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DIRECTIONS for placing the MAPS.

Thc WORLD, TO front the Title. (GERMANY...... ...... Page 507 CHART of the WORLD, accord-POLAND, LITHUANIA, and ing to Mercator's projection, p. 1 PRUSSIA.

555 The SPHERE.... 10 SWITZERLAND.

.580 EUROPE...

59 SPAIN and PORTUGAL.. .592 DENMARK, SWEDEN, and ITALY...

630 NORWAY...

62 TURKEY in EUROPE, and RUSSIA in EUROPE.

117
HUNGARY.

. 653 SCOTLAND... . 150 ASIA.

..668 ENGLAND and WALES. 108 EAST INDIES.

.719 IRELAND..... 401 AFRICA...

. 789 FRANCE.

432 NORTH AMERICA.. .871 SEVEN UNITED PRO- WEST INDIES..

VINCES, and NETHER- SOUTH AMERICA.
LANDS...

.4871

-9-13

C G

The Binder is desired to beat the Book before he places the Maps.

INTRODUCTION.

The 샀
Sunt.

1906

PART 1.

OF ASTRONOMICAL GEOGRAPHY.

SECT. 1.

OF THE PLANETS, THE COMETS, THE FIXED STARS, AND

THE DIFFERENT SYSTEMS OF THE UNIVERSE.

The science of GEOGRAPHY cannot be completely underfood without confidering the earth as a planet, or as a body moving round another at a considerable distance from it. It will therefore be necessary to begin this work with a summary view of the science of ASTRONOMY, and a brief account of the planets and other - heavenly bodies. Of these, the most conspicuous is that glorious luminary, the sun, the fountain of light and heat to the several planets which move round it, and which, together with it, compose what aftronomers have called the Solar System. The way or path in which the planets move round the sun, is called their Orbit; and it is now fully proved by astronomers, that there are seven planets which move round the fun,' each in its own orbit. The names of these, according to their nearness to the centre or middle point of the fan, are Mercury, Venus, the Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and the Georgium Sidus. The two first, because they move within the orbit of the earth (being nearer the sun), are called inferior planets, or, perhaps more properly, interior or inner planets; the four laft, moving without the orbit of the earth, are called superior, or, perhaps, more properly, exterior or outer planets. If we can form an idea of the manner in which any one of these planets, suppose our earth, moves round the sun, we can easily conceive the manner in which all the rest perforni a similar revolution. We hall only, therefore, particularly consider the motion of the earth, or planet on which we live, leaving that of the others to be collected from a table

, which we shall give, with such explanations as may render it intelligible to the meanest capacity.

The earth was long considered as one extenfive plane, of no remarkable thickness; and ihe regions below it were supposed to be the habitaticna of spirits. The heavens, in which the fun, moon, and stars, apo

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