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Bes in

but in the pair of outstretched arms and hands he holds sceptres of t. 1, 1, knives, etc., and in those which hang by his side he holds 1 and † ; he has on his head in addition eight knives and the figure ou “myriads of years.” He stands on an oval in which are a lion, two serpents, a jackal, crocodile, scorpion, hippopotamus and tortoise. This scene is repeated very accurately on a Gnostic lapis-lazuli plaque in the British Museum, No. 12, on the back of which is an address to IAW ZABAWO = ning m) with whom this polytheistic deity was identified. Figures of the god Bes are common on gems and seals other than Egyptian, and on a small Babylonian cylinder in the possession of Sir Charles Nicholson he is represented in the

form in which he ordinarily occurs 条 On a red carnelian lonian art. cylinder in the British Museum (Reg. No. 6) he is en

graved, full face, wearing plumes, and holding a lotus flower
in each hand; on each side of him is a male bearded figure,
with upraised hands and arms, supporting a winged disk.
This seal was inscribed for Arsaces, and belongs to the
Persian period.
Sechet fo3, also written


was the wife of Ptaḥ, and was, in this capacity, the mother of Nefer-Åtmu and I-cm-ḥetep; she was the second person of the triad of Memphis. She represented the violent heat of the sun and its destroying power, and in this capacity destroyed the souls of the wicked in the underworld. In bronze and faïence figures she has the head of a lion, upon which she wears the disk and uræus, and she holds f in her right hand and 8 in her left; she is sometimes scated, when her hands are laid upon her knees.

Bast fe represents the heat of the sun in its softened form as the producer of vegetation. She has often the head of a lion, but, properly speaking, the head of a cat is her distinguishing characteristic; in her right hand she holds a sistrum, on her left arm she carries a basket, and in her left hand she holds an ægis. She was chiefly worshipped at The Lady

of Bubas Bubastis, Pa-Bast, where a magnificent temple was built in tis. her honour. Bronze figures of this goddess are tolerably numerous, and she is reprcsented, both sitting and standing, wearing the disk and uræus on her head.

In faïence, standing figures hold a sceptre (B.M. No. 236), or (B.M. No. 233), or an ægis (B.M. No. 11,297); when seated she often holds a sistrum, B.M. No. 272; a fine large example of the goddess seated is B.M. No. 277. Such figures are sometimes inscribed with the prayer, “may she grant all life and power, all health, and joy of heart," f1s po 0

RÖ, or, “I am Bast, the lady of life.” 8 li 우

Menḥit 899 power of light or heat, or both; in faïence

Bast. she is represented as an upright woman, walking, having a lion's head, upon which she wears a disk and uræus ; in her right hand is f, and in her left Mut “,

universal second member of the Theban triad ; she is called the “lady mother. of Åsher," A the name given to a district to the south of the great temple of Amen-Rā at Karnak, where her temple was situated. She symbolized Nature, the mother of all things. In bronze and faïence figures she is represented as a woman, seated or standing, wearing a head-dress in the form of a vulture, surmounted by the crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt ; she holds † in her right hand, and in her left. Net

or Neith, the “Weaver" or "Shooter," was a The Lady

N counterpart of the goddess Mut, and was also identified with B. M.




of Sais.

on her

Hathor; she wears the crown of Lower Egypt Y
head, and she is often represented armed with bow and

In bronze and faïence figures of this goddess are tolerably common.


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The god. dess of Right.

Maāt 3-3, the “ daughter of Rā and mistress of the gods,” symbolized Law, and she is always represented with ß maāt, emblematic of Law, upon her head ; in papyri two Maāt are shown together, each wearing ß, but sometimes this feather alone takes the place of the head. In figures of bronze, lapis-lazuli, and faïence she is represented sitting down. Hathor, in Egyptian


Het-Hert, the “house of Horus,” is identified with Nut, the sky, or place in which she brought forth and suckled Horus ; she was the wife of Átmu, a form of Rā. She is represented as a woman


cow-headed, with horns and a disk between them, and shares with Isis and Mut many of their attributes. She is often represented as a cow coming forth from the mountain of the west. The worship of Hathor is exceedingly ancient, and The god. she was supposed to be the goddess of beauty, love, and joy, fine art. and the benefactress of the world. The forms in which she is depicted on the monuments are as numerous as the aspects from which she could be regarded. Full length figures of this goddess in bronze and faïence are comparatively few, but plaques and pendants of faïence upon which her head is inscribed or painted are common.

For a fine example in bronze of Hathor, cow-headed, wearing horns, disk, uræus and plumes, see B.M. No. 22,925. The British Museum also possesses two interesting bronze hollowwork portions of menáts in which Hathor is represented in

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1 A list of the gods with whom she is identified is given in Lanzone, Dizionario,
p. 863, 864.
? On a pendant, B.M. No. 302, she is represented at full length, in relief.
; For a fine example, see B.M. No. 22,925.

profile. No. 20,760 shows the goddess wearing an uræus on her forehead, and four uræi on her head; she has the usual head-dress of women falling over her shoulders. Beneath is a Hathor-headed sistrum, with pendent uræi, resting on

7. Beneath in an oval is the cow of Hathor, wearing Q,

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