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down for the conduct of life, to the various upon the inadequacy of the word relations in which man is placed with res, patience, to express the full meanpect to his fellow Creatures. Were I

ing of St. James, chap. v. verses required to produce an instance in con

7 and 8. And Mr. Robinson confirmation of this remark, I would refer to the caution, delivered by St. Paul to the

trasts the mere patience of the Roman Concerts for their guidance upon pagan school, with the persevering certain points which the Gospel had left and consistent energy of Christian indifferent, Let not your good be evil virtue. He subjoins the following spoken of!" P. 15.

spirited paraphrase of his text. The conclusion contains an assurance of the Bishop's perfect readi- formance of so arduous a duty, the Apostle

“ To encourage bis readers in the perness to listen to any information

proposes a familiar example from common which his Clergy may have to com life, in which something of a similar conmunicate ; and to give an attentive duct universally prevails. The husbandand favourable consideration to the man, after toiling in the preparation of suggestions which their experience the earth, and committing the seed to its may dictate.

bosom, is not so unreasonable as to ex.

pect its immediate growth. Though all * Rom. xiv, 16.

his hopes of subsistence for the ensuing year depend upon its success, he is not impatient at the delay which is necessary

to its perfection. He knows that the The peculiar Difficulties of the early and latter rain must descend upon it,

that the cold of winter and the warmth of Clergy in India. A Sermon, spring must shed their several influences, preached at the Second Visitation before the suns of summer can ripen and of the Lord Bishop of Calcutta, expand the corn. He knows by past exat St. Thomas's Church, Bombay, perience the course of nature, and he

In on Monday, March the 5th, 1821. confidently, expects its recurrence.

the mean time he is secure in the hope of By the Rev. Thomas Robinson, future gain, and cheers the labour of the A.M. Chaplain of Poona, 8vo.

seasons with the prospect of an abundant pp. 24. Rivingtons. 1821. harvest. Be ye also patient. You have

committed your immortal interests to the This Sermon is entitled to a dis

care of an Almighty Saviour, who will tinguished place among the many keep that which you have committed to gratifying presents which have been him unto that day. This is but the seed. recently transmitted from the East. time of your life ; and, even if you are call. Abundant proof has been given ofed to sow in tears, doubt not that you shall the zeal and talents of the Prelate one day reap in joy. Let not the clouds who presides over the Indian

that obscure yonr path discourage or disChurch; and it is not a little gra- your heads; and, as the rain does but de

tress you; they may burst in blessings on tifying to find, from the specimen scend from heaven to fertilize the earth, before us, that his Clergy are wor. so these passing troubles may be intended thy of such a head. In whatever by your beavenly Father to penetrate and light we conteinplate Mr. Robin, soften your hearts, and to produce in son's Discourse, it is equally admi- then the peaceable fruits of righteousness.

Your labours of obedience and love seem rable. As a piece of composition,

now to be unrewarded; and the contempt it reflects credit upon his learning and indifference of the world damp your and eloquence-as a Sermon it expectations. Remember, it is not from bears testimony to his piety, and the world you look for your reward; sound doctrine; and as an exposic and that its censare or applause, its hotion of the peculiar circumstances vours or its disgrace, can have no influ. of the country in which his lot is

ence on the blessedness of heaven, Look

well to the foundation on which your cast, it exbibits his judgment and discretion in a very favourable point principles : examine whether there be in

hopes are built: return continually to first of view.

the promise and faithfulness of God any It commences with some remarks ground for distrast and fear. Let your

eye pierce through the darkness that was more favourable to our general influhangs around you to the briglitness of that ence on the manners and sentiments of glory which is soon to be revealed. By the Laity. But if this discouragement is these reflections and these prospects $la- felt in any measure in our vative country, blish your

hearts. Let uot the husband- there are some circumstances inseparably man, in the hope of worldly gain, shew connected with our situation in this dio. an example of endurance which the can cese, which have tended greatly to indidate for eternal happiness is unable to crease it. follow. Be not weary in well doing. 1. Among these the smallness of our The time is short, The coming of the number deserves first to be mentioned. Lord draweth nigh. Wbile therefore We are a small and inconsiderable body, your Saviour is animating you to proceed, thinly scattered through the provinces of and angels behold the contest, let it be a vast empire. Each one of us is presented your constant and unreinitting care by pa to the public eye separate from the body to tience and comfort of Goll's Holy Word which he belongs ; and all that respectabito embrace and ever hold fast the blessed lity and moral power which accrues to hope of everlasting life." P. 8.

every other profession from a conjunction

of counsels and a concentration of influ. He then remarks that it would

ence, is in great measure lost to the be great injustice to contine such Clergy of India. From this circumstance exhortations to the first professors it bappens not unfrequently that many of Christianity, and to deprive the

who now form part of our cure, have preChurch of God, in any age, of so

viously for years together been unaccus

tomed to the ordinances of religion; and rich a legacy: and is thus led to it is hardly to be expected that they notice those circumstances, con should at once receive us with that conti. nected with the discharge of the cle dence and affection which it must ever be rical duties in India, which render our interest to inspire. Besides, we need the admonitions of the text pecu- often, both in our private studies and publiarly applicable to his hearers.

lic labours, the advice and assistance of

our brethren; but these, except when we “ Impressed with these sublime and aw. meet in Visitation, are very rarely to be ful sentiments of the origin and character obtained. Nor is it the least part of the of our profession, and from a strong convic- advantage to be derived from these occation of its incalculable importance to society sional solemnities, that it revives among at large, we are disposed, with the great is a feeling of union and brotherhood, Apostle of the Gentiles, to magnify our which is never lost among the Clergy but office*. The first discouragement there with manifest and immediate harm. fore we have to encounter is to find how “ 2. Another circumstance, tepding to little the real value of our ministry is ap. the same result, is the smalluess of our conpreciated by the world around is. It gregations. I am well aware that many cannot bnt damp the zeal of one who es causes, over which we can have no con. teems the Gospel which he preaches to be trol, may conspire to produce the effect; the power of God unto salvation t, to find --the inconveniences of climate, or the that, after the first gloss of novelty hath necessities of military service ;--but the worn away, the message which he bears existence of the evil is felt, I am persnais received with outward respect indeed, ded, and deplored in every station of the but as a matter of secondary and inferior Diocese. To ourselves, accustomed to importance. If it was the fault of darker numerous audiences, and anxious (in whatages to invest the clerical profession with ever sphere is assigned 1s) to make full a mysterious and immoderate regard, it is proof of our ministry *, it is extremely no less the error of the age in which we disheartening to be surrounded by so few live to lose sight of the pastoral character in the discharge of our public duties, of the Clergy, as a distinct and separate How shall they believe except they hear? relation, and to regard thein only as they is a question that often forces itself upou are men and citizens. And surely the us with painful interest. Under such cirbody of our Clergy have lost much of the cumstances, it requires a more than ordi. usefulness and comfort of their parochial nary vigilance to keep alive in our own labours from the change to which I allude. souls the holy benevolence that becomes The feeling that prevailed in the age im our office, that sacred ardour for the hapmediately succeeding the Reformation, piness and salvation of mankind, which

«* Rom. xi. 13."

“ | Rom, i, 16."

6* 2 Tim. iv, 5."

alone can impart to our pnblic addresses wants, opens their hearts to our spiritoal more, infinitely more than the majesty instructions ; and it is perhaps chiefly by and pathos of the most accomplished elo- means of this interchange of kindness and quence. We are but too apt to feel a respect that our Lord's words are fulfilled, fainter and more lang id interest in our that to the poor the Gospel is preached. preparations for the pnlpit; and, in the It would awake in many of our hearts a delivery of our sermons, our manner must train of recollections full of exquisite pleanaturally suffer from the want of that deep sure not unmixed with pain, to remind us and powerful sympathy, which is reflected of all the feelings of paternal interest deback upon the heart of the speaker from rived from such associations. From these inthe countenances of a listening multitude. teresting relations we are (generally speak.

“ 3. Another circumstance of discou- ing) excluded by the very nature of our serragement, is the rapid change that takes vice; and surely by those who have once place in the society over which we are felt the powerful advantage they afford, placed. The great and most valuable their almost total want nust be considered purposes of the Christian Ministry are not among the chief trials and discourageto be answered by slight and occasional ments of our situation.” P. 13. addresses. The moral and religious change, in the production of which it is our highest

The remainder of the Discourse is honour to be employed, is not effected – not inferior to the portions which either in the hearts of individuals, or in have been extracted. The whole is the mass of society—but by slow and al- well worthy of an attentive perusal, most insensible degrees. It is by the ite- and cannot fail to prove a source of ration of simple and affectionate instructiens, it is by the enforcement of doctrine instruction to many, and of gratifiand precept, according to the exigencies

cation to all. of time and circumstance and character; it is by the daily intercourse of a pastoral charge among those from whoin death only can divide us ; it is, above all, by the mild The Church and the Clergy, exbut penetrating influence of example, that

hibiting the Obligations of So. the best and most permanent advantages

ciety, Literature, and the Arts are derived from an established Clergy. The fluctuating and uncertain society of

to the Ecclesiastical Orders, and our military stations is unfavourable to the Advantages of an Established this slow and gradual process; and we are Pricsthood. By George Edmund often compelled to contine the range of Shuttleworth. 306 pp. Rivingour instructions within a space far too

tons. 1820. small for their full developement.

“4. The last cause of discouragement My name is Bishop,” said a which I shall mention, is perhaps of all coachman on the road to Cheltenothers the most powerful, if not in lessen ham. “ Think of the Parsons," ing our actual nsefulvess, at least in taking said a traveller of saturnine counteaway some of the happiest and most characteristic employments of our profession.

nance to his companion, I mean the absence of the lower orders of will not forget his name. The society. The cottages of the poor, and Bishops and the Parsons are all of the domestic circles of those who are the same tribe, and useless lumber egnally reinoved from affluence and want, they all are; it would be well, if -these, if I mistake not, form the hap- they were all sent to Botany Bay.” piest scenes for the exercise of our ministry. These look up to us as the natural

It is not improbable, that this is guardians of their best and dearest inte a popular opinion with a certain Tests ; for advice in difficulties, for solace class of politicians and reformers, in afflictions, for the instruction of their beyond whose pale it is as unneceschildren, and for support and comfort in sary to dispute its truth, or deny its their dying hour. It is among them chiefly justice, as it would be vain to rethat we are recognized as the pastors of our fute by reason the prejudices of Hock : among them the primitive feeling those by whom it is entertained. of our ancestors still livgers; they esteem #s very highly in love for our work's The usefulness of the Clergy even suke *, Our attention to their temporal in the affairs of civil life is becom

ing every day more obvious to those, 1 Thess, v, 13,"

whose senses are not obstructed by

" and you

bad interests or by worse antipa. ostentation or more vain hypocrisy. thies : and not only in the capacity In the presence of the Clergy these of magistrates, with which but few opinions will naturally be suppresare invested, but as the superinten- ed, or uttered with many abatements dants and directors of schools and of caution and reserve : but when other charitable institutions, as the they are not present to vindicate friendly arbitrators between the themselves, a Priest and a Parson pauper and the overseer in the ad- is a common topic of mirth and riministration of the poor laws, and dicule, and the worst member of the as the mediators between the higher convent is exhibited in caricature, and the lower classes of society, as the example of all the brotherdeclaring the wants of the one and hood. Where there is a disposition appealing to the benevolence of the to receive these misrepresentations, other, their usefulness is felt and it is but lost labour to correct them ; acknowledged in the remotest and but it may powerfully counteract most secluded corners of the king- the progress of the delusion, to bring dom. As scholars, without any forward the real case of “ the disparagement of the learning of the Church and the Clergy," and to Laity, the Clergy are and ever have exhibit “ the obligations of literabeen the main support of English ture, society, and the arts to the literature, in the higher departments Ecclesiastical orders, and the adof philosophy, and profane avd vantages of an established Priestsacred criticism, ana 'the instruc- hood." This office has been suction of youth of rank and fortune, cessfully undertaken by Mr. Shut. and of those intended for the learned tleworth, who has fully justified the professions, is almost the exclusive envied emoluments of the Clergy, province of the Clergy. It is need. by producing manifold instances of less to assert their usefulness in the the munificent appropriation of those duties and the studies more imme- emoluments. diately appropriated to their office:

« In whatever direction I have traverswhere it is not felt, it will not be ed the kingdom I have discovered cause of acknowledged: but in the changes gratitude to the CLERGY. Cathedrals, and chances of life, in the trials of monasteries, hospitals, asylums, seminasickness and sorrow it is the hap- ries for learning, whatever can promote piness of the Clergy to know, that buwan felicity, or mitigate the sorrows of they have not laboured in vain, or mortality, I have found the works of their without receiving the gratitude of hands, the offspring of their munificence; those whom they have been called

and thus forcibly impressed by the multi

tude of their foundations, and the magnito comfort and instruct.

tude of their endowments, I have ventured Where the power of Religion is (with too much temerity possibly) to bepot felt, the necessity of contribut come an bumble advocate of the most culing to the maintenance of the Clergy tivated community in the world. in an assumed condition of easy in

“ Nor is it with any desire to extenuate dolence and the citation of obvious the numerous errors and imperfections,

which will doubtless be discovered in this examples, which have been occa.

publication, that I declare it to have been sionally exhibited, and which in so precipitated from the press, with a painlarge a body as the Clergy may not ful reference to passing events ; instead of yet be extinct, may give counte a few months, which have been spent in dance and circulation to the opi- bastily arranging these materials, many nion, that they are not worthy of years of deliberate research might have the emoluments which they receive, been well employed upon a subject, as that their office is useless, and that gratifying, as I have found it interesting."

P. vi. their character is marked, in some instances, by ignorance and bigotry, The method of Mr. Shuttleby intolerance and pride, by vain worth's argument is, to assert and

to vindicate from unjust imputa. pose requires profound research or tions the divine origin of tythes and admits of novelty and invention, he of an established maintenance of has redeemed his promise and inthe Clergy. In the progress of this terested and gratified his reader by inquiry he refers to the reign of the variety and perspicuity of his Henry VIII. which he considers the details, and engaged him to think most distinguished period of Eccle- well of the Church and the Clergy, siastical splendour in this country, to whom so many obligations are and while he infers from the selfish due from society, literature, and the and indiscriminate rapacity of that arts. monareh the danger of precipitate The argument upon the divine revolution, he maintains that the origin of tythes with the history of ambition of the Romish Clergy was tythes in England, is evidently borno just warrant for the continued rowed from Comber's elaborate spoliation of the Church. In the answer to Selden; and the succeed. aisles of the several cathedrals he ing refutation of the common prepoints out the monuments of the judice against tythes, that they are munificence of the Prelates, who at uufavourable to agricultural imdifferent periods presided over them, provement would be appropriately and having taken a similar view of enlarged and completed by connectEpiscopal and Clerical liberality ing it with the remarks on feudal in the several colleges at Oxford, tenures, on the absurd insinuations and a more superficial and cursory in favour of clerical poverty, and sketch of those at Cambridge, he di- with the incontrovertible fact, that gresses from this captivating theme the envied emoluments of the Clergy to the laborious daties and inade. have been and may be possessed by quate remuneration of the Clergy, men of the humblest origin and de by whom the smaller seminaries and scent. By this arrangement the grammar schools are conducted. In moral claim of the Clergy to their a highly classical chapter, he shows tythes would be as clearly and conthat the worst superstitions of the sistently exhibited, as their legal darkest ages of Christianity are not right is certainly established, not worthy of comparison with the or. only on the authority of professional dinary rites of Paganism, and in ad- writers, but by the consent of men verting to the monastic institutions of all parties in Parliament, that proclaims the just praise of the there is no title so clear, so ancient, eminent learning of the Benedictines, or so irrefragable as that of the and from thence in an argument mis- Clergy to the tenth, a title which placed, but not unnecessary or in- cannot be called in question, with expedient, he repels the common out hazard to all property in the insinuations against the liberal estab- kingdom. From a distinct and clear lishments of the Clergy, and main. view of this title, it would be obvi. tains that many fuedal tenures are ous to proceed without interruption more unfavourable than tythes to or digression in the inquiry, whether the interests of agriculture. He the Clergy had made a just use of quickly resumes the natural series the estate thus indefeasibly secured and order of his argument, and to them. However the splendour dwells upon the distinguished piety of the monastic establishinents in and benevolence of the Reformers, England, especially at St. Edmund's and of the Clergy of the Church of Bury, Glastonbury, and Malmes England who have succeeded them. bury might exceed the just and ne

This abstract is suthcient to shew, cessary uses of those establishthat Mr. Shuttleworth's design cor- ments, they afforded no apology responds with his title, and while for the indiscriminate and unspar. neither bis argument nor his pur. ing rapacity of the arbitrary spoiler REMEMBRANCER, No. 37.


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