Page images
PDF
EPUB

standing in a boat. Above, on each side, is an uræus. One wears the crown of Upper Egypt, , and the other wears the crown of Lower Egypt. This beautiful object was found at Dêr el-Baħari, and is inscribed with the prenomen of Amenophis III. (ovo). No. 300 represents the goddess with a vulture head-dress, wearing . Below, in relief, are a figure of the goddess, and a floral ornament; it is inscribed A J A ,“ Hathor, lady of heaven.”

Nu Poom in I was the god of the sky and the husband of Nut. Nut , the sky, the wife of Seb, and mother of The gud

dess of Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys, Anubis, Shu, and Tefnut, was the sky. represented by a woman having a vase of water 8 on her head, and holding t in her right hand and in her left. She was painted on the outside of coffins, and was supposed

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

to protect with her wings the deceased within. Figures of this goddess in bronze or faïence are unknown to me.

Seb B , was the husband of Nut, the sky, and father of Osiris, Isis, and the other gods of that cycle; figures of this god in bronze or faïence are unknown to me.

Sera 13 ore , daughter of Rā, wife of Horus, and identified with Sesheta and Isis, symbolized the scorching heat of the sun. A bronze figure in the Louvre (see Pierret, Panthéon Egyptien, p. 17; Lanzone, Dizionario, tav. ccclxii.), gives her the body of a scorpion, and the head of a woman wearing disk and horns, by which she is identified with Isis. There is a similar figure in the British Museum, No. 11,629, on the base of which is inscribed

“ Isis, Giver of Life," and a small bronze scorpion. B.M. No. 18,667 also gives her the head and arms of a woman with disk and horns. The figures of this goddess, other than bronze, are usually made of lapis-lazuli.

Serg.

Maaḥes 981 is represented as a man, lionheaded, wearing a disk and uræus ; a few figures of this god in faïence are known.*

* See Lanzone, Dizionario, p. 272.

Neħeb-ka u ume is a god mentioned in the Book of the Dead (chap. xvii. 61; chap. xxx. 3, etc.), and pictures of him are found upon coffins. In bronze figures he has the body of a man, and the head of a serpent; in wood he has the body of an animal, and the head of a serpent, and holds in his paws (B.M. No. 11,779), in faïence he has an animal's body and a serpent's head, and either holds 0 outstretched in his paws (B.M. No. 11,795), or raises them to his mouth (B.M. No. 1197). He sometimes wears plumes and horns.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

Seker ä or Socharis, a form of the night-sun, is represented as a man, hawk-headed, holding A., 1 and ? in his hands ; for Ptah-Seker-Ausår figures, see page 215.

There are among the Egyptian gods in the British PolytheisMuseum two examples (Nos. 1419 and 22,930) of a poly

polytic figures

y of gods. theistic figure of considerable interest. They have hawks'

ithyphallic? bodies, human legs and feet, each of which stands on a crocodile, and human hands and arms; the front of the head is in the form of a jackal's head, surmounted by plumes and disk, and the back is in the form of a ram's head, surmounted by a disk and uræus. In the right hand is a whip

A, and in the left an object which I cannot identify. Each group stands on a pedestal with a circle formed by a serpent having his tail in his month. These figures have much in common with those described under the name Bes, and may be variant forms of this god.

Another figure of interest is No. 24,385, which represents a seated woman, with the head of a sheep, surmounted by disk, uræus, and horns; behind this head-dress is the tail of a scorpion. The right hand is laid underneath her left breast, which she touches with her finger and thumb, and the left rests upon her knee. The Museum of the Louvre possesses

TITID

Ta-urt (Thoueris). Thoueris, lion-headed. Sefech-Aaba, or Sesheta.

In No. 22,930, the hawk's body is more distinct, and has a head, sur. mounted by a disk, and the feathers of the tail rest upon a hippopotamus.

a similar figure with the addition of a naked child whom she
holds upon her knees, and whom she is about to suckle. »
Lanzone (Dizionario, p. 841, for the figure see tav. cccxi.) thinks
that the sheep and scorpion headed god represents Isis, and
the child, Horus.
Ta-urt

o p , or Thoueris, was the wife of Set, and she is usually represented in bronze and faïence with the head and body of a hippopotamus, the hind-quarters of a lion, and the tail of a crocodile. On her head she wears a modius which is sometimes surmounted by a disk, horns, and plumes 20.

Sefex-Aabu or Sesheta is a form of the goddess Hathor which was worshipped in Hermopolis, and was also adored in Memphis from the earliest dynasties.

FIGURES OF ANIMALS, BIRDS AND REPTILES, SACRED TO

THE GODS. The figures of animals sound in the temples, tombs and ruined houses of Egypt may, like those of the gods, be divided into three classes :-1. Votive; 2. Those worn as amulets either by the living or dead; 3. Those which stood in houses. They are made of bronze, steatite, basalt, faïence, wood, wood gilded, lapis-lazuli, wax, and many other materials. Those in bronze, stone, and wood were usually made for temples, and to stand in tombs; those in faïence, lapis-lazuli, and other precious stones were placed on the bead-work, or under the folds of the wrappings of mummies, or were worn suspended to necklaces, by the living ; those placed in the walls of houses, but which are not sufficiently well distinguished to give many details, were usually made of faïence cast in moulds. The animals and reptiles of which figures are most coinmonly found are:1. Ape, dog-headed, wearing disk and crescent, Animals

sacred to • sacred to Thoth and Chensu. Figures in bronze, stone, wood the gods. and faïence, in which he is represented sitting, sometimes on a pedestal with steps, or standing, are common; sometimes

« PreviousContinue »