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rate with the death of Christ, and The doctrine of Universal Grace correspond in importance and ex- may be thought to conflict, as in tent with his atonement and media. truth it corresponds and is connecttion, as they are equally essential ed with, the doctrine of Predestinato our Salvation :
tion, a doctrine which it is of high
importance to understand, and of “ As, then, we believe, on the surest warraut of Holy Writ, in the doctrine of which the true knowledge can only universal redemption by the blood of be acquired from a severe and diliChrist, so must we believe, on the same gent examination of the Scriptures. anthority, in the universality of divine The great foundations of this docgrace. These doctrines, indeed, even as trine are laid in the Epistles to the distinct topics of contemplation, may well Romans and the Ephesians : in the engage all the faculties of the mind while former of which the Divine knowthey correct and elevate the affections of ledge precedes the decree, and comthe heart : but if we view them in connection, the mercy of God shines forth in prehends the means and condition, brighter colours, and the whole subject
as well as the end or final result. assumes a higher degree of sublimity and In the Epistle to the Ephesians the importance. We then perceive more clearly same order is implied. Mr. Strong's that redemption, in the widest sense of the argument is conducted on the hypoword, is not confined to families or to thesis of a predestination of indivinations. No groundless or arbitrary dis- duals to eternal life: we cannot tinctions are made between those who are
conceal our preference of the expochildren of the same parent. God hath made of one blood all nations ;' he will
sition of Mr. Young, in his Sermon have all men to be saved and to come to on Predestination ; a Sermon, conthe knowledge of the truth. In further- ducted on the soundest principles ance of this design he has established such of Scriptural interpretation, most a covenant and provided such mearis of irrefragable in argument, and con. grace as will comprehend all who are willing to embrace them. To different veying the most powerful consola. persons, indeed, in different ages of the
tion to the perplexed and doubtful world, he has assigned situations of greater
mind in a clear demonstration, that or less advantage, with respect to the the purpose of God, according to knowledge of bis will. But this does not St. Paul, respects the conversion of affect the main position. It is still true, the Gentiles to the faith and privi. that in every nation, he that teareth God leges of the Gospel. and worketh righteousness is accepted with
The doctrine of the Church of him, and that, if there be a willing mind it is accepted according to that a man hath, England, concerning this and every and not according to that lie hath not.””
, P. 83.
the Scriptures, and it is not possi
ble to read the Discourse of Dr. It is also true, that nothing but Winchester on the Seventeenth Arobstinate and wilful transgression, ticle, or the luminous analysis of can deprive a man of this grace, that Discourse, annexed by Dr. Cowhich is diffused wherever the pleston to his Sermons on Predesti. Gospel is revealed, and operates nation, without observing the scruwherever it is not resisted or de- pulous anxiety of the Reformers, spised : which is not denied even to upon whom the discussion was forcthe wicked, until by their obduracy ed by the controversies of the day, they have excluded themselves from to avoid all human exposition, and all further participation of the gift, to adhere to the unsophisticated and which is vouchsafed as it is es language of Scripture. The Sevensentially requisite and necessary to teenth Article is, in fact, a compi. every man, who is earnest in his lation from the Scriptures, and endeavours to fulfil the sublime and whatever sense the Scriptures can arduous duties of Christian mora. be demonstrated to bear, that sense litv.
is the doctrine of the Church of Eng. land. The Article itself maintains : of Griesbach and Wetstein will not "we must receive God's promises in be read without profit, if they presuch wise, as they be generally sel serve the reader from an unworthy forth in Holy Scripture:"
deference to the authority of great
names. "The texts (Acts xx. 28.) “ The word Predestination is not introduced in the Liturgy, for the best and
has been most severely debated, and most obvious reasons, but the doctrine
forms an useful praxis in a Disitself is recognized in such manner as may course ou Sacred Criticism, and afproduce a salutary effect on the minds of fords, at tbe same time, an occa. ordinary men, without exciting any gronod- sion of practical exhortation to the less apprehensions, or drawing their atten- imitation of the Apostles, and the tion to dark and mysterious subjects. In the Burial Service we pray that it may
great Exemplars of our own Church. please God shortly to accomplish the
There are three appendixes to number of his elect, and to lasten bis
these Discourses: of which, the first kingdom. Here we profess our beliet
treats of the formation of a part of that the character and conduct of all man- the Constantinopolitan Creed, and kind, past, preseut, and to come, are so exhibits the ancient Creeds of Jeruentirely open to the eye of God, that the salem and of Rome : the second very number of those who shall be saved is briefly notices Calvin's doctrine of absolutely determined.” P. 109.
Predestination: the third relates to .“ The number of the elect” is not the authority of the Fathers in asa Scriptural expression: it occurs certaining the text of Scripture, in the Epistle of Clemens Romanus, and contains a brief, but curious and however definitive the number and interesting, examination of those may seem to be, the elect, in the passages of the Fathers, to which language of that Apostolical father, Wetstein appeals in vindication of is sufficiently comprehensive. the reading of Kupiou, in Acts XX.
Mr. Strong's last Sermon is on 28., and which are shewn to be utthe purity and integrity of the Sa- terly irrelevant. cred Text, and on the rules by which There is nothing in this little vo. that purity and integrity may be as. lume, of which theologians will not certained. It is valuable as an ele. approve, or of which well-educated mentary discourse on an important 'men should not blush to be ignobranch of professional study, and rant. the remarks on the critical character
SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING THE worth, George Gipps, Esq. M.P.
ENLARGEMENT AND BUILDING Joshua Watson, Esq. together with OF CHURCHES AND CHAPELS.
a large assembly of subscribers to
the institution. TAL Anniversary Meeting of this
Report.--During the last year, the aid Society was held on the 20th day of of the Society has been applied for in 68 May, at the Society's Rooms, in
cases, several of which are still under Lincoln's Inn Fields, present, the consideration, 54 grants have been made, Archbishop of Canterbury, in the and by this assistance, Church room has chair; Bisbop of London, Bishop been provided for 16,891 persons; and of Chester, Bishop of Llandaff, Lord this increased accommodation furnishes Kenyon, Dean of Carlisle, Arch. 12,764. free and unappropriated sittings,
about three-fourths of the whole number. deacon of Cambridge, Archdeacon The grants made by the Society to proWatson,
Archdeacon Blomfield, mote this object, bave amounted to Rev. Dr. Shepherd, Rev. Dr. Words- £15,551.
3 B 2
Statement of Contributions.-Dona- our Establishment more than 66,000 additions, £60,321 168. 10d.' Annual Sab. tional seats, of which nearly 50,000 are scriptions, £626 105.
free, and unappropriated. The Committee have especial pleasure in reporting, that during the last year, the
Consecration of Pancras Church. Society has received two anonymous dona- On the 7th of May the new Parish tions of Five Hundred Pounds each. Church of St. Pancras, the first stone of
During the two preceding years, war- which was laid by his Royal Higliness the rants were issued for the payment of Duke of York on the ist of July, 1819, £13,212, the amount of 70 grants, and the was consecrated by the Lord Bishop of sum of £11,140, the amount of 44 grants, London. has been paid during the last year, making The Church is situated on the south the number of grants where the work has side of the New Road, having its western been completed 114, and the whole front in Euston Square ; and is so conamount.actually paid, £24,352. Other spicuously placed, that it has attracted a grants have been voted by the Society at good deal of public attention during the different times, to the amount of £29,281 progress of its erection, by its unusual which will be paid upon the receipt of the size, and peculiar style of architecture. usual certificates, that the works have A short account of the building itself, been satisfactorily completed.
and of the dedication of it to its holy purThe mention of such places as the Island pose, may therefore be acceptable to oor of Serk, the Scilly Islands, the Parish readers. Church of Stapleton, and in that of St. The doors of the Church were opened George, comprehending the village of Pill, at ten o'clock, and at half-past eleven the both in the populous neighbourhood of Lord Bishop of London, and the Lord BiBristol ; St. Peter's, Nottingham, a town shop of Llandaff, entered at the great wesin which the want of Church room is most tern door, where they were met by the seriously felt; the Parish Church of Wal- ecclesiastical officers of the Diocese, the sall, and Lane End Chapel, the one situ. Vicar, Churchwardens, and twelve of the ated in the midst of the Iron works, and Trustees of the Church. The Bishop 'the other among the Potteries of Stafford- proceeded to the front of the altar, and shire, will probably be of itself sufficient there received from the Vicar, the Rev. to shew the inability of the respective in- Dr. Moore, the petition to consecrate, habitants, to provide themselves with the which was read by the Registrar. A proadditional Church room they so much cession was then formed, according to the wanted, without some foreign aid. That usual order, which passed down the midaid has been given by this Society, and in dle aisle, the Bishops and Clergy repeatsome cases to a very large amount, where ing alternately verses of the 24th Psalm, the circumstances seemed not merely to and returned up it to the altar rails, within justify but to demand it. In other in which the Bishop of London, and his two stances, where the ability of the Parish Chaplains took their seats. The Vicar was greater, and the contribution of the having presented the Acts of Parliament, Society has consequently been less, its and deeds of conveyance, which were laid usefulness bas still been as strongly mani. . on the communion table, the Bishop befested; for it has appeared by acknow- gan the first part of the dedication service, ledgments received, that without the im. at the end of which the sentence of conpulse thus given, the increased accommo- secration was read by the Chancellor, Sir dation would never have been procured. C. Robinson, signed by the Bishop, and
These instances, coupled with the gene- delivered to the Registrar. ral statement of their operations, will The Morning Service, including the serve to shew that the expectation and Psalms and Lessons appointed for the ocpromise of aid have encouraged and casion, was then read from the desk by enabled the inhabitants of various parishes the Rev. Dr. Burrow, one of the trustees, to begin and complete the enlargement or The Communion Service from the altar, improvement of their respective Churches by the Bishop ; the Epistle and Gospel, by and Chapels. Consequently, they shew his two Chaplains, Mr. Oakley and Mr. the 'great utility of this Society, and the Jones. An Anthem was sung after the important results with which it has been Second Lessov, and another after the mainly instrumental in producing. As far Prayers, by the gentlemen and choristens as its sphere of action can extend, it pro- of the Chapel Royal. The 100th Psalms vides for the wants of an increasing popu- before the Sermon, by the children of the *lation. It has already contributed to fur- St. Pancras National Schools, of whom, nish in different Churches and Chapels of 600 were seated on each side of the organ.
The Sermon was preached by the Vicar, tient models have been adapted to the who took as his text Psalm xcvi. 9.; and present purpose. The design of Mr. Inthe service was concluded from the altar wood, which is now executed, was origiby the Right Reverend Prelate.
nally selected by the Board of Trustees as The propriety with which all the ar. being more simple, more commodious, rangements for the detail of the Conse- more accordant with the best standards cration had been made, and the exactness of taste, than any other, out of the many with which they were executed, entirely wbich were submitted to them. The prevented any thing like disorder or in- enormous expence of erecting a Gothic, or terroption. The service, and the scene English Church, equal in durability and together were as affecting and as gratify- execution, to what might be effected in a ing to the religious observer, as can well less elaborate style, determined them be conceived. The day of consecration against attempting to build a Church, of its Church will long be remembered in which after all could only be a very bumthe Parish of St. Pancras, as a proud and ble imitation of the magnificent cathedrals happy day, and even by those who are not which attest the endless resonrces of the immediately concerned, with thankfulness hierarcliy in the days of Roman Catholic to Almighty God, for having brought this ascendancy, but defy all competition in work to its completion, to the honour of these more economical and anostentations bis name, and the support of the Church times. The plan adopted, therefore, was of England.
of a different kind; and the models to The new building, becoming on its con- which it was determined to adhere, as secration, the Parish Church, has been closely as might be practicable, were taken erected at the sole charge of the Parish- from the spot where science once flonioners, who with a most laudable zeal, rished in its greatest splendour. The and a liberality which redounds highly to Erectheum, the small Ionic Temple which their credit, have by the authority of a still stands on the Acropolis of Athens, the local Act of Parliament, constructed an eastern portico of which was dedicated to edifice, which, with regard both to the Erectheus, the sixth king of Athens; the valuable and substantial quality of the western to Minerva Polias, the supposed materials (the whole exterior being of protectress of the city; and the attached Portland stone and Terra cotta, more little fane, orsouthern wing, to Pandrosus, durable than stone, and the interior of the grand-daughter of Erectheus, bas been oak ;) and to the provision for accommo- as nearly copied in the desigu of St. Pandating as large a number of the inhabi- cras Church as difference of circumstances tants as possible without exceeding the and destinations would allow. compass of the human voice, is not sur. It is understood that the Erectheum was passed by any sacred structure in the completed about B.C. 400, having been in metropolis, if indeed it be equalled by progress during a period of about forty any. Such a building is not to be finished years, in which the fine arts were raised af a small expence : and it is a matter of to their highest pitch of glory by the taste no small praise to the parishioners, that and munificence of Pericles, and the skill they have cheerfully expended a very con- of Phidias aud Ictinus. It is to be exsiderable sum upon an object so worthy pected, therefore, that the decorations and of their generous exertions. It should be proportions of a building of that date knowo, too, that a large Parochial Chapel should be of the first rank of art; and is already begun at Camden Town, to be such the remains of the Erecthenm are es. built under the provisions of the same teemed. Act, and to be paid for out of the same In a modern Christian Church it is imfunds as the Church, collected by an easy possible to adhere servilely to the precise rate upon the parish.
construction of a Pagan temple ; por is it As the architectural design is very dif- desirable that it should be attempted; but ferent from any thing to which the public in following the proportions very nearly, eye has been accustomed in this country; and the decorations even minutely, in de and as it puts in a claim to consideration viating from the forms and ornaments only in
consequence of its being the first at- where there is necessity--that is, in adapttempt to introduce the principles of Gre. ing whatever is admirable in the beautiful cian architecture, as distinguished from remnants of antieot art to the character the Roman, into our ecclesiastical build- and purposes of a Church of England, all ings of magnitude and importance, it may that can be done, is done, for the preser. not be amiss to mention the authority vation of good taste. Whatever deviations which exists for the several parts of the from the model have beeu found necessary building, and the manner in which the an. in St. Pancras Church, they have been
made on the principles, as it would ap. one-third the apparent magnitude of the pear, of Grecian architecture. Thus, for building, the beauty of the mouldings and example, the tower, or steeple, is deemed ornaments, combined with the richness of a necessary appendage to a Church, and the communion plate and hangings, pretherefore ought not to be omitted, how. sented on the day of consecration a fine ever it may interfere with the style of architectural treat to those who are fond, those ages in wbich no such things were and are capable to judge, of the niceties of allowed to break up the long extended the fine arts, applied to the best of pur. horizontal line. lo submission to esta- poses. blished custom, the tower of St. Pancras The exterior is not yet complete, and is is raised to a considerable beight, and it is therefore scarcely a fair subject for criticomposed, not copied, from the tower of cism. It is impossible to judge of the the Winds, or Clepsydra, at Athens; a effect of the portico, till the capitals are building, indeed, certainly of much later placed upon the columns, or of the Maadate, and consequently of less authority soleum buildings, vill the female figures, than the temple of Erectheus, but suitable after the original, are fixed in their in in many respects (and the only one in tended stations. From wbat is complete, Greece which is so) to the purpose of an however, we have reason to expect that English ornamental Campanulum. As we every attention will be paid, and every find in the Propylæa, or entrance to the endeavour used to render the whole as Acropolis, that the portico is Doric, but great an honour to the age, as the several the inner range of columns Ionic, most parts are creditable to the individuals who remarkably brought down to the simpli- have executed them. city of the Doric, by stripping them of their volutes; so here it seems to have Tyldesley Banks Church, been the iptention of the architect to
TYLDESLEY BANKS has attracted the adopt the least decorated example of Co- attention of His Majesty's Commissioners rinthian, because it more nearly assimi- for thie Building of National Churches, lated, with the lonic of the portico; by and, with great propriety, they have dethis means, very judiciously availing him- termined to apply a part of the Funds, apself of the effect of gradual transition, propriated for the purpose of adding to rather than strong contrast. On the sun- the number of Churches, to the erection mit of the tower, which in the original of one at this rapidly increasing town, supported a shifting vane, is planted the which is situate in one of the most popucross, the sacred symbol of our faith. On lous Manufacturing districts of this county, that elevated pinnacle it stands (and long and during the life of the present promay it stand !) an emblem of the triumph prietor of the land, THOMAS JOHNSON, of Christianity, over the boasted influence Esq. has increased from two farm bouses, of heathen superstition. It appropriately by which the whole site of the present terminates the edifice, on the front stone town was occupied on his inheriting the of which is inscribed, in the character and estate from his father, to upwards of 700 dialect used when the Erectheum was houses, and nearly 5000 ivhabitants! The erected,
want of accommodation for this popola
tion in an Established Church, has been "Μακαρια φως Ευαγγελια 2τως αει φωτιξοι τες Εθνων αφανεις νεως. .
of late years, severely felt. A remedy is
now in progress. For some time back a With respect to the construction of the great number of workmen have been eminterior, it appears as if the great deside ployed in preparation of the foundation, -satum, facility of hearing and seeing in a &c., and on Tuesday last, the 23d instant. large building, were really attained. The on the commenjorating day of St. George, Church contains upwards of 2200 sittings, the Patron Saint of England, and in hoand yet simply by avoiding all obstruc- nour of whom the Church is to be named, tions to the voice, all heavy peers and the chief foundation-stone was laid. angular projections, by leaving a free pas- At one o'clock, the Ladies and Gentlesage below the galleries, and a large unin- men of the town and neighbonrhood, preterrupted area above them, it seenus as if ceded by a band of music, nioved from the no difficulty would be experienced, on or- residence of THOMAS JOHNSON, Esq., (the dinary occasions, either by the officiating donor of the land, for tlie Church and miuister, or his congregation, as to speak- Church-yard) to the ground, where the ing and hearing. Upon the whole, the ceremony commenced, by singing the old simplicity which is characteristic of the version of the 100th Psalm. The stone style of architecture, and the excellence of being elevated, by means of a triangle, &c. the proportions, which diminishes at least Mr. JOHN HUNTER, the superintendant of