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sau - f haa Heru se Auset maa - f

protecting him, rejoices Jforus, son of /sis, when sees he

t'era en uat nebt er-ef

w Mocked way any against him,

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pet a - f er ta ar

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Ausar Un-nefer maatxeru au untu - nef sebau

Osiris Unnefer, triumphant / Are opened to him the gates

k 1J>^ ft ^ Z 1 - k

em neter-xertet au tatu - nef Xa ta em

of the underworld, is given to him an allotment of ground with

III f Will Jum I III I ©<5 ife

pertu beti em Sexet - Aan - re unen

wlieal and barley in Sechet - Aanre, is

- v\ w= m \%>

ren-f ma enen neteru enti am an

name his like that of those gods who are there, say the

Heru fsesu asex - sen

Horus followers, they \who~\ reap.

II. The Tet u. This object, which represents a mason's Thet«tof

li Osiris.

table and not a Nilometer, as a religious emblem symbolizes Osiris the lord of Tettu, great god of the underworld. The meaning of the word tet is "firmness, stability, preservation," etc. The tet had on it sometimes the plumes, disk and horns,

J^,, and was painted on mummies and tombs. The amulet

itself was placed on the neck of the mummy which it was supposed to protect. Tets are made of faYence, gold, wood gilded, carnelian, lapis-lazuli, and many other substances, although the rubric of the 155th chapter, of which ^ is the

vignette, states that they are to be made of gold. This chapter is entitled :—

*=* # t^-a <=> The

I H 1 Mil A Q ®<l&± Chapter of

... the tit

re en tet en nub tata er XeX en "Chapter of a tet of gold placed on the neck oj


the deceased." and reads :—

uben - k - nek urtu - ab pen pest - k nek

"Rise up thou, O resting of heart this, shine thou,

urtu ab ta - k - tu her ma - k it - na O resting of heart, place thou thyself upon place thy. Come I,

an-na nek tet en nub ha - k am - f bring 1 to thee a tet of gold, rejoice thou in it."1

1 Papyrus of Ani, pi. 33; the text given by Naville, Das Todtenhuch, Bl. clxxx., differs from this.

This chapter was to be " said over a tet of gold, made of the heart of sycamore wood, which was to be placed on the neck of the mummy." The tet enabled the deceased to enter in through the gates of the underworld, and if this chapter were known by him, he would "rise up as a perfect soul in the underworld, he would not be repulsed at the gates there, and cakes would be given to him, and joints of meat from the altars of Ra."

The Vul- III. The Vulture According to the rubric of the

Isis. 157th chapter of the Book of the Dead, a vulture of gold was to be placed on the neck of the mummy on the day of the funeral; it was supposed to carry with it the protection of "Mother" Isis. The chapter reads, "Isis has come, she has gone round about the towns, she has sought out the hidden places of Horus in his coming out from the swamp of papyrus reeds. His son has stood against evil, he has come into the divine boat, he has commanded the princes of the world, he has made a great fight, he makes mention of what he has done, he has caused himself to be feared and established terror of him. His mother, the mighty lady, makes his protection and brings (?) him to Horus." Amulets of the vulture inscribed with this chapter are very rare.

IV. The Collar ^> useX- The rubric of the 158th

chapter of the Book of the Dead orders a collar of gold to be laid upon the neck of the deceased on the day of the funeral. It was to be inscribed :—

atf-a sent-a mut - a Auset sefexi - ua

Father my, sister my, mother my, Isis I Unbandaged am I,

maa-ua nuk ua am sefexi maa-sen Seb see I. I am one among the unbandaged ones [who] see Seb.

Amulet collars are found made of red jasper, carnelian,


V. The "Papyrus Sceptre" T uat'. This amulet is The Papy

V rus sceptre

usually made of mother-of-emerald or of faience like unto it of Th°th. in colour, and the hieroglyphic word which it represents,

J**""^ I uat1, means "verdure, flourishing, greenness," and the

like; it was placed on the neck of the deceased, and indicated the eternal youth which it was hoped he would enjoy in the underworld. This amulet was sometimes inscribed with the 159th chapter of the Book of the Dead, where it is described as

J mnu ^ Jjs^ o uat' en nesein, "an uat' of mother-ofemerald." The next chapter says that a rounded tablet, on which is a figure of the | in relief, is to be placed on the

neck of the deceased ; it was supposed to be given to him by Thoth, and to protect his limbs.

VI. The Pillow ^^P^ urs} This amulet is usually

made of haematite, and is generally uninscribed; it is a model of the large pillows of wood, alabaster and stone which are placed under the heads of mummies to "lift them up." When inscribed the text is a version of that of the 166th chapter of the Book of the Dead.

No. 20,647 in the British Museum reads:—

Tlt\ =«fc*r «1 ^1

0es - tu mentu st'erfl seres

Rise up from non-existence, O prostrate one. Watch over

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xeft - k maatxeru - k her ari - u erek

enemies thy, triumphest thou over what do they against thee,

1 See Birch, The Chapter of the Pillow, in Acg. Zeit., 1868, pp. 52-54.

\\ - 2 Z. a k T

utu er ari nek Heru net' tef - f

[us] has commanded to be done for thee Hows, the avenger offather his

xeft - k an enemies thy, not

neljem - sen k erek er heft apt - k shall carry away they from thee for ever head (?) thy I

Su r - k?;

mak sat Ausar ari em peru tepu

Verily slaughter Osiris maketh at the coming forth of the heads

i o J&!

nu xe^ - f an 0/" enemies his, not

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VII. The Heart QJO rf*. Amulets of the heart are made of carnelian, green jasper, basalt, lapis-lazuli, and many other kinds of hard stone. The heart was considered to be the source of all life and thought, and it was the part of the body that was specially taken care of in mummifying. It was embalmed and put in a jar by itself, and it could not be replaced in the body until it had undergone judgment by being weighed in the balance against B, representing "Law." The heart was symbolised by the scarab, upon which the formulae relating to the heart were inscribed; and sometimes a heart amulet was inscribed with one of the chapters of the heart on one side, and a scarab on the other (B.M. No. 8003).


Ausar pen at - k tepu nu

Osiris this. Cut test off thou heads of

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