Page images

that it is a very strong argument in deserve the severest censure. If he support of his opinion respecting can answer the anti-calvinistic por. human nature.

tions of the Review, we trust that But to come at once to the point. he will furnish it in an Appendix, The attack upon the Christian Re- No. VI. But while he is unwilling membrancer is opened in Appendix, or unable to perform these feats, let No. V., with the following alarming him not mislead his readers by pro. declaration :

mising to investigate our opinions, “ The subject of the foregoing Charge and then leaving them wholly igno has undergone much discussion in the rant what those opinions are. Much pages of the Christian Remembrancer, more, as he desires the character of more especially in the different numbers

a fair controversialist, let him not of that periodical publication, which issued from the press in the course of the misrepresent and garble the senti. year 1821. An investigation of the opi- ments of our correspondents, and nions promulgated in that work relative then affirm that such sentiments are to the corruption of human natare will virtually our own. Having quoted give me an opportunity of bringing for several passages from the Essays of ward the testimony of the acéredited for- N. R. and especially one passage mularies of our Church upon the subject respecting the children of wrath to and, furtber, as the conductors of the which we have stated our insurpublication in question appear to claim an exclusive patent of orthodoxy, this in- mountable objections, the Archdea. quiry may, in some measure enable the con exclaims, reader to appreciate the validity of such a

“ It would be superfluous to enter into pretension.” Appendix, p. L.

a formal refutation of these opinions; for The investigation thus announced they carry their owo refutation with them. is continued through upwards of But what is to be said for the orthodoxy

of a periodical work, which gives currency twenty pages, in the course of which Archdeacon Browne truly says, that the Editors in their final review of the con

to such doctrines as these? It is true that we have represented the Homily on

troversy, to which the communications the Misery of all Mankind as teach- under the signature of N. R. gave rise, ing that " there is no perfect good express their dissent from this writer in in man, no good that can merit re- some points, and admit that he is not altoward, no good that can put away gether judicious in the choice of his terms ; offences,” to which he might have

but they deny that there is any fair ground

for charging him with Pelagianism or Soadded to complete, our statement cinianism. In short, I do not see how respecting the drift of the Homily, any person can read the long and laboured “ but that we must flee to God for. Article which appeared in the Christian pardon through the merits of Christ, Remembrancer of December, 1821, opon or else we shall never find peace,

the doctrine of Original Sin, and not be rest or quietiness, much less accep- of it is, to vindicate the general statements

convinced that the main drift and purport tance and glory.” But this is the of N. R. upon that subject-statements only part of the opinions, promulgat- which cannot, as it appears to me, be in ed in our work relative to the cor., any way reconciled with the Homilies, Arruption of human nature which Arch- ticles, and Liturgy of the Church of Engdeacon Browne has the candour to land, or, by consequence, with Scripture produce. He sneers at a long and rightly interpreted." P.72, laboured article in which we review- We exclaim in our turn that it is ed a controversy respecting Ori. superfluous to enter into explana. ginal Sin, and in enquiring into tions with a writer who impules to «the validity of our pretensions to us doctrines and opinions which we orthodoxy," the Archdeacon might disclaim and asserts that we think have taken the trouble to seek our one thing when we have assured sentiments in that place. If he can him that we think another. Had extract Pelagianism or any other Archdeacon Browne condescended heresy from that article, we shall to meet us fairly, we should have REMEMBRANCER, No. 48.

5 D

for me.

replied with all the respect and at- whole world shall ring with his ri. tention to which he is entitled. For baldry, and actually republishes it some reasons to us unknown, he has with additions and corrections. thought proper to pursue a different Hoping that the Presbyterians upon course—thereby saving us the trou. this side of the water will not conble of a detailed reply to his objec- sider themselves compromised by tions, and leaving us nothing more the imprudence of their distant broto do than to request that his read. ther and advocate : and believing ers will not pass sentence against the that the dulness of our pages may Remembrancer, till they have exa. be enlivened by a few of the sallies mined our opinions for themselves. of American controversy, we bumThe sentiments attributed to us by bly submit the following extracts Archdeacon Browne, are not the sen- to the reader's notice and approba. timents wbich we have expressed or tion. which can be justly in ferred from

“ I am aware that it has been asserted our writings. This is a point on

that this was my disposition before I left which our feelings are strong, and Scotland, and in fact that that very cirwe cannot consent to soften or con- cumstance rendered the country too hot ceal the declaration of them.

Now I must beg leave to contradict all this in the fullest and most unqualified terms, and to assert, without the

fear of contradiction, that I never wrote Ecclesiastical Polity in British Co

une line of a controversial tendency, nay

that my pen was never dipt in gall, till I lonies; or Strictures on an Article reached the shores of New Brunswick. in the London Christian Remem. Indeed I never found it necessary. Oar. brancer, relating to a Contro- National Dissenters, both Episcopalians versy on Church Affairs, which and Presbyterians, know their place and took place in the Province of keep their distance, and have scarcely ever New Brunswick, in the Year

excited even the jealousy of the Estab

lished Church. And even since I came 1817-18. By George Burns, here, the aggressions have all been from D.D. 8vo. 66 pp. Younghus- the other side, for even the original pam

band. Saint-John. 1822. phlet which is the subject of the Review Here is another gentleman ex.

in question, was brought before the pub

lic in a way to use the words of the Re tremely angry with the Christian

viewer himself) as unexceptionabie as Remembrancer, and publishing a the ostensible purpose

and desiga. pamphlet, by subscription, in New Really to suppose that I could sit still Brunswick, for the purpose of re

and witness the Church to which I belong vealing his wrongs to the trans

decried by the blind admirers of an estabatlantic world.

lishment which they vainly imagine ought

to overwhelm and annihilate every other Some remarks upon the Eccle

religions society, is to charge me with an siastical Policy or impolicy of Great inbecility and insipience most contemptiBritain, as it regarded colonies be- ble and degrading. Nay, I am clearls of yond the seas, were presented to opinion that the man who endeavours to our readers a year ago, in a review reason or laugh them out of their bigotry of three pamphlets by Mr. Milne and

and intolerance, does an essential service Dr. Burns. The greater part of the

both to themselves and to their Church,

For what can be more upreasonable than article was devoted to the question their conduct in arrogating to themselves of Episcopacy, and of the general the right of attacking other churches with state of our foreign Church affairs. out politeness and without measure, whilst The specific demerits of Dr. Burns they enjoin upon them forbearance and were passed over with very gentle moderation? Their language is “ Be so castigation. This is an indignity good as to let us pommel you with all our which he refuses to bear. “What rather' wish you would not, let your reta

you do retaliate, which we had he done to sink so peacefully liation consist only in one or two soft, and to rest!" He is resolved that the kindly, and affectionate, and genteel, pats

[ocr errors]

on the cheek.” Now, I do not say that for by every sighing heart among them. rudeness should be displayed on either See the mighty anticipations of their imaside ; but I affirm that it is ridiculous, gination! • Le grand Empire is just nay much worse than ridiculous, for the going to be established in the North.' aggressor, after once and again putting Already there is erected a camera obscura forth all his strength to injure his neigh on the top of Lambeth palace, wliere the bour, to preach up to him meekness, po- Prelates of England, sitting in darkness liteness, self-command, all the placid, around the white-faced board, survey amiable, and pretty virtues." P. 8. before them the fields of green Albyn, and

“ It is recorded by Mr. Cecil, in his have ere now parcelled them ont into prolife of the worthy Mr. Cadogan, that when dactive dioceses-already full five hundred the latter was looking at the Cathedral organs are building for her parishes, and Church of Glasgow, a Church in which he twenty score of Cassocks making for her perfectly knew that the Gospel was most Clergy, and one dozen of nice wigs for ably and faithfully preached, he could not her venerable dignitaries. Already the help exclaiming, O that Episcopacy were people are preparing to receive us—they established in it! To this excellent but invite us—let us go bigotted Episcopalian, and to lis no les3 «Stand aback, clear the way, for bishops, excellent bnt no less bigotted biographer,

rectors, curates, it seems to have given very little satisfac

With their elegant appendices, the tithes, tion that the Gospel was preached with a

and the poor rates.' degree of purity, faithfulness, and ability, seldom equalled in any Church, unless « But leaving the Ecclesiastical Polity Episcopacy, with all its ceremonies and in Scotland as settled beyond recall, let trappings, liad gone along with it. And

us return to our Reviewer, and his claim if a single Cathedral Church, in that divi- upon the Colonies will fall to be consision of the island extorted such an excla- dered in due course. My opinion of the mation from so holy a nian, what feelings Christian Remembrancer, and of its Remay be supposed to agitate the breasts of views, is very much that which certain the less holy but equally bigoted parti. North British Journalists have expressed sans of episcopacy, on contemplating all in reference to the British Critic. Their those venerable piles of ancient Caledoni language I beg leave to apply (mutato consecrated to the simple rites of Presby- nomine) in the presevt case. terian worship? It is well if they do not " " It is recorded of Antisthenes, a say of Scotland as was once said by a Greek philosopher, that hearing one day reverend Divine in reference to one of its of his being praised by certain bad meu, country towns which was particularly re- he exclaimed, Why, what crime have I nowned for the wickedness of its inhabi. committed ? Had the conductors of the tants. When,' said he, . Satan shewed Christian Remembrancer happened to beour Saviour all the kiugdoms of the stow upon us any laudatory epithets, we world and the glory of them, saying, All should certainly have felt as Antisthenes is these will I give thee if thou wilt fall down said to have done, and immediately set and worship me,' he clapped his thumb on about the work of self-examination. And, Kirrieinuir, and said that he reserved that

on the same principle, we consider it as a for bimself, as being part his grand- testimony—80 far as the testimony of such father's inheritance ! I have certainly writers is good for any thing—to the soundbeen told that it is no unusual spectacle to ness of our views, when we happen to be see one of those high toned Churchmen of the objects of their censure and rebuke, the South, as he moves along the streets of The higher their tone of approbation, the Edinburgh, scowl upon the most learned worse in general should we be disposed to and pious Clergyman of the Establishment, think of ourselves; the severer tlieir ani. if he happen to pass, as being an odious madversions, and the more valgar their Dissenter, Scarce so ludicrous as this abuse, the greater reason do we find to be was the conduct of every strutting French- satisfied with our sentiments and conduct; man that came into Britain some years so that, hereafter, they may know exactly ago, as a prisoner of war, who, in imita- how to wound and how to gratify our feeltion of Columbus, on bis arrival in ings. Indeed so completely erroneous do this New World, took possession of the we deem them on the subjects of ecclesoil, as belonging to his master, and as siastical government, gennine religion, constituing almost already a part of Le and practical piety, that such books, reGrand Empire. The establishment of a lating to these, as they condemn, we are hierarchy in Scotland, is a measure which, generally disposed to purchase or to rethey cannot dissemble, is much wished commend. And this rule we should uni6

5 D 2


formly observe, were it not that they are Indeed the Magazine was established for sometimes as stupid as they are heretical; the very purpose of supporting certain and talk highly of those publications views of ecclesiastical polity, and no one which, on their own professed principles, has to proceed far in the perasal of the they should ridicule and vituperate. Ac. Review in question without perceiving cording to them, baptism and regenera- what those views are. The Editor, bis tion are the same; justification by faith coadjutors, and the Reviewer, are all only is a gross delusion ; Bible Societies Episcopalians and avowed abertors of are destructive of all religion and good Episcopacy. I remember some years ago order ; missions 10 the heathen indicate of going to see an exhibition of wild aninothing but fanaticism and folly ; salvation mals, when, after describing several of out of the Episcopal Church is next to them to me, the keeper, proceeding to impossible; zeal for the Gospel, and for the next, said with a stentorian voice, vital godliness, is the most ridiculous and 'This, Sir, is the Nhil Glau, or Horned the most dangerous of all possible things; Horse,-the likest of any known animal schools where children are taught to read to that famous quadruped the Unicorn, any other books, or to learn any other only that he has got two horns.' How catechison, but those sanctioned by the similar must be the exclamation of all Church, and by the Bishops, are nests of on reading the piece under considera. disaffection and sedition ; and every one tion! Can they help crying out, • This, who dares to resist even the most unprin- ladies and gentlemen, is an impartial arcipled, oppressive, and bloody tyrant, biter between the contending parties, provided he be a legitimate sovereign, and only his predilections are all on one side! the head of the Church, is a traitor to the It is told of a certain Irish Judge, pot cause of truth and good government, and much famed for impartiality, that one day a contemner of the scriptural doctrine of on observing a witness come into conrt passive obedience and non-resistance, and with one of bis jaws swelled to an immodeserves to be hanged, drawn, and quar- derate size, he said to a Lawyer who haptered. By men of such principles we must peved to be near him, “That fellow would always reckon it an honour to be attacked; make an excellent lawyer.' • What makes and we beg leave to return the editors of you think so ?' said the Lawyer,' Why,' the Christian Remembrancer our warmest said the Judge, because he has a great thanks for that distinguished mark of dis. deal of jaw.' 'I think,' replied the approbation which they bave graciously Lawyer, be would make as good a judge.' conferred upon us.'

• How is that?' asked the Judge. “Because,' “ Holding such sentiments, I cannot be said the Lawyer, his jaw is all on the supposed to have offered strictures on the one side.' So it is with the Christian Re. Review in question, because I conceived it membrances and its Reviewers. Their at all formidable in itself, as far as talent jaw is all on the one side. And thongo I is concerned, but because the work in had reasoned like a Plato, and displayed which it appears has high pretensions as throughout the eloquence of a Demosthe organ of a certain powerful party in thenes or a Cicero, the result would have the English Church, because it is of great been the same. I was on the wrong side, repute among many members of that and consequently nothing could be right Church in this place, and because it may about me or my eause." P. 15. be circulated among persons of influence on the Bench or in the Cabinet, and may

This is a specimen of Dr. Burns tend to prejudice our Colonists against when he is engaging an anonymous the claims of the Scottish Church and reviewer; at times liis displeasure Clergy in in the remote possessions and vents itself upon personages of much dependencies of the empire.'” P. 11.

higher importance, and he writes in “ This naturally brings me forward to the following strain ; a sccond charge which I have to prefer against my Reviewer, and that is party « But observe the insidiousness of the feeling. A Reviewer ought to be on- Reviewer in apologising for not qnoting my biassed by preconceived opinions, or fa- remarks on Mr. Milne's extract from the yourite systems. He ought to bring a free New York Magazine, on the principle of and unoccupied mind io the exercise of regard for my reputation! • Dr. Burns," criticism. Holding himself forth as the says be, "offers some remarks on this stateguide of public opinion, his readers bave a ment, bnt they are conceived in such a a right to expect that he will not lead spirit, and uttered in such a tone, that we them astray in consequence of any private will not injure him by reciting them.'Most and personal leanings. But is this veri- generous soul! How shall I utter the fied in the case before us? By vo means. abundance of my gratitude 1-But as I

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

happen not to be so jealous of my repnta- the pulpit. This was an honour which the tion as my Reviewer, I beg leave to pre- Doctor did not expect, and it was not alsent my readers with the remarks in qnes- together lost upon bim ; for ere long the tion, although at the time I wrote my Let- most intemperate and insalting harangne, ter to Mr. Milne, I only knew the leading to which the New York magazine alludes, facts of the case, but have now obtained issued froin the press, and thus there were minute and correct information. • Drs. • wars and romours of wars.' At length a Middleton and Bryce went to India in the new Kirk was to be founded-a splendid same vessel, and from some cause or other, Masonic procession took place on the ocsparring commenced during the voyage. casion, with the Earl and Countess of Perhaps the celebrated writer on the Greek Moira at its head—an address was made by article and dignitary of the Church of Eng. bis Lordslip, in which the Doctor was inland had been disposed to assume a con- troduced with honour, and to which he sequence, 'to take a lead, to aspire to an made a very elegant reply. To the stirr. intinence, and to practice an interference ings of jealonsy even a Bishop was not inconsistent with the rights of others' which superior, on snch an occasion as this. Bat warmed the blood of the Scotsman, who, that was not the only cause of mortificathongh only a simple Presbyler, belonging tion to the spiritual lord, for Dr. Bryce to the Kirk, yet had some little preten- was one of the young Scottish divines who sions both as a scholar of distinguished study medicine, and began to practise an eminence and as the author of a pretty interference,' which was rewarded with sizeable volume on oor Anglo-Indian em- enormous fees, and ' to take a lead, by pire. Certain it is that the very breeze becoming Editor of the Asiatic Journal, on which wafted them to our eastern shores a salary of twelve hundred pounds per an. was impregnated with the virus of religi- num, so that even on the score of • filthy gions animosity, and no sooner had they lucre the Presbyter approached too near landed on Asiatic territory than it burst a footing of equality with the Bishop. All forth in allits malignant forms. The Bishop this, however, might have been tolerated, opened the Church, and the Presbyter a bad not Marriage and Baptism fees become temporary Kirk. Unfortunately for his a bone of contention—the Bishop graspLoriship, the Scotch population of Cal. ing at all, the Presbyter at his share. The cutta is too numerous, too rich, and too whole matter was referred home, and, in respectable to be easily dispensed with, the month of May last, it was decided by and no doubt he was vexed to see them the powers in Church and State, that Dr. flocking in crowds to a ' Presbyterian Bryce was entitled to perform the whole Dissenting Meeting House,' when the por- office of a Bishop, standing supreme as tals of a Church stood opeu inviting their the First Representative of the Church approach. • All these,' says your anonym of Scotland in British India. I kuow not mous author,' before the arrival of Dr. to what extent episcopal intolerance would Bryce, were in harmony with the Church have gone in this case, bad not the Earl of England, and willingly united in all its and Countess of Moira stood by the infornis of worship. The first effect, there jured, maintaining liis cause, and leading fore, of this measure, was to create a him on to triumph.'" P. 18. schism where it fouod none, and in the

The meaning of the passage in person of Dr. Bryce not only to create, but to foment division,' As the Doctor

italics is somewhat obscure, for Dr. went to ludia for the sake of the many Buros cannot intend to confess that Scotch who were settled there,' it was na. the Presbyterian Clergyman at Calturally to be expected that they would cutta is as niuch a Prelate in his make use of the religious instructor who

own congregation, as the Bishop in had been provided for them, and as he had no authority to preach in a Church but in the diocese at large. We all know a Kirk, what remained for thein to do but that in fact and in practice the to asseinble in the Kirk for the purpose of Presbyterian parity (not purity, as hearing bis admonitions ? For want of a our printer rather unhappily made Scottish Divine, those wlio belonged to us say) never did exist. Calvin and the Scotch establishment had laudably Knox were both Bishops and Archconformed to the episcopal regime, but as soon as they were blest with a pastor of be conferred by the possession of

bishops, as far as such titles can their own, of course they resorted to their own place of worship: All this was mor.

power and authority, and pretifying to the Bishop, avd he could not re- eminence

their respective frain from introducing the Presbyterian Churches. And we suspect that Dissenting Teacher into bis sermon from Dr. Burns is something of a Bishop,


« PreviousContinue »