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receive his own reward, ac- ίδιον μισθον λήψεται κατα

cording to his own labour.

ιδιου τον

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9 Θες γαρ εσμεν συνερ γοι, Θες γεωργιου; Θες οι κοδομη εςε.


1ο Κατα την χαριν το δοθεισαν την μου, ως σοφος αρχιτεκτων θεμελιον τεθεικα, αλλά δε έποικοδομει· έκαςα δε βλεπέτω πως εποικοδομεί.

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11 Θεμελιον γαρ αλλον εδεις δυναται θειναι παρα τον κείμενον, ὃς εςιν Ιησες ὁ Χριςος.

12 Ει δε τις εποικοδομει επι τον θημέλιον τουτον, χρυσον, αργυρον, λίθους τιμιους, ξυλα, χορτον, καλαμην·

Ver. 9.-1. Yeare God's field. (Beza, arvum.) The word γεώργιον, is ufed to fignify a field, Prov. xxiv. 30. LXX. It may likewife fignify a vineyard, or any piece of ground that is under cultivation. See Ifa. v. 1, 2. where the Jewish nation is called God's vineyard. The metaphor is aptly used to denote the pains which the minifters of religion, God's labourers, ought to take for making their people fruitful in goodnefs.

2. God's building. The original word, οικοδομη, denotes the ad of building, but here it fignifies the building itself. The building which God reared by his labours, was the great temple of the Christian church. This metaphor, the apoftle profecutes in the subsequent part of the chapter; having difcuffed the metaphor of the field in the preceding part, where he fpeaks of his own planting, and of Apollos watering, and of God's making to grow.

Ver. 10.1. According to the grace of God. This I take to be the grace of apoftleflit, fpoken of, Rom. i. 5. 1 Cor. xv. 10. Gal. ii. 9. See alfo 2 Cor. vi. 1. xii. g.

2. As a fkilful architeæ. The word σοφος, literally fignifies wife: but it is alfo ufed to denote fkilful in any art or butinefs. Exod. xxxi, 3. I have filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, and in knowledgein all manner of workmanship.

Ver. I I.

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cording to his fidelity in his proper labour, and not according to his fuccefs in labouring.

12 Now, if any one build on this foundation, gold, filver, valuable ftones, wood, hay, stubble;


9 Wherefore, rue teachers are joint labourers belonging to God. Ye the people are God's field, which he employs us to cultivate. And, to use another fimilitude, ye are God's building, which he employs us to


10 According to the grace of apoftleship, which I have received of God, like a skilful architect, I have laid the foundation of the temple of God at Corinth properly, by preaching that Jefus is the Chrift, (See ver. 11.) and the falfe teacher buildeth thereon; but let every teacher take heed how he buildeth thereon: let him take heed that the fuperftructure which he rears, be fuitable to the foundation.

11 For other foundation of God's temple, no teacher, if he teaches faithfully, can lay, except what is laid by me, which is Jesus the Chrift, promifed in the fcriptures.

12 Now, if any teacher build on the foundation Chrift, fincere difciples, reprefented in this fimilitude by gold, filver, valuable ftones; or if he buildeth hypocrites, reprefented by wood, bay, flubble,

Ver. 11. Other foundation no one can lay. In this place the apostle fpeaks not of the foundation of a system of doctrine, but of the foundation of the building or temple of God, confifting of all who profess to believe the gospel, as is evident from ver. 9. 16, 17. Of this great temple, Jefus Chrift is called the foundation, because on him as the Chrift or Son of God, the whole fabric refts. Hence all believers are faid, Ephef. ii. 20. to be built upon the foundation of the apostles, and prophets, Jefus Chrift himself being the chief corner ftone. See Ifa.

xxviii. 16.

Ver. 12. Build on this foundation gold, &c. As the apoftle is speaking of the Chriftian church, confifling of believers of all nations, of which church Christ is the foundation, it is evident, that the materials built on this foundation, called gold, filver, &c. cannot reprefent the E 2 doctrines,

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doctrines, but the difciples of Chrift: So Jerome, Theodoret, and Oecumenius thought. Befides, in no paffage of fcripture, is the temple or church of God faid to confift of the doctrines, but of the difciples of Chrift, who are called living flones built up a spiritual houfe or temple, 1 Pet. ii. 5, 6.

Ver. 13. It is revealed by fire. That the fire of which the apoftle fpeaks, is the fire of perfecution, I think evident from 1 Pet. iv. 12. where the perfecution to which the firft Chriftians were expofed, is called wugyors, a burning among them, which was to them for a trial. According to the common interpretation of this paffage, the doctrine which one teaches, is called his work. But in that cafe I wish to know, how doarines can be tried by the fire either of perfecution, or of the laft judgment; or how they can be burnt by thefe fires. To introduce doctrines into this paffage, quite deftroys the apostle's imagery, in which he reprefents the whole body of those who then profeffed to believe in Chrift, as formed into one great houfe or temple, for the worship of God; and that temple, as foon to have the fire of perfecution thrown upon it. And therefore, if nominal believers, reprefented by wood, hay and stubble, were by any teacher built into the church, the fire of perfecution would difcover them; becaufe, as parts of the church, they would foon perish by apoftacy. The falfe teacher at Corinth, had in this refpect been very blameable, by complying with the paffions and prejudices, both of the Jews and Gentiles: and by encouraging them in their fins, had allured into the church at Corinth, a number of wicked men, particularly the perfon who was guilty of inceft, and others who denied the refurrection of the dead, whereby he had corrupted the temple of God, ver. 17.

Some of the fathers, perceiving that the apoftle in this paffige fpake, nct of doctrines but of perfons, fuppofed that the fire which was to try every one's work, was the fire which is to happen at the day of judg



13 Every one's work shall be made manifeft: for the day will make it plain, because it is revealed by fire; (na, 212.) and fo the fire will try every one's work, of what fort it is.

14 If the work of any one remaineth, which he hath built upon THE FOUNDATION, he fhall receive a reward.

15 If the work of any one fhall be burnt, he will fuffer lofs himself, how ever, fhall be faved, yet fo as (dia πug) through a


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14 If the difciples which any teacher has introduced into the church, endure perfecution for the gofpel without apoftatizing, fuch a teacher fhall receive the reward promifed to them who turn others to righteousness, (Dan. xii. 3.)

15 If the difciples of any teacher, fall, in time of perfecution, fall away through the want of proper inftruction, he will lofe his reward: he himself, however, having in general acted fincerely, shall be faved; yet, with fuch difficulty, as one is faved, who runs through a fire.


And therefore, as the apoftle fpeaks of perfons, whose work was to be burnt, but themselves faved, they fancied that all men, the righteous as well as the wicked, are to be burnt in the general conflagration; that the feparation of the righteous from the wicked is thereby to be made; that the wicked are to be confumed; and that the righteous are to fuffer, fome more, fome lefs, according to their cha racter. The paffages of the fathers to this purpose, Burnet hath collected, De Stat. Mort. ch. vi. But the Romish clergy, perceiving that this doctrine, properly managed, might be inade an inexhauftible fource of wealth to their order, have reprefented this fire of purgatory as lighted up from the very beginning of the world, and have kept it burning ever fince, and have affumed to themselves, the power of detaining fouls in that fire, and of releafing them from it, according to their own pleafure; whereby they have drawn great fums of money from the ignorant and fuperftitious.

Ver. 15. Yet fo, as diz Tvę, through a fire. This, as Elfner obferves, is a proverbial expreffion, for one's efcaping fome evil with great difficulty, Pfal. Ixvi. 12. Διελθομεν δια τυρίου και δια ύδατ3, IVe went through fire and through water; that is, we were in the greateft danger. —Ifa. xliii. 2. When thou walkeft through the fire, thou skalt not be burnt.

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17 If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy for the temple of God is holy, which temple


ye are.

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17 Ει τις τον ναόν του Θες φθείρει, φθερει τετον ὁ Θεος. ὁ γαρ ναός άγιος εςιν, οίτινες εςε ύμεις.

78 0ε8

18 Μηδεις ἑαυτον εξαπατατω ει τις δοκει σοφος ειναι εν ύψου εν τω αιώνι 78 τῳ, μωρος γενεσθως είναι γε νηται σοφῶν.

19 'H γαρ σοφια τες κοσ надых пада тия Job S.God: for it is written, He Me TTS, Magia maga Toy Θεῷ εξί, γεγραπται γαρ· δρασσόμενος τες σοφες εν τη πανεργία αυτων.

taketh the wife in their own

20 Και πάλιν Κύριος

18 Let no man deceive

humility himself: If any man among you feemeth to be wife in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wife.

16 Ουκ οίδατε ότι ναος Θες εςε, και το πνεύμα το Θες οίκει εν ύμιν ;

19 For the wisdom of this world is foolifhnefs with

20 And again, The Lord 4th knoweth the thoughts of

Amosiv. 11. Ye were as a fire brand pluckt out of the burning.-Jude ver. 23. Snatching them out of the fire. See the note on that verse.

Ver. 17. If any one, dugu, destroy the temple of God. Here the apoftle defcribes the fin and punishment, not only of fuch teachers aș from worldly motives, allure bad men into the church, or continue them in it, by wilfully perverting the doctrines and precepts of the gofpel; but alfo of thofe hypocrites who, for worldly ends, intrude themselves among the faithful, and put on a great fhew of godlinefs. Whereas, in ver. 15. he defcribes the fin of thofe teachers, who introduce bad men into the church, by ignorantly mifreprefenting the doctrines and precepts of the gofpel. The expreffion in this verfe, If any one defroy the temple of God, being general, is no doubt applicable to any falle teacher and hypocritical Chriftian, who fpoils the temple of God. Nevertheless, I agree with Locke in thinking, that the apostle in this paffage, had the falfe teacher and the faction at Corinth more particu larly in his eye, who had spoiled the temple of God in the manner above defcribed.

Ver. 18. If any one among you, doxa, thinketh to be wife. So dox is tranflated, 1 Cor. viii. 2. The falfe teacher at Corinth, thought himfelf, it feems, extremely wife, because he had allured the heathens into the church, by concealing fome of the doctrines and precepts of the


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