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obedience, where the glorious lustre of his example ? SERM. How then had our frailty in him become victorious over XXXVI. all its enemies'; how had he-triumphed over the folicitations and allurements of the flesh, over the frowns and flatteries of the world, over the malice and fury of hell ? How then could he have fo demonstrated his immense charity toward us, or laid fo mighty obligations

upon us?

Such in general was the case, and fuch the deportment of our Lord: but there was somewhat peculiar, and beyond all this occurring to him, which drew forth the words of our text: God had tempered for him a potion of all the most bitter and loathfome ingredients that could be ; a drop whereof no man ever hath, or could endure to fip; for he was not only to undergo whatever load human rage could impose, of ignominious disgrace and grievous pain; but to feel disinal agonies of spirit, and those unknown fufferingsh, which God alone could inflict, God only could sustain: Behold, and see, he inight Lam. i. 12. well fay, if there be any forrow like unto my forrow, which is done unto me ; wherewith the Lord hath afflicted me in the day of his fierce anger ? He was to labour with pangs of charity, and through his heart to be pierced with deepest commiseration of our wretched case: he was to crouch under the burthen of all the fins (the numberlefs most heinous fins and abominations) ever committed by mankind: he was to pass through the hottest furnace of divine vengeance, and by his blood to quench the wrath of heaven flaming out against iniquity: he was to stand, as it were, before the mouth of hell, belching fire and brimstone on his face : his grief was to supply the defects of our remorse, and his suffering in those few moments to countervail the eternal torments due to us: he was to bear the hiding of God's face, and an eclipse of that favourable aspect, in which all bliss doth reside; a case. which he that fo perfectly understood, could not but infin nitely refent: these things with the cleareft apprehension

Δι αγνώσων σε σαθημάτων ελέησον ημάς Κύρη. Lit. Gr.

SERM. he saw coming on him; and no wonder that our nature
XXXVI. started at so ghastly a fight, or that human instinct should

dictate that petition, Father, if thou wilt, let this cup pass
from me; words implying his most real participation of
our infirmity; words denoting the height of those fad
evils which encompassed him, with his lively and lowly
resentment of them ; words informing us, how we should
entertain God's chastisements, and whence we muft seek
relief of our pressures, (that we should receive them, not
with a scornful neglect or fullen insensibility, but with a
meek contrition of soul; that we should entirely depend
on God's pleasure for support under them, or a release-
ment from them;) words which, in conjunction with
those following, do shew how instantly we should quash
and overrule any insurrection of natural defire against the
command or providence of God. We must not take that
prayer to signify any purpose in our Lord to shift off his
passion, or any wavering in resolution about it; for he
could not anywise mean to undo that, which he knew
done with God before the world's foundation; he would
not unsettle that, which was by his own free undertaking
and irreversible decree: he that so often with satisfaction
did foretel this event, who with so earnest defre i longed
for its approach; who with that fharpness of indignation
did rebuke his friend offering to divert him from it; who

did again repress St. Peter's animosity with that serious Joh. xviii. expoftulation, The cup which my Father hath given me,

shall I not drink it? who had advisedly laid such trains
for its accomplithment, would he decline it? Could that
heart, all burning with zeal for God and charity to men,
admit the least thought or motion of averseness from
drinking that cup, which was the sovereign medicine ad-

ministered by divine wisdom for the recovery of God's Matt. xxvi. creation ? No; had he spaķe with such intent, legions of

angels had flown to his rescue; that word, which framed
the worlds, which stilled the tempests, which ejected de-
vils, would immediately have scattered his enemies, and




d'Erifupią la stúpnou, Luke xxii. 15.

dashed all their projects against him: wherefore those SERM. words did not proceed from intention, but as from in- XXXVI. stinct, and for instruction; importing, that what our human frailty was apt to suggest, that his divine virtue was more ready to fmother; neither did he vent the former, but that he might express the latter.

He did express it in real effect, immediately with all readiness addressing himself to receive that unfavoury potion; he reached out his hand for it, yielding fair opportunity and advantages to his persecutors; he lifted it up to his mouth, innocently provoking their envy and malice; he drank it off with a most steady calmness and sweet composure of mind, with the filence, the fimplicity, the meekness of a lamb carried to the slaughter; no fretful thought rising up, no angry word breaking forth, but a clear patience, enlivened with a warm charity, shining in all his behaviour, and through every circumstance of his passion.

Such in his life, such at his death, was the practice of our Lord; in conformity whereto we also readily should undertake whatever God proposeth, we gladly should accept whatever God offereth, we vigorously should perform whatever God enjoineth, we patiently should undergo whatever God imposeth or inflicteth, how cross foever any duty, any dispensation may prove to our carnal sense or humour.

To do thus, the contemplation of this example may strongly engage us; for if our Lord had not his will, can we in reason expect, can we in modefty desire to have ours ? Must we be cockered and pleased in every thing, whenas he was treated fo coarsely, and crossed in all things? Can we grutch at any kind of service, or sufferance ? Can we think much (for our trial, our exercise, our correction) to bear a little want, a little disgrace, a little pain, when the Son of God was put to discharge the hardest tasks, to endure the forest adversities?

But farther to enforce these duties, be pleased to caft a glance on two confiderations : 1. What the will is


SERM. to which, 2. Who the willer is to whom we must sub-
XXXVI. mit.

1. What is the will of God? Is it any thing un? just, unworthy, or dishonourable, any thing incommo

dious or hurtful, any thing extremely difficult or in-
tolerably grievous, that God requireth of us, to do
or bear? No: he willeth nothing from us or to us,
which doth not best become us and most behove us;
which is not attended with safety, with ease, with the
solidest profit, the fairest reputation, and the sweetest

Two things he willeth; that we should be good, and
that we should be happy; the first in order to the second,
for that virtue is the certain way, and a necessary qualifi-

cation to felicity
i Theff. iv.' The will of God, faith St. Paul, is our fanctification :

What is that? what, but that the decays of our frame, and
the defacements of God's image within us, should be re-
paired ; that the faculties of our foul should be restored
to their original integrity and vigour; that from most
wretched slaveries we should be translated into a happy
freedom, yea, into a glorious kingdom ; that from defpi-
cable beggary and baseness we should be advanced to
substantial wealth and sublime dignity; that we should
be cleansed from the foulest defilements, and decked with
the goodliest ornaments; that we should be cured of most
loathfome diseases, and settled in a firm health of foul;
that'we should be delivered from those brutish lufts, and
those devilish paflions, which create in us a hell of dark-
ness, of confusion, of vexation, which dishonour our na-
ture, deform our foul, ruffle our mind, and rack our
conscience; that we should be endowed with those worthy
difpofitions and affections, which do constitute in our
hearts a heaven of light, of order, of joy, and peace,
dignify our nature, beautify our soul, clarify and cheer
our mind; that we should eschew thofe practices, which
never go without a retinue of woful mischiefs and forrows,
embracing those which always yield abundant fruits of
convenience and comfort; that, in short, we should be

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come friends of God, fit to converse with angels, and SERM. capable of paradise.

XXXVI. God, faith St. Paul again, willeth all men to be saved : 1 Tim. ii. 4. he willeth not, faith St. Peter, that any man should perish. 2 Pet. iii. 9. He faith it himself, yea, he sweareth it, that he hath no plea- Ezek. fure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked should *xxiii. 11. turn from his way and live. And what is this will? what, but that we should obtain all the good whereof we are capable ; that we should be filled with joy, and crowned with glory; that we should be fixed in an inımovable state of happiness, in the perpetual enjoyment of God's favour, and in the light of his blissful presence; that we should be rid of all the evils to which we are liable; that we should be released from inextricable chains of guilt, from incurable stings of remorse, from being irrecoverably engaged to pass a disconfolate eternity in utter darkness and extreme woe? Such is God's will; to such purposes every command, every dispensation of God (how grim, how rough soever it may seem) doth tend. And do we refuse to comply with that good will; do we set against it a will of our own, affecting things unworthy of us, things unprofitable to us, things prejudicial to our best interests, things utterly baneful to our souls? Do we reject the will that would save us, and adhere to a will that would ruin us; a foolish and a senseless will, which, fighting the immense treasures of heaven, the unfading glories of God's kingdom, the ineffable joys of eternity, doth catch at specious nothings, doth pursue mischievous trifles; a shadow of base profit, a smoke of vain honour, a flash of fordid pleasure; which passeth away like the Ecclef. vii. mirth of fools, or the crackling of thorns, leaving only foot, black and bitter, behind it?

But at least ere we do thus, let us confider, whofe will it is that requireth our compliance.

It is the will of him, whose will did found the earth, and rear the heaven; whose will fuftaineth all things in Pf. cxlviii. their existence and operation; whose will is the great law; of the world, which universal nature in all its motions doth observe; which reigneth in heaven, the blessed fpirits



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