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might be by the spray of the water, or by | The ordinance of baptism is the symbol the showers which descended at that very of purification; as the ordinance of the time; for it is said, that “the clouds supper is the symbol of Christ's death poured out water.” And yet they were and atoning sacrifice. Here, then, we baptized unto Moses in the cloud and are at issue with our esteemed brethren, in the sea.” They were certainly not because they are fond of representing plunged, they were certainly not im- baptism to be an emblem of Christ's mersed, or how could it be said that they death and resurrection; grounded upon “passed through dry.shod ?” It must a mistaken view of that passage, "Ye have been a dry baptism indeed, if this are buried with Him in baptism"--which was all the baptism they got. Their bap- I shall by and bye have occasion to notism was the baptism of the rain, which tice. We maintain, that the spiritual descended at the time of this remarkable purification of the mind from the defilemiracle. And I might instance a great ment of sin, is the thing represented in variety of particulars; such as "he that baptism. dippeth his hand with Me in the dish”- Now how is this purification of the that did not imply the total submersion of soul effected ? First, by the blood of the hand in the dish, but merely that the Christ, which is said to be sprinkled upon hand was put forth to the dish, or into the the conscience; and therefore it is called dish, to take the sop which Christ had the "blood of sprinkling.” And secondly, previously dipped after the same manner. the Holy Spirit's grace in renewing and Therefore, even if I could be brought for a sanctifying the soul; and this also is moment to allow, that “ baptism,” in the spoken of as shed, poured out, or original application of the word, justified sprinkled; as it is writteri-“I will the translation “dipping,” I should just sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye ask what sort of dipping ? whether the shall be clean : a new heart also will I give touching or tinging, or the entire immer- you, and a new spirit will I put within sion of the whole person? When I put you.” Again, in the epistle to Titus-these circumstances together — when “ According to His mercy, He saved us I analyze the original word--when I by the washing of regeneration, and remark the use of it in all the alleged newing of the Holy Ghost; which He instances of baptism recorded in Holy shed on us abundantly through Jesus Scripture, and when I find that there are Christ our Saviour.” cases both in the Greek Septuagint and Now I appeal to you, my brethren, in the New Testament in which the word whether the influence of the Holy Spirit, will not possibly allow of the interpreta- when spoken of in Scripture, is not extion of immersion or plunging, I am hibited as something poured out-someconstrained to say, that I view that mode thing shed abroad? Do we not read to be anti-scriptural; that is, not only of the Holy Spirit as descending-as without Scripture warrant, but against falling upon the person who is the reScripture testimony.

cipient of His influences; coming down II. In the second place, 1 object to this indeed "like rain upon the mown grass, mode of baptism, as being inapposite and and as showers that water the earth ?' inappropriate to represent the thing Mark me, when I say that it seems es. which baptism intends. We all allow sential to the correctness and approprithat it is a significant representation. It ateness of the sign, that there should be is is intended to show, by some outward an agreement with and a representation and sensible sign, some spiritual truth, of the thing signified; and that in all fact or mystery:

true New Testament baptisms, there Now, then, let us ask, what is bap- must be the application of the element tism designed to represent? I answer, to the person, and not the application of at once, the purification of the soul from the person to the element. In pouring sin. I quite deny that baptism is in- or sprinkling, we apply the element to tended to represent death and resur- the person baptized. Upon the other rection of Jesus Christ. That the Lord's system, we apply the person to the elesupper is intended to represent; and it ment; and this is an inversion of the would be strange, if our blessed Re- sign, and renders it altogether inapt to deemer had appointed two ordinances to signify that which it was intended to commemorate one and the same thing. I represent.

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Much stress has been laid upon the Christ's yoke is easy, and His burden expression, “buried with Him by bap- light. But it is admitted to be a painful tism into death ;” and persons have trial to some, and must be, I should think, carried to this passage of Scripture the very inconvenient to all, to submit to the notion of an English funeral. But you immersion of the whole body under will observe, that an English funeral is water. Our Baptist friends themselves conducted after a very different manner talk of it as “taking up the cross ;” and from the funerals of the ancients. They a cross it is. Then the question is, wheburied in caves, which caves had distinct ther it is a cross of Christ's making, or chambers. Lazarus was buried in a of our own. If it is not a cross imposed

Our Lord Jesus was laid in a by the Saviour, then it is at best but tomb hewn out of a rock. He was de-will-worship, and a compliance with posited in a chamber hewn in the rock, the traditions of men, and not after the and a stone was rolled upon the mouth commandment of God. All that is of the sepulchre.

needful to baptism, is as well expressed, Now I do ask, what resemblance is and better expressed, by our own mode. there in the world between such a mode Why, then, should we impose upon ourof burial in an excavated part of a rock, selves, or exact from others, this service, and that of being put under the water if Christ did not command it ? If it and being brought out of the water again ? were obligatory by the clear command of Not the slightest resemblance on earth. God, the thing would be altogether difYet to speak of our own English fune- ferent, and we must obey at any cost or ral, the grave is first prepared, the sacrifice. But if Christ Himself has left corpse is lowered into it, and then the the mode of receiving this part of His earth is poured, sprinkled, or shovelled yoke and burden indeterminately and at upon it; so that there seems to be the large, then I say we have the choice as application of the element to the person. to the meaning and interpretation which

Then, if we are to consider, that that we feel justified in affixing to the terms expression of the apostle is intended of the command. If Christ has left it at to represent an accurate conformity to large, then why am I to be brought into the mode of burial, it will follow that bondage ? Who can prove to me, that it they who are thus“ buried” should re- is either necessary, or in any respect main under the element; for the corpse called for, that I should do that which is not brought out when once the earth it by no means appears evident that has been covered upon it, and the words Christ himself has required ? pronounced—“ Earth to earth, ashes to IV. I am constrained to remark, in the ashes, dust to dust." There is no exhuma fourth place, that I conceive this mode tion of the body. So that we are con- of baptism to be unseemly. Christ has strained to believe, that, in that and si- required, that all things should be done milar expressions, there is no reference in His worship “decently, and in order;" whatever to the mode of baptism, but to and I have selected the very mildest term the spiritual import of baptism; that all which I could possibly find in the Enbaptized persons are professedly“baptized glish language, in order to convey the into Christ's death,” that they are cru- honest convictions of my own mind on cified with Him,” that they are “planted this subject, when I have called the mein the likeness of His death.” And if my thod of baptism by immersion unseemly. Baptist brother says to me, 'You should I can hardly conceive of any thing more be buried with Christ in baptism,' I say unlike what I apprehend to have been to him, 'Why may I not be planted in the New Testament baptisms, than what His death, and stand at the water's is called a baptizing in modern times. edge, in order to receive the significant Where, I ask, in the New Testament token of my union to Him, and my par- practice, was the baptistry in the primiticipation in the benefits of His death ? tive churches of Christ ? An artificial To my own mind it appears, then, that tank, with sewers, and all other appurthis mode of baptism, while it is anti-tenances, with pipes for filling, and scriptural, is also inapposite and inap- drains for drawing off the water? Where propriate.

was the dressing of the candidates for III. In the third place, therefore, it is baptism-the women in white, the men uncalled for, and altogether unnecessary. in black robes ? Where were the weights

to keep down the borders of the garments, and in all countries. To deprive Chrisor the deacons or other assistants with tianity of its universality of application wands to prevent an unsuitable exposure would be to deprive it of one of its essenof the person? Where the hurrying tial characteristics, and one of the strongfrom the baptistry under the covering of est evidences of its Divine original. Now, another garment, in order that by the certainly in cases of bodily distemper and refreshment of wine or spirits a chill disease, it would not be practicable to might be prevented, and thus the pain- require the subject of baptism on the proful consequences which have sometimes fession of his faith to be submersed in ensued, be as much as possible avoided ? the flood, or stream, or baptistry. In a You must judge for yourselves, whether sick chamber, if a man were brought to in all these things there is any thing like believe the Gospel, and willing to receive the simplicity, the consistency, and the the initiatory rite of baptisın, you could order of the primitive mode of adminis- not well administer this ordinance to that tering baptism. Whether, I say, there was sick man in a sick chamber by immerany thing of all this, you must determine sion. So in cases of great bodily bulk for yourselves ; I consider, that in every and extraordinary stature, such as have feature it is positively unlike the ori- occurred in the case of Bright and ginal.

O'Brien and others, and of some whom I V. Fifthly, I beg to assure you, that in myself have known. There was a valumy conscientious opinion this mode of able man under my own ministry, who baptism is dangerous. It is dangerous to grew so exceedingly corpulent, that persons of a weak and sickly frame; I though he had been brought to believe dangerous to those of a nervous and ex- that baptism by immersion was the right citable temperament. Dangerous to the mode of administering the rite, he minister, when he descends, perhaps from died unbaptized, because it was found a warm address in the pulpit, to plunge impracticable that he should yield to this up to his middle in cold water; danger- mode of receiving the yoke and burden ous to the subject of baptism himself or of Christ. He was afraid that he was of herself; and there are (I regret to say, too unwieldy dimensions to be thus bapbut I must say it,) well authenticated in- tized, and that it would be very hazardstances in which the immediate cause of ous to trust himself in any hands for dangerous disease, terminating fatally, that purpose. Then in some countries it must be rationally attributed to this prac. would be absolutely impossible to protice of baptism by immersion. The ex- cure at certain seasons of the year enough cellent Dr. Ryland of Bristol was so much of the element of water. I mean in the aware of this, that he always baptized in northern temperatures of the world; in a species of mud boot, which was water- Iceland and Greenland, and other parts proof, and came far above the knees; so circumstanced, it would be really imand I once heard the Rev. Robert Hall possible to get, free from congelation, a contending for the propriety of warming sufficient quantity of water for the imthe water in this climate, before it was mersion of the whole person. used for the purpose of baptism. I do Judging, then, that this mode is anticonceive, that where Christ has not com- scriptural, inappropriate, uncalled for, manded a service of this sort, and where and unnecessary, unseemly, dangerous, it is associated with evident dangers from and even impracticable; I, for one, feel which

any other mode is altogether ex- constrained not only to decline it, but to empt, we are free to decline what may be bear my testimony against it. And this deemed a perilous service.

part of the subject I shall conclude by a VI. Lastly, I believe this mode of bap- very short extract from the writings of tisın in many cases to be impracticable ; the Rev. Mr. Watson, a Wesleyan minisand I do not believe that our Lord Jesus ter of great respectability and pretension, Christ would have instituted an ordi- and remarkably distinguished for his nance, which in any given case would be powers of reasoning. He says, “ It is found to be impracticable ; for His reli- satisfactory to discover, that all attempts gion was designed to be the universal re- made to impose upon Christians a pracligion of mankind, to be applicable in tice repulsive to the feelings, dangerous its rites and institutions to all persons to the health, and offensive to deliof both sexes in all ages, in all climates, cacy, are destitute of all scriptural au


thority, and of really primitive prac- it is not its necessary and exclusive tice.

meaning; and therefore, they who quote And now, brethren, in conclusion ; first, concessions, should, in honour and in you may learn the great importance of fairness, admit that those concessions, looking more to the sense of Holy Scrip- after all, are but those of human beings, ture, than being led by the sound of it, themselves fallible, and that, though they in forming your opinions, and in study- have made this concession, they never ing the Sacred Books. A bold and con- ceased to practise infant baptism, and to fident manner may sometimes impress practise infant baptism by pouring and the weak and the feeble minded. A sprinkling; so that their very concession man may say,

You cannot read the amounts to little indeed, in point of arNew Testament about going into the gyment-for while they made the conces water,' and coming out of the water,' sion they retained the practice, and they and buried with Christ in baptism,' and retained it upon principle and upon cona variety of passages of this sort, without science. Whenever, therefore, the confeeling at once convinced that this is the cessions of writers are quoted, in order to only fit mode of baptism.” An excellent justify the mode of immersion, I do friend, who sat under my ministry for maintain, that in all fairness, the whole some years, once said to me, “Sir, no question should be stated, and that man can read the New Testament for though those writers have conceded much, half an hour, without being convinced of they never-never for one moment, the truth of my sentiments.” I only thought of conceding the point, that said, “Sir, if he read it for half a year, he pouring and sprinkling are not as valid, will alter his views of it, and come over and much to be preferred, when compared to my side of the subject.” And it is the with the other mode. half hour, which does the inischief; it is the So, the Anglican Church has been apcursory reading of the Sacred Volunie, pealed to, because, in a certain Rubric of withoutcomparingpassage with passage and that church, the priest is commanded to without availing ourselves of those lights dip—(but whether that involves in it the which modern discoveries and the iin- immersion of the whole person is still an provements which have been made in the open question)—the priest is commanded science of philology have brought to us. to dip the child reverentially, discreetly, Without availing ourselves of these helps and advisedly, in water, unless the pawe may be carried by the sound and by rents certify that the child is of weakly the semblance of things; but if we study and of sickly health and constitution, and the matter deeply and prayerfully, and then he is to sprinkle or pour the water. with a sincere desire to know the will of But the same Rubric, with respect to God, I believe that we shall embrace the adult baptism, leaves the thing quite at truth as it has been humbly and imper- large, saying nothing of dipping or imfectly stated to you this morning. mersion, but only that the adult is to re

In the second place, we may learn from ceive baptism by the pouring or sprinkwhat has been said, that very unfair use ling of the water. For my own part, I has been made of the concessions of should never think of appealing to the Pædo-baptist writers and preachers. Anglican Church or any other Church as Many in the spirit of amiable candour authority in this case; for ecclesiastical have gone a great way in concession, and establishments have, alas! so many inhave granted sometimes in argument consistencies, tiiat we shculd be extremethat probably (they have never gone farly puzzled to know which is the right and ther) baptism was anciently, in a hot which is the wrong on any subject. Take climate, administered by immersion. for example, the Apocrypha. The Church Our friends have eagerly laid hold of the in her articles teaches that the Apocryconcessions made by Dr. Doddridge, pha is not an inspired book, and yet she Dr. Watts, and others, and they have obliges her ministers to read a lesson told part of the truth, but they really have from the Apocrypha on certain days in not told the whole of the truth ; they every year, and the Apocrypha asserts have said that those writers have granted, that it is an inspired book. What an andgranted, and granted, that immersion extraordinary dilemma is this! The is the meaning of the term; and we all Church says, “You are to read the Aposay that it is one meaning of it, but that crypha, but it is not inspired. You read the Apocrypha, and the Apocrypha ing this question materially, but that any itself tells you that it is inspired. The who have serious doubts, and are willing Church says, the priest is to “ dip the to go into the subject in its fulness and child warily in water.” Does the priest comprehensiveness, may have the means ever dip the child in water? Here then of satisfying themselves by an appeal to the whole practice of the Church is the Scriptures. against that concession, that admitted Let me not be judged harsh, when I principle. Here is another dilemma. If say, lastly, that the sentiments of our I am to be instructed by the practice of Baptist brethren will not be found to the Church, sprinkling or pouring is to be stand upon this point with Holy Scripthe mode; but if I look into the Rubric, ture. Appealing to the English version I am told that the priest is to dip the that will not serve them—they therefore child. There is another great inconsis- quarrel with that version, and they want tency. So it is with respect to the burial to have the words baptizo and baptisma of the dead, and the baptismal service translated in their own way, and accorditself; there are such singular contradic. ing to their own peculiar notions. Now tions, and such marvellous inconsisten. I like a man to come fairly to the New cies, that I was astonished that a respect- Testament as it is; and if we must comed Baptist brother, whom I sincerely pare our opinions and faith on any given love, should, in a speech which he de- subject in a Christian spirit, why, then I livered on the occasion I have referred say I will content myself with the New to, venture to quote the Anglican Church. Testament which is before us. “But no,' Could he have sincerely made this appeal say our Christian friends, we must have to a Church from which he professedly the words differently translated. It will dissented? Therefore the question is not not do to render the words baptizo and what Churches say, or what individuals baptisma by baptise and baptism. That say, or what writers concede, but“ What is only transferring the word; it is saith the Scripture ?” That is the point not translating it; and we will have it to which our appeal must be made, and translated by immerse, and immerse only.' that is the decision by which we must in Then, I ask, is it meet and is it modest all cases be bound.

that our friends should dictate to all Thirdly; let the young people in Christendom itself, how they will have this congregation, most especially, make this word translated? I ask, does it themselves acquainted with this subject. comport with that liberality and candour The time is come when it is peculiarly of which I believe they are the sincere proper that you should do so. With advocates, when they tell you, ‘You shall regard to the controversy between our have this word rendered by immerse, and Baptist friends and the Bible Society, I by nothing else but immerse ?' I should would recommend a pamphlet which has say, this is not a fair version of the word. recently been put forth by the Rev. Dr. In my conscience and before God, I beHenderson, Theological Tutor of High-| lieve it would be an unfaithful version bury Collegea work which, with great of the word. And yet we are to have a good temper and candour, seems to me new Society set up, called “The Bible to settle the point, as it relates to the Translation Society,” on purpose that question. He has brought much of in the oriental dialects the word may be oriental learning to bear upon the sub- translated by immerse, and nothing but ject of investigation, and in my judg- immerse. All that the Bible Society ment has set the matter at rest. But contends for is, ' Be so good as to transfer above all, I would recommend to my the word, as you have it in our English young friends, Thorn's unanswered and Bibles transferred. Render it by “ bapunanswerable book the Rev. Mr. tise” and “baptism ;” and then if a Thorn, of Winchester, who has gone convert should ask you, What is the into the question in the length and the meaning of these words? give it accordbreadth of it ; and I cannot but think, ing to your own conscientious views.' that those who have the arrangement of But they say, "No, we will have it in our vestry library, and other sources of our way, or we shall withdraw from knowledge and information, would do your Society, and we shall set up another well to have several copies of that work institution called The Bible Transat haud; not for the purpose of agitat- I lation Society. 'My brethren, I wish to

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