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receive his own reward, ac. ιδιον μισθον ληψεται κατα
γαρ εσμεν συνερtogether with God: ye are
γοι. Θες γεωργίου,
, me, as a wise master-builder, I have laid the foundation σοφος αρχιτεκτων θεμελιων and another buildeth there- τεθεικα, αλλα δε εποικο
But let every man take δομει· εκαςGδε βλεπετω heed how he buildeth there.
II Θεμελιον γαρ αλλον
παρά Chrift. .
τον κειμενον, ός εςιν Ιησες ο
Χριςος. 12 Now if any man build 12 Ει δε τις εποικοδομει upon this foundation, gold, επι τον θημελιον τουτον, χρυfilver, precious stones, wood, hay, ftubble:
σον, αργυρον, λιθους τιμιους, ξυλα, χορτον, καλαμην
Ver. 9.-1. Ye are God's field. (Beza, arvum.) The word Үtooүoy, is used to signify a field, Prov. xxiv. 30. LXX. 'It may likewise sig. nify a vineyard, or any piece of ground that is under cultivation. See Isa. v. 1, 2. where the Jewifh nation is called God's vineyard. The metaphor is aptly used to denote the pains which the ministers of religion, God's labourers, ought to take for making their people fruitful in goodness.
2. God's building. The original word, osxodouens, denotes the act of building, but here it signifies the building itself." The building which God reared by his labours, was the great temple of the Christian church. This metaphor, the apostle prosecutes in the subsequent part of the chapter; having discussed the metaphor of the field in the
preceding part, where he speaks of his own planting, and of Apollos watering, and of God's making to grow.
Ver. 10.1. According to the grace of God. This I take to be the grace of apostleship, spoken of, Rom. i. so i Cor. xv. 10. Gal. ii. 9.
See alio 2 Cor. vi. 1. xi. 9.
2. As a skilful archited. The word cofos, literally fignifies wise : but it is also used to denote skilful in any art or business. Exod. xxxi, 3. I have filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, and in knowledge in all manner of workmanship.
according to his proper cording to his fidelity in his proper labour.
labour, and not according to his suc
cess in labouring. 9 (Taf, 93.) Wherefore, 9 Wherefore, rve teachers are joint we are joint labourers of labourers belònging to God. re the God. YE ARE God's field' people are God's field, which he emye are God's building.” ploys us to cultivate. And, to use
another similitude, ge are God's building, which he employs us to
10 According to the 10. According to the
grace grace of God' which is ftleship, which I have received of given to me, as a skilful God, like a skilful architect, I have laid architect, I have laid the the foundation of the temple of God foundation, and another at Corinth properly, by preaching buildeth thereon. But let that Jesus is the Chrift, (See ver. 11.) every one take heed how and the false teacher buildeth thereon ; he buildeth thereupon, but let every teacher take heed how he
buildeth thereon : let him take heed that the superstructure which he
rears, be suitable to the foundation. 11 For other founda- II For other foundation of God's tion no one can lay'ex- temple, no teacher, if he teaches cept what is laid, which is faithfully, can lay, except what is laid Jesus the Chrift.
by me, which is Jesus the Christ, pro
mised in the scriptures. 12 Now, if any one 12 Now, if any teacher build on the build on this foundation, foundation Chrift, sincere disciples, gold, silver, valuable represented in this similitude by gold, Itones, wood, hay, silver, valuable stones ; or if he builds stubble;
eth hypocrites, represented by wood; bay,
Ver. 11. Other foundation no one can lay. In this place the apostle speaks not of the foundation of a system of doctrine, but of the foundation of the building or temple of God, consisting of all who profefs to believe the gospel, as is evident from ver. 9. 16, 17. Of this
great temple, Jesus Christ is called the foundation, because on him as the Chrift or Son of God, the whole fabric rests. Hence all believers are said, Ephef. ii. 20. to be built upon the foundation of the apoftles, and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone. See Ifa. xxviii. 16.
Ver. 12. Build on this foundation gold, &c. As the apostle is fpeaking of the Christian church, consisting of believers of all nations, of which church Christ is the foundation, it is evident, that the niaterials built on this foundation, called gold, silver, &c: cannot represent the
13. Every man's work
13 'Ex458 TO Egyou 0 <shall be made manifest. For the day hall declare it, be- νερον γένησεται ή γαρ ημερα cause it shall be revealed by
δηλωσεις ότι εν πυρι αποκαout.4:12. fire; and the fire fhill try NUTITETO. za ena 58 TO € Pengutóry. every man's work, of what
γον οποιον εςι, το πυρ δο
κιμιασει. . 14 If any man's work
14 Ει τινός το έργον μεabide which he hath built
και επωκοδομησε, μισθον thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
ληψεται, , 15 If any man's work shall
15 Ει τινος το εργον καbe burnt, he shall suffer lofs :
τακαησεται ζημιωθησεται" but he himself shall be saved; yet so, as by fire.
αυτος δε σωθησεται, έτως δε ως δια
doctrines, but the disciples of Chrilt: So Jerome, Theodoret, and Oecumenius thought. Besides, in no passage of scripture, is the temple or church of God said to consist of the doctrines, but of the dif. ciples of Christ, who are called living slones built up a spiritual house or temple, 1 Pet. ii. 5, 6.
Ver. 13. It is revealed by fire. That the fire of which the apostle fpeaks, is the fire of persecution, I think evident from 1 Pet. iv. 12. where the perfecution to which the first Christians were exposed, is called muftous, a burning among them, which was to them for a trial. According to the common interpretation of this passage, the doctrine which one teaches, is called his work. But in that cafe I wish to know, how doärines can be tried by the fire either of persecution, or of the last judgment; or how they can be burnt by these fires. To introduce doctrines into this passage, quite destroys the apostle's imagery, in which he represents the whole body of those who then professed to believe in Chrift
, as formed into one great house or temple, for the worship of God; and that temple, as soon to have the fire of perfecution thrown upon it. And therefore, if nominal believers, repre. sented by wood, hay and stubble, were by any teacher built into the church, the fire of perfecution would discover them; because, as parts of the church, they would soon perish by apostacy. The false teacher at Corinth, had in this respect been very blameable, by complying with the passions and prejudices, both of the Jews and Gentiles: and by encouraging them in their sins, had allured into the church at Corinth, a number of wicked men, particularly the person who was guilty of inceft, and others who denied the resurrection of the dead, whereby he had corrupted the temple of God, ver. 17.
Some of the fathers, perceiving that the apostle in this paffage spake, net of doctrines but of persons, supposed that the fire which was to try every one's work, was the fire which is to happen at the day of judg
13 Every cne's work
13 Every teacher's disciples fall shall be made manifest: be made manifest in their true characfor the day will make it ters: for the day of persecution which plain, because it is revealed is coming on them, will make every by fire ;' (xxl, 212.) and one's character plain, because it is of so the fire will try every
such a nature as to be revealed by the one's work, of what sort fire of persecution ; and so that fire it is.
falling on the temple of God, will try every teacker's disciples, of what fort
they are 14 If the work of any 14 If the disciples which any teacher one remaineth, which he bas introduced into the church, endure hath built
THE persecution for the gospel without FOUNDATION, he shall apoftatizing, such a teacher shall rereceive a reward.
ceive the reward promised to them who turn others to righteousness,
(Dan. xii. 3.) 15 If the work of any 15 If the disciples of any teacher, one thall be burnt, he will fall, in time of perfecution, fall suffer lofs: hiinself, how away through the want of proper ever, shall be saved, yet so instruction, he will lose his reward : as (die nupc) through a he himself, however, having in general fire.'
acted sincerely, shall be saved; yet, with such difficulty, as one is saved, who runs through a fire.
And therefore, as the apostle speaks of persons, whose work was to be burnt, but themselves saved, they fancied that all men, the righteous as well as the wicked, are to be burnt in the general confla. gration ; that the separation of the righteous from the wicked is there. by to be made ; that the wicked are to be consumed ; and that the righteous are to suffer, some more, some less, according to their character. 1 he paílages of the fathers to this purpose, Burnet hath col. lected, De Stat. Mort. ch. vi. But the Romih clergy, perceiving that this doctrine, properly managed, might be inade an inexhaustible fource of wealth to their order, have represented this fire of purgatory as lighted up from the very beginning of the world, and have kept it burning ever fince, and have assumed to themselves, the power of detaining fouls in that fire, and of releasing them from it, according to their own pleasure ; whereby they have drawn great sums of money from the ignorant and superstitious.
Ver. 15. Pet so, as dix aupa, through a fire. This, as Elsner obferves, is a proverbial expression, for one's escaping fome evil with great difficulty, Psal. lxvi. 12. Avea dojev esa auger xou Sose vdat 3, We went throush fire and through water ; that is, we were in the greatest danger. --Isa. xliii. 2. When thou walkest through the fire, thou fi:alt not be burnt.
16 Know ye not that ye 16 Ουκ οίδατε ότι ναος are the temple of God, and
Θε8 εςε, και το πνευμα τ8
Θεα οικει εν υμιν και
17 Ει τις τον
Θεα φθειρει, φθερει
τ8τον ο God destroy : for the temple of God is holy, which temple Θεος. ο γαρ ναος
αγιος εςιν, διτινες εςε υμεις. 18 Let no man deceive
18 Μηδεις εαυτον εξαhumilit himself: If any man among
ει τις δοκει σοφος you seemeth to be wise in this world, let him become ειναι εν υμιν a fool, that he may be wise τω, μωρος γενεσθω, ένα γε
νηται σοφ©». 19 For the wisdom of this
γαρ σοφια τα κοσworld is foolishnefs with 1 5 : ! 3.God : for it is written, He μ8 τ8τ8, μαρια παρα τω taketh the wife in their own Θεω εςι. γέγραπται γαρ
δρασσομενος τες σοφες εν τη
παν8ργια αυτων. 20 And again, The Lord 20 Και παλιν Κυριος 3. jozi to knoweth the thoughts of
εν τω αιωνι τ8
-Amosiv. 11. re were as a fire brand pluckt out of the burning.-Judç ver. 23. Snatching them out of the fire. See the note on that verse.
Ver. 17. If any one, φθειρει, defroy the temple of God. Here the apofle describes the fin and punishment, not only of such teachers as from worldly motives, allure bad men into the church, or continue them in it, by wilfully perverting the doctrines and precepts of the gospel ; but also of those hypocrites who, for worldly ends, intrude themselves among the faithful, and put on a great shew of godliness. Whereas, in ver. 15. he describes the fịn of those teachers, who introduce bad men into the church, by ignorantly misrepresenting the doctrines and precepts of the gospel. --The exprellion in this verse, If any one destroy the temple of God, being general, is no doubt applicable to any fallc teacher and hypocritical Christian, who spoils the temple of God. Nevertheless, I agree with Locke in thinking, that the apostle in this passage, had the falle teacher and the faction at Corinth more particularly in his eye, who had spoiled the temple of God in the manner above described.
Ver. 18. If any one among you, doxal, thinketh to be wise. So Soxsı iş translated, 1 Cor. viii. 2. The false teacher at Corinth, thought himfelf, it seems, extremely wife, because he had allured the heathens into the church, by concealing some of the doctrines and precepts of the