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nistrations have been held. There his Ephesian converts, that he had not is happiness in reflecting upon the shunned to declare unto them the whole zealous discharge of ministerial du- counsel of God,' declares that publicly, and
from house to house, he had testified ties, and in observing the kind re
“ repentance toward God, and faith toturos with which they have been re wards onr Lord Jesus Christ.” ceived ; and it is a painful necessity, “ I have no wish, by extending my obwhich dissolves the connexion, which servations in the present Address, to antihas been carried on for a series of cipate, what I have already, perhaps, with years to the mutual satisfaction of too much fulness dilated upon in the enboth parties, in which the labour of suing Sermons and Discourses. But I still
feel desirous to be allowed a single partthe ministry has not been unre. ing admonition : which is, that in order to quited nor ineffectual; in which the be saved by Christianity, it is necessary people are sensible of their pastor's we should duly understand what Christiworth, and the minister is conscious unty is. If we imagine it a mere set of of the purity of his intention, and moral precepts, a law to be observed, and thankful for the success with which a proportionate reward to be obtained at his labours have been crowned.
last, we virtually re-establish a law of
works, by which it is expressly declared, In the Preface to these Sermons,
as the very foundation of Christianity, that Mr. Hoare dwells with affectionate
'no flesh can be justified. If, on the regret on the circumstances which other hand, we regard it as a mere exattended his ministration in the town emption from the law of works, on a supof Blandford Forum, and offers the posed plea of faith ; or a hope of pardon on present volume as a memorial of the condition of sincere instead of perfect the doctrine which had been preach- obedience : then we each become the judge ed to his former parishioners, of the of pardon on most uncertain grounds; we
of our own sincerity; we indulge a hope practice which had been recom may still love the sin we partially forsake, mended, and the principles which and loathe the righteousness we partially had been maintained.
practise, and in truth render the Gospel
of Christ the means of encouragement in a « The general tenor of instruction, negligent and worldly practice. Against whicb, I may justly say, we have ever both these errors, it has been my object, striven to maintain, may be shortly sum as I believe it to be the end of true med up in the words--Christian prac. Christianity, to guard you.” P. ix. ' tice founded upon Christian principles. On both points, I trust, the two follow This account of the following ing selections will be found to speak a true Sermons is as just, as it is modest and consistent langnage. In the former and unassuming, and, it may be series I have wished you to discern the added, that it is the common chacharacter of the Christian; in the latter how he is to attain it. In the one I have
racter of the preaching of the humbly aimed to delineate the portrait, in Church of England. To recomthe other to point out the Divine Hand mend Christian practice upon Chriswhich must give existence and life to the tian principles, is the one office of original. In the survey of Christian prac the Christian ministry, the neglect tice, we see from what we have fallen, or misuse of which it is most unjust and to what we must through repentance and uncharitable to assume. Occabe restored. In the survey of Christian sions may arise, in the course of principles we equally behold that which can alone, through faith, effect our resto- parochial duty, which may call for ration. Thus are repentance and faith exhortations to duties, purely of a virtually the respective ground-work of the moral nature, the practice of which is two series; in each of which I have care supposed in the Christian code, and fully laboured to demonstrate the assistance which there are no motives peculiwe derive from our own invaluable Church, arly Christian to enforce. Acting according to her (our) views, I the common vice of drunkenness,
Such is might refer to Scripture itself as affording the best authority for the order maintain from which the minister will labour ed in this arrangement: where the great to dissuade his hearers by exhibitApostle of the Gentiles, in appealing to ing, both in public and in private,
the moral as well as the religious say it, are not always treated with the full argument. But while the Preacher's and distinct consideration which they degreat and coostant aim is Christian serve, in the many able, and, in all other practice, an elevation of character, points, far superior practical sermons of
the age. P. xix. as different in principle and detail froin practice merely moral, as is While the candour and modesty an Essay from a Sermon, his chief of Mr. Hoare lead bim to acknowsubject will be Christian principles ledge the superior merit of the pracand rules of action, and he will tical sermons of the age, it is not dwell sometimes upon repentance, easy to conceive what is meant by sometimes upon faith, and all spi- the indirect allusion to subjects, ritual aids and graces; he will some some of which are not always times separate and sometimes com treated with the full and distinct bine the fruit and the tree, but he consideration which they deserve." will never depreciate, nor place an The manners of preachers will natuundue value upon the one or the rally vary; the style of their comother. He cannot preach Christi. position will vary; their choice of anity as a law of works, nor when topics will vary: but their matter he insists most-strenuously upon the must necessarily must be the same. conditions of salvation, will he ven. There is nothing peculiar in Mr. ture to pronounce that good works Hoare's selection of subjects, nor are in themselves worthy of accept- is there any thing peculiar in his ance, that they can claim the grace mode of treating them. The prinof God as a reward, that they are ciples and the practices which he the justifying cause, which merits advocates are all Christian. There admission to his favour, or that they is nothing in them which ought are any thing but the sine quâ non, not to be preached, to be heard, the indispensable condition, without and to be read. Nothing which, which no man can see the Lord. as far as observation and He cannot deny or misrepresent the experience extend, is not duly inperfections of the Christian rule, culcated in the course of parochial nor can he dwell on the terrors of instruction. The publisher of Ser. the last day, without decsribing the mons has greater liberty and discreperfect righteousness of the law and tion in the selection of subjects, ihe judgments of God; nor, when than the parochial preacher, whose he engages his hearers upon the labours are more numerous, and are great and necessary duty of self-ex- often dictated by the occasions of amination, will he leave them to the his parish ; but we have yet to learn dictates of their own unenlightened when.“ Christian practice founded and unassisted conscience, without on Christian pirnciples,” which is exhorting them to consult the Scrip- the substance of Mr. Hoare's tures, to enter upon a comparison preaching, is “ not always treated of their lessons, with their own pri. with the full and distinct consideravate recollections, and thus to pre- tion which it deserves.” It is an pare themselves to meet their God, unhappy expression, and may give when he shall come to judge the rise to unmerited imputations, world in righteousness.
which the spirit of moderation Mr. Hoare naturally presumes on and piety which breathe through the partial kindness of immediate Mr. Hoare's Sermons is sufficient friends : which cannot be expected to repel. from the general reader:
The great subject of his Ser. " At the same time he hopes for the
mons is the Christian character, grant of some general favour to his selec- and in delineating this character tion of subjects embraced in this volume; he treats, in separate Discourses, some of which, if he may be allowed to I. Of the Christian Name; II.
The Christian in his Closet; III. mised when the name was first conThe Christian in his Family; IV. ferred. The Christian in his Church; V. Sermon II. A desire and love of VI. VII. The Christian in the retirement is agreeable to the naWorld; VIII. The Christian in ture of Christianity, and to the best Death. To these Sermons are added examples which are exhibited in the six occasional Discourses : I. The Scriptures: such retirement can Season of Advent; II. The Season alone afford the requisite opportu. of Lent; III. Good Friday; IV. nity of collecting the thoughts and Easter Day; V. Whitsunday; VI. fixing them upon God and spiritual The New Year. The selection of concerns; of offering the words of occasional subjects is not uncom. secret and earnest supplication; and mon; the titles of the Sermons will of engaging in appropriate acts, remind the reader of Herbert's especially a diligent study of the Country Parson, and of the appro- Bible, and an honest comparison of priate character under which be de. the course of life and daily habits scribes him in the several offices of with its sovereign dictates. The his ministry.
seasons of such retirement will be Mr. Hoare retains in his Sermons some portion of every day, lengththe good old fashion of division and ened by occasional opportunities subdvision, by which they fall into and exigencies, with an especial an easy analysis, and the substance appropriation of the Sabbath Day. is more durably impressed on the The benefits of this retirement will hearer and the reader.
be a right estimate of the value of · Sermon I. The Christian Name, tiine, and a consequent promotion is shown not to have been originally of general usefulness, and the highgiven by an enemy in derision and est advantage which man can accontempt, but to have been assumed quire-the knowledge of himself. in honour of Christ, or to have been A certain degree of religious reconferred by divine sanction and tirement will powerfully counteract authority. It denotes our privileges the fatal fashion of dissipating time, and our duties; our privileges, that of wasting that treasure, which once we are members of the family of lost can never be retrieved, which Christ; our duties, which require is but too common to all classes of us to believe his doctrines, and to society and to all ages of life. The comply with his precepts and with hours which are squandered at the his example. The Christian pame public-house and the gaming table, belongs properly to those who are in pursuits the most vicious or the members of Christ's Church, even most frivolous, would be more than although they do not observe a sufficient for the occasions of pripractice corresponding with the vate meditatiou and prayer. And name which they assume to them. why are they neglected, but because selves ; to those who desire, and to their value is unknown ? And why those who strive to be Christians in is it not known, but because it is deed and character, as well as in not considered in secret, and apart name and profession.
from the corrupting temptations of The Christian name is of little the world? consequence, where it is only a name; where it is sustained in the « Can there be a doubt, that they would full vigour and virtue of its mean.
be highly serviceable in teaching you the ing, it is of infinite and everlasting just value and the due sense of time the importance, a just occasion and world can find no time for the retired de motive of proceeding in all the votions of the closet, is not that they are godliness of living, which was pro- in real truth and fairness employed on
other necessary business. The true red- day. In humble life too much dee son is this, that they daily mis-spend or pendence is unquestionably placed waste that portion of their time, which they might devote to religious purposes and parents seem to think their
on the public education of children, and the salvation of immortal souls. What then is the remedy for this ? Teach such duties fulfilled, if they send their men the strict pecessity of giving in each children where they may obtain inday some time, some thonght and atten- struction : and when the elements tion to their spiritual and' eternal com- of religious knowledge bave been cerns ; then they will learn to look for communicated in the school, it bemoments which may be so employed, and then will find themselves able to dedicate them by the religious order of the
comes the more necessary to foster to retirement and to God, what else had beeo employed on trifles light as air, idle
private family, whether of the master company, sinful pleasures, or vain amuse or the parent, by the cultivation of ments. By such means will a sober eco which the fruit will be matured, and nomy of time be speedily induced. We by the neglect of wbich the root will shall be prompted to live under the con- perish and decay. stant impression, that every moment has its value for some important purpose of “ The Christian, whatever be his dolife: and what is more, that every mo mestic station, makes account of his own ment, as it passes on, hastens to a durable superior or lower accommodations, not as record on high, from which it will with its for bimself, but as a demand for his best employment again be brought, either for services, in a full return to God. The us or against us at a future and final ac table, the bed, the social or domestic count. How different, my brethreo, hour, he will wish to surround with the inwould be the conduct of men, and the fluence of his religious principles, with a face of the world around us, were this sense of the divine presence and with the impression daly felt and acted upon by all. light as it were of Christian practice, How weak and groundless would be prov shining before men, to the glory of our ed the too common opinion, that business Father wbich is in heaven.' must be neglected and the world suffer, " And more especially this, when he through our increased strictness. Valuing reflects that to God as the Judge, at last, our time for religious porposes, we should is to be rendered the account of all our also be led to employ it discreetly in tem family gifts and mercies. The Christian poral affairs. A real and effective indus will have a never-failing impression of that try for both worlds would grow up toge day when every fresh instance of divine ther, and increased usefulness to our family bounty now experienced will have become and friends would result from a plan, which an additional charge in the reckonings of still left abundant opportunities for profit his divine Lord. As a steward, he will able retirement, calm self-recollection, anticipate those appalling words, ' Give an preparatiou for heaven, and delightful con account of thy stewardship. Nay, as a verse with our unseen God and Saviour." vicegerent of the King of kings, the Chris P. 98.
tian father or master will expect, ia pro
portion to bis vigilance or negligence in Sermon III.-The Christian in
the government of his household, a just his family, follows the example of and irreversible sentence. It is, my bre Cornelius, and acknowledges God thren, no small responsibility you incur in to be the sovereign Disposer,
the influence you may possess, as parents the supreme Governor, and the over your children, as heads of families righteous judge. He maintains de
over your dependents. Their souls as well
as their bodies are, in a measure, yours in votion in his family in which he in.
trust. And shall I describe the sad condicludes the exercise of just authority, tion of those at the great day, who shall the delivery of iostruction, the ex. have neglected so sacred a charge; who hibition of a good example, the shall have sported with the dearest intemaintenance of social prayer, and
rests of others, to whom they were most the strict observance of all family tenderly bound; who shall have in truth duties.
Dever prepared against that time, when
the dead, small and great, shall stand be. Family religion, always import- fore God; and when every human distiacant, cannot be too often or too ear tion of rank and age will be done away for nestly insisted upon in the present ever?' ' With God is no respect of per: REMEMBRANCER, No. 40.
sons. The mindful Christian will even tachment," by joining its ranks, by inow place himself and his family in his outward profession, cultivating a presence : and in solemn recognition of a
warm and constant affection for its supremacy from wbich there can be no
members, and using all legitimate appeal, he will acknowledge the just au
methods for extending the influence 'thority of a family God." P. 54.
“ But to this must be added active of his Church.” He is also constant measures of authoritative instruction and in his attendance upon the Church mutual admonition. As by these means and her services, “ with a due prethe very worst may through God's grace paration of spirit for their performbecome the best, so without them the
ance, an uniform and consistent use best may gradually become the worst of all such sacred occasions, and Either to make or to keep good the human heart, is an effort judeed far beyond mere
an abiding spiritual impression after human power. But the Christian house the solemnity is concluded.” It is holder will never injagine that he has done melancholy to reflect, that this chaibis part towards it, till he has fully and racter is not of more frequent occur plainly set before his children and depen- rence, although as far as the Church dents the great truths of the Gospel, and is concerned, she has used every represented to them the strong grounds of endeavour for the formation of this mioral and religious conduct, to be found
consistent character of the true in the Gospel of Jesus Christ. From such seed under the divine blessing, the fair Churchman. fruit of moral colture may both in reason This is certainly a subject which and in faith be devoutly boped. But with is not “ always treated with the full out this, what must we expect? Would and distinct consideration which it that the complaints too frequently beard deserves ;" and while it may
be im. around us of disobedient children, of idle, dishonest, and dissolnte servants, did not puted to the Church that no ade. furnish an answer to the question. My guate catechetical instruction has brethren, if these complaints arise, where been provided, from which children the great duty of family instruction has may acquire a competent knowledge been wholly neglected, or even imper- of ecclesiastical polity, there is the fectly or carelessly performed, does not the higher responsibility imposed upon wanswerable appeal of conscience at the Clergy to supply this defect, by once teach us, to take the whole blame to suitable discourses from the pulpit, ourselves, and might it not be justly said that these persons have not learned their and by placing in the strongest light duty to parents and masters, only because the great duty, of order and unity we had not first taught them their duty to among Christians. The divine inGod? the wise Christian will not choose stitution of the Christian ministry, at least to have their guilt lying upon his its division into three distinct orders, soul, and finally required at his hands. He and its succession from Christ will deal ont the bread of life to his house through the Apostles to the present hold with the same conscientions care with which he gives to each his portion of day, are doctrines more clearly bodily meat in due season. He will teach grounded in the Scriptures, and them to reverence that sacred and invalu- contributing more to the peace of able code, which includes the duty of chil- the Church, and the edification of dren and domestics, as well as of elders individuals, than many opinions and snperiors; which enforces sobriety, which it is the fashion to regard as docility, bonesty, industry ; which teaches the sum and substance of saving us in fine in all our ways to acknowledge God,' and then promises that he will di
truth. The chief fault of Mr. rect our paths.'” P. 56.
Hoare's discourse on this important
topic, is that the matter is too comSermon IV. represents the Chris- prehensive to admit of the necesa tian in his Church, to which he sary precision and minuteness of adheres, because it is apostolical in detail. its doctrines, services, authority, Sermons V. VI. VII. are a series and ministry; and to which he of sermons .on Romans xii. as it is proves the stedfastness of his ate divided into the epistles for the