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chia, the ancient Laodicea) more down from Heaven on this day. than mile of the country is cover One priest of each sect goes down ed with ruins of sepulchres of hewn into the Holy Sepulchre at 2 o'clock. stones, with inscriptions and foliages The Greek priest goes into the in. engraved on one side of most of nermost apartment, and the others them. They are entirely open, and into another chapel, behind that dug out of the solid rock.-Par. apartment belonging to the Copson's Travels, p. 25.

tites; they there say prayer by

themselves, and to those the com2 Maccabees i. 19.

mon people ascribe the coming of “When our Fathers were led into Persia the fire...... At 4 o'clock all the the priests that were then devout took the three nations began a procession, fire of the altar privily and hid it in a and a little while after a lamp was hollow place of a pit without water, where brought out of the grave, which they kept it sure, so that the place was

they believed to have been lighted unknown to all men."

at the sacred fire. There was such In the margin of an old Bible, a fighting with torches and flamonce in the possession of Milton, beaux, because every one was deand now the property of a respect. sirous of lighting his at the sacred able clergyman in Yorkshire, are fire...... The Franks, or Latins, several notes in MSS. by the Poet: look with disdain on this superstion the above passage he observes, tion, and those who think rationally “ Perhaps the reason why the Per- do the same, but here the stupid sians worship fire to this day.” vulgar must be kept in the super

See further account of these pas- stitious imagination they have long sages in the Gentleman's Magazine, had; besides, it is certain, that of vol. lxii. part 2, p. 615.

one thousand pilgrims who now Hasselquist, p. 136, mentions the yearly arrive, not ten would come superstitious veneration which the were it not for the sacred fire. To modern Greeks and Armenians, still let it go over their faces, and the have for this sacred fire. He says, women over their breasts, to let At 2 o'clock (at Jerusalem) in the some of their whiskers and beards afternoon, we went to see the fa- be burnt in order to sanctify themmous sacred fire, one of the most selves.” remarkable rites to be seen at any. Mariti, in describing the same place of divine worship. All the scene, gives their reasons for thus Christians of these denominations exposing themselves to the flame, believe that on Easter Eve a super- and burning their flesh, hoping that natural fire comes up out of the it will thereby sanctify more efficaHoly Sepulchre, and this they call ciously their hearts, their minds, holy or sacred. They believe that and their souls. Mariti's Travels, their priests by a miracle, call it vol. ii. p. 384.


To the Editor of the Remembrancer. verse can point out to me any one

authentic and important passage of Sir,

the New Testament, which has been The Rector of Scawton, as I stated equally passed over in silence by all in

my former letter, has given the the Greek and Latin fathers, I will following test of the authenticity of acquiesce in the reasonableness of 1 John v. 7. “ If the advocates of the admitting the whole verse into the

sacred canon." I have produced It was my object to prove, by a laone such passage in my former let- boured induction, that as the Greek ter. I will now add another,--the and Latin Churches, were the first celebrated verse of St. Paul, 1 Tim. depositories, they were the natural iii. 16. of which Sir Isaac Newton guardians of the sacred trust, and says, (speaking of the writers of the that their testimony to its integrity first five centuries, both Greeks and was irresistibly conclusive. Latins.) “In all their discourses to As subsidiary to this paramount prove the Deity of the Son, they never object, I endeavoured to shew, that, allege this text*." The two passages to whatever account the testimony which I have produced, have been of other Churches might be turned, more than equally passed over in si- in the classification of manuscripts, lence by the ancient fathers; and yet their evidence on any contested docthere is no doubt of their authen- trinal point, was wholly undeserving ticity; and, as such, are fully ade- of credit; and that the principle quate to satisfy the learned Rector's which gave weight to that testimony, test.

as far as it rested on the assumpThe Rector has given another tion, that the witnesses were ancient clear and determinable test of au- and separate, supplied every person thenticity: “ If the advocates of who was but moderately versed in the verse can adduce from any genu- the history of the Sacred Text, with ine voucher of the first four bundred

meet subject of derision. years of the Christian Church the

It is, I hope, at present unneceswords, There are three that bear re- sary to enter particularly into a subcord in heaven, &c. I will acquiesce, ject, which is elsewhere handled in &e." Sufficient evidence of this detail, and which is now mentioned criterion may be adduced; but, as principally with a view to stating, the two tests are independent of that from the comparative testimony each other, if the Rector acquiesces of the two Churches, who were the in the admissibility of the contro- accredited vouchers for the inspired verted verse, on the ground of the Word, the defence of the Heavenly passages before quoted, I need not Witnesses had arisen. I should need encroach further on your valuable a little of that fondness for repetipages.

tion, with which your patience has

T.M. been latterly tried, to enable me to March 16.

recapitulate, gravely and methodi. cally, all the particulars, arising from

their comparative testimony, which TEXT OF THE HEAVENLY

led to the confirmation of the disWITNESSES.

puted passage. I shall again venture

to believe it is only necessary to state, To the Editor of the Remembrancer. that having attained, in support of the Sir,

contested verse the direct testimony When I undertook the defence of of one of the vouchers, and having the Received Text, of which the found, that the entire weight of the

internal evidence contirmed its tesHeavenly Witnesses form so remark

timony, while it veutralized the able a part, it was my endeavour to

evidence of the other witnesses, all separate from the confused mass of

that could be deemed necessary to evidence by which I found it condemned, the genuine testimony by the perfect defence of the contested

verse might be comprised in two which it was properly supported.

particulars. If, in fact, the posi

tive testimony of the Latin version Letters to Le Clerc, p. 85. ed. 1754.


could be sufficiently confirmed by Greek and Latin Church on the the concurring testimony of the subject of the disputed passage ; Latin Fathers; and if the negative the one giving a direct evidence in testimony of the Greek Text could its favour, the other apparently nebe satisfactorily accounted for, and gativing it, by its silence. In the an adequate cause assigned for the choice of difficulties which the consilence of the Greek Fathers: no troversy presents, for when the evi. plea could be advanced of sufficient dence of the Latins is disposed of, weight to warrant a proscription of the that of the Greeks internally posHeavenly Witnesses, or justify their sesses enough to exercise the skill exclusion from Canonical Scripture. of the objector, his force is directed

A late correspondent in your against the positive argument, in Journal, however he may agree with subversion of which two witnesses me in principle, stands at issue with are accordingly summoned. By the me in the conclusion. I willingly assistance of Facundus the testiconsider his observations in this mony of the Latin Fathers, comprizlight, as it is my wish to diminishing that of the African Church, is the differences which appear to be soon annihilated. And they being between us; and I console myself fairly placed out of the dispute, the with the belief, that they are really assistance of Vigilius, backed by less than may be at first imagined. Fulgentius, is easily converted to When his pains are employed, as I the purpose of proving the corrapmust observe, they commonly are, tion of the Latin Version. in contending for that, which no With respect to that of Facundus, person is now disposed to contest, to which the first place is assigned, I am necessarily prepared to grant it is rather inauspicious, that on the the utmost which he can require. first glance, it should exhibit a deIf his purpose be that alone which viation from what the objector conI can conceive, the desire of mak- ceives the test and standard of ing a display of his reading ; I am truth. In the testimony of this Faforward to admit that learning loses ther, from which he derives such nothing of its intrinsic weight, from important results, the context of the consideration of the source from the disputed verse is quoted with an whence it is derived : and I know unlucky interpolation, which fully that I may sadly err in supposing, reveals the extent of Facundus's that by its last transfusion it has knowledge, respecting the original. become diluted and vapid, and In every manuscript of this Father's brings little credit where it is stolen works, the attendant Witnesses, are or borrowed. But however we may thus cited, “tres sunt qui testifidiffer on these points, or stand at cantur IN TERRA, Spiritus, aqua issue on the main conclusion, I am et sanguis, et hi tres unum sunt;" at least resolved, that he shall have and this interpolation, of IN TERRA, no reasonable ground of objection which is acknowledged by no manusto the mode in which all that is in cript of the Greek or Latin, that dispute shall be finally settled. If, does not retain the Heavenly Witin fact, the argument which he has nesses, is six times repeated in revived may be subverted, and its facundus's context. upholder put down, by the testi The value of the testimony of a mony of the witnesses, to whom he witness who states more than the appeals in its support, he can surely truth, even the vulgar reader is able take no just exception to the method to appreciate. It is only from such of reply by which he is answered. keen observers as the objector that

The cardinal points on which the we can hope to learn its entire im. controversy turos, are, as I con portance; and, to give him his due, ceive, the testimony borne by the by his acute observation on the

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omission of the identical terms, observation bestowed, by way of “ in earth,” by Gutbier, we are episode, on that of Eucherius, may taught the full value of this various not be wholly misapplied; as the reading in Facundus. If the force want of the disputed verse in his of the objector's remark is at all copy is, in the objector's opinion, admitted, it is thence only to be sufficient to lay the question of its inferred, that in the text from which authenticity at rest. As we are not Facundus quoted, the complete an favoured with the mode of induction tithesis, which turns upon the terms by which he infers, from the ab. “ in beaven” and “ in earth," was sence of the verse in Eucherius's preserved, and consequently, that the works, that it was omitted in Eucopy from which he quoted, dif- cherius's Bible, we are precluded fered in nothing from that used by the opportunity of passing upon it bis African brethren. Of the advo- any remark; though it may be cate who bears this unwilling testi- hinted to him by the way, if he mony to the existence of the dis- does not learn from the case of puted passage, by a partial quota- Facundus, he may be soon taught tion, a further use may be made. by that of Vigilius, that the disThe zeal which he manifests, in puted verse might have retained its labouring to weaken its force, and situation in the one place, while it subvert its authority, furnishes abun- missed an introduction into the dant proof of the true light in which other. But not to iusist any

further the text was regarded, by the po- on this point, if we may be allowed lemics of the same period, by whom to take the safer course, and, adoptit is expected, that it shall be pro- ing the converse of the proposition, duced, on every controversial emer may conclude, from the existence of gency.

the verse in Eucherius's works, that The true influence of the first- it existed in his Bible; we have sufcited witness on the point at issue, ficient authority for the assumption is therefore, I believe, simply as in the printed and manuscript cofollows. His testimony is either so pies of his writings. By one decifar corrupted as to be entitled to no sive objection, at least in the estirespect; or if it is unsophisticated, mation of Dr. Griesbach, who is the (as the whole tenor and object of real mover of the difficulties with the controversy in which it is of- which I contend, the true character fered irrefragably prove,) it entitles of his testimony is, however, put out its author to his proper place, ainong of dispute. In a passage, adduced those Fathers of the African Church from his Questions on the Old and who have referred to the contested New Testament, observes this obpassage. While it thus subverts jector, Eucherius sums up the texts the object for which it is adduced, by which the doctrine of the Trinity by the objector to the Text of the is proved, and omits all mention of Heavenly Witnesses ; it somewhat the Heavenly Witnesses. But this curiously coofirms the positive and decisive evidence of his ignorance of negative argument, which its advo- the disputed passage unfortunately cate advances in its favour. It cor fails in one important respect; while roborates the positive testimony of it omits the Heavenly, it uncautithe Latin Church, by an accidental ously overlooks the Earthly Witquotation of part of the disputed nesses, from which the doctrine of text; and accounts for the negative the Trinity is not merely proved by testimony of the Greek Church, by Eucherius, but proved in the passage an intentional suppression of the of his writings which is at present ia remainder.

dispute. Whether the deficiency in Before we proceed to the conside- the passage, with which his testiration of Vigilius's testimony, an mony to the verse is confronted, is

to be filled up from those copies of put forth several tracts under the his works which are more or less full, names of Athanasius, Augustinus, is a point which a knowledge of the and Idatius," it is unnecessary to state of early controversies respecting engage in a dispute : so destitute the Trinity will soon enable us to de- of all appearance of truth, is the termine. In its present state, the tes accusation, that " he scrupled not timony of Eucherius must, I believe, to insert in them the contested text, take its place beside that of Facun. as the testimony of St. John,” that dus ; for as the one unluckily ad- in these tracts, by whomever comvances too much, the other, as un- `posed, the disputed passage is unfortunately, advances too little. That accountably omitted. How tbis cirsome expedient may not be devised, cumstance, which has excited so for making up the deficiency of the much of his informant Griesbach's one from the superabundance of the surprize, could have escaped his other, I will not pretend to decide; observation, I stop not to enquire; but until Eucherius, by this or some it is now offered in illustration of the such'expedient, is reconciled with diligence employed in the present himself, and it is made apparent, that attack upon the Heavenly Witnesses. he declares the whole truth, and The contested passage is indeed nonothing but the truth, there is, I ticed in one tract, which passes upconceive, as little to be deduced as der the name of Idatius; but if the apprehended from his testimony. Benedictine Fathers' opinion is de

in the case of Vigilius, to which serving of attention, and, as it is we now proceed, if we are but sur- unwarped by any sinister consideprized with the reproduction of an rations, it will not be easily set old objection of Griesbachi's, it aside, for the allegation of the text must be confessed it comes attended in this tract, Vigilius has nothing with a few improvements which that to answer. After exposing the silly diligent critic would not have wil- grounds upon which it is ascribed lingly acknowledged. To soften the to him by Chifflet, their sentence is, enornity of the charge, which makes liquido constat, immerito adscribi Vigilius the author of so extraordi- libros Idatii Clari Vigilio Tapsensi nary an interpolation of the Inspired Afro." P. 603. . Text, we are assured that it was As Vigilius's reputation, bowdone through“ undesigning mistake.” ever, is compromised in the impuOn the perfect innocence of Vigi- tation, that " he put forth tracts, lius, in respect to " the confession under the name of Athanasius," of faith which he drew up, and put the charge deserves some further forth in the name of the African notice; for as far as it affects AugusBishops," it is sufficient to observe, tine, though I perceive that it is that if it cannot be easily deduced taken on the word of Dr. Griesfrom this gentle insinuation, it may bach, as I know not on what evibe, without doubt, readily extracted dence it is hazarded, I must be froin one consequence, which it pardoned in passing it over unnonecessarily implies. For if this ticed. The grounds of this mild charge were substantiated, it would imputation of Vigilius, are no where convict this "undesigning" impostor, to be found, unless they are disof having not only forged the

signa- covered in the collections, which tures of about four hundred pre- the Benedictine editors have made lates to this confession of faith ; with their usual diligence, and inbut of having committed one of the serted in their supplementary vogrossest literary frauds that has been lume to the works of Athanasius. ever practised on the Christian In them indeed we find, under the world.

title of " Disputatio Athanasii cum On the minor charge, that "he Ario,” a long tract, to which the

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