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and therefore they would Boast of their Gods, one Country against another; thus said Senacherib, Who are they among all the
ii Kin. xviii. 342 Gods of the Countries, that bath delivered their Country out of mine Hand, that the Lord (the Tutelar God of Judea ) should deliver Jerusalem out of mine Hand? Where are the Gods of Hamath and of Arpad ? &c. When Mofes and Aarox told Pbaraob that the God of the Hebrews had met with them, he was not Offended that they had another God besides those which were Worshipped in Egypt; he took it as a thing granted, that every People had their own Tutelar God.
This then was the Difference betwixt the Fews and Gentiles, the Gentiles thought it lawful to Worship the Tutelar God of any Country, but still in Subordination to the Most High God, as has been shewed: On the other hand, the Jews were Obliged to Worship the Lord God, the Supreme God, and Him only, and they were forbid to Worship any of the Gods of the Nations.
But this Sin they often fell into, they Worshipped these Gods, but still in Conjunction with the Lord their God, as it is said, they did Worship and Swear by the Lord, and Swear by
1 Sam. vii. 3, 4.
L. But it is said, that they had forsaken the Lord. · G. It is called forsaking the Lord, when we will not Obey His Commandments, but Worship Him otherwise than He has Required, and join others with Him which He has forbidden.
He said, The House of Israel is Ezek. xiv. 5.7. Eftranged from Me, Separated from Me through their Idols ; yet they come and Enquire of a Prophet concerning Me, And again,
When they had sain their Chap xxiii. 39. : Children to their Idols, then came they the same Day into my Sanctuary. And
He says to them, Will ye burn Jer. vii. 9.
Incense unto Baal, and walk af, ter other Gods, and come and fand before. Me in this House which is called by MyName? It is said.
They feared the Lord, and ser1 Kin. xvii. 33. ved their own Gods, after the
Manner of the Nations. But it follows immediately, They fear not tbe Lord, because they do not after His Statutes, wherein He Commanded them not to fear other Gods. And again, They feared the Lord, and served their graven Images. Yet this was departing from the Fear of the Lord, but not a downright Denial of the Supreme God, or throwing him off from being any more their God, and taking any other God in his Room as the Supreme God. No, But it was taking other Gods with Him, of which
He says, Oh do not this abomiJer. xliv. 4. nable thing that I hate,
Exod. XX. 3
This was the First Sin against which God took Care to Guard in the first Commandment, Thou shalt bave none other Gods before Me, or with Me. And for the Distinction that theWorship of Inferior Gods or Ministers of God is not here forbidden, we say, Ubi Lex non Distinguit, ibi non est Distinguendum, Where the Law does not Distinguish, we must not ; for ther is no Law but may be Distinguished away. And this is exactly the same Notion the Heathen had of their Dæmones. And the Worshiping of these or Fearing them, is literally what we call Superftition. It is a Means of Grace which God has not appointed.
L. But we have reason to Suspect that several of the Heathen Dæmones, or Men Deify'd after they were Dead, were Suppofititious, and that no such Men ever were in the World.
G. Many such will be found in the Catalogue of your Saints. What think you of the Seven Sleepers, who Slept 362 Years, and thought it but One Night? What "think you of the Eleven Thousand English Virgins, all Martyred together at Cologne; and the fine Legend told of them? What do you believe of St. George his killing the Dragon, and Rescuing the King's Daughter ? As true as our Ballad of the Dragon of Wantly. Yet ther are Days kept for all these and Offices made for them, with Prayers to them, and to God, that we may be Saved by these their Merits. Ther are Multitudes of the like, which you will find, even to
à Surfeit, in the Devotions of the Roman Church, with their Breviaries, Milals, Legends, and Authors quoted at large. And can these Prayers be in Faith, to Persons that never were in Being, and for the Merit of Actions that were never done? This is a Means of Grace of our own Invention indeed!
Besides, many have been Canonized for No. torious Crimes, as our St. Thomas Becket of Canterbury, whose Merit was, that he would Exempt all Ecclefiafticks from the Secular Power, though even in Civil or Criminal Causes, which was called Asserting the Liberties of Holy Church, and it is fully Allerted in the Bulla in Cæna. Bat notwithstanding all these Authorities, it is a Wicked Principle, and dissolves all Civil Government, it Exempts from the King's Obedience the First of the three Estates of the Realm, which has or ought to have the greateft Influence upon the People ; and transfers their Allegiance to another Soveraign, which is the Highest Treason, by the Laws of all well Governed Nations, as well as by the Laws of God. Yet for Asserting this Becket was Canonized; and for not giving way to it, the King was Whipped by the Monks of Canterbury, to which he was forced to Submit, in those times of Papal Supremacy.
Such another was the Last Year's Saint Pope Pious V. the great Afferter and last Practicer of the Power of the Pope to Depose Princes; and who broke the Communion of the Church of England.
But ther is one Saint (truly fo) of whom I have relerved to speak in the last Place, because of the Excesses of your Church in their Devotions to Her, bordering even upon Blasphemy to any Common Ear. No less than a Canonized Person St. Bonaventure has Published what he calls, The Psalter of the Blesed Virgin Mary, wherein every one of the 150 Psalms, as likewise the Te Deum, and other moft Solemo Adorations of God, are all turned to the Virgin Mary. Rosaries and Books of Devotion to Her are many, here is one translated into English for the Use of the Roman Catholicks here, intituled, The Devotion of Bondage, or the Practice of perfectly Confecrating our selves to the Service of the Blessed Virgin. Permissu Superiorum, 1632. It is Licensed and highly Recommended both to Clergy and People by the Bishop of St. Omars, with several Indulgences granted to those who shall Devoutly make use of it ; wherein we offer up our selves, both Souls and Bodies, as Bond-slaves to the B. Virgin: Among whole High Prerogatives you will find this the Sixth, p. 32. The Soveraign Dominion that was given Her, not only over the World, but over the Creator of the World. This indeed might well Ground that Petition made to her, Jure Matris, Impera filio. By the Rigbt of a Mother, Command
Command your Son. . And her being callid The Mother of the whole Trinity, in the Misal Polon. fol. 237. In the Primer or Office of the Blesed Virgin Mary,