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hewed in pieces by Samuel, 157.
Agapæ, or Love Feasts, ii, 438.
Agincourt, Victory of, vii, 74.
igni, in Hindu Mythology, the god
of fire, 1, 75.

griculture, in Egypt, iii, 206;
Jefferson's acquaintance with im-
provements in, xi, 284; scien-
tific, xii, 421, 428, 429, 430.
grippa, Herod, at Cæsarea, Paul
"almost persuades him to be a
Christian," ii, 447.
grippa, Baths of, iii, 121.
hab, King of Israel.-(1918-896
B. C.) Son and successor of
Omri, ii, 244; builds temple to
Baal, 244; dwells with Jezebel
in splendor at Jezreel, 245; wit-
discomfiture of Baal's
prophets on Mt. Carmel, 258;
acquaints Jezebel, who threatens
Elijah's life, 259; covets Na-
both's vineyard, 266, 267; with
Jezebel secures it by craft, and
compasses Naboth's death, 269,
270; punishment of both king
and queen, 271; death of, 273;
death of Jezebel and Ahab's sev-
enty sons, 279.


naz, King of Judah (742-727
B. C.), his subjects slain and
taken captive, ii, 296.

naziah. Son of Ahab, and King
of Israel (896-894 B. C.), sends
soldiers to arrest Elijah who are
consumed by fire, ii, 274, 275;
his death, 275.

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Alaric.-King of the West Goths
(1376-410 A.D.), invades Greece,
Athens ransomed, iv, 346, 347;
retires before Stilicho, but ad-
vances into Italy, 347; extorts
great ransom from Rome, 349;
returns to Rome (410 A.D.) and
sacks it, 350.

Albans, Saint, English Church of,
▼, 149.
Albertus Magnus.



- (1190-1280.)
Teacher of Thomas Aquinas, and
able expounder of the scholastic
philosophy, v, 233; vii, 32.
Albret, Jeanne d'. (1 5 2 8-7 2.)
Queen of Navarre, viii, 119.
Alcibiades.-(450-404 B.C.) Athe-
nian general and politician, at-
tracted by Socrates, i, 209, 253,
257; banqueting, 250; passions
and appetites, 268; traitor to
his country, 275.
Aldworth, Surrey, Tennyson's home,
and death at, xiii, 457.
Alembert, Jean Baptiste



(1717-83.) French philosopher
and mathematician, xiii, 29, 55.
Alençon, Duke of, vii, 90.
Alexander the Great. (323-356
B.C.) King of Macedon, i, 62,
63; family history, iii, 389;
education, 389;
Greek heroic and tragic poetry,


For location of Volumes in Books,

Roman numerals refer to Volumes.
e Prefatory Note at beginning of Index.

389; affection for Aristotle,


389; ascends throne, 389, 390;
invades Greece, 390; made com-
mander-in-chief to prosecute war
against Persia, 390; captures
Thebes, 390; invades Asia, 391;
defeats Darius, 391, 392;
marches toward Egypt,
conquers Egypt, 393; believes
himself of divine origin, 393;
founds city of Alexandria, 393;
becomes master of eastern Medi-
terranean coast, 393; destroys
Persian Empire, 393, 394;
picious character of, 395; kills
his general, 395, 396; marriage,
396; conquests lead into India,
396, 397; constructs fleet in
Phoenician ports, 398; receives
embassies from all nations
around Mediterranean, 398;
death, 399; influence of reign,
399, 401; wars of, led to intro-
duction of Greek civilization into
Ásia and Egypt, v, 328; vii, 109.
Alexander I. Czar of Russia

(1801-25), vii, 289, 291; suc-
cession of, ix, 77, 87, 95, 141;
at Congress of Vienna, 159; def-
erence to Metternich, 180, 235,
275, 280, 281, 288; death, 313;
autocrat of all the Russias, x,
155; adds Finland to his king-
dom, 156.

Alexander II.-Emperor of Russia,
X, 195.

Alexander VI, Pope.-(1492-1503.)
vi, 142, 168, 171.

Alexandria, Egypt, in the reign of
Ptolemy Philadelphus, iii, 214;
great seat of commerce, 215;
renowned schools, 215, 313; in
the time of Queen Cleopatra,
322-329; in Constantine's day,
the centre of theological agita-
tions, iv, 158.

Alexis. Son of Peter the Great

(1690-1718), a trial to his fa-
ther, viii, 358-360, death of, 361.
Alfred the Great.-(849-901.) King
of the West Saxons (871-901).
The Saxons in England, viii, 25;
birth and parentage, 33; edu
cated at Rome and visits at Paris
court of Charles the Bald, 34;
rule of his brothers over Wessex,
35; fights the Danes, and begins
his reign, 35, 36; a fugitive
(A.D. 878), but is victorious at
Ethandune, Guthrum succumbing
to Alfred and receives baptism,
36-38; treaty of Wedmore gives
Danes slice of England, which
they occupy and settle, 38; con-
structs fortresses and other de-
fences, 41; reorganizes his army
and navy, 42-45; destroys Dan-
ish fleet, 44; siege of Rochester,
45; laws and codes of, and
maintenance of justice, 46-52;
educational efforts, 53, 54; fur-
ther Danish invasion under Has
ting, and defeat of, 55-57; death
and character, 58-62.
Alger, Russel A.

Secretary of War during Cuban
War, XV,


Algeria, Extension of France's Col
ony of, ix, 346; Conquest of
(1830), 215.

Algiers, Decatur chastises, xi, 283.
Alien and Sedition Laws, Enact-

ment of, under John Adams's
administration, xi, 254.
Ali Pasha.-(1741-1822.) Alban-
ian pasha of Jannina, death of,
ix, 295.

Alison, Sir Archibald.

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1867.) His "History of Europe,"
ix, 350.

"Allegro, L'," Milton's, xiii, 331.
Alma, Battle of the (Crimean
War), in 1854, x, 183.

Roman numerals refer to Volumes. For location of Volumes in Books,
see Prefatory Note at beginning of Index.

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Althorp, Lord (Earl Spencer).
English statesman and reformer
(1782-1845), x, 25, 29, 34, 46,
54, 66.

Aluminum, extended uses of the
metal, xiv, 438.


lay on, in letter to a correspond.
ent, xiii, 271, 272.

America, British, "Summary View
of the Rights of," xi, 273.
American Idea, the, Origin of, xi,
23; Institutions, 23;
tion, 51; Independence born,
49; resistance to taxation, 229.
American Independence, Jefferson
identified with, xi, 275.
American Leaders, xii, 23.
American trade, Jefferson seeks to
remove shackles from, xi, 283.
American Union, The, xii, 145. See
Webster, Daniel...
Ammon.-Veiled Egyptian deity, 1,

33; temple at Thebes, 112.
Ammon Ra, physical sun of Egypt-
ians, 1, 33.

Amorites, Nation of the, ii, 34.


'Amos Barton," "Sad Fortunes of,"
George Eliot's, vii, 357, 358.
Ampère, André Marie.

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1836.) French physicist, electri-
cal investigations, xiv, 401.
Ampère, Jean J. A.-(1800-64.)
French literary historian, vil,
*** 249.

Alva, Duke of.-(1508-82.) Span-
ish general, vii, 166.
Ambrose, Saint.-(340-397 A. D.)
Bishop of Milan, iv, 247; im-
portance of his See in his day,
252; birth at Treves, and early
education, 253, 254; governor
of Northern Italy and arch-
bishop of Milan, 254; adminis-
trative ability, 256; baptism and
surrender of his princely fortune,
256; tilt with heretics, 258;
Manicheans and Arians, 258,
259; Empress Faustina (an
Arian) challenges Ambrose
public disputation, 261; refuses
to compromise himself in the
palace of an enemy, 265; issue
raised with an angry sovereign,
266; seeks shelter in the sanc-
tuary, which Faustina's troops
refuse to invade, 266, 267; queen
baffled and Valentinian threat-
ened with a revolt, 270, 271;
temporal power yields to the
spiritual, 271; ambassador to
barbaric courts, 271, 272; Theo-
dosius slaughters the people of
Thessalonica, 274; grief of Am-
brose, who writes a letter to the
emperor insisting on his repent-
ance and expiation, the emperor
yields, 275; his laborious life,
charity, and humanity, 277; af-
fection for St. Augustine, 278;
death and eulogy, 279, 280.
America, discovery of, vi, 108; field
for enterprise and industry, 126;
mission of and immediate results
of discovery, 130, 131; Macau-
Roman numerals refer to Volumes.
see Prefatory Note at beginning of Index.

Amphitheatre, Roman, iii, 102.
Anæsthetic, surgical, first efficient,
xiv, 478.

"Analects" (Lun-yu) of Confucius,
i, 153, 156, 175.
Anaxagoras.Greek natural phi
losopher (1500-428 B. C.), at-
tempts to square the circle, iii,

Anaximander.-Greek physical phi-
losopher (611-547 B. C.), geo-
metrical knowledge of, iii, 173.
Anaximenes. (Circa 6th. cent.
B. C.) Greek philosopher and
friend of Thales, i, 261; crude
notions of astronomy, iii, 160,
Ancestors, Worship of, in China,
i, 165...

For location of Volumes in Books,

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Angro-Mainyus.-The evil power in
the Zoroastrian system, i, 57, 58.
"Animals and Plants under Do-

mestication," variation of, Dar-
win's, xiv, 164, 172, 180.
Animal worship, Egyptian, i, 39,
40; influence of, extended to the
Jews, 41.

Animals of Egypt worshipped neath
the temple, ii, 341.
Anne, Princess.-(Afterwards
Queen.) Wife of Prince George

of Denmark (1665-1714). play-
mate with Sarah Jennings (after-
wards Duchess of Marlborough)
at York House, vii, 183-185; her
character, 185; marriage, 186;
corresponds (as "Mrs. Morley")
with Duchess of Marlborough
("Mrs. Freeman"), 186; resides
at Chatsworth, 187; succeeds to
British throne (1702), 191;
alienated from Duchess of Marl-
borough, 199-201; takes up Mrs.
Masham in place of "Mrs. Free-
man," 203; parts with Lord
Godolphin, her confidential min-
ister, 204; dismisses Duchess of
Marlborough, 206; also dis-
misses Duke of Marlborough,
215; her death, 217.

Anne, Queen of Great Britain
(1702-14), Court of, vii, 182;
ruled by Duchess of Marl-
borough, viii, 102; English writ
ers of the reign of, xiii, 281.
(See Preceding.)

Anne of Austria.-Wife of Louis
XIII of France, rules through
Italian favorites, viii, 102.
"Anne of Geierstein," Scott's, xiii,

Anselm, Saint-(1033-1109.) Me-
dieval Theology, v, 171; birth,
family, and contemporaries, 171,
172; studies under Lanfranc,
whom he succeeds as prior, then
abbot, of Bec (1063-93), 173;
his theological and philosophic
studies, 173; becomes arch-
bishop of Canterbury on death
of Lanfranc, 175, 179; breach
with William Rufus, 180; quar
rel with the King over the rite
of investiture, 182-186, 193; the
Pope refuses to depose Anselm
at King's bidding, 186; Anselm
finally receives the pallium, 187;
the appeals to Rome, 188; sides
with the Pope rather than with
his sovereign, 190; visit to
Rome, 194; Henry I becomes
reconciled to the archbishop,
195; death and estimate of, 196,
197; combats the Nominalism of
Roscelin, 209; vii, 36, 117, 123.
Anselm of Laon. - (1030-1117.)
French theologian, vii, 33, 36.
Anson, Ellen Louise. Wife of
Woodrow Wilson, xvi, 25, 26.
Anthony, Susan B. (1820-1906.)
American reformer, woman suf-
fragist, xvi, 142; family his-
tory, 142; active in temperance
and anti-slavery organization,




Antietam, Battle of (Sept., 1862),
xii, 333.

For location of Volumes in Books,

Roman numerals refer to Volumes.
Bee Prefatory Note at beginning of Index.

Anti-Corn-Law Association, x, 79.
Anti-Federalists, xi, 160.
Anti-Masonic movement in U. S.
political history, xii, 77, 78.
Antioch, Saul and Barnabas at, ii,
415; Christians of, 417; contri-
butions of, to their poor breth-
ren, 417; its baths, theatres,
museums, and temples, iii, 212.
Antiochus IV. - King of Syria

(175-164 B. C.), detests the
monotheism of Jews and afflicts
them, ii, 393; death of, 394.
"Antiquary," The, Scott's novel,
xiii, 112, 113.

Antiquity, Classical, rich in poetry,
i, 321; ii, 33; Moses, august
character of, 97.
Anti-slavery agitation, xii, 215,

216, 223; movement, 255.
Antisthenes. — (4 4 4-3 71 B. C.)
Athenian philosopher and found-
er of school of the Cynics, i,
215, 257.

Antoninus Pius.-Emperor of Rome
(138-161 A. D.), adopts his fu-
ture son-in-law, Marcus Aurelius,
iv, 107.

Antonio, the Merchant, of Shaks.
peare's plays, xiii, 305.
Antony, Mark. - Roman general
(83-30 B. C.), Cicero's philippics
against; his infatuation for
Cleopatra, iii, 297, 312, 323;
marries Octavia, 323; fights Oc-
tavius (Augustus Cæsar) at
Actium (31 B.C.), 326; civil
war ends his career, 328; dies
before Cleopatra, 329; vii, 109.
Aosta, Italy, birthplace of Anselm

(1033), v, 171.

Apelles. Greek painter (time of
Alexander the Great), "the Titian
of his day," i, 309, 310, 311;
iii, 138, 139; Venus (Aphro-
dite) of, 143.

Aphrodite (Venus). Goddess of
love and wedlock, i, 48, 117,
120; mother of Eneas, 118;

statue of, 126.

Aphrodite, The, of Praxiteles, iil,

Apis, the sacred bull of Memphis,
i, 39.

Apollo. Sun-god of Greeks and
Romans, i, 48, 49; oracle of,
112; chief

Olympian divinity,

115, 117, 120.
Apollo Velvedere.-Sculptured fig
ure of, i, 125; vi, 187, 192.
Apollodorus. - (Circa 404 B. C.)

Greek painter, i, 257, 307; in-
vented chiaroscuro, 308; iii,
134, 136.

Apollonius of Perga, Greek geo.

metrician (circa 2nd half of 3rd
cent. B. C.). Iis treaties on
conic sections, iii, 177.
Appomattox, Lee's capitulation at
(April, 1865), xii, 343.
Aquila and Priscilla.-Paul lodges
with, at Corinth, ii, 432, 435.
Aquinas, Thomas.-(1225-74). The
scholastic philosophy, v, 215; a
recruit of the Dominican order,
231; birth and parentage, 231;
a prodigy of dialectical skill,
232; studies under Albertus
Magnus, 233; personal appear-
ance, 234; his commentary on
the "Book of Sentences," 234;
doctor of theology, 235; the
"Summa Theologica," 235, 236,
247; the "Catena," an interpre-
tation of Patristic literature,
236; offered preferment but re-
fuses it, 238; Dr. Vaughan's
"Life" of the medieval doctor,
239; Platonic and Aristotelian
in his writings, 241; death, 241;
vii, 32, 35, 37.

Patriarchial monotheism
of, ii, 42; its fine horses, 206;

For location of Volumes in Books,

Roman numerals refer to Volumes.
see Prefatory Note at beginning of Index.

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