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the only alteration will be of this kind the mathematician, seeing formidable competitors in his own college among the aspirants to classical honours, will find greater efforts and a higher quantity of information requisite, to give him a prospect of obtaining a Fellowship. Thus one class of students will devote their principal attention to philosophy, and another to scholarship; while neither the mathe matician is at liberty to neglect the clas sics, nor the scholar to neglect the mathematics: but it is upon his own favourite pursuit that each will mainly rely for success. By this means, three distinct and important advantages will be ob. tained: 1. A greater proportion of persons, will industriously pursue academical studies; 2. this industry will take a direction, more conducive to their several improvement; 3, and the society of each college will have a better choice of proficients, both in science and literature." P. 22.
Philograntus then adverts to the system already adopted in Trinity College, and the eminent success which has attended it, to the zeal and emulation generally displayed by the candidates for academical honours, and to the partiality with which they look forward to the proposed additions to their task.
By some persons who read these remarks, a question of this kind may probably be asked-If an institution be really so desirable, and at the same time so free from all sound objection, how can it have happened, that it has never, yet been en acted that the University has continued to deprive itself and the country of such great and obvious benefit? We reply, that it has been long and anxiously desired';, and that ever since our mathematical sys tem assumed its present form and importance, many people have wished to see a proper balance preserved, by a similar encouragement of other essential pursuits, The difficulty of effecting great regulations in a body, constituted like ours, is too well known. Time, however, the greatest of innovators, has already produced a mighty alteration: I allude to the increased number of our, students, which has been for some time, past progressive, and within the last ten years, has been nearly dou bled: nor are there any symptoms either in the state of the country, or in the feelings-entertained towards the English Universities, of any material diminution. Had we not, therefore, a variety of other motives conspiring, to recommend such an
improvement in our plan of education, yet this single consideration might be suf ficient. Supposing the system to have been adequate heretofore, for the maintenance of industry and good order among the young men, yet the same becomes inadequate when the number is increased two-fold. This single fact has prevailed with many persons, who were most averse to any change, and has convinced them' that the proposed classical examination is required for the purpose of upholding discipline; which, iu a place where fourteen or fifteen hundred young men are collect> ed, can never be effectually preserved, except by engaging their time and their attention in liberal and useful pursuits. The enlargement of our scheme of education is therefore as desirable, as the en-largement of our buildings for their reception. In touching upon the last point, I' cannot help remarking, that although the judicious regulations enacted four years Cambridge, in which about half our ago, for the lodging-houses in the town of students reside, have materially palliated the evil, and produced as great an assimilation to the discipline of a college as the nature of the case admits, yet they can never compensate for the advantage of a society living like one family within the medy the increased expense of university same walls: nor can any regulations reeducation, necessarily produced by the present mode of lodging the young men. Upon this subject, however, we look forauthor.for, the Grace of Classical Exami ward to an improved state of things: the nations is known to have originated a creasing the building of his own, college: plan at once spirited and judicious, for inand there can be little doubt, but that a by the circumstances of the University; measure which has been long demanded' will, after the example has been given, find imitation in some other societies: in: ticulars, the spirit of rivalry existing, this respect, as well as in many other par among our different colleges is sure to promote the general interests of the body. This step will prove more, gratifying to the friends of an English system of educa tion, than perhaps any other that could be named; and it will entitle, its author to the lasting gratitude, not only of the pre-> sent, but of future generations," P. 20.
Our limits forbid us to follow the learned writer through the remainder of his well-written pam phlet. We know not what effect it may produce within the precinets. of the University; but we conceive
that the generality of his readers will agree with us in thinking that
it is incumbent upon that body to adopt one of two measures, viz. to answer his arguments, or to adopt his proposition. We conclude our brief remarks with one more important extract.
"There are certain incidental benefits
to be expected from the institution of classical and theological examinations for degrees, which, though they may not have entered into the calculation of its advantages, strike me as too important to be passed over in silence. First, the office of examiner, requiring both erudition and judgment, will procure much credit to those by whom it is ably discharged; and will thereby have the double advantage of adding a motive to some of our ablest resident fellows for the prosecution of important studies, and of introducing their merits to the more general knowledge of the world. In the next place, a gradual "The mode of their appointment,
improvement in the education of youth throughout the kingdom must ensue, not only from the advancement of classical knowledge in the university, whence so large a proportion of the instructors are taken, but from the existence of a better criterion than we now have for estimating the merits of schoolmasters and private tutors. The fashion, so prevalent during the last few years, of committing the whole, or part of a boy's education to gentlemen who take only four or five pupils, makes this, more than ever, a point of importance. At present, a parent has not often any means of appreciating the qualifications of persons to whose care he entrusts his son. It is no trifling recommendation of a measure, that it will procure more certain provision for the meritorious scholar, and will at the same time improve the general state of education.”.
which is proposed to be vested in certain officers holding responsible situations in the University, is guarded against the opposite dangers arising from individual nomination, and rotatory succession."
Progress of Religion at Bombay. WE had the pleasure, in our last Number, to insert an account of the ceremony of laying the stone of an English Church at Poona, an event which must at all times be interesting, but particularly so in the present circumstances of the country; and still more at the largest city on the Bombay side of Hindostan, and within these few years the capital of the Mahratta empire.
Since the year 1814, the Bombay government have undertaken the erection of three English churches, at the expense of the East India Company. The foundation stone of a church at Surat was laid last year, Poona in June last, and the third at Kaira, near Ahmedabad, in Guzerat, has been laid before this date. These must all very materially tend to exhibit and to raise our religion in the eyes of the natives; whilst
they will, at the same time, keep alive in our own members the principles of our faith.
It is therefore to these and similar undertakings that we may look as effectually promoting Christian knowledge in India. In this Archdeaconry, since the establishment of the episcopal authority, the number of chaplains have been increased, and institutions have been formed for the advancement of education and religion. The Bombay Educa. tion Society was formed in 1815, on the principles of the National Society, from which a master and matron were obtained; it is chiefly supported by voluntary contributions, and its annual income is about 3000l. a year. In the two central schools there are nearly 100 boys boarders, and about as many day scholars; in the girls' school about 60 boarders. The Society is supported by all the principal persons,
many of whom take an active part in its management; and the manner in which the ladies attend to the girls' school is most praiseworthy. The schools are annually examined, and the last examination, in March, was attended by the Bishop of Calcutta and Mrs. Middleton, the Hon. Sir Charles and Lady Colville, and every person of consideration in the settlement.
The district committee of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge was established in 1816, and is also well supported; its annual income from subscribers is about 350l. and its issues of books in the last year were 250 Bibles, 651 Testaments and Psalters, 509 Common Prayer-books, and 7,649 other books and tracts, exclusive of
Society for Promoting
Extract from the Seventh Annual Report of the Alford and Spilsby District Committee. Francis Mead, D.D. in the Chair.
THE Committee, after returning their sin
the Family Bible, Arabic Bible, and tracts in the native languages. The Committee is engaged, with the sanction and assistance of the Society, in translating and printing tracts in the Guzerattee and Mahratta languages: and it has recently passed some resolutions for the institution of lending libraries, under the chaplains.
These are all promising circumstances for the advancement of Christianity. The Church at the Presidency has also been new pewed within these few years, for the better accommodation of the congregation, which are now, in general, very respectable; and by the alteration of the evening service from four to eight o'clock, a greater number is now seen at that time than before.
cere thanks to the numerous supporters of
Prayer Other hound Tracts, Half-
Total from the com
mencement of the
Institution in 1815,
to Dec. 31, 1821. Opening of the New National School,
in the City of Bangor.
Tuesday, (New Year's Day,) was determined upon for the opening of this school. The children, in number exceeding 400, assembled in the school-room, from whence, after prayer, and some preliminary arrangement, they walked in order to the Cathedral, preceded by a band of music, with elegant flags, bearing appropriate devices.
After Divine Service, the procession, on returning to the School, assumed a more imposing appearance, as had been previously arranged, in the following order Boys, Girls, Band, Tradesmen, Gentlemen, Ladies, Church-wardens, and Clergy, the two Vergers in their gowns, closing the whole.
The Lord Bishop (surrounded by his family,) who had been previously admitted into the school-room, received the proces
sion in the most condescending manner. After the whole were seated, the Rev. J. H. Cotton, to whose unwearied zeal, unshaken perseverance, and unremitting attention, the public is indebted for the formation and completion of the school, addressed the meeting, and gave the following account of the building.
"The ground on which the school stands is procured from the Dean of Bangor, upon a lease of 60 years, having a clause by which the committee are empowered to purchase the premises within the first 20 years, for the sum of 1307, the ground is 71. per annum. The building, by the original contract was to have amounted only to 500%; but it was found necessary in the progress of the work, to make some alterations; these, together with the several additions I have just named to you, will make the whole cost amount to 6007, as near as can be calculated. To meet this expence,
the following sums have been collected. Donations from Land-owners and inhabi⚫ tants 254l. 178.-savings out of our cur rent income 867.-interest upon this sum in the Savings Bank 10l, Os. 11d.-grant from the National Society in London 901. -a loan from the Bishop of 150l. without interest, (in addition to his benefaction of 100%.) making a total of 600l. 178. 11d."
The children, in number exceeding 400, were, at his Lordship's expence, regaled with a plentiful supply of roast beef and plum-pudding, with a can of beer to each, The company, both Ladies and Gentle men, all vieing to wait upon and anticipate their wants.
At the close of the Meeting a collection was made, amounting to iii. 5s. 6d. as this was proceeding, a message was sent from the Society of Calvinistic Methodists, declaring it to be their intention to form a collection for the National School, in consequence of the advantage derived to them by the new road, which, as it leads to the School, passes by their Chapel-door. A very liberal collection was accordingly made in the evening by Mr. David Roberts, and Mr. Robert Hughes, amounting to 5. which was given by them into the hands of the Committee of the National School.
HIBERNIAN BIBLE SOCIETY. We have received information, on which we can rely, that the Committee of the Hibernian Bible Society have renewed their Correspondence with the Archbishop of Armagh, and after their orators have been for months abusing him, and their pamphleteers and newspaper writers endeavouring to vilify him in the public eye, they have addressed a letter to him, requesting him to state bis objections to their proceedings, promising him the fullest consideration of all he shall complain of, and all possible satisfaction in every point, and winding up the whole with the expression of a hope, that he will again become a member and patron of the Society.
His Grace has replied to this application in the manner that might be expected from him. In the first place stating, as his reasons for having withdrawn from the Society, that their proceedings were not confined to their professed object, the circulation of the Scriptures without note or comment; and were of such a nature as to invade the rights and weaken the influence of the Established Church, and in the next place, putting it to themselves to determine whether if he be such a character as their orators at Belfast and other places have described him, a revealer of secrets-a be
trayer of solemn trusts an apostatéan enemy to the circulation of the Bible, &c. &c. His becoming again a member of their Society, would not be a discredit rather than an honour or advantage to them. We do not give this either as the whole of his Grace's Letter, or as a literal transcript of any part of it; but we know that the substance is preserved, and that the Letter concludes with desiring that it may be considered as his Graces's final answer. This intelligence appeared to us too important not to be communicated even in this unofficial and imperfect state; but we trust the Hibernian Bible Society will publish the correspondence, and the whole proceedings will then be as they ought to be, before the world.
Marriages of Persons not baptized.
[An incorrect statement of the following case having appeared in a Monthly Publication, we have been requested to insert an amended report.]
BANNS of Marriage between Joseph Hudson and Mary Williamson, were published in the Parish Church of Kimbolton, › on three several Sundays. The Vicar being called upon to solemnize the marriage, refused the request, upon its having been stated to him that one of the parties, viz. Joseph Hudson had never received the Rite of Baptism from any person
The Vicar was not in résidence during the publication of the banns, and assigns the following reasons for refusing to solemnize the marriage, viz.
1st-In all former Common PrayerBooks, the Rubrick required the new married couple to receive the Sacrament on the day of marriage; Baptism must, therefore, have been previously admmistered. To accommodate certain Presbyterians, the word “convenient," as relating to the receiving the Communion, was substituted for "necessary," and, consequently, Baptism is still implied.
2ndly The act of 26 Geo. II. requires the parties to deliver in writing a notice of their true Christian and sirnames,” tọ the Minister of the Parish seven days at least prior to the publication of the banns, If the term "Christian name," signifies that by which we are received into the Church of Christ, Baptism is here implied.
3rdly-The Rubrick in the Burial of the Dead, directs "That the office ensuing is not to be used for any that die unbaptised, and, therefore, in the absence of a direct statute, analogy would lead one to infer the same with respect to marriage.
4thly-That if marriage, according to the Established Church, be a religions, as well as a legal institution, "to promise in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost," without having been previously admitted into that faith, is certainly anomalous, and at the least irregular.
Lastly-If a person born of parents belonging to the Establishment had not been baptised, and were to offer himself for marriage, it may be presumed the minister would be justified in refusing to solemnize the marriage; and, consequently, unless unbaptized dissenters are protected by statute, the Church would consider them in the same light, since, spiritually, she is ignorant of dissent *.
Upon this case, Dr. Jenner was requested to give his opinion, whether marriage may be solemnized, and whether the ministers may be compelled to marry, with ont the rite of Baptism being previously administered, and, if not, whether it will be necessary to republish the banns after baptism.
Death of Dr. E. D. Clarke.
Early on Saturday, March 9, died, at Sir W. Rush's house, in Pall Mall, after a severe and painful illness, the Rev. E. D. Clarke, LL.D. Professor of Mineralogy, and Librarian of this university, formerly Fellow of Jesus College, and Rector of Harlton, in this county, and of Great Yeldham, in Essex.-It is with sentiments of the deepest regret, that we announce the above intelligence; and we trust to the indulgence of our readers, if we trespass beyond our usual limits on such an occasion, and insert a few tributary words to the memory of this highly lamented and most distinguished individual. We should fail indeed in our respect for the general sympathy, which the loss of Dr. Clarke has excited, were we to content ourselves with the bare notice of his death. In the following paragraph it is not intended to draw the character of the late Professor, and to delineate his varied excellencies-they will hereafter be traced by the biographer; but the hasty sketch, which has been conveyed to us by one of his numerous friends, will, we trust, prove not unacceptable. Perhaps no person ever possessed in a more eminent degree than Dr. Clarke, the delightful faculty of winning the hearts and riveting the affections of those into whose society he entered. From the first moment, his conversation excited an interest that never abated. Those who knew him once, felt that they must love him always. The kindness of his manner, the anxiety he expressed for the welfare of others, his eagerness to make them feel happy and pleased with themselves, when united to the charms of his language, were irresistible. Such was Dr. Clarke in private life; within the circle of his more immediate friends; in the midst of his family, there he might be seen, as the indulgent parent, the affectionate husband, the warm, zealous, and sincere friend. Of his public life the present moment will only admit of an outline. Soon after taking his degree, Dr. Clarke accompanied the present Lord Berwick abroad, and remained for some time in Italy. The classic scenes he there met with, and his own inquisitive genius, stimu
He answered in the following terms:-Whatever may have been required by the antient Rubricks, it is now perfectly clear, that it is not incumbent upon the new married couple to receive the Sacrament, though it is recommended as convenient to be done; and, therefore, the reasoning which was applicable to the law, as it then stood, is not to be applied to it in its existing state. The Marriage Act, it is true, requires that the "true Christian and Siruames" should be used in the publication of banns; and perhaps strictly speak ing, there is no true Christian name, but that, which is received in Baptism. It has, however, been held, that for the purposes of that act, a Christian, as well as a sirname, may be acquired by repute, and that a person, whose name was Abraham Langley, was well married by, and after the publication of banns in, the name of George Smith, (vide the "King against the inhabitants of Billinghurst," 3rd Maule and Selwyn, p. 250.) I am, therefore, clearly of opinion, that the marriage in question not only may, but ought to be solemnized, and that the minister refusing to perform the ceremony, may be compelled to do so; and I, therefore, recommend that no fur-lated him to enter into a wider field of rether opposition be made by him.
5th Dec. 1820.
search; and shortly after his return to England, he embarked on those travels which have rendered his name so celebra ted throughout Europe; indeed we may add in every quarter of the civilized world. To enter into any description of them is
• See the Introductory Canons of the needless-they are before the public. Church of England.
REMEMBRANCer, No. 40.
They have been, and will continue to be,