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formation, being the first publickly used opinion in some most important questions,
by royal authority, and free from the er. than perhaps at any other, and that there
rors of Popery, which were not expunged was a constant struggle to establish as the
from other works at the same period. sense of the Church of England, tenets in-
This short treatise, and the Preface or compatible with the views of the first re-
Prologue to the Bible, which latter first formers.
appeared in 1540, bave been quoted as “ About the same time came forth,
curious specimens of the progress which (1570) Nowell's CATECHISM, Dean of
had been made in the promulgation of the St. Paul's, written as he asserts in bis ad-
Protestant Faith, under Henry's wavering dress to the Archbishops and Bishops,

with not less careful attention to the Lati“CRANMER'S CATECHISM, or A Shorte nity, than to the doctrine, in order that Introduction into Christian Religion, for the youth might obtain an acquaintance the synguler Commoditie, and Profyte of with pure classical language, as well from Children and young People, set forth by books of Christian piety, as from the prothe Mooste Reverende Father in God, fane, fictitions, sometimes impious and Thomas, &c.' was printed in 1518, and impure fables of the poets. though not acknowledged by any publick i. The last work referred to, is intitled act of the legislature, claims every atten- • REFORMATIA LEGUM ECCLESIASTICAtion on account of its editor, its patron, RUM, ex authoritate primum Regis Henand not less of its own merit. Plain and rici 8. inchoata ; Deinde per Regem explanatory, it is not only calculated to Elvardum 6. provecta, aduactaque in convey the rudiments of Christianity to hunc modum, atque nunc ad pleniorem the young and uneducated, but to furnish ipsarum reformationem in lucem edita, much valuable information to the theolo- 1571.' Much presumptive authority, but gical student. The custom which for- po positive sanction, either of the Legislamerly obtained of uniting the two first ture, or of the Church, is to be ascribed to Commandments, and dividing the last this important compilation, nor is it to be into two is preserved.

doubted, that the statutes of which it “ EDWARD THE Sixth's CATECHISME, consists, would have passed into laws, if

Playne Instruction, conteynynge the life of the king (Edward) had been the Summe of Christian Learninge, sett spared a little longer." fourth by the King's Maiesties Authoritie, for all Scholemaisters to teach,' re- These are 52 in number, and ceived the sanction of Convocation, at embrace equally subjects of docthe same time (in 1552) with the Forty, trine, ecclesiastical laws, and church two Articles, and in 1553, was published with them by the Royal Authority, and discipline. having been assented to by the Convoca- Dr. B. adds, as a consummation tion, is carefully to be perused by the in- to his account of these works of quirer into the state of religious opinion the reformers, an English version of at the termination of Edward's reign. It that great document from which it is brief, but clear and forcible in its expo is easy to trace not only the subsitions, and is therefore every way fitted for the use made of it in these volumes.

stance, but the very words, of many “ Jewell's Apology, intitled in the of our Articles of Faith, the Con. original Latin, Apologia Ecclesia An- FESSION OF AUGSBURG ; the first glicanæ, Authore Joanna Juello, Epis- in point of date, and perhaps too copo Sarisburiensi,' was published in the first in excellence, of all the 1562, by the Queen's authority, and with Protestant Confessions that apthe sanction of the Convocation; and it peared between 1530, and 1586. soon acquired such great celebrity as to be considered the national confession of Our own reformers never lost sight faith.

of the sound principles in wbich it “ ARCHBISHOP PARKER'S PREFACES, was composed, while engaged in were prefixed to the Old and New Testa- the arduous task of preparing a naments in that famous edition, published in tional Confession for the Church of 1568, which is called the Bishop's Bible. England. This version of the Scriptures, and the

This work which is likewise detreatises attached to it, cannot but be regarded with great interest, when it is re

nominated the Augustan Confescollected that about the time of its publi- sion was presented to the Emperor cation, there was a greater dissonance of Charles V. at the memorable Diet


of Augsburg, by the noble Protes- discourse on the Humiliation of tants of Germany, in 1530. It con. Christ, and the subsequent proofs ! sists of 21 articles, evidently the and corroborations. prototypes of those, and of the Ca

“ 1. The state of humiliation in which nons, which were adopted for the it pleased the Eternal Son of the Most Church of England.

High to effect the redemption of the The first of the three volumes fallen race of Adam, commenced doubt. before us, is divided into two parts; less with his Incarnation. All the cirof wbich, the former consists of cumstances of his life, some of which were seven chapters : 1. Of Religion and most painful and distressing, exhibited the the Scriptures; 2. Of the Nature absolute submission which He had inand Attributes of God; 3. Of the formance of the mighty work he had un

posed on himself, as necessary to the perTrinity; 4. Of God the Father ; dertaken; and it appears that from the 5. Of Creation ; 6. Of Providence; Manger to the Cross, every incident of 7. Of the Fall of Man and Original his life concurred, either directly or indi. Sin. The latter, of six ; 1. Of the rectly, to fill up the measure of bis afflic. Covenant of Grace; 2. Of Jesus

tions, Christ the Son of God; 3. Of the

“ q As the ministry of our Lord drew

towards its close, he went up for the last Incarnation of Christ; 4. Of the

time to Jerusalem, at the Feast of the Names and Offices of Christ; 5. Passover. At bis entry into the Holy Of the Humiliation of Christ; 6. City on this occasion, he allowed himself Of the Exaltation of Christ.

to be greeted as a sovereigo. Still the The second volume is also di- humble style and unostentatious retinue of vided into two parts, the former of the meek and lowly Jesus, were sufficient which consists of eleven chapters: world, and that it was the triumph of a

evidence that his kingdom was not of this 1. Of the Holy Ghost; 2. Of Pre. spiritual, and not a temporal potentate. destination, Election, and Repro- The first act of authority which he exerbation ; 3. Of Vocation ; 4. Of the cised, was to drive from the Court of the Gospel; 5. Of Faith ; 6. Of Justi- Temple those who had dared to dishonour fication ; 7. Of Adoption ; 8. of and defile it. Sanctification ; 9. Of Good Works;

“ 3. The first stage of his humiliation 10. Of Repentance ; 11. Of Perse- may here be supposed to end; and the

second, that of more intolerable suffering, verance. The latter, of four; 1. Of and far deeper degradation, to begin. the Church ; 2. Of the Sacraments; Having celebrated the Passover with his 3. Of Baptism, Regeneration, and disciples, he went into the Garden of Renovation ; 4. Of the Lord's Sup- Gethsemane, where the first scene of his per. The third volume is divided Pussion was completed. His agony of

soul was such as to produce the most into three parts, the first of which

violent effect on his corporeal frame, even consists of eleven chapters : 1. Of

80 that the blood forcing itself through the Moral Law, and the remaining the distended veins, mingled with the ten of the Commandments in suc. sweat which fell in large drops from his cession ; the second, of two; 1. Of throbbing brow. This Passion of our Prayer; 2. Of the Form of Prayer; Redeemer, as it proved that he was saband the third, likewise of two; 1. ject to corporeal infirmities and pains, to Of the Resurrection and Last Judg: affords us assurance that he is' touched

mental anguish, grief, and appreliensions, ment; 2. Of Eternal Life.

with the feeling of our infirmities.' Each of these subjects is dis

" 4. Betrayed by Judas, he was concussed at such considerable length, ducted to the palace of the High Priest, that if we were to admit one entire and declared to be guilty of blasphemy, in article,

we must exclude all men- asserting himself to be the Son of God. tion of the rest. We shall there. The Jews were not permitted, in consefore give an abbreviated extract quence of their subjection to the Romans, from each volume, as a fair speci- therefore sent to Pontius Pilate the Ro

to put any man to death. Jesus men of Dr. B.'s plan and its execu. man Procurator, who ordered him to be tion, selecting from the first, bis scourged, to be arrayed in the ensigns of REMEMBRANCER, No. 42.

3 A


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mock majesty, and to be 'crucified. At vants whom thou hast redeemed with thy length, be was led forth, bearing his cross, precions blood, &c. so long as his tender frame could sustain “ APOSTLES' CREED. I believe ... in it, to the Hill of Calvary. There he un Jesus Christ ... who ... snffered under Ponderwent the most painful and ignominious tius Pilate was crucified, dead, and budeath which even the Roman law per- ried; He descended into Hell, &c. 'mitted. So lingering and cruel was the “ CREED OF ST. ATHANASIUS.

For death by crucifixion, that the Romans in. as the reasonable soul and flesh is one Alicted it only on the vilest malefactors. man, so God and man is one Christ; . Having endured for six hours, from nine “ Who suffered for our salvation, deo'clock in the biorning till three in the scended into Hell, &c. afternoon, the ineffable torments of mind “ LITANY. By thy Baptism, Fasting, and body, to so great an extreme was he and Temptation. depressed by submission to the penal “ By thine Agony and bloody sweat; wrath of his heavenly Father as to exclaim by thy Cross and Passion, by thy precious • My God, my God, why hast tbou for- Death and Burial, &c." saken me?' His precious death was announced by supernatural phenomeva, by

From the Collects for the first the restoration io life of certain bodies Sunday in Advent, and in Lent, &c. of saints wbich slept,' and by the redding the Nicene. Creed, and sundry other of the great veil of the temple. “ 5. In order that the body of Jesus from the PublicK BAPTISM OP

parts of the Communion Service, might not remain on the cross during the INFANTS, the CATECHISM, and ensuing sabbath, the Jews begged of Pilate that it might be taken down as soon

VISITATION OF THE Sick: 3uly, as it was ascertained that he was dead. A from the Thirty-nine Articles, II. soldier pierced the side of Jesus with a and III. ; 4thly, from three of the spear, and from the wound flowed blood Homilies which treat of the Misery and water, physically demonstrating that of Mankind, their Salvation, and of death had taken place. Joseph of Ari, the Passion; 5thly, from the SUM mathea, with Nicodemus, having requested the body, wrapped it in fine linen and

AND CONTENT OF HOLY SCRIP. spices, according to the custom of the TURE, viz. richer Jews, and laid it in his own sepul

“ In the New Testament therefore it chre, newly hewn out of a rock. A great is most evidently declared that Jesusstope closed the entrance to the tomb, and

Christ, the true Lamb and Host is come, the Jews set a watch to prevent the access of any person to the spot. The burial was

to reconcile us to the Father, &c." not permitted, till Pilate had been con- Sixthly, from Cranmer's Cate vinced that he was really dead, and had chism, viz. thus afforded unquestionable evidence of this most inportant fact.

For seeing that Christ was that most “ 6. The soul of Jesus Christ, thus innocent lamb, that never was blotted separated from his mortal body, descended with any spot of sin, and yet lie suffered into hell, the invisible place of departed for us as a sinner, it is evident hereby that spirits."

he died not for himself, but took upon

him our sins, and bore for us the bur ben Of these facts and all the circum.

which we should have borne." stances attending them, follow first the proots from Scripture, in sec

Seventhly, from King Edward tions numerically referring to the the Sixth's Catechism, from which above, copiously and industriously we find it more difficult to extract collected from all parts of the Old a specimen than any other part of and New Testament; secondly, ex

the work, so quaint and obsolele tracts from the Book of Common are the forms of expression between Prayer, viz.

the Master aud the Scholar, thongħ

doubtless the doctrine be solind MORNING PRAYER. Te Deum. When

and blameless. thou hadst overcoine the sharpness of death, thou didst open the kingdom of Master. All these foundations that heaven to all believers,

thon hast said are most true. Now, there. “We therefore pray thee, help thy ser- føre, let us go forward to those his doings,

wherein lieth onr salvation and conquest, sonl after death, but following our bead agaiost that old serpent.

shall rise again with souls and bodies at “ Scholar. It shall be done, good the last judgment.” master. After that Christ Jesus had de. livered in charge to his apostles, that most

The next specimen we shall offer joyful, and in all points heavenly doctrine, is from the second volume. But the Gospel, which in Greek is called Fu- we must considerably abbreviate it, angelion, io English, good tidings, at presenting only the leading subjects length was be sore scourged, mocked of the seval sections. It is intitled, with pointing, scorning, and spitting in On the Sacraments. his face: last of all, his bands and feet bored through with nạils, and he fastened " 1. The word Sacrament, meaning to a cross, &c."

originally an oath of allegiance, is now re

stricted to certain consecrated matter orEighthly, from JEWELL'S APO- dained by our Saviour to be an ontward LOGY FOR THE CHURCH, viz. visible sign of an inward and spiritual “ We say that man is born and does seals of grace.

grace. 2. Sacraments are the signs and

3. They are the signs live in sid, and that no man can truly say

and seals of the New Covenant, and mehis heart is clean, that no mortal can be

morials both to God and man, by which justified in the sight of God by his own

each signifies his adherence to his part of deserts, and therefore our only refuge and

the covenant established; a mutual act, safety is in the mercy of God the Father by which, God binds himself to impart by Jesus Christ, and in the assuring ourselves, that he has pacified all things by the terms on which it is conferred. Thus

salutary grace, and man promises to fulfil the blood of liis cross. Now, if there he

are God and man united by à mutual any who think that this sacrifice is not pledge! 4. Sacraments are. outward sufficient, let us go and find out a better.

marks, by which Christians are distin. But as for us, because we know this is the only sacrifice, we are contented with it guished from all who are not members of

Christ's body. 5. It is necessary to a alone, nor do we expect any other; and Christian Sucrament that it should be because it was only once to be offered, ordained by Christ himself. 6. Clarist we do not enjoin the repetition of it; and has also appointed the persons by whom because it was full, and in all its members

the Sacraments are to be administered, and parts perfect, we do not substitute

to those who are duly ordained to preach to it the perpetual successions of our own

the word, the ministers of the Gospel. sacrifices."

7. The first of the two parts of which a · It is impossible to read this last Sacrament consists, is the outward visible sentence, without observing its di- sigu. 8. The second part is the spiritual rect denial of the perpetual sacri- ibing siguified is not inherent in the sign :

grace, or the thing signified. 9. The fice in the mass.

it is only relative and sacramental, the Ninthly, from Nowell's CATE- siġn being the object of the senses, and CHISM, which likewise consists of the thing signified, of faith. 10. The a Dialogue between a Master and outward sign is accompanied by the inStndent; and lastly, from the Re- ward grace, but is not the efficient cause

of it. 11. The dispositions necessary to FORMATIO LEGUM, in which occurs a chapter of the Death or Sleep Faith and "Repentance.

the due reception of the Sacraments are

To those wbo of Souls, and of the Resurrection, do not rightly use them, the Sacraments thus commented on.

are vain and fruitless. 12. The Church

of Eogland acknowledges only two Sa"Some impionsly philosophize, that the cramenis, Buptism, and the Lord's Supsouls of men departing this life, when per.once they have left the body, are either “ Confirinatory Texts from Scripture." immersed in sleep, or return to nothing, “ A portion of the Catechism.“ till the day of the last judgment, and they “ The 25th and 26th of the Thirty-nine will be aronsed from sleep, or rise from Articles." death with their own bodies.... For in " The Ninth Homily.” like manner as Jesus Christ was recalled “ King EDWARD TAE Sixth's Care. to life in an entire, true, and perfect body, casm, in which the Sacraments are deDor did bis soul perish or fall asleep; so fined to be certain customary, reverent we who are members of Christ live in the doings and ceremonies ordained by Christ

that by them he might put us in remem- who is preparing himself for the brance of his benefits, &c.'

sacred office, as well as to those " JEWELL'S APOLOGY OF THE CHURCH, who have entered the threshold, in which they are called sacred signs and wish to look back and ceremonies, which Christ commanded


and us to use, that he might thereby represent contemplate the sacred bases of to our eyes the mysteries of our salva- their Faith, and the coincidence of tion.'"

their established formularies, with “ Nowell's Catechism, which de the doctrines of our immortal re. scribes them to be an ontward testifying formers, wbo drew from the living of God's good will and bountifulness to- fountains their streams of health, wards us, through Christ, by a visible sign; unmixed with the extraneous matter representing an invisible and spiritual which had for so many ages pol. grace,'” And the

“REFORMATJO LEGom, which affirms luted it. that • Great is their thoughtlessness, who Neither must the Introduction B0 undervalue the Sacraments, that tbey without our commendation.

pass wish them to be considered as mere naked To those who would obtain a corsigns and external tokens only, by which rect knowledge of the gradual steps the religion of Christians may be known from others. A Sacrament is a visible

by which the Reformation was acsign instituted by God, by which the complished, from its earliest dawn grace derived to us from the promises under the wavering auspices of and merits of Christ, and the remission Henry VIII., to its completion under of sins set forth in these promises, are Elizabeth, together with much biblisealed.'"

cal information on the same subject, Our last specimen is from the the Introduction will prove a valu, third volume, the article

able compendium.

But a principal merit of this work, “ OF THE MORAL Law. 1. What is consists in the excellence of its meant by the Divine Laws in general. author's intentions. %. It is necessary to distinguish those precepts which are peculiarly Mosaic from “ He who writes on common topics, those which belong to the Law of Nature. has at stake his character for literary at

The Mosaic Laws of three kinds, Mo- tainment or scientific researc!1, he has to ral, Ceremonial, and Judicial. 4. Signi- dread the lash of criticism, which may fication of the word Decalogue. 5. The justly, perbaps, inflict a severe punishDecalogue obligatory on all Christians. ment for ignorance, or for folly and pre6. Certain Rules in interpreting the De- sumption, in attempting to teach to others calogue. 7. Tables of the Law. 8. Sub- that with which he himself is unacquainted, stance of the Ten Commandments.” -he has to apprehend the mortification This is followed as before, by the shelf, unleeded or thrown aside by

of observing, that his volumes mildew on correspondent sections, containing those for whose improvement they were extracts of confirmation from every designed. In addition to these causes for part of Scripture, from the Book of anxiety, a heavy hurtben is laid on him Common Prayer, from the Com. who trusts bimself to handle religious submandments, the Baptism of Infants, jects: he has a much more arduous cause the Catechism, the Seventh Article,

before him, in proportion as the weight the Fifth Homily, Cranmer's, Ed of his responsibility is incomparably ward the Sixth's, and Nowell's Ca- greater; as his freedoin is more fettered;

as the path is often iutricate and dark, and techisins.

as the danger of deviating from the one The idea of this work is certainly right but narrow way, is rendered much new. We have never met with such more formidable, by the chance of draw. an accumulation of authorities, sa- ing others with him into perplexity and cred and secular, collected in so peril. He writes not for the entertainsmall a compass, contirming and ment, but for the instruction of his fellow

and elucidating the original doctrines. very act, that he has ability to teach

assumes, therefore, in the It must therefore, of course, be them. He awaits the sentence not only bighly useful to the young student of man, but of God; uot oply of luse


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