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a monk of La Trappe, and is known under the name of Palæmon, that he was first moved to consider the majesty of God, and to a faith in the Scriptures, by reading Josephus *.
Josephus mentions other writers, besides those whose report has already been adduced, who bear testimony 10 the Jewish History, as Agatharcides, who speaks of the reverence of the Jews for the sabbath, in abstaining on that day from military exercises and agriculture, and employing it in devotion t; he states also, that Ptolemy, the son of Lagus, availed himself of this custom to enter the city with an army on that day.
The historian mentions likewise Theophilus, Theodotius, Aristophanes, Hermogenes, Conon, Zopyrian, and others, who particularly spoke of the Jews, and acknowledged the antiquity of their nation.
• Fabricius, in Flav. Joseph. lib. iv.
The Voyage of St. Paul apparently confirmed
by an Account in the Life of Josephus.
There is an account in the life of Jo'sephus, written by himself, which contains so many circumstances of correspondence with the relation given of St. Paul's voyage, in the Acts of the Apostles, that it may be worth while to compare the two reports; and perhaps it will appear not improbable, that they both refer, in part at least, to the same events, and that St. Paul and Josephus were companions upon this occasion, sailing during part of the voyage together, and travelling in company from Puteoli to Rome.
The very interesting detail of circumstances recorded by St. Luke, has been examined with so much attention, that it is somewhat surprizing that the confirmation of it, which seems to be afforded by Josephus, should have escaped notice, or that the passage at least should not have been brought forward with a view to substantis the statements made
by the Evangelist; a consideration which, while it imposes the necessity of much diffidence, tends also to excite a desire that the two accounts should be carefully compared ; since it would be an interesting subject of reflection, if the particulars in which the two relations differ, could be reconciled, and we might be authorized to conclude, that Josephus was a fellow passenger with St. Paul during a part of the voyage.
As the account in the Acts of the Apostles is familiar and accessible to all, it is unnecessary to exhibit it at full length here, or to give more than an abstract of the chief circumstances.
The Apostle, when accused before Felix and Festus, having appealed to Cæsar, was ordered to be sent to Rome. He is described as having embarked in conformity to this order, in a ship of Adramyttium. It is not stated from what port he sailed, but as the vessel touched next day at Sidon, it was possibly from Ptolemais (first called Acon *,) or as Grotius supposes from Cæsarea t.
After having arrived at Myra, in Lycia, he was put on board a ship of Alexandria sailing for Italy; many vessels being usually • Pliny, lib. ii. c. 73. Acts xxv. 4—13, and xxvii.
employed, from that port to convey corn and other productions to Italy, which generally frequented Puteoli, as Bryant has observed.
The circumstances of the voyage are described with an animation and a detail particularly affecting, so as to carry with them the lively evidence of truth and exactness. When on board this vessel, St. Paul seems, by some Divine intimation, 10 have perceived that the voyage would be attended, not only with damage to the ship and its burden, but to the lives of the passengers; and to have, in consequence, advised the centurion to pass the winter in a haven of Crete; but the advice not baving been followed, and a tempestuous wind having arisen, the vessel, after exposure to many perils, struck; and the binder part was broken by the violence of the wares ; upon which the whole crew, consisting of two kundred and wventy-six persons, casting themxlves into the sa, es caped in safety, agreabiy to the assurance of St. Paul, »bo bed turetid tut wt an Iris sbooid it from the load of any of tium,
Tbe sad Meta, ish the AP** with others reacha ze1414" *** $ posed, on the story Pre-414, CA
cient incription in that island, in which the first magistrate is styled, as by St. Luke, the chief man of the island, (Twos tñs výox,) and the Romanists have grounded many legends and superstitions on the supposition. There is, however, good reason to believe, as Bryant has shewn, that it was not Malta ; and that it really was Melita Illyrica, which was in the direct course of the voyage, being situated in the Adriatic between Corcyra Nigra and the main land * Malta, though Bochart has endeavoured to represent it to as being in the Adriatic, cannot properly be included within the limits of that sea. · After remaining three months in the island which they had happily reached, the Apostle and his companions again departed in a ship of Alexandria, and after having for a short time landed at Syracuse, at length disembarked at Puteoli, where they found brethren, and from thence, after being met by more brethren at Appii Forum and the three Taverns, they proceeded to Rome, where St. Paul was allowed to dwell in a private house under the care of a soldier appointed to remain with him.
The account in the life of Josephus written . * Bryant on the Island of Melita, Polyb. Stephen." + Geogr. Şac.