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obedience, where the glorious lustre of his example ? SERM. How then had our frailty in him become victorious over XXXVI. all its enemies'; how had he-triumphed over the folicitations and allurements of the flesh, over the frowns and flatteries of the world, over the malice and fury of hell ? How then could he have fo demonstrated his immense charity toward us, or laid fo mighty obligations
Such in general was the case, and fuch the deportment of our Lord: but there was somewhat peculiar, and beyond all this occurring to him, which drew forth the words of our text: God had tempered for him a potion of all the most bitter and loathfome ingredients that could be ; a drop whereof no man ever hath, or could endure to fip; for he was not only to undergo whatever load human rage could impose, of ignominious disgrace and grievous pain; but to feel disinal agonies of spirit, and those unknown fufferingsh, which God alone could inflict, God only could sustain: Behold, and see, he inight Lam. i. 12. well fay, if there be any forrow like unto my forrow, which is done unto me ; wherewith the Lord hath afflicted me in the day of his fierce anger ? He was to labour with pangs of charity, and through his heart to be pierced with deepest commiseration of our wretched case: he was to crouch under the burthen of all the fins (the numberlefs most heinous fins and abominations) ever committed by mankind: he was to pass through the hottest furnace of divine vengeance, and by his blood to quench the wrath of heaven flaming out against iniquity: he was to stand, as it were, before the mouth of hell, belching fire and brimstone on his face : his grief was to supply the defects of our remorse, and his suffering in those few moments to countervail the eternal torments due to us: he was to bear the hiding of God's face, and an eclipse of that favourable aspect, in which all bliss doth reside; a case. which he that fo perfectly understood, could not but infin nitely refent: these things with the cleareft apprehension
• Δι αγνώσων σε σαθημάτων ελέησον ημάς Κύρη. Lit. Gr.
SERM. he saw coming on him; and no wonder that our nature
dictate that petition, Father, if thou wilt, let this cup pass
did again repress St. Peter's animosity with that serious Joh. xviii. expoftulation, The cup which my Father hath given me,
shall I not drink it? who had advisedly laid such trains
ministered by divine wisdom for the recovery of God's Matt. xxvi. creation ? No; had he spaķe with such intent, legions of
angels had flown to his rescue; that word, which framed
d'Erifupią la stúpnou, Luke xxii. 15.
dashed all their projects against him: wherefore those SERM. words did not proceed from intention, but as from in- XXXVI. stinct, and for instruction; importing, that what our human frailty was apt to suggest, that his divine virtue was more ready to fmother; neither did he vent the former, but that he might express the latter.
He did express it in real effect, immediately with all readiness addressing himself to receive that unfavoury potion; he reached out his hand for it, yielding fair opportunity and advantages to his persecutors; he lifted it up to his mouth, innocently provoking their envy and malice; he drank it off with a most steady calmness and sweet composure of mind, with the filence, the fimplicity, the meekness of a lamb carried to the slaughter; no fretful thought rising up, no angry word breaking forth, but a clear patience, enlivened with a warm charity, shining in all his behaviour, and through every circumstance of his passion.
Such in his life, such at his death, was the practice of our Lord; in conformity whereto we also readily should undertake whatever God proposeth, we gladly should accept whatever God offereth, we vigorously should perform whatever God enjoineth, we patiently should undergo whatever God imposeth or inflicteth, how cross foever any duty, any dispensation may prove to our carnal sense or humour.
To do thus, the contemplation of this example may strongly engage us; for if our Lord had not his will, can we in reason expect, can we in modefty desire to have ours ? Must we be cockered and pleased in every thing, whenas he was treated fo coarsely, and crossed in all things? Can we grutch at any kind of service, or sufferance ? Can we think much (for our trial, our exercise, our correction) to bear a little want, a little disgrace, a little pain, when the Son of God was put to discharge the hardest tasks, to endure the forest adversities?
But farther to enforce these duties, be pleased to caft a glance on two confiderations : 1. What the will is
SERM. to which, 2. Who the willer is to whom we must sub-
1. What is the will of God? Is it any thing un? just, unworthy, or dishonourable, any thing incommo
dious or hurtful, any thing extremely difficult or in-
Two things he willeth; that we should be good, and
cation to felicity
What is that? what, but that the decays of our frame, and
come friends of God, fit to converse with angels, and SERM. capable of paradise.
XXXVI. God, faith St. Paul again, willeth all men to be saved : 1 Tim. ii. 4. he willeth not, faith St. Peter, that any man should perish. 2 Pet. iii. 9. He faith it himself, yea, he sweareth it, that he hath no plea- Ezek. fure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked should *xxiii. 11. turn from his way and live. And what is this will? what, but that we should obtain all the good whereof we are capable ; that we should be filled with joy, and crowned with glory; that we should be fixed in an inımovable state of happiness, in the perpetual enjoyment of God's favour, and in the light of his blissful presence; that we should be rid of all the evils to which we are liable; that we should be released from inextricable chains of guilt, from incurable stings of remorse, from being irrecoverably engaged to pass a disconfolate eternity in utter darkness and extreme woe? Such is God's will; to such purposes every command, every dispensation of God (how grim, how rough soever it may seem) doth tend. And do we refuse to comply with that good will; do we set against it a will of our own, affecting things unworthy of us, things unprofitable to us, things prejudicial to our best interests, things utterly baneful to our souls? Do we reject the will that would save us, and adhere to a will that would ruin us; a foolish and a senseless will, which, fighting the immense treasures of heaven, the unfading glories of God's kingdom, the ineffable joys of eternity, doth catch at specious nothings, doth pursue mischievous trifles; a shadow of base profit, a smoke of vain honour, a flash of fordid pleasure; which passeth away like the Ecclef. vii. mirth of fools, or the crackling of thorns, leaving only foot, black and bitter, behind it?
But at least ere we do thus, let us confider, whofe will it is that requireth our compliance.
It is the will of him, whose will did found the earth, and rear the heaven; whose will fuftaineth all things in Pf. cxlviii. their existence and operation; whose will is the great law;
Apoc.iv.in. of the world, which universal nature in all its motions doth observe; which reigneth in heaven, the blessed fpirits