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urseus; a pair of horns follows the contour of the white crown, and above them is a star. No. 11,143 is a fine bronze figure of a woman, standing upright upon a pedestal;
forTof r'^t arm nan8s DY her s'^e' but the left arm is bent, and
Isis. her hand, holding an object, is laid upon her breast. She has the same head-dress as No. 110, and I believe her to be the same goddess, although she is labelled Hesi-Sept. [Isis-Sothis or the Dog Star.] Dr. Birch probably had some reason for thus labelling it, but it is unknown to me. The British Museum possesses one example also in faience, No. 13,664, in which the goddess stands upright.
Sebek represented the destroying power of
the sun, and his worship is as old as the Xlllth dynasty. The British Museum possesses one example of this god in bronze, No. 22,924, in which he stands upright, and has the head of a crocodile surmounted with disk, plumes and ura;i,
which have disks and horns J^_
Anher , "the leader of the celestial regions,"
which Shu supports, is usually represented wearing plumes
[jj, and holding a dart; he is at times called ^ Jj
neb mab," lord of the dart." The British Museum possesses a glazed faience pendant, No. 11,335, upon which this god is represented in relief, standing upright and wearing plumes;
in his right hand he holds and in the left the sceptre |. This sceptre is usually composed of
f' 8* and 1
perpendicularly one above the other. He is sometimes called An-her Shu se Rd, " An-her Shu, the son of Ra."
Bes Jjp^, a god whose worship in Egypt dates from a
very remote period, seems to have possessed a double character. He is represented as a grotesque person with horns and eyes on a level with the top of his head, his tongue hangs out, and he has bandy legs. He wears a crown of
The various aspects of Bes.
Worship of Bes of foreign origin.
feathers on his head, and a leopard's skin thrown round his body. As a warrior, or the god of war, he is armed with a shield and sword, and sometimes he has a bow; he was also the god of music and the dance, and in this character he is represented as a tailed creature, half man, half animal, playing a harp, or striking cymbals together and dancing. It is thought that he symbolized the destructive power of nature, and in this capacity he is identified in the Book of the Dead with Set; as the god of joy and pleasure figures of him are carved upon the kohl jars, and other articles used by Egyptian ladies in their toilet The worship of this god
seems to have been introduced into Egypt from \
Neter ta, i.e., the land which was situated by the eastern bank of the Nile, supposed by the Egyptians to be the original home of the gods. Figures of this god in bronze and faience are very common, and they represent him as described above. Faience figures were made as much as fourteen inches long,
and were sometimes in relief and sometimes "in the round."
Various forms of Bes.
but in the pair of outstretched arms and hands he holds sceptres of |j, |, knives, etc., and in those
which hang by his side he holds | and ^ ; he has on his
head in addition eight knives and the figure ^ "myriads of years." He stands on an oval in which are a lion, two serpents, a jackal, crocodile, scorpion, hippopotamus and tortoise. This scene is repeated very accurately on a Gnostic Iapis-lazuli plaque in the British Museum, No. 12, on the back of which is an address to IAU) ZABAW0 = JTINl? PP with whom this polytheistic deity was identified. Figures of the god Bes are common on gems and seals other than Egyptian, and on a small Babylonian cylinder in the possession of Sir Charles Nicholson he is represented in the
Bes in form in which he ordinarily occurs J^. On a red carnelian
cylinder in the British Museum ^Reg. No. 6^3J he is engraved, full face, wearing plumes, and holding a lotus flower in each hand; on each side of him is a male bearded figure, with upraised hands and arms, supporting a winged disk. This seal was inscribed for Arsaces, and belongs to the Persian period.
Sechet ^°^j> also written ^D ^j, was the wife of Ptah,
and was, in this capacity, the mother of Nefer-Atmu and I-cm-hetep; she was the second person of the triad of Memphis. She represented the violent heat of the sun and its destroying power, and in this capacity destroyed the souls of the wicked in the underworld. In bronze and faience figures she has the head of a lion, upon which she wears the
disk and uraeus, and she holds in her right hand and J in her left; she is sometimes seated, when her hands are laid upon her knees.
Bast jj^Jj represents the heat of the sun in its softened
form as the producer of vegetation. She has often the head of a lion, but, properly speaking, the head of a cat is her distinguishing characteristic; in her right hand she holds a