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crofs, and follow me, is not worthy of me: He that doth not SERM. carry his cross, and go after me, cannot be my disciple. XXXII. He that doth not willingly take the cross, when it is pre- Luke xiv. sented to him by God's hand; he that doth not content-27. ix. 23, edly bear it, when it is by Providence imposed on him, is Orat. 38. p. nowise worthy of the honour to wait on Chrift; he is not 623. capable to be reckoned among the disciples of our heavenly Master. He is not worthy of Christ, as not having the courage, the confiancy, the fincerity of a Christian ; or of one pretending to such great benefits, such high privileges, such excellent rewards, as Christ our Lord and Saviour doth propose. He cannot be Christ's discipley fhewing such an incapacity to learn those needful lessons of humility and patience, dictated by him ; declaring such an indispofition to transcribe those copies of fubmiffion to the divine will, felf-denial, and self-resignation, so fairly set him by the instruction and example of Christ: for, Christ, faith St. Peter, suffered for 'us, leaving us an sxoyga je goàn example, that we should follow his steps.
υπολιμπάο 13. The willing susception and the cheerful sustenance 1 Pet. ii. 21. of the cross, is indeed the express condition, and the peculiar character of our Christianity; in fignification whereof, it hath been from most ancient times a constant usage to mark those who enter into it with the figure of it. The cross, as the instrument by, which our peace with God was wrought, as the stage whereon our Lord did act the last part of his marvellous obedience, consummating our redemption, as the field wherein the Captain of our co rgóracow falvation did achieve his noble victories, and erect his glo-conrious trophies over all the enemies thereof, was well af-post.viii
. : 2. sumed to be the badge of our profession, the enfign of our spiritual warfare, the pledge of our constant adherence to our crucified Saviour; in relation to whom our chief hope is grounded, our great joy and sole glory doth confift: for, God forbid, faith St. Paul, that I should glory, Gel. vi. 14. fave in the cross of Christ.
14. Let it be to the Jews a scandal, (or offensive to their 1 Cor. i. 23. fancy, prepossessed with expectations of a Messias flourishing in secular pomp and prosperity;) let it be folly to
Tim. ii. 11.
SERM. the Greeks, (or seem absurd to men puffed up and corXXXII. rupted in mind with fleshly notions and maxims of worldly
craft, disposing them to value nothing which is not grateful to present sense or fancy,) that God should put his own most beloved Son into so very sad and despicable a
condition; that salvation from death and misery should be Orig. in procured by so miserable a death; that eternal joy, glory, Cell . ii. p. and happiness, should iffue from these fountains of sorrow
and shame; that a person in external semblance devoted to so opprobrious usage, should be the Lord and Redeemer of mankind, the King and Judge of all the world : let, I say, this doctrine be scandalous and distasteful to some persons tainted with prejudice; let it be strange and incredible to others blinded with self-conceit; let all the inconsiderate, all the proud, all the profane part of mankind openly with their mouth, or closely in heart, flight
and reject it: yet to us it must appear grateful and Tim.i.15. joyous; to us it is nisòs aóyos, a faithful and most credible
proposition worthy of all acceptation, that Jesus Chrift came into the world to save finners, in this way of suffering for them: to us, who discern by a clearer light, and are endowed with a purer sense, kindled by the divine Spirit; from whence we may with comfortable fatisfaction of mind apprehend and taste, that God could not in a higher measure, or fitter manner, illustrate his glorious attributes of goodness and justice, his infinite grace and mercy toward his poor creatures, his holy displeasure against wickedness, his impartial severity in punishing iniquity and impiety, or in vindicating his own facred honour and authority, than by thus ordering his only Son, clothed with our nature, to suffer for us; that also true virtue and goodness could not otherwise be taught, be exemplified, be commended and impressed with greater advantage.
Since thereby indeed a charity and humanity so anparalleled, (far transcending theirs who have been celebrated for devoting their lives out of love to their country, kindness to their friends,) a meekness so incomparable, a resolution fo invineible, a patience so heroical, were manifested for the instruction and direction of men; since never
were the vices and the vanities of the world (so prejudicial SERM, to the welfare of mankind) fo remarkably discounte- XXXII. nanced; since never any suffering could pretend to fo John ii. 2. worthy and beneficial effects, the expiation of the whole 2 Cor. v. 19. world's fins, and reconciliation of niankind to God, the which no other performance, no other sacrifice did ever aim to procure; since, in fine, no virtue had ever so glorious rewards, as sovereign dignity to him that exercised it, and eternal happiness to those that imitate it ; fince, I say, there be such excellent uses and fruits of the cross borne by our Saviour ; we can have no reason to be offended at it, or afhanied of it; but with all reason heartily should approve and humbly adore the deep wisdom of God, together with all other his glorious attributes difplayed therein. To whom therefore, as is most due, let .us devoutly render all glory and praise. And,
Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our hins in Apoc. i.5,6. his blood, and hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Blefing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto Apoc. v. 13. him that fitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever. Amen.
OF DOING ALL IN THE NAME OF CHRIST,
Coloss. iii. 17.
name of the Lord Jesus, SERM. WHATSOEVER
ye do in word, or deęd: A duty we XXXIII. see the Apostle enjoins us of a large extent, and therefore
surely of a great importance; indeed of an universal concernment; such as must go along with, must run through all our wards and all our actions. We are therefore much obliged, and much concerned to attend thereto, and to practise it carefully. But first we must understand what it is; the doing whereof depends upon understanding the sense of that phrafe, (doing in the name of Jesus,) being somewhat ambiguous, and capable of divers meaningsi which both in common use and in holy Scripture we find it to bear, different according to the variety of matters or occasions to which it is applied; most of which are comprehended, and, as it were, complicated in that general one, according to which we may be said to do that in another person's name, which we do with any kind of reference or regard to him ; such as our relations, or our obligations to that person do require; and the particular nature of the action doth admit, And according to this acception I conceive it safest and best to interpret Saint Paul's meaning here, supposing it to comprehend all the more special and restrained meanings of this phrase, truly applicable to the present matter; of which meanings I shall endeavour in order to propound the chief; and, together, both to unfold and to inculcate the several respective branches of this
Ezr. y. l.
duty: yet first of all reje&ting one or two, which cannot SERM. well be applied to this purpose.
XXX!II. To do in another's name, doth sometime denote the affuming another's person, or pretending to be the same with him, the very He. So, many shall come in my name, Matt. xxiv. prophesied our Saviour, saying, I am Chrift: to do thus 5. in Jesus's name, is the part of an Antichrist and an impoftor. That sense therefore hath nothing to do here.
Again; to do in another's name, doth often imply doing. alterius loco, or vice; in another's name, or stead, as a deputy, or substitute; representing the person, or supplying the office of another. So did the Prophets come, and speak Jer. vii. 13. in God's name; what they declared, or enjoined, being xiv. 14. therefore said to be declared and enjoined by God him-Jam.v.. self: I spake unto you, rihng up early, and speaking, (viz. Matt. x. 4. by the Prophets, whom he sent, and who are said to come and speak in his name.) And thus the Apostles spake in Christ's name: We are ambasadors for Christ; we pray 2 Cor.v.20. you in Christ's stead, be reconciled. Thus also princes govern, and magistrates execute justice in God's name ; Deut. i. 17. whence they are styled gods, as being his lieutenants, administering that judgment which belongs originally and principally to him. Now for this sense, neither is it so proper, or convenient here; it agreeing only to some particular persons, and to some peculiar actions of them; insomuch that others presuming to act, according to that manner or kind, in Jesus's name, shall thereby become ufurpers and deceivers. We (and to us all this precept is directed) shall heinoully transgress our duty, doing any thing thus in his name, without his letters of credence; without being specially called or sent, or being duly by bim authorized thereto,
These and such like senses the present matter doth not well admit: the rest that fuit thereto I shall with some diftin&tion in order represent.
1. To do in another's name sometime doth signify to do Compare it out of affection or honour to another; for another's fake, because we love or esteem him ; &v tū švóuatı being equi- Matt
. x.41, valent to ένεκα του ονόματος, and δια το όνομα. Thus it is
Rom. xiii. 4.
Mark ix. 41.
xxiv. 9. xix. 29.