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Ministers, as Æolus to Govern the Winds, Nnptune the Sea, &c. Therefore they called them Dii Medioxumi, Inferior Gods, as standing in the Middle betwixt the Supreme God and us, to Succor or Punish us, according to His Orders. St. Augustine, who knew them well, tells us what they Argued for them

selves, they said, We do not Non colimus mala De monla, Angeles quos dic Worship Evil Dæmous or Spicitis, ipfos el Nes colie rits, but we worship thofe mu Virtutes Dei Magai, don Mysteria Dei

whom you (Christians) call Magui. Augustin Psal. Angels, the powers of the

Great God, the Mysteries of the Great God. But St. Augustine answered them, That they must be Evil Spirits whom they Worlhipped, because they Required Worship from Men, as the Devil did from our Saviour, which the Good Angels always Refused, and he quotes, Rev. xix. 10. xxii. 9. Where the Angel forbade John to Worship him. And the fame did the Saints upon Earth, as Peter re

fused it from Cornelius and A&.x. 26. xiv.14,15. Paul and Barnabas from the Men of Lyftra, &c.

I.. But we suppose not that the Heathens had any Notion of the Supreme and True God, but that they Worshipped every one of their Gods as Supreme and Independent.

G. Some Men make Monsters of others, to hide their own Deformity! Your Guides have fet up this Notion, to hinder the Parallel betwixt the Heathen Worship of their Inferior Gods, and yours of Saints and Angels. For


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ther is nothing more Evident than that the Heathen did acknowledge the One Supreme and True God, though in much Ignorance and Superstition. St. Paul said that they knew God, that He was Manifest 21, 22. 23.

Rom.i. 19, 20, unto them, even His Eternal Power and Godead. So that they were without Excufe in their foolish Imagination, to change the Glory of the Uncorruptible 'God into an 1mage made like to Corruptible Man, &c. And he told the Athenians, whom there.

Act. xvii. 23.. fore ye ignorantly Worship, Him de. clare I unto you. He did not preach a false God unto them, but they had blended the Wor. ship of God with these Inferior Gods or mons, which was their Superstition, for so the Word fignites Δεισιδαιμονία, the fear of there Dæmons, and it is thus rendred every where in the New Testament, which we tranllare Superstition, and so your own Vulgar Latin, Ad. xvii. 22, and xxv. 19. And the Latin word Superftitio means the same thing, and is derived, as Servius has it from Super Stare, as being a fear of those Heavenly Powers who Supra Stant stand over us, and so Superflition is Superstantium rerum timor. Others derive it from Superstites, that these Devi ex bominibus fa&ti, Men Deifyed after their Death, are still Superstites, and the fear of them as luch is Superstition; or qui Superstitem Memoriam defanctorum Colunt, Who Worship the Memory of these Dead Men.


The Worship of these leler Gods is what is forbidden in the First Commandment, which respects the object of Worship, that no Religious Worship is to be given to any but to the Supreme

God alone. The Second Commandment relates to the Manner of Worship, that is, by Images. But this your Church has hid from the People, and divided the Tenth into Two to keep up the Number, that the People might think they still have the Ten Commandments. And it is thus in your very Catechism ad Parochos. But of this hereafter.

The Heathens had their Good and Evil . mones, as their Good and Evil Gerii, but according to St. Augustine's Rule, they must be Evil Dæmons who accepted the Worship of Men,which were all the Heathen Dæmons, therefore the Word Demon is taken in the Worst Sense, and translated Devil throughout the New Testament, and what we translate the Doctrines of Devils, I Tim. iv. I. is the Doctrine of the Dæmones, or of the Worship of Dæmones, didecorarías Δαιμονίων, and a various Lection has it νεκρούς na Tpeúortes, who worship the Dead. The Dee mones of the Heathen were their Dead Heroes, whom they made Divi by an Apotbeoks; as the Pope does Saints by a Canonization. But it is too Gross to put it Heathen, that they thought every one of those Gods whom they Made was the Supreme God who made themselves. They owned these to be Leller Gods, ond only the Vertues and Powers of the Great God; and they thought that


upon the

they Honoured the Supreme God the more, by doing Honour to His Substitutes; and all their Worship was Ultimately Referred to Him. So that He only was Worshipped in all their Gods and Goddes- Unus Jupiter. Auguft. de

Hi omnes Dii Deeque fit ses; for they made bim King Civit

. Deil. iv. c. xi. of all their Gods and God

Ipsum enim Deorum om

nium Dearumque Regem desses.

effe volunt. Ib. c. ix.

And the Common Appellation given to Jupiter in Homer is, Πατήρ and Βασιλεύς ανδρών τη Ow Te, The Father and King of the Gods as well as of Men. And he represents Him as Commanding all the other Gods, sending them on his Errands, calling them to Account, and sometimes Chastizing them. He was called Majus Deus, the Great God. Lucian in his Dialogues brings in Neptune making Suit to Mercury, that he might speak with Jupiter.

But besides all these, we have sufficient Testimony in Scripture of the Heathens acknowledg. ing the One Supreme and True God, Nebuchadnezzar calls him God of Gods, and Lord of Kings The most High God

And says, I blesed the most High, and

Dan. ii. 47. iji. 26. I praised and honoured Him

29. iv. 34, 35. that Liveth for Ever and Ever, whose Dominion is on Everlasting Dominion, and His Kingdom from Generation to Gem neration. And all the Inhabitants of the Earth are reputed as Nothing : And He dotb according to His Will in the Army of Heaven, and among the Inhabitants of the Earth: And no



Man can stay His Hand, or say unto Him, What doeft Thou? Ezra i. 2. vi. 16. Cyrus calls Him the Lord

*God of Heaven. And Darius

the same, in as High ExpressiDan. vi. 26.

ons as any Christian could use, The Living God, and stedfast for Ever, and His Kingdom that wbicb shall not be destroyed, and His Dominion shall be even unto the End, &c.

L. It is Strange that when they Acknowledged the Great God so fully, they did not forfake their own little Gods.

G. No, for they did not think it inconsistent to Acknowledge One God above all, and yet to Suppose that every Nation had its own God, er Gods, in Subordination to the Supreme God, and as Deputies under Him. This was their Notion. And they supposed that Judea had its own Tutelar God, as well as other countries. Therefore the King of Affyria baving Conquered it, sent to teach his People who went

2 Kin. xvii. 26. thither, the , Manner of the 27,33

God of the Land, to appease His Wrath who had Plagued them with Li

But yet they forsook not their own Gods, for it is said, They feared the Lord, and served their own Gods. And they allowed the same Liberty to the fews, who were got Required in any of their Captivities to Renounce their own God; but only to Worship the Gods of the Nations where they lived. And of these Tutelar Gads, they supposed one might be Stronger or more powerful than another,



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