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Pl. cv, 18.

auri. Socrates,

fortuna non invenit.

tom. v. Or.

SERM. in Navith toil, and in his old age was in reflection upon his XL.

life moved to say, that the days of his pilgrimage had been Gen. xlvii. few and evil. Joseph was maligned and persecuted by his

brethren, fold away for a llave, Nandered for a most Σίδηρον δι

heinous crime, thrust into a grievous prison, where his feet 2009 **uzi were hurt with fetters, and his foul came into iron. Moses

was forced to fly away for his life, to become a vagabond Cato, Re in a foreign place, to feed sheep for his livelihood ; to cion, &c. spend afterward the best of his life in contesting with an Magnum. obstinately perverse prince, and in leading a mistrustful, nifi mala refractory, mutinous people, for forty years' time, through

a vast and wild defert. Job, what a stupendous heap of mifVid. Chryf.chiefs did together fall and lie heavy upon him? (Thou 27. p. 168. writest bitter things against me, he might well say.) David, et tom. vi. how often was he plunged in saddest extremity, and reOr, 10. p. duced to the hardest shifts ; being hunted like a partridge

in the wilderness by an envious master, forced to counterfeit madness for his security among barbarous infidels; difpofsessed of his kingdom, and persecuted by his own most favoured fon; deserted by his fervants, reproached and scorned by his subjects y? Elias was driven long to sculk for his life, and to shift for his livelihood in the wilderness. Jeremy was treated as an impostor and a traitor, and cast into a miry dungeon; finding matter from his sufferings

for his doleful lamentations, and having thence occasion Lam. iii. 1. to exclaim, I am the man that have seen affliction by the Acts vii. 52. rod of his wrath, c. Which of the Prophets were not 1 Cor. iv. persecuted and misused? as St. Stephen asked. The Apo

stles were pinched with all kinds of want, harassed with all sorts of toil, exposed to all manner of hazards, persecuted with all variety of contumelies and pains that can be

imagined : above all, our Lord himself beyond expression Chryf. tom. was a man of forrow, and acquainted with grief, surpassing vi. OT: 93. all men in suffering as he did excel them in dignity and

107. Job xiii. 27. 1 Sam. xxvi. 20.

and vii.

. .

Υ Νυν και πάλαι εξ γεγόνασιν άνθρωποι άπαντες οι τω Θεώ φίλοι τω συγνώ και επιμόχθω και μυρίων γήμoντι δεινών εκληρώθησαν βίω. Chry/. in Mart. Egypt. 1. ν.


'Εν τους πειρασμούς ήνθεν οι δίκαιοι, τους αγίες άπαντας έτως ήγαγεν ο Θεός δια Frif... Chrys. in 2 Cor. Or. 27.


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in virtue ; extreme poverty, having not so much as where SERM.

. to lay his head, was his portion ; to undergo continual XL. labour and travel, without any mixture of carnal ease or Matt. viii. pleasure, was his state; in return for the highest good-will,?

'Εκ γαρ των and choicest benefits, to receive most cruel hatred and apãror púra

Tar & rdowgrievous injuries, to be loaded with the bitterest re

πως μέχρι proaches, the foulest Nanders, the forest pains which most *8 waportos spiteful. malice could invent, or fiercest rage inflict, this mauzo Tres To was his lot: Am I poor? so, may one fay, was he to ex- daxóras oíc tremity; Am I slighted of the world ? so was he notori

ευρεϊν σαρα ously; Am I disappointed and crossed in my designs ? fo rão our bilwas he continually, all his most painful endeavours having a górw hoismall effe&t; Am I deserted or betrayed of friends? fo was


και πλείσεις he by those who were most intimate, and most obliged åyar tegoto him; Am I reviled, flandered, misused? Was not he TTTwxótas so beyond all comparison most outrageously?

Theod. Ep. Have all these, and many more, of whom the world was Heb. xi. 38. not worthy, undergone all sorts of inconvenience, being deftitute, afflicted, tormented ; and shall we then disdain, or be sorry to be found in such company? Having such a Heb. xii. 1. cloud of martyrs, let us run with patience the race that is set before us. Is it not an honour, should it not be a comfort to us, that we do, in condition, resemble them? If God hath thus dealt with those, who of all men have been dearest to him, shall we take it ill at his hands, that he, in any manner, dealeth fo with us? Can we pretend, can we hope, can we even wish to be used better, than God's firstborn, and our Lord himself hath been? If we do, are we not monstrously fond and arrogant ? especially confidering, that it is not only an ordinary fortune, but the peculiar character of God's chofen, and children, to be often croffed, checked, and corrected; even Pagans have observed it, and avowed there is great reason for it; God, Sen. de Profaith Seneca, hath a fatherly mind toward good men ; and vid. c. 2. strongly loveth themtherefore after the manner of severe parents, he educateth them hardly, &c. The Apostle doth in express terms assure us thereof; for, whom, faith he, Heb. xii. 6 the Lord loveth, he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with



Phil, iii. 10.

SERM. you as with fons--but if ye be without chastisement,
XL. whereof all (that is, all good men, and genuine sons of

God) are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not fons.
Would we be illegitimated, or expunged from the number

of God's true children; would we be divested of his special Eçclus. ii. 1. regard and good-will? if not, why do we not gladly

cookexy embrace, and willingly sustain adversity, which is by himgiv, iropea self declared so peculiar a badge of his children, fo concov Tùng yu- stant a mark of his favour? if all good men do, as the χήν σε εις Asigezopóv

. Apostle asserteth, partake thereof; shall we, by displeasure

at it, shew that we desire to be assuredly none of that

party, that we affect to be discarded from that holy and John zvi. happy fociety? Verily, verily, I say unto you, that ye shall

weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice. It is pecu

liarly the lot of Christians, as such, in conformity to their Rom. viii. afflicted Saviour; they are herein predestinated to be conThef. ii. formalle to his image; to this they are appointed. (Let no

man, faith St. Paul, be moved by these aflictions, for ye

know, that we are appointed thereunto :) to this they are 1 Pet. ii. 20, called, (if when ye do well, faith St. Peter, and suffer for

it, ye take it patiently, this is acceptable with God; for even 24. 1. 38. hereunto were ye called, this is propounded to them as a 2 Tim. iii. condition to be undertaken and undergone by them as

such; they are by profession crucigeri, bearers of the cross; 'Εν τω κόσ

(*if any one will come after me, let him deny himself, and μω θλίψιν έξετε. .


ир his cross and follow me; every one that will live

godly in Christ Jesus, must suffer persecution :) by this are guftiarum they admitted into the state of Christians; (by many afflicperpeffus fum qui

tions we must enter into the kingdom of heaven ;) this doth crucimilito. qualify them for enjoying the glorious rewards, which fel. Ep. 99. their religion propoundeth; (we are coheirs with Christ; Acts xiv.22. so that, if we suffer together, we shall also together be gloNaz. Ep. rified with him; if we endure, we shall also reign with 2012. Cad. him?:) and shall we then pretend to be Christians, shall 2 Tim.ü.12. (Phil, iii. 10.)

z It is a privilege of Chriftians, in favour beftowed on them; épão Izagiodu. Phil. i. 29,

Our glory. Eph. iii. 13.
Υπομονής έχετε χρείαν. Ηeb. X. 36.
Faith and patience are consorts, Heb. vi. 12. Apoc. xiii. 10.


/ * Matt. xvi.

12. John

xvi. 33.

Quotam partem an

we claim any benefit from thence, if we are unwilling to SERM.

XL. submit to the law, to attend the call, to comply with the terms thereof? Will we enjoy its privileges, can we hope for its rewards, if we will not contentedly undergo what it requireth? Shall we arrive to the end it propoundeth, without going in the way it prescribeth, the way which our Lord himself doth lead us in, and himself hath trod before us?

In fine, seeing adversity is, as hath been declared, a thing so natural to all men, so common to most men, so incident to great men, fo proper to good men, so peculiar to Christians, we have great reason to observe the Apostle's advice, Beloved, wonder not concerning the fiery 1 Pet.iv.12. trial, which is to try you, as if some strange thing happened to you; we should not wonder at it as a strange or uncouth thing, that we are engaged in any trouble or inconvenience here; we are consequently not to be affected with it as a thing very grievous.



Phil, iv. 11.

1 Tim. vi. 6.

κτίας. ,


I have learned in whatsoever ftate I am, &c. SERM. MOREOVER, considering the nature of this duty itself, XLI. may

be a great inducement and aid to the practice of it. 1. It is itself a sovereign remedy for all poverty and all

sufferance; removing them, or allaying all the mischief "Εσι δε μέγας Tropiouds they can do us. It is well and truly said by St. Austin, per murae. Interest non qualia, fed qualis quis patiatur ; It is no matter

what, but how disposed a man suffereth: the chief mischief Civ. Dei,i. any adversity can do us is to render us discontent; in that

confifteth all the sting and all the venom thereof; which thereby being avoided, adversity can signify nothing prejudicial or noxious to us; all distraction, all distemper, all disturbance from it is by the antidote of contentedness prevented or corrected. He that hath his defires moderated to a temper suitable with his condition, that hath his pasfions composed and settled agreeably to his circumstances, what can make any grievous impression on him, or render him anywise miserable ? he that taketh himself to have enough, what doth he need? he that is well pleased to be as he is, how can he be better? what can the largest wealth, or highest prosperity in the world, yield more or better than fatisfaction of mind? he that hath this most effential ingredient of felicity, is he not thence in effect most

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