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ganon law, when the authority of accounts, led Martianay to reject the ceneral councils came to be ques. prologue on the authority of Cassio. tioned. Then a line was, for the dorus. How very weak this atfirst time, drawn between the ge. tempt of the learned Benedictine is, Ruine and the interpolated canons, will be evident on barely inspecting and the eighty-fifth accordingly the order assigned to St. Jerome's numbered among the latter. And books, in “the Divine Institutions ;" it is curious to observe, that the as it contradicts the testimony of distinction was made by applying Jerome himself, together with that the very test for which I contend, of the entire Vulgate, and, of the in ascertaining the genuine text of Council of Laodicea, all which afSt. John's Epistle ; for Archbishop ford each other mutual confirmaUsher, discovered the true Canons tion. It is indeed difficult to acand Epistles of St. Ignatius, merely count for the error of Cassiodorus, by confronting the testimony of the unless we suppose him misled by a Greek and Latin Church, and al- false conception of the disputed lowing its due sbare of authority to prologue; of his knowledge of which the latter.

we have at least this evidence, that But to evince how effectually this he quotes the contested passage, information was locked up from the which it is intended to vindicate. Latin Church, I now cite an exam- If we suppose him to have taken, in ple in Cassiodorus. It is obvious, a general sense, the declaration of notwithstanding the superior advan: the prologue relative to “St. Peter's tages which he possessed for ac- Epistles occupying the first place,” quiring knowledge in a subject on without considering that it is apwhich he was curious above all the plied, in a limited sense, to the CaLatins, he was wholly iguorant of tholic Epistles ; though his overthe authority on which the informa. sight. was gross, his error was tion contained in the disputed pro- natural. But in thus placing these logue is founded. Of all the mem. Epistles before the rest, he commits bers of the Western Church he only the egregious blunder of thrusting could bring it to bear upon the the Pauline among the Catholic Latin Vulgate: for as he reconciled Epistles; and thus demonstrates that the Papal schism, his influence must he could have never seen the Aposhave been great, and he instituted tolical Canons. For they equally vinthat method of correcting the old dicate the first place to St. Peter's version, which insensibly brought in Epistles without dislocating the orthe new of Jerome. But, however, der of the whole, by mixing St. this power of altering the Latin ver. Paul's among the Catholic Epistles. sion, which will never be ascribed But as an instance not less strikwith equal probability to any other ing, of the very limited degree to person, may procure him the honour which this information has been proof being considered the author of pagated in the West, I mention the the prologue, and interpolater of error into which the want of it has the Vulgate, the suspicion is laid led the compilers of the Benedictine eternally at rest by one simple con- edition of St. Jerome. An ignosideration. If the order ascribed rance of the order ascribed the Episthe Epistles in the disputed pro. tles in the Apostolical Canons, has logue, be compared with that as- led them to pass sentence on the signed to the books of Jerome, in author of the prologue, as an uninhis “ Institutions” the question will structed impostor, who was ignobe decided by the comparison. So rant of the order which the Greeks palpable is the discrepancy between assigned to the books of Scripture. them that, the utter impossibility of For this injustice, however, they reconciling the two contradictory have made some amends, in clearing up every difficulty on the subject of having already extended these obthe title, as wanting the name of St. servations to too great a length, Jeroine. So wide is this conjecture this discussion may be reserved for from the truth, and so satisfactory some other place, as not necessary is their defence of the prologue in to the conclusion, which may be now this respect, that it enables me to deduced from what has been already dismiss this objection and its last established. reviver with a single sentence of the On the consent of the MSS. and castigation which Martianay has in the internal evidence of the compoAlicted, in their name, upon its origi- sition, that testimony on which every ginal mover ; " sed pace viri hujus other prologue of St. Jerome is restudiosi dixerim, parum exercitatos ceived; that on which every other esse eos in lectione veterum codicum, part of his works, and of the works qui tam levibus conjecturis suam ad- of all other ancient writers, is ad. struunt opinionem."

mitted ; that on which his version of Much more remains to be ad- the Scriptures rests, and the divine vanced ou the same subject; some original from whence it was transequally striking marks of authenti- lated, I assert the disputed pro. city existing in the acquaintance logue to be his genuine composition. manifested with Greek and Oriental And thus vindicated, I place it as a literature, not only in the prologue, bulwark to the contest in which we but in the translation of the con- are engaged; which bars the pretested passage. The structure of tences of every theory that has been the language in which the prologue hitherto made, and that shall be is expressed as composed of the hereafter made, to account for the phraseology of St. Jerome, gives corruption of the Latin Vulgate. rise to an additional train of evi. I have the honour to be, &c. dence, identifying its author. But


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1 Pet, iii, 3.

the bravery of their tinkling ornaments

about their feet, and their cauls, and their “ Whose adorning let it not be that round tires like the moon. outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and The chains and the bracelets and the of wearing of gold or of putting on of mufflers. apparel."

The bonnets and the ornaments of the The ladies at Smyrna wear the ori- legs, and the headbands and the tablets ental dress, consisting of large trow

and the earings—The rings and the nose

jewels." sers or breeches, which reach to the ancle; long vests of rich silk or of She had laid aside the rings wbich velvet, lined in winter with costly used to grace her ankles, lest the furs, and round their waist an em.

sound of them should expose her to broidered zone with clasps of silver calamity.--Asiatic Researches. and gold. Their bair is plaited, and

Most of the lodian women have descends down the back often in on each arm, and also above the great profusion.—Chandler's Tra- ankle, ten or twelve rivgs of gold, pels, p. 66.

silver, ivory or coral. They spring

on the leg, and when they walk Isaiah, iii. 16, 18,-21.

make a noise with which they are " In that day the Lord will take away much pleased. Their hands and

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toes are generally adorned with large bells tied round their ankles, which rings.-Jonnerat.

make a considerable noise as they Of the Indian dancing women who walk along.–Sketches of the Hin. danced before the Ambassadors at doos, vol. i. p. 243. Ispahan, some were shod after a

Luke x. 30. 34. very strange manner. They had

“ And Jesus answering, said, a certain above the instep of the foot, a string man went down from Jerusalem toJericho, tied, with little bells fastened there- and fell among thieves, &c. to, whereby they discovered the But a certain Samaritan had compassion exactness of their cadence, and upon him, and went to him and bound up sometimes corrected the music itself, his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, &c." as they did also by the Tzarpanes Our Saviour lays the scene of this or Castagnets which they had in Parable on the road between Jerutheir hands, in the managing where - salem and Jericho with particular of they were very expert.

attention to accuracy, if we may At Koojan, Mr. Mungo Park saw judge from the description of the a dance in which many performers country given by Mariti

, vol. ii. p. assisted, all of whom were provided 318 ; and conclude, from local cauwith little bells, which were fastened ses, that the road was then as perilto their legs and arms.

ous as he describes it to be now. The hair of the Hindoo women “ The road,” says he, “ which conis commonly rolled up into a knot ducts from Jerusalem to Jericho is or bunch towards the back of the very dangerous. The plain between head, which is fastened with a gold these cities, as well as those on the bodkin; it is ornamented with jewels, banks of the river Jordan, are inand some have curls that hang before fested by hordes of Arabs; and on and behind the ears. They wear this account, it is not prudent to bracelets on their arms, rings in cross them without a strong guard. their ears, on their fingers, ankles, We were now about to enter a very and toes, and sometimes a small dangerous road near Baburim; and ring on one side of the nostril. ln we very prudently waited for those Kashmire they wear the hair plaited who were lagging behind. Having and hanging down behind, and a passed Bahurim, we descended into muslin veil, that covers the head, a narrow valley, rendered singularly and falls down below the middle. obscure by the elevation of two The dancing girls sometimes wear mountains. At sunrise we perceived trowsers like the Persians ; a Jama Adommim, where several travellers of worked muslin, or gold or silver have lost their lives. It is singularly tissue; the hair plaited, and hanging favourable to robbers, who keep down bebind, with spiral curls on themselves here in ambush. Of this each side of the face; and to the its name is a proof; since Adommim gold or silver rings on the ankles, in the Hebrew language signifies the in some of their dances, they attach Place of Blood. A little further on small bells of the same metals. The the left, appears a fortress, which figures of the Bacchantes that are commands the whole neighbourhood. to be met with in antique paintings It is situated upon the summit of a and bas-reliefs, may serve as exact mountain; and is defended by ditches representations of some of the dan- cut out in the solid rock. It was cing women in Hindostan.-Sketches constructed by the Christians for the of Hindoos. vol. ii. p. 45–48. purpose of protecting pilgrims in this

The Tadinums (a sect of devo. dangerous part of their journey.. A tees) go about begging, and singing vast solitude here opened before us, the history of the different incar- and we beheld nothing but rocks, nations of Vishnou. They beat a commons, and uncultivated valleys. kind of tabor; and have small brass I am not astonished that the inhabitants of these places should be natu- the young, when hatched, to their rally ferocious. Wherever the earth fate. This idea more recent inquiis barren and has a dismal appear- ries have proved to be erroneous, ance, mau is gloomy, and fond of but the following extract will shew plunder. Melancholy and want sur- on what good foundation the opinion round him in his cradle; the first rested; so good indeed as to be sensation he experiences is that of generally believed by the Arabs pain. He is told, on all sides, that themselves to the present day. the earth denies him food; and his “An immense plain presented ithand is armed with the murdering self to us, interspersed with hollow steel, which hunger makes him turn and broken ground. As we went against the traveller.---Must I say along, one of our servants stumbled it?-Hefinds no enjoyment but when, on an Ostrich's nest. The bird, as by a successful assassination, he has usual, had forsaken it, leaving to the rendered himself master of the spoils sun to hatch her eggs. There were of another. These are the only crops no less than fifteen eggs in this nest, which the fields here produce him. which afforded a good repast to the Having crossed this desart for twelve Arabs. I rode back above a mile, miles, we descended by a steep de- to examine the structure of the nest, clivity into the plain of Jericho, which can be compared to nothing after a tedious march of seven hours." else than the bed which the brick.

layers make in mixing up their morLamentations iv. 3.

tar. It was raised some inches above « The daughter of my people is become the surface of the earth, and formed cruel like the Ostriches in the Wilder- of fine sand about three feet dianess.”

meter, with a trench round to pre. It was the general opinion amongst serve the eggs from being laid under ancient Naturalists that the Ostrich water."- Irwin's Voyage up the Red laid her eggs in the desert, and left Sea, &c. vol. ii. p. 304.



even to eat or associate with thein. BRITAIN

There is no reason to suppose that

any material progress was made No. v.

among the unconverted heathen,

and the deaths of Ethelbert, and From the Death of Austin to the his nephew, Sigibert king of Essex,

Establishment of Christianity in compelled the missionaries to abanNorthumberland.

don the ground they had gained. At the accession of Laurentius to Eadbald succeeded his father the See of Canterbury, the kingdom Ethelbert in the government of Kent; of Keut still continued subject to and having married the widow of Ethelbert, its first Christian prince. the deceased prince, was reproached And during the remainder of his life, by Laurentius for a practice which the establishments of Austin were was not heard of even among the preserved without any material alter- Gentiles. He revenged himself for ation. Laurentius renewed the at- this affront by relapsing into idolatempt upon the British bishops, but try; and the courtiers who had em. without success. And the Scotch braced the Gospel out of compliand Irish Christians, making com- ment to his father, did not hesitate mon cause with their brethren against to renounce it in company with the new monarch. The children of the Ethelbert, king of Kent; and Pausking of Essex had never been con- linus was consecrated by Justus, verted to the Christian faith ; and and sent into the North, with the upon the death of Seber, they not new married princess. Her husband only persisted in their infidelity, but did not prove a willing convert; but treated Mellitus, their bishop, with he suffered his infant daughter to the grossest contumely, and soon be baptized by Paulinus, and having drove him out of their territory. narrowly escaped assassination, and The three prelates, Laurentius, Mel- been successful in a war against litus, and Justus, determined to quit the East-Saxons, he was induced to the island, and the two latter carried attribute both events to the prayers their intention into effect. But Lau- of his wife, and consulted his prinrentius acted a more honourable cipal attendants upon the propriety part, (by the direction, as we are af embracing the Christian religion. assured, of St. Peter), and returning His high-priest, Coifi, assented for once more to his infatuated prince, a singular reason, namely, that he prevailed upon him to give up his had ever been a diligent worshipper idols, and his incest, to recall the of the Gods of the Saxons; and banished bishops, and re-establish had, nevertheless, been an unhappy the Church. Laurentius died in and unfortunate man. A lay-coun619, and was succeeded by Mellitus, sellor spoke more to the purposewbo, after a period of five years, “ Man's life," said he, “o king, is was followed by Justus. To the like unto a little sparrow, which, latter Bede informs us, that Pope whilst your majesty is feasting in Boniface sent a pall, together with your parlour with your royal retinue, high commendations of his elo« flies in at one window, and out at a quence, piety, and zeal; but either another. Indeed, we see it that short their lives were signalized by no re. time it remaineth in the house, and narkable occurrences, or the insig. then is it well sheltered from wind Dificance into which the kingdom and weather; but presently it passof Kent now fell, and the connection eth from cold to cold, and whence of our early historians with the Nor- it came and whither it goes we are thern parts of the Island, have pre- altogether ignorant. Thus we can vented us from receiving an account give some account of our soul duof their actions. During the remain- ring its abode in the body, while der of the present century, there is housed and harboured therein ; but no portion of the country which af. where it was before, and how it fords slighter materials for ecclesi- fareth after, is to us altogether unastical history, than that which was known. If therefore Paulinus's the principal scene of the labours preaching will certainly inform us of St. Austin.

herein, he deserveth, in my opinion, The bustle and interest of the to be entertained *." These and times are divided between Northum- other arguments produced the deberland and Mercia; the former sired effect. The priest Coifi led the extending from the Humber to the way to the destruction of the idols Forth, the latter comprising the which he had served in vain-and counties of Gloster, Hereford, Wor. Paulinus had the satisfaction of bapeester, Warwick, Leicester, Rutland, tizing King Edwin at York, where a Northampton, Lincoln, Bedford, cathedral was immediately founded, Oxford, Nottingham, Buckingham, and an archiepiscopal see established. Derby, Stafford, Shropsbire, and Encouraged by this success, and Cheshire, and being divided into by the continued favour of King EdNorth and South by the Trent. Edwin, king of the Northumbrians,

The translation of Bede's words here married Edelberga, daughter of adopted, is that of Fuller.

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