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nomy, and that it is not befitting to the , obligation by our laws and law makers, ministers of religion to give opinions or which, working through a course of advice upon them. Against the spirit of years, has at length come to a term.this objection I enter my determined

II. protest. It can be advanced by only REPLY OF THE WESLEYAN CONFERENCE ignorance or unfairness. What are po- TO THE INVITATION ADDRESSED TO THEM, litics, but the knowledge and practice of -“ The Conference is unanimous in the the claims of right and the obligations opinion that it is not called upon to enter, of duty which belong to men as as a body of Christian Ministers, into the bers of society ? Is not this know. discussion of a subject, on which such ledge and practice an essential part of different opinions are conscientiously entmorality? And is there, can there be, tertained by large classes of our people, any religion without morality ? As and which is primarily a question of poteachers of religion, therefore, we are litical economy.” bound to be teachers of politics, and to FROM THE Rev. GILBERT WARDLAW's guard the important subject against errors ANSWER TO THE GENERAL INVITATION.and abuses. Our object is to teach the “On the score of principle, I conceive the politics which flow from piety - the Convention is liable to the objection of politics of equitable benevolence, the being an ultra- official interference by politics of the Gospel, the politics of ministers of religion, met in that parJesus Christ our Saviour and Lord. We ticular character, with matters which are deeply concerned, that we, and those belong, legitimately and properly, to the to whom we minister, should render to province of civił government. With reall their due; putting to silence the spect to its consequences, my impression ignorance of foolish men; as free, and is, that even if immediate advantage not using our liberty for a cloak of ma- should resnlt to the great national quesliciousness, but as the servants of God.' tion itself from a strong demonstration of We are most earnest to guard all per- opinion on the right side, that advantage sons, to the utmost of our power, against cannot be lawfully secured at the expense sedition, treason, rebellion, in any man- of injury to the interests of religion, ner of degree, approach, or tendency. which I fear will ensue from the measure, Be it also considered, that, while the both directly, and by the establishment people have their duties, they have also of an unhappy precedent in affairs in their claims, just and honourable claims; which sacred and political duties, while and that, if these be neglected, “the meeting in the same individuals, ought cries of the poor ascend' to the Just to be carefully kept distinct. and Almighty One, who will plead To prevent misapprehension, allow their cause.' Also, to borrow the me- me briefly to add, that I most unequivomorable admonition of a lamented Chris- cally condemn the existing monopoly in tian statesman, Property and rank corn- -that I have no synıpathy with any have their rights, but they have likewise opinion which would debar Christian their duties. To the higher classes, ministers, as citizens, from the exercise therefore, even to the highest, we “have of their political rights or social influence a message from God.' But few of them that a different constitution of the Conwill give us the opportunity of delivering ference might have permitted ministers it. They come not to our places of to attend without any sacrifice of princiChristian worship, nor will they allow ple, whilst holding the above opinions us to go to them and tell them of “jus and that I regard the question of Slavery tice, temperance and the judgment to and National Religious Establishments come. Therefore, if we except writing as standing on ground entirely different and publishing, an extraordinary mea from that of the Corn Laws, with respect sure, like this assembly, is the only to that kind of interference which has method left for our endeavouring to make just been deprecated." the Word of the Lord be heard in high FROM THE Rev. W. M. BUNTING's places as well as in low; in towers and Answer.—"I beg very respectfully to palaces, and in the pits and cellars where decline the invitation with which you want and woe, disease and death, and have honoured me, to join the ensuing many a form of misery, have fixed their Conference of Christian ministers on the dwelling It is the violation of religious subject of the Corn Laws. I hope I

rightly estimate the pious and humane circumstanced as the ministers of religion impulse which has led you to summon in this country, for such an object as such a convention, and cordially sympa- the circular specifies, must be with the thise in so much of your design as re- express design of bringing their religious spects the relief of the suffering poor of influence and character to bear upon the our country. You will permit me to add, question. Now on such a topic as the that the general principles so admirably present, this influence is not legitimate. embodied in Dr. Wardlaw's answer, as The question at issue is indeed a moral, it appears in the Guardian of Saturday and even in its effects, a religious queslast, have long been, and will ever be, tion; but so are all which involve justice mine. But I am not able to bring with and beneficence between man and man. in the range of those purely Christian It is also a scientific question—but the politics, into which it is the peculiar duty science involved in it is not that of theof Christian ministers to interfere, a ology. I cannot therefore see on this much-disputed fiscal question.” ground, why a question, moral and reli

From The Rev. C. Wicksteed's An- gious in such a sense as this is, should be swer.-"In the first place, the topic of taken as it were apart from the wide discussion is a national question, involv- moral and religious heart of the whole ing the interests and demanding the at nation, and brought before (what must tention of all classes of society. Men, be confessed, if called after its distinguish. therefore, should meet to discuss it on ing characteristic, to be) a theological the broad foundation of their common assembly. Nor have I ever found, from citizenship. No class or professional observation or history, that divines gain distinction should even in appearance be anything in enlightenment, charity, or admitted in the discussion of what is no real religion, by forming themselves, class question. If the numbers be limited even occasionally, into a separate chamfor convenience sake, they should at least ber for general and national purposes. be selected from a wide circle,-as intel-On the contrary, they appear to me to be ligent philanthropy, the only quality re- as leaven, very bitter

when taken in large quired, is not limited to the clerical or quantities by themselves, but rendering any other calling.

more wholesome the lump of society, “ In the next place, it is a question of when spread, as Providence has placed political economy, one on which the them, equally over the whole." judgment of the divine, as such, can have, FROM A LETTER OF The Rev. J. CLAYin the eyes of thinking men of every TON, JUN.~"Lest it should appear unparty, no more genuine weight than that courteous not to reply to your repeated of the intelligent and educated layman. appeals in reference to the meeting at And if, from the principal form in which Manchester, I beg to assure you, with the topic comes before us, it appears ex- respect and fraternal affection, that I clusively a bread qustion, it is not essen- disapprove of such a convention of the tially more so than any other question, ministers of religion. I think that it is which relates to the full and profitable not in keeping with their unsecular chaemployment of the industry of the coun- racter and avocation—that it is entering try. This industry is the poor man's on a province for which their general property, and the poor man's bread; and habits disqualify them—that it is taking under whatever form you restrict its ad- that from the hands of the legislature, vantageous exercise (and you must allow which by common consent we consign to there are many ways of doing this), you them through our constitutional reprerub him of his bread, which is his life. sentatives—that it is likely to obstruct We cannot, therefore, separate the bread our highest usefulness, and that, however question from that entire frame work of the brethren in large towns and cities may political economy to which it belongs ; suffer little inconvenience, a large porand we can imagine a crisis when an ill. tion of them elsewhere will be subjected to judged monetary system, for instance, much and aggravated distress by the may be perceived to be as extensively movement. disastrous, and therefore as starving, as I am aware that such non-interthe existing laws on the importation of ference may be construed into a callous

indifference to the sufferings of the poor; “ A convocation of men so placed and, but I am perfectly satisfied to place



against this insinuation the whole of my one. It may be discussed on scriptural practical course to the indigent and dis- principles; and our Saviour's prophecy tressed, whose devoted friend I have been that, until His coming again, nation for a period of forty years of public life. shall rise against nation, and kingdom

Giving you, and the gentlemen asso- against kingdom,' may preserve our ciated with you, full credit for your hu- Christian statesmen from the flattering mane and Christian feelings, but regret- delusion of abjuring patriotism as a preting that my ministerial brethren are judice, and embracing a cosmopolitan connected with the conference, I am phantom, which they would in vain pernevertheless happy in assuring you that suade the statesmen of other nations to I am yours, &c.

embrace; while the apostolical injunction From the Rev. Hugh M‘Nelle's An- to “provide for our own, especiallythose of swer.*—“I thank you for the friendly our own house,' may suggest to a paternal terms in which you invite me to take Government the wisdom of not exposing part in the proposed Conference, assur- the multitudes of our fellow.countrymen ing me of a courteous reception and a to the risk of fainishing, by leaving their respectful audience even to hear me in provision dependent upon foreigners ; opposition to your opinions. Indepen- but you must excuse me when I say, that dent, however, of now impracticable dis- I can anticipate no benefit to the world, tance, and apart from the merits of the to their own country, or to themselves, question to be brought under considera- from a conference of men who stipulate tion, I am compelled to decline by the for the exclusion during their conference, terms of your printed address convening of all the essentials of Scripture truth, the assembly. In it you say, "For å under the name of sectarian differences. while, let us lay aside our sectarian and “This is not too strong: for your privted partisan differences, and, on the hallowed address is to the ministers of all religious ground of Christian charity, assemble for denominations throughout the United the

purpose of bettering the condition of Kingdom ;' and no arguments are famishing multitudes.'

required to prove that their sectarian “In what you call our sectarian differ- differences involve all the essentials of ences are involved all the eternal truths scriptural truth, including the inspiration of the Christian religion--truths from of Scripture itself.”—[This letter is dated which alone can emanate anything de- from Killarney.] serving the name of Christian charity. To admit the possibility of meeting on the ground of Christian charity without reference to Christian truth—nay, on the

BREAD MADE LIGHT WITHOUT condition of laying aside for a Mr. Brande, professor of Chemistry in while all that many among us consider the Royal Institution of Great Britain, into be God's own Word-would, in my troduced lately in his lecture on Fermenopinion, be to countenance the infidel tation, to a highly respectable auditory, liberalism, which implies that Revelation various specimens of white and brown is useless, without having the honest unfermented bread, as baked by the boldness to say so. Believing, as I do, patent process of Mr. H. Dodson, Blackthat all Scripture is given by inspiration man Street, Southwark, and explained of God, I feel bound, whatever enterprise the simple plan adopted in making I undertake, whatever subject I discuss, bread light without yeast; the sale to do all on Christian principles,

or in the heing formed in the dough, which prolanguage of the apostle, to do all in the duces the lightness, and therefore it name of the Lord Jesus; and therefore consists only of flour or meal, table salt, I cannont consent to place myself in any

and water. We find many eminent circumstances where I'must lay aside fora medical men are using it in their families, while all reference to the great and glo- and recommending it to their patients. rious truths which Christ lived, died, and Such a discovery will, we believe, prove rose again, to establish and promulgate. a blessing to thousands suffering with

“The corn law question is a national | indigestion.—Conservative Journal. • This Letter perbaps hardly relates to the topic, to which we proposed to limit ourselves ; bat it opens a question of deep interest, considering that the Conference, though composed of ministers, was found to be so mixed that they could not unite in prayer to God to bless their deliberations, the invita. tion was deemed so general, that Socialist Missionaries claim d to be present.


Friendly Appeals; or Brief Warnings | What have I TO DO WITH Missions ?

and Exhortations on subjects of the By the Rev. T. Timpson. pp. 71. greatest importance. pp. 140. cl. bds.

Soow, Paternoster Row.

This little book is in the form of a Religious Tract Society. are plain and earnest exhortations upon forms its title page, and which in one These appeals, twenty-nine in number, dialogue between a mother and her chil

dren; discussing the question which the matters, which most deserve the attention of an immortal creature. To shape after another, from the days of each is prefixed an appropriate passage the sight of Him who reads the heart,

Cain to the present hour, has been, in of Scripture, but there is no attempt to observe any set form of discourse. The

the language of selfish, unregenerate writer throws himself at once into his

Mr. Timpson has contrived to subject, and pleads with his reader in a

bring together, in a few pages, a great fervent and simple strain. Rich as is our

quantity of startling facts, regarding the store of practical theology, this volume state of the heathen world, well calculated will be a very welcome addition to it; the to impress the mind with the overwhelmhighest of truths well told can never be ing need of missionary effort ; and he otherwise.

places before the reader his duty to help

in this greatest cause, in striking and The Orphan's Friend. pp. 160. cl. bds. likely to do no mean service, in kindling

unanswerable appeals. The volume is Religious Tract Society.

and feeding a missionary spirit, and we Such a book as this was much needed; heartily bid it, “God speed.” the orphan's case demanded (what it has here received,) a collection of advices The Irish Scholar; or, Popery and upon its peculiar sorrows, temptations,

Protestant Christianity. A Narrative. duties and promises. This ó labour of

By the Rev. T. W. Aveling. pp. 108. love” has been well performed; and we

price 8d. know of no little treatise, so admirably Ward and Co., Paternoster Row, adapted for a gift to a bereaved youth. We do not know whether this is a true The hymns at the end of each address story or not, but it is full of interest are excellent, and some of them we think viewed merely as a narrative. It has, are original. These pages will cheer however, much greater merit than this; many a desolate heart, and direct to the it is a history of the rising of evangelical Father of the fatherless and God of all Truth upon a mind, sunk in the darkness consolation, in a season when the hard- and slavery of Popery; and in this reest nature is open to some good impres- spect it is admirable. If a fiction, it is sion. The book has our entire approval very close to fact. Irish character too throughout.

is well delineated. It is a little book,

that deserves well of the Christian public. Calvin's CommentARY ON THE EPISTLE


Translated from TO THE HEBREWS.

Their moral the Latin, by'a Beneficed Clergyman

condition, and the best means to emof the Church of England. pp. 197. cl.

ploy for its improvement. Prize Essay.

Price 2d. bds., price 2s. 6d.

Houlston and Stone man, Paternoster Row, Cornish and Co., 126, Newgate-street.

OUR FEMALE SERVANTS. By Henry An admirable translation of an admi

Edwards. Price. 6d. rable work. In the goodly array of Hamilton, Adams and Co., Paternoster Row. Christian commentators, Calvin holds Two valuable Tracts on a really urhigh and lionourable rank; and this va- gent subject, because relating to the inluable remnant of his mind has not suf- terests of a neglected class; and howfered in the translator's hands. The ever much we hear just now against “class volume is closely printed, and contains a legislation,” we venture to think, that great deal in a small compass ; but we in providing for the moral wants of the hope it will be rewarded with abundant country, the peculiar necessities of claspatronage. It deserves the prayerful ses must be regarded, as well as the geperusal of those, who cherish the angelic neral necessities of all. Mr. Edward's desire to look into the things of God, who Essay is the fullest and minutest in deby one after another of His servants tails; but both are very good. They reveals them to the seeking soul. will we hope lead to systematic attention

pp. 104.

to this important topic. It is almost un- , which govern and regulate the things we trodden ground.

see arouud us, so far as philosophy

and science have penetrated. The The PhilosoPHY OF COMMON THINGS. former treats of inaterials for build

ing, iron, glass, coal, and the candle; the AUNT UP'ron, AND HER NEPHEWS AND

latter of the sun, moon, stars, clouds, Neices. pp. 108.

earth, sea, winds, rain, snow, storms and Religious Tract Society.

light. The former is for persons a little Though the titles of these two books further advanced in knowledge than the do not seem particularly congruous, they latter ; but both are full of exceedingly may yet be appropriately placed together, interesting information, and they are The one does, in the form of Essays. written in a simple, unassuming style, what the other does in the shape of nar- though the writer seems quite master of rative and dialogue. The object of both the subject. They will be found two is to explain tbe laws and principles, I very useful books.

Beligious Entelligence.


were admitted into full Connexion and The new Parliament was opened by formally ordained; but the whole of the Commission on the 24th of August. Her new Candidates (88 in number,) were Majesty's Speech, in place of the cus postponed till next year, as there aptomary express reference to the need peared no probability of their being of the blessing of Providence upon its employed at present, the vacancies being consultations, substituted the more gene- fewer than usual. The Stations of the ral statement that “it is her Majesty's Preachers for the ensuing year were earnest prayer that all its deliberations appointed ; among the changes, the may be guided by wisdom."

Rev. Robert Newton was removed from In the debate upon the address, Lord Leeds to Manchester, and the Rev. W:M. MELBOURNE said, that he highly disap- Bunting from Manchester to. Great proved the topics and arguments per- Queen Street, London. It was decided, petually introduced in reference to the that two ministers, who had lately Corn Laws; adding—"I do not think preached in gowns, had done wrong, and these laws are condemned by the Chris- that it must not be practised without the tian religion, I do not think they are previous approbation of the Conference. contrary to morality.”

The Treasurer of the Centenary Fund Wesleyan Conference.—The ninety- announced, that the sum actually reeighth annual meeting of the Wesleyan ceived by him up to the present time Conference (held at Manchester this exceeded £185,000. It was found by year) commenced on Tuesday, July 27. the Committee on education, that the The Rev. James Dixon was chosen Pre- Wesleyans have in Great Britain 3,444 sident for the ensuing year, having no Sunday Schools, and 131 day and infant less than 213 votes recorded in his fa- Schools, including 390,627 children, vour; the electors being preachers, of with 64,250 teachers, and nearly 1,000 fourteen years' standing The Rev. Dr. school libraries ; but from some few cirHannah was elected Secretary by 169 cuits no returns had been received, so votes. The deaths in the ministry during that the true figures are somewhat larger the past year were found to be twenty- than these. eight. More than 240 new chapels have POPERY.–The Hon. and Rev. Geo. been opened during the same period. Spencer, it will be remembered, some The number of members in the Con- three or four years since, arranged with nexion was officially stated to be as a number of Roman Catholics in various follows:

parts of Europe, to devote a part of every

year. Increase. Thnrsday moning to prayer for the conIn Great Britain.... 328,792

version of England to Popery; and some In Foreign Missions . 84,234

5,730 of the Oxford-Tract party have now Totals..440,294

issued a Manual of Prayers for Unity, and 428,729 11,565

state on the fly-leaf that Thursday mornThirty-two Junior Preachers, having ing is particularly recommended for their passed through a four years' probation, use.

in Ireland

This year.


323,178 .. 5,614 .......... 27,268.. 27,047 .. 221


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