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set this before you in what I call a fair, therefore on all occasions we should en: and ingenuous light, in order that, in the deavour to conduct ourselves kindly and present age of agitation and controversy, affectionately, candidly and liberally, toyou may not be soon shaken in mind, or wards those who differ from us, not willled from the great landmarks of the ing in any respect to wound or distress Christian church.

them, but wishing them much of soul prosBut I wish you, my dear hearers, perity, and desiring that “every man to be Bible Christians — never to lay may be fully persuaded in his own mind.”' undue stress upon what after all is God grant that we may be settled, non-essential to eternal salvation. The stablished, and confirmed in every good point before us is important, but it is word and work, and be kept blameless not a point which involves the salvation and unreprovable unto the coming of or the destruction of the soul; and our Lord Jesus Christ.

THE PASTOR'S REMEMBRANCER. And this is the record of John, when the Jews , We have seen the extensive triumphs of sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask the Gospel. We have in our possession bim, Who art thou ???--John i. 19.

the canon of Scripture complete. The New Testament inforins us who I. The predictions of John's character, John was.

The person who will study work, and privileges--(Isaiah xl. 3; the account of this remarkable man, will Mal. iii. 1; Mal. iv. 5, 6). The existbe well repaid by that instruction which ence of these predictions show the omit supplies. The Old and New Testa- niscience of God; their fulfilment, His ment came from the same Divine source; power, truth, and wisdom. hence we find no disagreement between

II. John's parents.

1. The name, them. Though there are mysteries in Zacharias; the meaning of which is, the Word of God, there are no contra- “ the memory of the Lord.” This venedictions. When we read the New Tes-rable saint would never forget the mertament, and observe the remarkable cies of God. The name of his mother manner in which ancient predictions was Elizabeth ; which signifies the have been fulfilled, we see in this the oath of God.” 2. The character of operations of Providence—the hand of his parents-(Luke i. 6). What a mercy Him, who rules the universe—the Di- to have such parents as these! Their vine origin of the Holy Scriptures. Sal- holiness was universal, visible, constant. vation through the Messiah, was revealed Their piety was sincere. They lived to Adam, to the patriarchs, to the pro- as under the eye of God.

Children, phets. The promised Saviour is now value such parents as these. 3. Age. The period is drawing John's parents were very old.

" The nigh when the ceremonial law is to be hoary liead is a crown of glory,” &c. abrogated—when Judaism is to give Perhaps these eminent saints had been way to Christianity-when the partition pious many years ; if so, you see the wall is to be broken down-(2 Tim. i. grace of God in keeping them faithful. 9, 10). Now John, the Messiah's fore. The promise of a Messiah had supported runner, might have said to the church in them through life. Now He is about to the words of the prophet, “ Arise,” &c. appear. Who can support the soul, but ---(Isaiah lx. 1). "The sun was preceded Christ ? What a lovely sight to see the by the morning star-(Matt. xi. 11). aged pilgrim leaning on His arm ! Who There were many great prophet; Moses, ever found His arm insufficient ? “ Mark Isaiah, Jeremiah, were great prophets; the perfect,” &c.—(Psalm xxxvii. 37). but not one so great as John. John's 4. The office of Zecharias.

He was a light, privileges and honour were greater. priest—(Luke i. 8, 9; Chron. i. 24). What they saw

in types, promises, David divided the family of Aaron into predictions John

with his twenty-four courses. The incense which bodily eyes—(John i. 29). But our he was burning, seems to have been a privileges are still greater. We live type of the intercession of Christ-(Rev. under the dispensation of the Spirit. viii. 3, 4). Christ's intercessions make

about to appear.

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our believing prayers acceptable-(1 attention. Observe--1. John's call. He Peter ii. 5). Christians are a spiritual did not enter into this office uncalled. priesthood-(1 Peter ii. 9).

2. Qualifications. John was fitted for II. The birth of John. 1. The the office he sustained. If God gives us time-(Luke i. 5). See Jacob's prophecy work to do, He will give us ability to do -(Gen. xlix. 10). 2. The promise- it. 3. Time. When he was about (Luke i. 11, 17). These aged parents thirty—(Matt. iii. 12). 4. The subject did not expect such favours. God's of his ministry. Christ, the kingdom mercies sometimes take us by surprise. of heaven, repentance, &c.--(John iii. “ Them that honour Me," &c. The 25, 36). 5. The effects of his ministry parents of John had honoured God, and -(Matt. iii. 6). now God honours them. 3. The effects VIII. The baptism of John-(Matt. ---(Luke i. 14). Well might they re- iii). Consider, 1. The persons whom he joice, when they knew he was to prepare baptised. 2. The manner. 3. The the

way of the Lord. John was a Noah, numbers. a comfort.

IX. The trials of John. Did he IV. The name. John. The import escape calumny? No-(Luke vii. 33). of this is, the favour of the Lord. And Ministers must expect trials, even if as oh! what an unspeakable mercy to have holy as John was. children interested in the favour of God! X. The death of John.—(Matt. xiv). Parents, make this a subject of prayer-1. The cause of his death ; his fidelity (Psalm Ixiii. 3).

to Herod. The minister who is detero V. Circumcision-(Luke i. 59). The mined to be faithful, must count the cost. parents of John did not neglect the insti- 2. Place; a prison. 3. Manner; betution which God had appointed. There headed. 4. The instruments. Herod, are some who believe that children Herodias, and her daughter. How sinought to be baptised ; yet act as though ners co-operate in doing evil! Herodias they thought little of it. “ Then,” &c. persuaded her daughter to commit mur-(Psalm cxix. 6).

der. What a monster ! Children should VI. The character of John. 1. not obey parents, when obedience to Purity-(Luke i. 15). Ministers should them involves disobedience to God. 5. be holy. 2. Self-dénial—(Matt. iii. 4): The time. Not until his work is doneAlas! how little,do we deny ourselves ! (Job xiv. 5). Man is immortal, until 3. Fidelity—(Matt. iii. 7, 10). Woe his work is done. be unto us if we are not faithful—(Eze- XI. John's burial. John's disciples kiel xxxiii). 4. Humility-(Matt. iii. were not ashamed to own him--(Matt. 11; also John iii. 30). How unseemly xiv. 12). Learn, 1. The doctrine of is pride in a minister! John seems to Divine Providence. 2. Wherein true have spent much time in retirement, greatness lies. John's greatness is seen meditation, and prayer. John was like in his exalted piety, &c. &c. 3. The Elijah in his character, appearance, and importance of receiving Christ. If it is office-(1 Kings i. 17).

our duty to preach Christ, it must be VII. John's ministry.

The King of your duty to receive Him. Christ will glory sent His messenger to announce come again. Who is ready to receive His coming; to clear the way; awaken Him-(Luke xiv. 13, 14) ? Amen.

THE SIGNS OF THE TIMES. The days of old were days of might, A blight hath past upon the Church ;

In forms of greatness moulded ; Her summer hath departed; And flow'rs of heav'n grew on the earth The chill of age is on her sons, Within the Church unfolded ;

The cold and fearful-hearted; For grace

fell fast as summer dew, And sad, amid neglect and scorn, And saints to giant stature grew.

Our Mother sits and weeps forlorn. But one by one the gifts are gone

Narrow and narrower still each year
That in the Church resided ;

The holy circle groweth ;
And gone the Spirit ’s living light, And what the end of all shall be
That on her walls abided,

Nor man nor angel knoweth :
When by our shrines He came to dwell, And so we wait and watch in fear :-
In power and presence visible. It may be that the Lord is near!-Faber.

A MEMORIAL OF THE LATE Rev. Watts, the mind of the revered, but now de

WILKINSON, B.A: Consisting of a parted saint, and chiefly in his own Memoir, and Sermons never before words. The sermons too are admirable, published. With a correct Portrait. cl. and are evidently and exactly his simple bds. Price 3s. 60.

strain of preaching. The two on Christ's Sherwood and Co., Paternoster Row. intercessory prayer are very beautiful; Tue remembrance of this truly apos- but perhaps the last sermon at St. Bartolic minister of the Gospel will live long tholomew's Church is the most interestin many a Christian heart. To what ing of all. We recommend the volume, numbers, during his long career, he had not alone to the experienced Christian, been the instrument of conveying heavenly but to the anxious inquirer, who would blessing, we pretend not to conjecture ; know what is the counsel tendered him but it is not often that the Church of by one, who had been for sixty years Christ has (or can have) to part with one endeavouring to exalt (as he delighted so horoured of God in bis day and gene- continually to say)—to " exalt" the great ration. His venerable aspect won upon and the dear Redeemer, and to “ lift the hearer in a moment; but his great Him very high,” in the hearts of sinvers. hold upon the heart lay in the rich flow of Divine truth from his lips. There was Tue Biblical Atlas. Contaiving sevennot only a simplicity and gentleness, that

teen Maps; with brief explanatory no. peculiarly suited him for leading onward

tices. pp. 32. the lamb’in the flock of God; but a depth

Religious Tract Society. and fulness of experience, singularly This is a most valuable work, collectsteady and constant to the scriptural ing into one volume what we may term pattern, that made the advanced Chris- the illustrated history of the Holy Lan., tian look up to him as one of our Lord's and of countries which Scripture narramost privileged dispensers of the bread tive has connected with it; a Land, to of life. He seemed indeed to be a mi- which, with the Jews, we confess we nister “whom Jesus loved.” His con- turn with bright, though indistinct antigregation on a Tuesday Morning was of cipations. It begins with maps of the a character quite unmatched; always world as known to the ancients, and of large, and yet not a mixed multitude, Canaan and Egypt in patriarchal days ; but almost (doubtless often entirely) next comes a chart of Israel's forty consisting of regenerated souls, “the years' wanderings; then Canaan under living in Jerusalem,

," "temples of the the Judges--Canaan under SolomonHoly Ghost,” “heirs of a kingdom." Judah and Israel, when divided—and A wondrous sight, to eyes, (if such God Canaan at the Captivities; we go on to has created,) that see through the out- Palestine in our Saviour's time, with a ward appearance, and looking upon map of Jerusalem in particular, and a carthly congregations behold the unco- plan of the Temple; we have also a map vered spirit and read all the heart ! of the voyages of St. Paul-of ancient

Quiet and uneventful as was this good Persia—of the Roman empire in Christ's man's life, it could not be that he should days—of Turkey with reference to the enter into rest without some visible re-countries mentioned in the Bible-of cord, beyond that which is graven on modern Palestine--and of modern Egypt. the stone above his mortal remains. If Here was a work worth doing, and worth in heaven he is to "shine as the stars for doing well. And well it has been done. ever and ever," we may well desire, The maps are admirably executed ; and that in this night of our souls' eternal such accurate information, with such a history the light which was reflected on series of illustrations, has never (we suphim from above may sparkle still, that (pose) been brought together before. we may

follow him as he followed Who will confess ignorance on these Christ.' We are glad therefore to see subjects, when such attractive and cheap this very neat volume. It supplies us instruction is at hand ? with a full and delightful portraiture of

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The Early Blossom ; or, The Young revelation. The outer shell of our globe

Inquirer. In a Series of Dialogues is (as it were) rendered transparent. between a Child and his Mother. By The various strata, which bear so legiCelata.

bly the impress of an Almighty hand, We have been shown the manuscript are laid bare; and the records of creaof this little Volume, which is now in a tion, “graven with an iron pen,” and course of preparation for the press, and fixed “in the rock for ever,” are transare able to express our unqualitied admi-lated into a dialect intelligible to all. ration of the work. The plan of it is new The author directs his attention to three and very striking. The whole is in important subjects of inquiry, connected poetry, yet the simplicity of its style is with natural theology, In the first well adapted to accomplish the end the place, he shows that the minerals and authoress has in view ; which is, to con- materials of the earth, “ although provey religious instruction to the youthful duced or modified by the agency of viomind. The subjects embraced are of lent and disturbing forces, afford abunthe utmost importance; and they are il-dant proofs of wise and provident intenlustrated in a way that cannot fail to in- tions, in their adaptations to the uses of terest the young.

As it is to be em. the vegetable and animal kingdoms and bellished with a variety of wood-cuts especially to the condition of man.” He illustrative of the contents, it will be then proceeds to consider the “theories rendered more acceptable and en- which have been entertained respecting gaging; and although there is a vein the origin of the world ; and the derivaof deep piety running through the tion of existing systems of organic life, whole, yet the dialogues, which are by an eternal succession, from preceding twelve in number, are interspersed with individuals of the same species ; or by a variety of useful knowledge, which still a gradual transmutation of one species enhances its intrinsic value. And writ- into another;" to all which theories ings of the conversational kind, when the phenomena of geology are decidwell executed (as this really is), are both edly opposed.” In the third place, he amusing and instructive. So having felt applies to fossil remains much pleasure in perusing the original, kind of investigation, which Paley has we can cordially recommend the book pursued with so much success,” in his to all parents, that have the spiritual Natural Theology.” On this subject, well-being of their children at heart. we refer to a paper on " the fossil works The authoress has a considerable number of God,” in our number for November, of subscribers already; and we would 1840 (No. 13., volume 1?, page 446); advise her still to increase the list while and we quote, with the highest satisfacthe Volume is preparing for publication. tion, the conclusion to which the reveWe hope it will meet with an extensive rend author has been led, by his recirculation.

searches in this new and interesting

field :The Sixth Bridgewater Treatise : Ge- " The myriads of petrified remains

OLOGY and MINERALOGY. By the disclosed by the researches of geologyRev. William Buckland, D.D.; not only afford an argument, of surpassCanon of Christchurch, Oxford. ing force, against the doctrines of the Pickering, Chancery Lane.

atheist and polytheist; but supply a Dr. Buckland has nobly performed chain of connected evidence, amounting the task entrusted to him, in carrying to demonstration, of the continuous out the enlightened design of the Earl of being, and many of the highest attriBridgewater. The general subject to be butes, of the one living and true God.” illustrated, was, " The power, wisdom Great part of the treatise before us, is and goodness of God, as manifested in worthily occupied with a masterly disthe creation ;” and the department of play of the proofs of design observable the theme committed to Dr. B., was, in the structure of fossil animals and “Geology and mineralogy, considered vegetables; which the operations going with reference to natural theology." on in mines, and caves, and quarries, The "dark spectres of geology" are here are daily bringing to light, after an enevoked; and are made to give their tes- tombment for unknown ages. This detimony, not against, but on the side of partment of the work will afford a rich

" the same

VOL. XIII.

M м

treat to those whom 'education and taste that the time when the creation, recorded incline to such pursuits; while the gene- in the first verse in Genesis took place, ral reader will turn with delight to such is not fixed; but that an interval of unchapters as those on the “ General known extent, occurred between that History of Fossil Organic Remains;" event, and the first day's operations. and the “Relation of the Earth and its “Accordingly in some old editions of (brute) Inhabitants to Man.” The learned the English Bible, where there is no diDoctor examines the supposed cases of vision into verses, we actually find a fossil human bones; and arrives at the break” before the commencement of same satisfactory result, as that to which what is now the third verse; and “in the celebrated Cuvier was conducted-- Luther's Bible (Wirtemburgh, 1557), that none have been discovered older we have, in addition, the figure one than the period at which the Pentateuch placed” before this verse, as being the fixes the creation of man. He also commencement of the first day's operaquotes, with approbation, the opinion of tions. It is very satisfactory to the dethe French comparative anatomist just vout mind, to find that the opinions mentioned ; that thelast great convulsion forced upon us by modern science, were to which our globe was subject, must have entertained by theologians of former happened about the period at which we days, as deduced from the independent know from sacred history, that the Noa- study of God's Word, before the science chian deluge took place. That geology, | in question existed. when competently interpreted, agrees so Instead of dwelling longer on this well with Scripture on points where the point, we turn to another, which will latter speaks out decidedly, affords a perhaps surprise, and certainly please strong presumption of the truth of its the reader. The “ Aggregate of animal declarations, in reference to matters on enjoyment increased, and that of pain which revelation is silent, cr speaks am- diminished, by the existence of carnivobiguously. On this subject--the consis- rous races.'' In this eloquent chapter tency of geological discoveries with sa- the author extracts the poison from what cred history-we have a very important is usually a bitter subject of contemplachapter; in which Dr. Buckland exa: miries and refutes the theories, which, “ The appointment of death by the without suffieient knowledge of the sub-agency of carnivora, as the ordinary terject, have occasionally been advanced- mination of animal existence, appears that the stratified rocks were all pro- (in its main results) to be a dispensation duced by the Mosaic deluge—that they of benevolence. It deducts much from were formed at the bottom of the sea, the aggregate amount of the pain of uniduring the interval between the creation versal death; it abridges, and almost of man and the deluge—that the “ days” | annihilates, throughout the brute-creamentioned in Genesis, were periods of tion, the misery of disease, and accitime of great extent. The opinion he dental injuries, and lingering decay; adopts, is that entertained by Drs. Pye and imposes such salutary restraints on Smith and Chalmers, in

the excessive increase of numbers, that country, and by Profeseor Silliman in the supply of food perpetually maintains America. To the work of the latter, a due ratio to the demand. The result reviewed in our number for May, 1838, | is, that the surface of the land and the (volume 10, page 198,) we beg leave to depths of the waters are ever crowded refer the reader; and also to our num- with myriads of animated beings, the ber for June, 1840 (No. 128, volume pleasure of whose life is co-extensive 12, page 253). Dr. Buckland goes with its duration; and which throughout through the details of the sacred narra- the little day of existence allotted to tive, and shows their accordance with them, fulfil with joy the functions for this interpretation-an interpretation, which they were created. Life, to each not only sanctioned by sound philosophy individual, is scene of continual and sound sense, but actually enter- feasting, in a region of plenty ; and tained by many of the Christiaci fathers, when unexpected death arrests its course centuries before geology was heard it repays (with small interest) the large of. Augustine, Theodoret, Petavius, debt, which it has contracted, to the comEpiscopius, and others, considered mon fund of animal nutrition, whence

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