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worthy of police or compassion, oc- dißinguishable from that of the lower curred. The reason of all this was

clailes. There is much ceremony obvious; the prefence of the military, obferved in entering a

rooin, but dispersed in regular directions, yet no none in the passage that leads to wheię obriructing the view of the it; a nice distinction of ranks and of spectators, gare not only a folemnity, tex in the leais of public places, but bui a safety to those spectacles, which no, allowance for rank or fex in the could never have been effected by any avenues, through which we have to, other means.

pass. And although this creates not It may, however, be thought 100 only inconvenience, but.even danger, respectful to the wiinefles of execu it is so generally accounted an honour tions, to employ the military in pre- to produce a wob, that all the diffiventing their doing one another a mil culties of access or retreat are detailed, chief; it may be said that such mobs a nong the inost pleasant circumstances. have no business there, and might be of the affair ; and the player's benefit, more usefully employed at home, or or the lady's rout, which is accomin their business; and that no moral panied by lúch incidents, is considered good, is done by pablic execations. as enjoying an enviable fuperiority. All ihis, I am afraid, is in a great mob, therefore, is not alweys col. measure true; but our laws are yet lected from curiosity. It is also a mark of

humane and too wise to permit refpect; and that such respect may be men to injure one another from what- secured beyond all possibility of failure ever motive or necellity; and while from individual excuses and pre-en-. public executions are continued, the gagements, a far greater number are populace are virtually invited to be- invited than are either expected to hold them. I am afraid, indeed, that come, or could be contained in the they leave no lasting impreffion; and house if they did. The assemblage, perhaps a continued inclination to wit- indeed, is nominally, a party, or a nels fuch scenes is a strong presump- party of friends; bui in what such a tion of hardness of heart. That mind party differs from a mob, the essence is certainly in no very promising ttate of which is mixture and compression, of amendment, which requires punish- we are not told; and in what inanner ment to amend it; and perhaps still to distinguish one mob from another, less can be hoped of him who delights unless by dress, is yet a defileratum in in witnessing capital punishinents from the philosophy of social life. no other motive than curiosity. Yet li has been thought that of late public safety is an important object ; years the spirit of genteel mobbing and the character of the Nation would has increased. It is certain that we be implicated if means could be found read in the papers of much greater 10 prevent such a calamity as that in crowds or mobs at public places than question, and yet those means be re was the case formerly. Perhaps one jected.

reason is, that the people are not so But I have perhaps been led, inte often left to form their own conjectures matters foreign to my province, in respecting public.thews and spectacles; {peaking of the duties of the Police, or to much is faid, before-land by the the Magistrate. It is more firictly my various arts of puffing, that natural business to consider such affairs in a curiosity is wonderfully increased by very different light; and. I cannot, these artificial excitements. How far therefore, conclude this paper, with the accident which is the subject of out offering a few additional remarks this paper, may tend lo dainp the feron curiofuy in general, and at the vour of mobbing, remains to be disco. same time referring my readers to No. yered. I have heard, however, of one VIII. before-mentioned.

lady who after tenderly lamenting the If the passion for mobbing were death of so many “poor wretches” in confined to the lower classes, it would the Old Bailey, went the fame evenbe sufficient punifhment to devounce ing to one of the theatres, and declared it as vulgar and ungenilemanlike. on her return, that the never was But unfortunately there are genteel more frightened, as she was very near mobs as well as vulyar; and luch is being thrown down and trod upon, the unceremonious nature of curiosi y, in endeavouring to get into the pit. that the compression and suffocation Persons of fuch feeling as this will 2009 of persons of fashion would be no wile doubt take warning, and make--for

the tores.

Mr. URBAN, Grantham, March 4. any race of animals created without T . . of

HE fubject of I. H. E's. letter, the neceffary means of protection?"my atiention ; and though I cannot one kind were destroyed to supply others pretend to solve any doubts he may

wiih habitations ?" Doubilers, it is have respecting the questions he states, unreasonable fo 10 judge. I will venture to make a remark or But how then did there Hermits two upon that family of parasitic Can- feęk shelter from their enemies previous cri which are devominated by Fabri to their finding deferred mavlions ?cius, and other Naturalists, Paguri. This, 'to be sure, is the difficulty: it

Of these are twelve species in Gine- admits no positive and clear folution, lius's edition of the “Syltema Naturæ, but of very reafonable and fair conof which Bernard the Flermit is the jectures. eommon English one. Whether the As we find one species of this family foreign kind be all parasitic, and with- living in rocks, wliy may not all out exception found in the forsaken the species, in certain times and places, cavities of the Teftacea, I am very

and where thelly habitations were not. doubtful; for I have frequently ob

near, be defended by thrulling their ferved the Bernhardus la be loose soft and fleshy extremities into holes of while yet alive in the lea-water at the rocks, or hollows of banks, or in bottom of fishing boats; though in mod or fand, or bide them in ficei, general they are found to be half buried confervi, and other marine vegetables ? in Mells of various species and sizes, Why in warm climates may they not from the finaller Nerit (whole diame- jet be found loole, as fome are in ter is not a quarter of an inch) to the colder regions? Or, if it be neceffary larger Whelk, which contains a Can to find thele animals an immediate cer two inches long. One fpecies of dwelling-place, why may we not fupthis family, the C. Tubularis, is of pose them an over-match for such Tef. cylindrical form; and has for its habi tacea as were within reach, and whom cátion a Serpula, a rounded, tubular, they might instanıly and inflinctively and glomerate mell, adapted to the attack for food and habitation? They body of the Hermit Crab: and others, have strong claws, and, Hermits as it is probable, are found in shells par- they are, do not appear a family habiticularly adapted to their fizes and shapes.' The C. Aruneiformis, we are If none of these suppositions he satold, inhabits rocks in some part of the tisfactory, I must leave the question coast of Scotland.

undecided. But I think we may take These are all the data from which I it for granted, that the Paguri were can deduce any obfervations. And created without shells; and that no firft, in reply to the remark, that “ If other kind were destroyed on purpose at the creation each animal was pro

to supply them with dwelling places, vided with a habitation lovable to its One of these, therefore, seems a necefwants, it is natural to conclude the fary conclufion; viz. “ That they lived one in question had its shell," &c. I in warm climates without such dereply, that it is very difficult to con

fences, or that ihev had other ways of ceive how a fhell would be created for defending them felves;" or "that ihey, the purpole of defending animals not

like certain foldiers of our times (for of the testaceous kind *, and which are one fpecies is called Miles), attacked never found in any shells but such as many quiet and unoffending faniilies, are known to be ihe forsaken exuvia drew them from their habitations, and of some testaceous animal.

after llaving the owners, took poffeffion But as I. H. E. righly observes, the till fomething better offered' itfelf to Hermit Crabs are found in various tireir rapacity and convenience. fpecies of Mells; and therefore, if any

Yours, &c.

G. C. proofs for this fazt were wanted, this would demonstrate that there creatures

Mr. URBAN, Adderbury, April 7. . had no peculiar setiaceous habitation. The jngenious Mr. Salisbury, of il be not contrary to reason to tippole favoured the publick with an elegant

and useful Catalogue of Hardy Plants, * Crabs are crustaceous and Insecta, cultivated in that garden, toʻlong ago not teftaceous and Vermes.

as the year 1803, which he calls the

tuated to peace.

[graphic]
[graphic][merged small]

may be,

first part; and wherein he promises it Among the rest that sought relief,
should be followed by a second part, And for their faith in danger ftood,
containing ihe tender Exotics, in a very Lady Elizabeth was chief,
short tine. I have been making

King Henry's daughter of Royal Blood;
anxious enquiry after it ever since, but Who in the Tower did prisoner lie,
cannot learn that it has yet been pub- Looking each day when she thould die.
lished; if we have it yet to expect, I The Dutchess of Suffolk seeing this,
hope Mr. Salisbury will oblige us withi

Whose life likewise the Tyrant fought, it very fuop.

Who in the hopes of heavenly bliss, There is another valuable botanical Within God'sword her comfort wrought; work, the late Mr. Ailon's - Horws For fear of death was forç'd to fly, Kewensis," which is now become to And leave her house most secretly. scarce as hardly to be purchased at That for the love of God alone, any price. If ji is not already in pre Her land and goods the left behind; paration, I beg leave to observe, that, Seeking ftill that precious ftone, whofesoever the concern

The word and truth so rare to find : every lover of Botany would feel him. She with her husband, nurse, and child, self obliged 10. him, if he would In poor array their fighs beguild. favour the publick with a new edition Thus thro? London they pass'd along, of that much esteemed work.

Each one did take a several ftreet ; Yours, &c. T. W. And all along escaping wrong,

At Billingsgate they all did meet;

Like people poor, in Gravesend bargo, Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 10.

They simply went with all their charge THE

"HE valuable. Anecdotes in your And all along from Gravesend town, last volume, p. 691, of Katharine

With journey short, on foot they wents Duchess of Suffolk, from whose re- Unto the sea-coast came they down, marriage with Richard Bertie, exq. To pafs the seas was their intent; the present. Duke of Ancasier is de And God provided so that day, scended, so far back as the reign of That they took ship, and fail'd away. Queen Elizabeth were described in And with a prosp'rous gale of wind the two representations engraved in In Flanders they did fafe arrive; Plate II. fig. 1, 2 , which were placed This was to them great ease of raind, at the bead of a curious old ballad, in And from their hearts much woe did tituled, “ The most rare and excellent drive; History of the Dutchess of Suffolk, and And so, with thanks to God on high, her Hiifband Richard Berlie's Calami. They took their way to Germany. ties. To the tune of · Queen Dido.' Thus as they traveld still disguis'd, Originally published in the Reign of Upon the highway suddenly Queen Elizabeth ; re-primed in 1738; By cruel thieves they were furpris'd, and again in 1806."

Affaulting their small company;

And all their treasure, and their itore,
WHEN God had taken, for our fin, They took away, and beat them fore.

That prudent Prince King Edward away, The nurse, amidt of all their fright,
Then bloody Bonner did begin

Laid down the child upon the ground;
His raging malice to bewray ;

She ran away out of their right,
All those that did God's word profess,

And never after that was found.
He persecuted more or less.

Then did the Dutchess make great moan,
Thus while the Lord on us did low'r, With her good husband all alone.
Many in prison he did throw,

The thieves had then their horses kill'd,
Tormenting them in Lollards' Tower, And all their money quite had took ;
Whereby they might the truth forego,

The pretty baby almoft spoil'd,
Then Cranmer, Ridlcy, and the reft,

Was by the nurse likewise forsook; Were burning in the Fire, that Christ And they far from their friends did tand, profess'd.

And Tuccourless in a strange land.
Smithfield was then with faggots fill'd, The sky likewise began to fcoul,
And many places more befide ;

It hail'd and rain'd in piteous fort,
At Coventry was Saunders kill'd,

The way was long, and wondrous foul,
At Worcester eke good Hooper died ; Then may I now full well report,
And to escape this bloody day,

- Their grief and sorrow were not small, Beyond-lea many filed away.

When this unhappy chance did fall.
Gent. Mag. March, 1807,

Sometimes

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