Ci com

Tphere. Nothing short of conlummate

wisdom could have conceived any thing bustion.-XUI. Of atraction, repul- half to beautiful in design, or extensively fion, and chemical affinity.

and superlatively useful in effect.” (p. 97.). The Apendix contains a confidera- “The beautiful colours which are teen ble bumber of ade'uional notes, fciin upon porceluin are given by metallic teen useful chemical tables, some of oxides. Purple is given by gold; red, by which were drawn ! purposely for the oxide of iron; yeilow, by the oxide the work; a chapter intituled • Select, of silver; green, by copper; blue, by coinstructive, and aming Experiments;” balt; and violet by manganefa." (p. 159.) and a copious iucabulary of chemical The following method of distinguishterms for the ute of incl.a. are ing the fixed alkries, we believe, was firangers to the nom ? claim of the never before publihed: science. The manner in win the “If a little of any alkalinc folution be Author has exrandi he task he lins poured into a folation of the ore of plaundertaken is lucing iei! molam tila, a yril, precipitate will be seen, if no l'nall degree or die

the alkaline solution contained potash; The diftin, ning leisure of the

lui if it contcined only toda, no precipi

tate will occur. work is, that mixed fisici i win

The peculiar ad: ?ntage in indi il: anci, in lien figa dois

of this teft confifts in its ready applica

tion; whereas the old tests required time de! sin interesgis to

to of certain the nature of the salts formed the profic Itinc milir, ibis lowme by iheir means." (!), 105.) copiaius luci a inals of curious matter

• Sulphurous gas is very abundant in as canavi fail to engage the aitention the environs of volcanos. It was the va

pour

!

re

Publications. pour of sulphurous acid which fuffocated

terms, not generally known, but indir. Pliny the Naturalist, in that eruption of criminately deteribed under the vague Vesuvius by which lierculaneum was terin of Gothic. Also, a brief descripswallowed up in the year of Christ 79. iion of Goodrich Castle, with its ten Anxious to observe the effect of the erupa 'perljective views, the curious subjects tion, he staid in the house of a friend too

of os folding print and illustrative lei. long, and paid for his temerity with his ter-pirers, which directs the attention life.” (p. 225.)

“ Muriatic acid removes the stains of to the remarkable beauties of the comme common ink ; but it does not affect prin- try adjacent to the Wve, and are the

conteäis of Numbers Ill. and IV.; in. ters' ink. It is therefore recomamended for cleaning old books and prints. Half which is clearly pointed out, by the an ounce of red lead being added to three ground plan and perspective elevations, ounces of common muriatic acid will the fereral parts of an Aniient Barorerder it fit for this purpose.

Where NIAL Castle, explaining iis oblolete, writings have been effaced for fraudulent terms, with authenic references, &c.; purposes with this acid, sulphuret of am

which is presumed to be an original monia and prüffiate of potash will revive attempt, and a lubject greatly in rethe writing, and discover the artifice. quest. For the accommodation of Fo. Very old writings may be revived in this reign Antiqnaries, elegant French iransway. If indigo and oxide of manganese lations are added to each of the brief be added to common ink, it will prevent descriptions, and are to be continued its being effaced by oxygenized muriatic in each pair of numbers. The four acid.” (p. 229.)

first numbers, with their full contenis, We were firuck with an original fitched, are ready for delivery. Every communication from Mr. Hume (print- two boubers are io terminate the fuba ed in one of the noies), who conceivės jecl they treat upon, to prevent apprethat he has discovered o.vygen in a state hensions of the work being carried on to of folidity and purity; but, as we have a disagreeable extent. Every eight numno room for farther extracts, we must bers will form a volume. A few inrefer the reader to the work itself.

pressions are taken on India paper.

In 1799 the Reriewers were com25, Copper Plate Perspective Itinerary. mendably liberal in their prailes upon

By T. Bonnor, Engraver. “The exquisitely delicate and inalterly THIS públication is, “The Exterior execution of the leveral intricate perBeanties of Gloncelter Cathedral;" in pective engravings,”—all froni origi• which is introduced a Panoramic De- nal drawings, taken upon the spot, of fcription of the Picturesque Country which this work contists,'--the ".

pros Surrounding the Vale of Eresham, as per historical extracts, with due alienviewed from the top of its command- un to matters of fact, as coutained in ing tower; and a Miscellaneous Plate the letter-preis illuftrations,” &c.; and of Druidical Remains, &c. recently therefore, in: justice 19. its merit, we discovered in the vicinity of Goodrich take upon us to state the real cause of Calile, on the banks of the Wye; il. its long fufpenfion, which the Artist lalirated with Descriptions, &c. cannot be expecied to mention for

It is calculated either for a feparate himself. it being a derangement of his publication, or an Appendir; which professional purferits by the afflicting hands firward additional Engravings loss of an amiable daughter', and which and illufirative Letter Press, to com- occafioned his entering ipon other enplete a new arrangement of the two gagements; which he lates " he has original numbers, and to form them at length goi through, and now pósinto Numbers I. and Il. ; which pair poles to devote the whole of his exercontain twelve plates, that display the tions to bring forward this his favourite whole of the Interior and Exterior ; il. Perspective Itinerary, containing the lustrated by, appropriate descriptions of united efforts of the Pencil, the Graver, the engraved lubjects, elegantly printed and the Pen." And it being well "caland hot-pressed. Likewise, a brief de- culated for a situation in the cabinets feription of those twelve Interior, and of the Antiquary, striet Examiner, and the letter-press conrents of those two distant Connoilleur, for whom it is innumbers ; in which is pointed out the tendeel,” we cannot but add our best feveral attractive beauties, and different wishes for its fuccess, and recommend files of architectnrr, with their proper it to their notice. Gent. MAG. February, 1807.

Fror

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From the historical part of Mr. Bone age, he died, which was near two years nor's work we teleci a pleasing specimen: before the return of King Charles 11.; of “GOODRICH CHALICE,

course the promised promotions which bis “Ured in administering the Sacrament, “ sufferings and services" had occasioned involves too interesting a portion of his. the King to declare it was his intention to pory to be omitted. It was drawn with reward him with, if ever God should repermillion of the Rev. Henry Williams, fiore him, he never enjoyed. The followM, A. vicar of this church, 1795.- ing infcriptions, engraved upon the foot of The Rev. Thomas Swift, vicar of Good. this chalice, by the directions of Dean rich, who was grandfather to Dean Swift, Swift, in the manner represented in the of St. Patrick's, in Ireland ; and married print of it, fig. 4, pl. XI. will add an auElizabeth Dryden, fifter to the father of thoritative close to its history: John Dryden the Poet (by whom he had

Upper side: ten fons and four daughters), at the time “ Jonath. Swift, S.T.D. Decan. Ecclef. of the Rebellion, was remarkably zealous St. Pat. Dubla. hunc Calicem Ecclef. de and active for the Royal Party, and is de- Goderidge facrum voluit." fcribed as having been conspicuously cou

Under fide: rageous, and Mrewd in his inventions to “Tho. Swift, hujus Ecclef. Vica. notus diftress the enemy. Lord Clarendon ob- in hiftoriis ob ea quæ fecit et paffus eft serves, that “the King received no relief pro Carojmo, ex hoc Calice ægrotantibus that was more seafonable or acceptable" propinavit eundem Calice' - Jonath. Swift, than a sum this Clergyman collected, by S.T.D. Decan. Ecclef. St. Pat'. Dublin. inortgaging his estate, and every other Thomæ ex filio nepos, huic Ecclef. in permeans in his power, with which he re- petuum dedicat. 1726." paired to Ragland castle, whither his Majefty had retired after the battle of Nate. 26. The Life and Exploits of the ingenious by, “when his distress was very great,

Gentleman, Don Quixote, de la Manand his resources entirely cut off." The cha; containing his fourth Sally, and Governor, with whom he was acquainted, the fifth Part of his Adventures : written - alked his errand : • I am comc,' said he, ly the Licentiate Alonio Fernandez de .. to give his Majefty my coat.' As he Avellaneda, Native of the Town of Tor. took it off, the Governor pleafantly re- delillis. With Ilustrations and Correcplied, “it is of little worth."

*tions l'y the Licentiate Don Itidro Perales then,' said Swift, cake my waistcoat;' y Torres. And now first translated from which being ripped, was found to contain the Spanish. 3 vols. 20. broad pieces of gold. His mother

THOSE among our Readers who was fo capricious and ill-natured as to

have the happiness of being acquainted difinherit him (though an only child) with the Translator of thele volumes merely for robbing an orchard when he (who, if we miltake not, is fon of the was a boy. Besides his church prefer- late Sir Andrew Fountaine), and have ments of Goodrich and Bridstow, he had a temporal estate of about 100l. per annum

wilnefled the brilliancy of his wit, and in the parishes of Goodrich and Marstow.

the folidity of his judgment, will best His ability and exertions drew down the

be able to appreciate the unaffecied resentment of the Earl of Stamford, Cap- modesy of the following Preface: iltain Kyrle, and the other officers acting Justrative of two rival Authors, who under the Earl at Goodrich Caftle, who have detailed the heroic deeds and pursued him and his family with the hair- breadth scapes of the renowned fullest measure of rancour and oppression. Knight of La Mancha; and accurately They likewise charged him with having characterizing their relpecuve degrees purchased arms, and sent them to Mon- of merit. This we confidently ailert, mouth; and with preaching at Ross from after an attentive re-perufal of the four “ Give unto Cæfar the things which are volumes of Cervantes, in the perhaps Cæsar's;" in which he was accused of faithful (for we pretend not to underrendering to Cæsar more than his due. stand the Spanith) but somewhat homeHe was ejected from his living of Good ly translation of Dr. Smollett, and alto rich in March 1640; his eftates requietof the three volumes that are now for tered the 4th of Auguft following, and the first time translated from the origihimtelf-imprisoned. Being again at liberty, he performed the duties of his pro

nal; which, whatever may be thought fession (in those families which, in better of Avellaneda, deserve much commenda. times, had been committed to his care), tion for conspicuous purity of language. from house to house, adminiftering the “In this age of literary deception, Sacrament from this chalice, which he when Truth herself is regarded with lusu bore about with him for that purpose; picion, from the attempts of unblushing , and; in the year 1058, the 63d year of his Impofture to afume her femblance, it

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