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deep earnestness, and mueh profit to our souls. Thus shall we be led to much prayer and supplication before the Throne. The odours must not be shut up within the soul, and if we wish them freely to give out their fragrance, we must, by the help of the Spirit, keep down those carnal influences, which act as a close stopper to the vials in which the perfumes are held, for then it may be that, like the alabaster box of precious ointment mentioned in Scripture, the soul has to be broken with the strokes of God's hand, that "the whole house " may be "filled "with the odour of the ointment." Let it be our aim that this be the case with us at all times, and not only in the hour of affliction. May our faces shine continually from having been in the company of our Lord and Saviour. May they be "as the 'light of the morning without clouds; as "the tender grass springing out of the earth "by clear shining after rain." (2 Sam. xxiii. 4.)

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INTERCESSORY PRAYER,

ITS DUTIES AND EFFECTS.

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ASK, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened "unto you. For every one that asketh "receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and "to him that knocketh it shall be opened." (Matt. vii. 7, 8.) "If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you.' (John xv. 7.) "And all things whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall "receive." (Matt. xxi. 22.)

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What simplicity, and at the same time what an incomprehensible fulness, there is in the Divine affirmative! We are SO familiar with the redundancy of human affirmations, that we are utterly lost in the

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majesty, and unfathomable import, of God's simple Word,-in the wondrous meaning of His " yea and amen,"—in the endless vistas of truth and blessing that are opened up in the "shall," and "will," of His promise.

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The reason why we are so deficient in practical Theology, is that we study so little the Attributes of God, and, among the rest, His faithfulness and truth. We must "know "the love of Christ which passeth know'ledge," in all its bearings upon the Divine character, if we would be "filled with all the fulness of God." Perhaps there are no texts of Scripture so difficult to realize, as the simple promises of answer to prayer. They seem to usher the soul at once into the presence of the Divine Majesty, to bring it into immediate contact with the unsearchable attributes of God, and thus humble it to the dust under a sense of its own insignificance, and the limited nature of its own perceptions. It is with the earnest desire of bringing out this important subject, as regards the duty and effects of intercessory prayer, that the author has been led to undertake this humble publication.

Two things are necessary in order to constitute effectual prayer. The one is that we pray in faith. Therefore I say unto you, "Whatsoever things ye desire when ye pray,

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"believe that ye receive them, and ye shall "have them." (Mark xi. 24.) "But let him "ask in faith, nothing wavering, for he that "wavereth is like a wave of the sea, driven "with the wind and tossed. For let not that man think that he shall obtain anything of "the Lord." (James i. 6, 7.) Lord, increase our faith, that when we pray for others, we may have our petitions.

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The other requisite of effectual prayer is, that we ask what is according to the will of God. "And this is the confidence that we "have in Him, that, if we ask anything "according to His will, He heareth us; and "if we know that He heareth us, whatsoever "we ask, we know that we have the petitions "that we desired of Him." (1 John v. 14, 15.) Can there be any doubt that to pray for the souls of others is according to the will of God? Scripture gives us both precept and example on this head.

We have the precept,-"If any man see "his brother sin a sin which is not unto "death, he shall ask, and He shall give him "life for them that sin not unto death." (1 John v. 16.) "I exhort therefore, that first "of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, "and giving of thanks be made for all men." (1 Tim. ii. 12.) "Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and

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"watching thereunto with all perseverance and "supplication for all saints." (Ephes. vi. 18.) The Lord Jesus Christ thus taught His disciples," But I say unto you, love your "enemies, bless them that curse you, do good "to them that hate you, and pray for them "which despitefully use you and persecute "you." (Matt. v. 44.) (Matt. v. 44.) He also confirmed the precept by His most holy example; for, besides the numberless intercessions that He must have offered up in the days of His flesh, known only to Himself and to His heavenly Father, three notable intercessory prayers which He uttered are left on record for our instruction. The first, when He said to Peter, "Simon, Simon, Satan hath "desired to have you, that He may sift you

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as wheat, but I have prayed for thee, that "thy faith fail not." (Luke xxii. 31, 32.) The second is the remarkable prayer contained in the seventeenth of John, in which He prayed so tenderly for His Church and people. And the third, when, hanging on the cross, He prayed for His murderers, Father, forgive them, for they know not "what they do." (Luke xxiii. 34.) Scripture furnishes us with examples of intercessory prayer being expressly commanded by God Himself. Of this we have a striking instance in the case of

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