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forecast by Isaiah, 312, 313;
great emporium of trade and of
the manufacture of imperial

purple, iii, 213; vi, 128.
Tyrian Merchants, vi, 96.
Tythings, in England, in Alfred

the Great's day, viii, 50.

U.

Jefferson, xi, 293, 315, 317, 318.
University Tests, English, x, 362.
Unknown Reality, Symbols of, xiv,

124, 126.
Unsuccessful Reforms, vi, 141. See

Savonarola.
“Unto this Last,” Ruskin's, xv,

104.
Upper Congo river, Map of the,

xiv, 330; Stanley at the, 341;
steamers on and railway traffio

now alongside, 341.
Upshur, Abel Parker. (1790-

1844.) American Secretary of

State (1843-44), xii, 227.
Urban II. Pope (1088-99), V,

171, 182, 183, 192, 347.
Urban VIII.-Pope (1623-44), vh,

450.
Urim and Thummim (two orna.

ments attached to breastplate of
Jewish high-priest which, when
consulted by him, at times, gave
mysteriously oracular responses),

Oracle of, ii, 174.
Ur of the Chaldeans.-i, 30, 41.
Useful and Mechanical Arts, ili,

195.
Utah, Organization of, as Terri.

tory, xii, 233.
Utrecht, Holland, viii, 269; sil,

278.
Utrecht, Treaty of (1713), viii,

287.

V.

Ubaldo, Guido. Mathematician,

vi, 433.
Uganda, Africa, xiv, 341.
Ultramontanism, Fabric of, shat-

tered by Prussia's Seven Weeks'

War with Austria, x, 289.
“Uncle Tom's Cabin,” Mrs. H. B.

Stowe's, vii, 293; xiii, 420.
Union, Irish, with England, Repeal

of, ix, 261, 263; x, 74.
Union (American), Preservation of

the, xii, 108, 241. See Lincoln,

Abraham.
Union, The American. See Web-

ster, Daniel.
Union of all Italy, Roman pleb-

iscite votes for, x, 144.
United Italy, x, 101, 106. See

Cavour.
United States Bank, Jackson's war

on, xii, 58, 60-62; crash of, 69;
winding-up of, 70, 71, 81, 128,
151; on Bank Bill, 191, 202,

203.
United States histories, written

chiefly by New England men of

letters, xi, 35.
United States Senate, xii, 201, 206,

208.
United States v. Perchman, Case

of, xi, 356, 360.
Unity of Italy, x, 238.
Universalists, Original, vi, 362.
Universe, Structure of the, Galileo

on, vi, 443.
University of Paris, V, 221, 222.
University of Virginia, founded by

Val d'Arno, Early Tuscan art in,

xiv, 101.
“Valkyrie,” Wagner's opera, siv,

49, 50.
Valley Forge, on the Schuylk ill, xi,

136, 139; John Marshall at,

329.
Vallière, Duchesse de la. Louis

XIV's mistress, viii, 267, 275.
Valois, House of, battling with

Roman numerals refer to Volumes. For location of Volumes in Books,
see Prefatory Note at beginning of Index.

-

.

ideas of the Reformation, viii,
67; seeks to extinguish Prot-
estant religion, 73, 115, 128,

303.
Valois, Marguerite de. Sister of

Charles IX of France, and wife

of Henry IV, viii, 120.
Valtezza, Greeks with 5,000 men

repulse 15,000 Turks at (1821),

ix, 293.
Van Beneden, Pierre J. (1801-

94.) Belgian zoölogist, xiv, 455.
Van Buren, Martin.-(1782-1862.)

American President, xi, 209,
290, 310; xii, 50, 68, 70, 128,

129, 130, 223.
Van Dyke, Rev. Dr. Henry.

(1852- .) American divine and

author, xiii, 461.
Vane, Sir Henry (1612-62), in
English Civil War

took part
against royalists, though op
poses Cromwell's usurpation, viii,
229; Shakspeare's friend, xiii,

299.
Van Eyck, Hubert van. (1366-

1426.) Flemish painter, vi, 194.
“Vanity of Human Wishes,” John-

son's, xiii, 94.
Van Rensselaers, The, of New

York, xi, 285.
Varennes, Lord of, Calvin accepts

silver goblet from, vi, 343.
"Variation of Animals and Plants

under Domestication,” Darwin on

the, xiv, 164, 180.
Varius Rufus, Lucius.—(1st cent.

B. C.) Roman epic and tragic

poet. His “Thyestes,” i, 334.
Varna, Russian port of, x, 162,

179, 181, 183.
Varro, Marcus Terentius. (116-

27 B. C.) Roman scholar and
author, i, 123, 310, 371; his

De re rustica,” 371.
Varuna, “encompasser" of Uni-

verse, chief deity (god of the

sky) in the Vedas, i, 75.
Vasco da Gama. (1469-1524.)

Portuguese navigator, vi, 118;

xiv, 261.
Vassar, Matthew. (1792-1868.)

Founder of Vassar College, xvi,

146, 147.
Vatican, Rome, V, 123; vi, 177;

Terrors of the, viii, 78.
Vauban, Sébastien de. (1633-

1707.) French marshal, viii,

251, 268.
Vaughan, Charles John. (1816-

97.) English divine and writer,

V, 236, 239.
Vedas, Indian, i, 32.
Vedas, sacred books of the Hindus,
i, 69, 73, 320;

pantheistic
poems or hymns, 74-77; chief

gods of, 75; Brahmanical, 77.
Vedic worship of natural powers

and phenomena, i, 60; differ-
ence between Vedic and Avestan

religions, 60.
Vendôme, Duke of.-(1654-1712.)

French general, and brother of
Louis XIII, vii, 78; viii, 199,

286.
Vendôme, Place, Paris, viii, 315.
Venetians obtain from Tyrians art

of making glass, V, 353.
Venezuela Boundary Dispute, xii,

393, 394.
Venice, Art and architecture in,

xiv, 101.
Venice, Byron's life at, xiii, 163,

165.
Venice, rich and powerful in 12th

cent., vi, 95, 194, 443.
Venizelos, Eleutherios. (1864. :)

Prime Minister of Greece; fam-
ily history, xv, 241-243; educa-
tion, 243; practices law, 243;
leader of Liberal party, 243;
leads Cretans against interven-
tion of Turkey, 243; favors

Roman numerals refer to Volumes. For location of Volumes in Books,
see Prefatory Note at beginning of Index.

war

comes

union of Crete with Greece, 243;
heads revolt, 244;

ordered to
Greece by Military League, 244;
elected to Chamber of Deputies,
244; arrives at Athens, 245,
246; made Premier of Greece,
246;

recalls Constantine to
army, 246; revises Constitution,
246; reorganizes Greek army,
246-248; does not favor
with Turkey, 248, 249; wel-

Cretan delegat to
Greece, 249, 250; attempts to
reconcile dispute with Bulgaria,
251; puts Greek forces at dis-
posal of Allies, 253; heads pro-
visional
government

in Crete,
253; establishes government at
Salonika, 253; raises army
when Greece enters war, 254;
attends Peace Conference, 255;
elected to Council of the League
of Nations, 257;

attempted
assassination, 257; resigns with
Cabinet after defeat, 258; criti-
cised at home and abroad, 258,
259; admirable traits of, in deal.
ing with the Greek people, 259;
personality, 260; resembles
Phillips Brooks, 261; character-

istics, 263, 264.
Venus (Aphrodite). - Goddess of

beauty, i, 47, 48; vii, 111.
Venus, the Planet, Galileo exam.

ines, vi, 446.
“Venus,” The, Prize case of, xi,

357.
Venus Urania.—vii, 24, 25, 31.
Venus de'

Medici, Michael
Angelo's, vi, 192.
Venus de Milo, Greek statue of, vi,

187.
Venus Polyhymnia. · vii, 24, 31,

109.
Venus rising out of the Sea, &

painting of Lysippus for
temple in Cos, i, 309.

Verdi, Giuseppe.—(1813. .) Ital.

ian composer, xiv, 67.
Vergennes, Count de.-(1717-87.)

French diplomat, xi, 88, 89, 91,

95, 98, 239, 252, 281, 283.
Vermin, Skin and Hair, xiv, 455.
Vermland, Sweden, xiv, 200.
Vermont militia, xi, 134.
Vernet, Horace. (1789-1863.)

French battle-painter, vii, 364.
Verney, Lord.—English politician,

ix, 73.
Verres, Caius.-Roman official, the

subject of six orations against

him by Cicero, ix, 81.
Versailles, Palace of, Paris, Vin

187, 188; viii, 274, 276; ix, 61,

303, 304, 308, 311; X, 301.
Verulam, Lord (Francis Bacon).-

vi, 390.
Vestal Virgins.-Guardians of the

hearth in Roman mythology, who
saw that the sacred fire was ever

kept burning, i, 136.
Via Appia, via Sacra, via Flaminia,

Rome, iii, 224, 225.
“Vicar of Wakefield,” Goldsmith's,

xiii, 66, 101, 108.
Vicegerent of Christ (Leo X), Vi

244.
Vicegerent of the King (Thomas

Cromwell to Henry VIII), Vi

258.
Vice-Presidency, Jefferson's retire.

ment from, xi, 295.
Vicksburg, Siege and capture of,

in American Civil War (July 4,
1863), xii, 297, 299, 303, 304,

341, 342, 359-369.
Vico, Giovanni Battista. (1668-

1744.) Italian philosopher, vii,

299.
Victoire, Place des, Paris, viii, 315.
Victor Emmanuel II. (1820-78.)

King of Sardinia, and after.
wards of United Italy, x, 101,
103, 108, 118, 120, 122, 123,

a

Roman numerals refer to Volumes. For location of Volume's in Books
see Prefatory note at beginning of Index.

132, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143,

144, 145, 239.
Victoria, Queen of England.

(1819-1901.) ix, 221, 357, 362,
864; , 59, 168, 33, 362; Em-

press of India, 369.
Victoria Falls of the Zambesi, xiv,

313, 314.
Victorian reign, 1, 62; age, xiii,

441.
Victoria Nyanza Lake, Africa, xiv,

312, 327, 329-331.
Victorian Parliament (9th), &, 372.
Victors, To the, belong the

Spoils,” xi, 297.
Victory,” English warship, xiv,

237.
Vienna, Austria, viii, 153; Czar of

Russia at, 346; elegant society

of, ix, 144; X, 263, 275.
Vienna, Congress of (1814), viii,

348; ix, 131, 235, 248, 348;

X, 156.
Vienna, Treaty of (Oct., 1864), by

which Denmark surrenders
Schleswig-Holstein to Austria

and Prussia, X, 284.
Vienna, Turks besiege, but is

saved by John Sobieski, viii,
341; Peter the Great's visit to,

346, 347.
Vieta, François. ( 1540.1603.)

French mathematician, xiii, 300.
Villa Franca, Treaty at, x, 133.
“Village Sorcerer, The" (Le Devin

du Village), Rousseau's, xiii, 30.
Villari.—(1827- .) Italian author,

vi, 176.
Villars, Duc de. (1653-1734.)

French Marshal, viii, 157, 251,

286.
Villèle, M. de.

French prime-
minister under Charles X, ix, 89,

98, 100, 101, 208, 210, 211, 216.
Villemain, Abel F.-(1790-1870.)

French literary historian and
minister of Public Instruction,

viii, 349; ix, 222, 225, 334,

349; X, 213.
Villiers, Barbara (Duchess of

Cleveland).-Mistress of Charles
II, gives Marlborough gift of

£5,000, vii, 184.
Villiers, Charles Pelham. (1803

98.) English politician and Corn

Law repealer, X, 81, 85.
Villiers, Hyde. College contem.

porary of Macaulay, xiii, 250.
Vincent, Henry. English politi.

cian, X, 90, 91.
Vinci, Leonardo da.—(1452-1519.)

Italian painter, vi, 194, 195,

198, 212, 428.
Virchow, Rudolf. (1821-1902.)

German physiologist and anthro-
pologist, xiv, 193; theme:

"Medicine and Surgery,” 447.
Virgil, Publius V. Maro. - (70-19

B. C.) Roman poet. His
"Æneid.” i, 334-336; vi, 26;

vii, 57, 294; xiii, 72, 97.
Virginia, Army of Northern, xii,

346.
Virginia, Prominent families of,

xi, 273; orator, 274; Patrick
Henry Governor of, 279;

planters, 284.
Virginia, Settlement of, xi, 35, 36;

elections in, 41; Presbyterians
in, 43; opposition to English
taxation in, 49; Episcopalians
of, 43; resistance to English
arbitrary acts, 49; tax law, 78;
House of Burgesses, 106-108;
best families in, 106; Washing-
ton among V. families, 112;
riflemen of, 135, 137; V.
dynasty," 155; tobacco, chief
staple of, 269; House of
Burgesses of, 271; gentlemen
and prominent families of, 271,
273; House of Delegates, 278;
University of, 293, 315, 317,

Roman numerals refer to Volumes. For location of Volumes in Books,
seo Prefatory note at beginning of Index.

1904.) German historian, xii,

108, 192, 200.
Von Luschan.-His explorations at

Senjirli, Syria, xiv, 383.
Von Moltke, Count. (1800-91.)

Prussian field-marshal, X, 287,

289, 295, 299.
Von Müller, Friedrich.-(1836- .)

German scholar, xiii, 398, 409.
Von Pfistenmeister, Baron, Bavar-

ian minister, sent by Ludwig II
to tell Wagner how much he ad-

mired his genius, xiv, 55.
Von Putkammer, Joanna.—Married

to Bismarck (1847), x, 271.
Von Roon, Count. (1803-79.)

Prussian general and minister of

war, x, 287, 289.
Von Stein, Francis, Baron.

(1757-1831.) Prussian states.

man, ix, 137, 141; xiii, 410.
Von Sybel, Heinrich.-(1817-95.)

German historian, ix, 36.
Vulgate, version of the Bible in

Latin made by St. Jerome, V,
155, 413.

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W.

318;

9

“Virginia dynasty," xii,
54, 102.
Virginia, University of, Jefferson

the father of, xi, 315, 318.
Virginia Colonized (1578) by Sir

Humphrey Gilbert, vi, 119.
Virginia legislature, John Marshall

elected to (1782-95), xi, 331.
Virgin Mary, Prayers to the, vi,

160.
Virgin Mother, The, xiii, 344.
Virgin Queen (Elizabeth of Eng.

land), viii, 132.
Vishnu, "The Preserver," the sec-

ond god of the Hindu triad, i,

83.
"Vita Nuova,” Dante's, vi, 36.
Vitellius, Aulus. (15-69 A. D.)

Roman Emperor, xii, 181.
Vitruvius Pollio.-Roman architect

under Cæsar and Augustus, i,

299; iii, 99; V, 382, 384.
Vittoria Colonna. (1490-1547.)

Italian poetess, of an illustrious
Roman family, vi, 213; vii, 25,

278, 300. See Colonna, Vittoria.
Volga, River of European Russia,

viii, 339; xiv, 334.
Volney, Constantin, Count.-(1757-

1820.) French scholar and

author, xii, 311.
Voltaic current induction, Fara-

day's discovery of, xiv, 421.
Voltaire, François. — (1694-1778.)

French Deist and writer of
tragedies, vi, 326; vii, 38, 291,
292, 350; viii, 309, 323, 325,
353, 371, 398; ix, 351; friend-
ship with Frederic the Great,
376, 377; later rupture, 378,
396; xi, 63, 316; xii, 156; xiii,
25, 27, 31, 50, 121, 130, 160,

201, 203, 206, 245.
Volturno, Garibaldi wins battle of,

and routs forces of king of

Naples, x, 139.
Von Holst, Hermann E. (1841-

27;

Wabemba tribe, Africa, xiv, 311.
Wagner, Richard. (1813-83.)

German operatic composer,
theme: Modern Music,” xiv,
25; Weber his first inspiration,

Weber's "Freischutz" and
"Euryanthe" prototypes of his
operas, 29; his operas for the
most part embody supernatural,
mythical, and romantic elements,
29; “Lohengrin," 29; essay on
“The Music of the Future,” 30;
his obligations to his predeces.
sors, 30, 31; effect on him of
musico-dramatic combinations on
the stage, 32; youth and mar.
riage, 33, 34; “The Novice of
Palermo,” and “Rienzi,” 35, 36,

Roman numerals refer to Volumes. For location of Volumes in Books,
see Prefatory note at beginning of Index.

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