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learned editors prefix the name of gratify us with the sight of so great Vigilius. As this work is composed a curiosity, as we are not disposed in the form of a dialogue, and Atha- to be surpassed in generosity, we nasius is introduced as one of the precede him thus early, in making speakers, the reasoner who would à disclosure of the secret of our seriously deduce from its title the strength. That Vigilius was thoproof of a fraud practised under the roughly acquainted with the disname of the Alexandrian patriarch, puted passage, and has expressly could only merit, in reply, a smile quoted it, is a point on which we to rebuke his simplicity. Were fois are mutually agreed ; that he has pertinacity thought deserving of se- intentionally omitted it, in his converer castigation, his attention might troversy on the Trinity, remains be directed from the title to the indisputably established by the evibody of the work, and his presump- dence of the tract in question. tion checked wbile his calumny was It is this paradox in his testimony, refuted, by one short remark of the of which I shall soon give the solu. author, delivered in his own name ; tion which raises it to a level with "ut unius cujusque personam cum sui that of Facundus, in supporting dogmatis professionibus, quasi præ- both parts of our hypothesis, and sentes cum præsentibus introduce. in levelling that of its opponent in rem.... Sabellium ergo, Photinum, the dust. It is needless to observe, Arrium, atque ad nostras partes how effectually the positive argument Athanasium introduri.” P. 642. e. in favour of the Heavenly Witnesses

But of this tract, which was “put is sustained by the allegation of forth under the name of Athanasius, Vigilius; and an observation will or Arius, for their title to it stands evince, how fully the negative arguon the same grounds," of this tractment in its favour is confirmed by to which the objector must either his silence. For, if the nature of allude, or leave his charge against the disputed verse, and the untoVigilius destitute of the slightest au- ward circumstances of the coutro. thority, a further use remains to be versy imposed on its grand patron made, than what it thus obliquely and fabricator, the necessity of supserves in evincing his learning. In pressing it in the very work where this luckless tract, which is the un- he was principally required to bring disputed production of Vigilius, the it forth; how unreasonable is the doctrine of the Trinity is expressly requisition which demands its proand diffusively treated; and the duction, at any given period of the opinions circumstantially detailed, time, in which the Trinitarian conwhich were held respecting it, by troversy was maintained ! Athanasians, Sabellians and Arians. Such is the result of this mighty lo it, the Scripture testimonies are attempt to subvert the testimony of accumulated with great industry, St. the African Church by the evidence John is fully and frequently quoted, of its members ;-the natural result and his Epistle expressly adduced; of this vigorous effort to set aside but amid this attention riveted to its conclusiveness by the testimony the subject before us, not the of Facundus, and to account for its smallest notice is taken of the Hea- partial effect, by the evidence of venly Witnesses. What conclusion, Vigilius Tapsensis. Let it be even the objector is disposed to deduce supposed, though in defiance of all from this stubborn silence of his probability, that the last-named Fachosen witness, at such a conjunc. ther, with his accomplice Fulgenture, I profess some desire to be in- tius, succeeded in imposing, on the formed. If to be favoured with the Christian world, every work that inference which we derive from it, already is, or may be hereafter will afford him any inducement to ascribed to him, and that all of them

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contained the Heavenly Witnesses, the African Church by whom it is Still, the objector's hypothesis, as conceived to have been invented. resting on the assumption, that they for they coincide in adopting the orderived the disputed verse from St. thodox term Filius, which the whole Cyprian, is proved, by one or two of that Church conspires in rejectobvious considerations, to bottom ing, for the heretical term Verbum : on an absurdity. In the enuinera- and it is in these writings that we tion of the Heavenly Witnesses, in are taught the value of the distinction every copy of this early Father, they between their terms, which it would appear under the terms, “ Pater, have contributed to the credit of Filius, et Spiritus Sanctus ;" in some polemics, who must needs every allegation of the disputed meddle with their quotations, to passage by the African Fathers, they have learned, before they obtruded present themselves under the titles, into the present dispute. “ Pater, Verbum, et Spiritus Sanc- Let it be further stated, as a cotus.” This is so palpably the fact, rollary to these observations on Terthat the distinction is acknow. tullian and Cyprian, that, as the ledged by the witness, whom the disputed verse cannot be traced to objector, with his wonted felicity, their expositions, without violating claims in support of his hypothesis : all probability; their unquestion. while Fulgentius confronts St. Cype able allusion to the Heavenly. Witrian with St. John, he marks this . nesses, and quotation of " tres difference between their words. How unum sunt,” cannot be traced to the far Vigilius and Fulgentius, in thus earthly witnesses, mentioned in the conspiring to depart from their au- succeeding verse, without warring thor, give evidence of having fol- against common sense. In explalowed him, every reasoner, however nation of the final clause, Tertulgifted, is endowed with capacity to lian decides, that “tręs” in the decide. What illustrates the proba- masculine, as opposed to “unum" bility of the assumption, and I trust, in the neuter, indicates a person as lays this fortunate conjecture eter. distinguished from a substance; and nally at test, is, that by the dere. Cyprian acknowledges the justness liction of their author, St. Cyprian of the distinction in his reference is left on the side of the orthodox, either to the earthly or the Heavenly and St. John thrust over to that of Witnesses. Let the tail of the verse, the heretics. For on the difference « et hi tres unum sunt,” thus exbetween Filius and Verbum, the pounded, be re-united with the whole controversy between these head, “spiritus, aqua et sanguis," lostile parties turned from the first; and it so ingeniously misses its and as it was the heretics who rested mark, that instead of illustrating their cause on the latter term, so the Apostle's sense, or exemplifying perversely adopted by Vigilius and the expositor's meaning, it reduces Fulgentius in opposition to their the text of the one to pure nonsense, original, they only could derive be- and furnishes an illustration by the netit from this improvement on the which the comment of the other is authority of St. Cyprian.

proved to be at once false and abIt is now to be observed, as sup- surd. For instead of being persons, plementary to these remarks, that, “the water and blood," must, unwhen the same principle is followed der every construction, remain subbut a little

way up, out of the same stances; and the commeut makes distinction arises a demonstration, them not only persons, but of one that neither Cyprian, nor his master substance with the spirit. With Tertullian, can be the source from these considerations, let it be now whence the disputed verse was de- taken into account, that the Church rived, whatever be the member of of which these Fathers were mem

bers, have acknowledged, in an of the disputed verse, and the affecearly confession of faith, the au- tion which he betrays for the rethenticity of the disputed verse; mainder, are at once reconciled: that no time can be pointed out while the obstinate silence which when it could have obtruded into Vigilius preserves towards the whole the canon, and no person imagined passage is fully explained ; as, in by whom it could be introduced; producing it in the Trinitarian conand let it be then decided, whether troversy, he must have brought it this passage, to which they have forth on the side, and from the fitted an exposition, that agrees mouth of a Sabellian. This diffiadmirably with it, and will agree culty in their testimony being adwith no other, really existed or not, justed; on their authority, 1 now in the Scriptures to which they put forth my plea. In a word, they refer.

prove, not by an isolated passage, But to bar the pretensions, not but the entire tenour of their works, merely of these Fathers, but of all that, whatever nameless fabricator others whatever, to whom the fabri- of this verse be raised up, whatever cation of the contested verse may inscrutable object be ascribed him be hereafter ascribed, I here put in fabricating it; as the controvera plea on record; and that it may sies of the African Church were be advanced, on evidence not to be conducted, he must have forged and questioned, challenge, in behalf of adjudged it to St. John, to place the it, the chosen witnesses, Facundus testimony of the Evangelist on the and Vigilius, by whom the testi- side of the determined adversaries mony of the African Church has of that Church. Thus on a suppobeen overthrown. The difference sition, so utterly repugnant to com. that set the parties at variance, mon sense, as that they practised wbich divided this Church, as they a cheat upon the Apostle, to place are stated by Facundus, and con- his authority on the side of their firmed by Vigilius, were these ; while enemies, every system however in. the orthodox contended for Filius geniously erected, which is opposed Dei in duabus naturis,” the here- to their testimony, must ultimately tics disputed, for Verbum Dei in rest. Until, therefore, some rauna simplici natura.” In the mul- tional motive be assigned for so tifarious shapes which the disputed senseless a purpose, which, from verse has assumed, it is always true some experience in this controversy to one side of the controversy, I do not wholly despair of seeing (which need not be specified,) some ingenious polemic labouring and reads, “tres sunt qui testifi- to effect, every hypothesis which is cantur in cælo, Pater, Verbum, et opposed to the external evidence of Spiritus Sanctus, et hi tres unum the disputed verse, must have this sunt.” I shall waste no time in stupid absurdity for its foundation. proving which party would have Of the other objections of your found it to their advantage, to call correspondent to the disputed verse, in the aid of this text, to settle the I hope, by God's blessing, to give dispute. The clue, thus furnished, on a future occasion, as good an will enable the dullest enquirer to account. What other advantage unravel every intricacy in a subject, nay have been gained by him, in so curiously perplexed, to those who his attack upon the testimony of the refuse to follow its guidance. For AfricanChurch, than that, by a feeble thus, the paradox which embar- and unskilful restatement of the old rasses the case of our common wit- objections to its evidence, he has nesses, receives an immediate solu. enabled its defenders to repel them tion; and the antipathy, which Fa- more forcibly, with the arguments, cundus manifests towards one part by which they have been for nearly seven years set aside, I am at some us, that “ truth may bend, but it loss to conjecture. Unless, indeed, will never break, and always surI inay be allowed to conclude, that mounts falsehood, as oil floats above he takes some credit to himself, water." for having brought another confirma- I have the honour to be, tion, by his example, to the shrewd

&c. &c. observation of him, who has told

FRED. NOLAN.

ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY.

Some Account of Bernard Hale, his fellowship, his father's death

D.D. Master of Peterhouse in transmitted to him a fair and plenthe University of Cambridge ; ex- tiful estate ; and thereupon though tracted from a Sermon preached a collegiate life best suited with his at the Parish Church of St. Mary devout and serious disposition, he the Less, at his Funeral. By Joseph honsetly relinquished his place. Beaumont, D. D. and at that time Removed from hence, he partly Master of Jesus College.

resided with his friends in the coun

try, and partly in London, and that “ BERNARD HALB was born of in St. Paul's Churcb-yard, for the worthy and religious parents, and benefit of books, and for his more educated in the public school at commodious access to that vene. Hartford, founded by his grand- rable temple, there duly to offer up father's piety, and favoured after- his morning and evening sacrifice. wards by his own, with the privi. Afterwards he retired to a prilege of sending a supply of scholars vacy in Norfolk, where he consecratfor seven scholarships which he ed a great part of his time to prayers founded at Peterhouse, and endow- and meditations. Here he made ed with the yearly pensions of 20 himself the parent of the poor, not marks a piece.

monthly or weekly, but daily disFrom that school he was after pensing his alms among them; some years removed to Westminster, letting them understand, that such and thence sent to Peterhouse, where as expected his relief must learn his studious, sober, and regular de. their prayers, and be able to render portment for four years encouraged some account of the priuciples of his father to fix his annual allow- their religion, thus he did good as ance, and to leave the management well to the souls as bodies of men. of it to his own discretion.

He was wont to relate with tears Of this stock he reserved no small in his eyes, that going once to a portion in a particular purse, which poor man's house with a design to he solemnly named the poor man's relieve him, he found there a misepurse; and this was a fair presage of rable company of half-starved chilhis future liberality.

dren, very busy in killing and dress. He was elected fellow of Peter- ing mice for their dinner. house--the whole bent of his studies He gave a very seasonable sup was to render himself solemnly and port to several poor householders judiciously pious, and to be well at Knapton, where he lived, during versed in the Catholic doctrine and those dear years, and extended the discipline of the Church.

like charity to several other neighAfter three or four years spent in bouring towus.

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He bound out many apprentices, cording to his own appointment and visited such sick persons as was interred in the college outer were well-affected to the prayers of chapel, by the grave of his most the Church; he was very bountiful dearly beloved friend Mr. Sato several learned, loyal, and con- muel Horn, a person never to be scientious sufferers and exiles, he named by me without reverence and gave annual and occasional exhi. honour." bitions to several students in the Ob, 29 Maii, 1663. university.

Joseph Beaumont, D. D. the au. At the Restoration he was moved

thor of the above extract was electby a father of the Church to enter ed as his successor in the year 1663, the order of priesthood, having for and retained the mastership of St. above twenty-four years continued a

Peter's College until his death 1669. deacon, his great modesty refusing He filled the chair of the Regius that weighty honour, and pleading Professor of Divinity for many years, that in regard of his unworthiness, and with the highest reputation for he might draw down a curse upon piety and learning. his own head instead of a blessing. The wise prelate replied, “ upon me be the curse, my son, only obey my voice.” Being thus conquered, he was ordained priest.

SKETCHES OF THE ECCLESIASWhen thereupon several prefer. TICAL HISTORY OF GREAT ments being offered him, he con

BRITAIN. stantly declined them, till upon his superiors' command, joined to

No. IV. entreaties he submitted to accept of From the Arrival to the Death of some, but with this resolution, that

Austin. whatever emoluments he reaped from them should to a penny be de- Our accounts of the first converdicated to the service of God. sion of Britain are slight and unsa

All his former charity he crowned tisfactory, and the events which by bis munificence to the college of occurred after the departure of the St. Peter's, whereof he was master, Romans are disfigured by forgery bequeathing thereto so much land and fiction. Consequently, the comas is valued at above six thousand mencement of our genuine Ecclefive hundred pounds : he gave also siastical History must be dated from tbereto two considerable livings, and the arrival of Austin the monk, who bestowed plate upon the altar. landed in Kent, in the year 597, at

He told his friends that he had the head of forty missionaries. overcome the fear of death with the The most authentic source of inprospect of future happiness, and formation respecting him is the histhat he daily desired his dissolu- tory of the venerable Bede, who tion, longing to enjoy the presence flourished within a century after of his Lord, and on this acconnt Austin's arrival in England. Bede chiefly he accepted of the master- is the most distinguished literary ship of this college, because, as he character of his age and nation; was pleased to express himself, that and, although his readers are occaplace was a commodious retirement sionally startled by the number and to die in; and the event shews that nature of his miracles, yet, on the this speech was somewhat prophe. whole, he is a valuable and credible tical.

writer, and his history of the conHe was seized with a paralytic version of his countrymen is highly stupor, in which he continued three interesting and important. His madays, and then he died, and ac. terials were partly derived from the

REMEMBRANCER, No. 40.

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