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verence toward God, out of good-will and kindness to- SERM. ward his brother, hath dispersed, and given to the poor.

XXXI. God will not, as the Apostle faith, be unjust to forget his Heb. vi. 10. labour of charity in ministering to his poor brother : from the feed which he hath fown to the Spirit, he shall affur-Gal. vi. 8. edly reap a most plentiful crop of blessings fpiritual; he fhall effe&tually enjoy the good foundation that he hath 1 Tim. vi. ftored up: for the goods he hath fold and delivered, he shall "9. bona fide receive his bargain, the hidden treasure and pre- Matt. xiii. cious pearl of eternal life; for this best improvement of 46. his talent of worldly riches, he shall hear the Euge bone Matt. xxv. serve, Well done, good and faithful servant, enter into 21, 23. thy master's joy: he thall at last find God infinitely more bountiful to him, than he hath been unto the poor.

Thus when all the flashes of sensual pleasure are quite extinct; when all the flowers of secular glory are withered away; when all earthly treasures are buried in darkness; when this world, and all the fashion of it, are utterly vanished and gone, the bountiful man's state will still be firm and flourishing, and his righteousness shall endure for


It follows, His horn shall be exalted with honour. A horn is an emblem of power; for in it the beasts' firength, offensive and defensive, doth confift; and of plenty, for it hath within it a capacity apt to contain what is put into it; and of sanctity, for that in it was put the holy oil, 1 Sam.xvi. with which kings were consecrated; and of dignity, both Kings i. in consequence upon the reasons mentioned, (as de- 39. noting night, and influence, and sacredness accompanying sovereign dignity,) and because also it is an especial beauty and ornament to the creature which hath it; fo that this expression (His horn shall be exalted with honour) may be supposed to import, that an abundance of high and holy, of firm and solid honour shall attend upon the bountiful person. And that so it truly shall, may from many considerations appear..

1. Honour is inseparably annexed thereto, as its natural companion and shadow. God hath impressed upon all virtue a majesty and a beauty, which do command respect,

Matt. vi. 1.


SERM, and with a kindly violence extort veneration from men: XXXI. such is the natural constitution of our fouls, that as our

sense necessarily liketh what is fair and sweet, so our mind unavoidably will efteem what is virtuous and worthy; all good actions as such are honourable: but of all virtues, beneficence doth with most unquestionable right claim honour, and with irresistible force procures it; as it is indeed the most divine of virtues, so men are most apt

to venerate them, whom they observe eminently to practise Φιλώνται it. Other virtues men fee, and approve as goodly to the *xedou uso light; but this they taste and feel ; this by most fenFísicos râv sible experience they find to be pleasant and profitable, iz sporñs, and cannot therefore but highly prize it. They, who do gráig . Arif. their alms before men, although out of an unworthy vain

glorious design, have yet, as our Saviour intimates, their reward; they fail not to get honour thereby; and even so

have no bad pennyworth: for, in the Wife Man's judgProv. xxii. ment, A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches;

they receive at least fine air, for grofs earth; and things very spiritual, for things most material; they obtain that which every man doth naturally defire and prize, for that

which only fashion in some places endeareth and comAi yêę dwu- mendeth: they get the end for the means; for scarce any are the one man seeketh wealth for itself, but either for honour, or Friv gropean for virtue's fake, that he may live creditably, or may do εσιν αιρετά, . Arir. good therewith : necessity is served with a little, pleasure

may be satisfied with a competence; abundance is required only to support honour or promote good; and honour by a natural connection adhereth to bounty. He that followeth after righteousness and mercy, findeth life, righteousness, and honour. Prov. xxi. 21.

2. But farther, an accession of honour, according to gracious promise, (grounded upon somewhat of special reason, of equity and decency in the thing itself,) is duo from God unto the bountiful person, and is by special providence surely conferred on him. There is no kind of piety, or instance of obedience, whereby God himself is

more signally honoured, than by this. These are chiefly Matt. v. 16. those good works, the which men seeing, are apt to glorify

our Father which is in heaven. Phil. i. 11. Being filled SERM. with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Christ Jesus XXXI. to the glory and praise of God. To these fruits that is most applicable which our Lord faith, Hereby is my Fa-John IV. 8. ther glorified, if ye bear much fruit; for as he that oppres- Prov. xiv. eth the poor reproacheth his Maker ; so he honoureth him, that hath mercy on the poor. The comfortable experience of good in this sort of actions will most readily dispose men to admire and commend the excellency, the wisdom, the goodness of the divine laws, will therefore procure God hearty praise and thanks for them: for, as St. Paul teacheth us, The administration of his service not only 2 Cor. ix, fupplieth the want of the saints, but is abundant also by many thanksgivings unto God; whilst by experiment of this ministration, they glorify God for your profesed subjedtion unto the Gospel of Christ, and for your liberal diftribution unto them, and unto all men. Since then God is fo peculiarly honoured by this practice, it is but equal and fit that God should remunerate it with honour : God's noble goodness will not let him feem defective in any sort of beneficial correspondence toward us; we shall never be able to yield him any kind of good thing in duty, which he will not be more apt to render us in grace; they who, as Solomon speaketh, honour God with Prov. iii. 9. their subftance, shall by God certainly be honoured with his blessing: reason intimates so much, and we befide have God's express word for it: Them, faith he, who ho- 1 Sam. ii. nour me, I will honour. He that absolutely and independently is the fountain of all honour, from whom, as good 1 Chron. king David faith, riches and honour cometh, for that he *xix. 12. reigneth over all, he will assuredly prefer and dignify those, who have been at special care and cost to advance his honour. He that hath the hearts of all men in his Prov. xxi. 1. hands, and fashioneth them as he pleaseth, will raise the bountiful man in the judgments and affe&tions of men. He that ordereth all the events of things, and disposeth fuccess as he thinks fit, will cause the bountiful perfon's enterprises to prosper, and come off with credit. He will not fuffer the reputation of fo real an honourer of himself


12, 13.


Pf. xxxiii. 15.


SERM. to be extremely slurred by disaster, to be blasted by llanXXXI. der, to be supplanted by envy or malice; but will bring Pl. xxxvii. forth his righteousness as the light, and his judgment as the


3. God will thus exalt the bountiful man's horn even here in this world, and to an infinitely higher pitch he will advance it in the future state : he shall there be fet at the right hand, in a moft honourable place and rank, among the chief friends and favourites of the heavenly King, in happy consortship with the holy angels and blessed saints; where; in recompence of his pious bounty, he shall, from the bountiful hands of his most gracious Lord, receive an incorruptible crown of righteousness, and an unfading crown of glory. The which God of his infinite mercy grant unto us all, through Jesus Christ our

Lord; to whom for ever be all praise. Amen. Heb. xiii. Now the God of peace, that brought again from the

dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the Sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, make us perfect in every good work to do his will, working in us that which is well-pleasing in his fight, through Jesus Christ : to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

20, 21.





Phil. ii. 8,
And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself,

and became obedient unto death, even the death of the

crofs. W:

HEN, in consequence of the original apostasy from SERM. God, which did banith us from paradise, and by conti- XXXII. nued rebellions against him, inevitable to our corrupt and Cyril. c. impotent nature, mankind had forfeited the amity of Jul. viii.p.

278. ix. p. God, (the chief of all goods, the fountain of all happi- 303. ness,) and had incurred his displeasure ; (the greatest of Tech. ii. 36all evils, the foundation of all misery :)

When poor man having deserted his natural Lord and Iren. iii. 33, Protector, other lords had got dominion over him, so that he was captivated by the foul, malicious, cruel spirits, and 13. enslaved to his own vain mind, to vile lusts, to wild parfions :

When, according to an eternal rule of justice, that fin Gen. iv. 7. deserveth punishment, and by an express law,

, wherein death was enacted to the transgressors of God's command, the root of our stock, and consequently all its branches, fren. V. 16. stood adjudged to utter destruction :

When, according to St. Paul's expressions, all the world Rom. iii. was become guilty before God, (or, subjected to God's judg- íródixes ment :) all men (Jews and Gentiles) were under fin, under condemnation, under the curse; all men were concluded in- v. 16, 18. to disobedience, and shut up together (as close prisoners) Rum. ii.

Isa. xxvi.

Iren. iii. s.

ii. 17.

32. iis áreitscev. Gal. iii. 22.


Rom. iii. 9.

Gal. iii, 10.

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