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winter quarters under furlough November 4, 1746.* They remained technically in the service for a year—till the last day of October, 1747--ready for any call and prevented by this fact from engaging in any definite employments. At one time the commander, hearing that a rumor had been started that his officers were unwilling to undertake the Crown Point expedition, wrote the governor, strenuously denying the truth of such an intimation, and stating in substance that his command was ready for service at any time and place. He made at least one journey to Boston and conferred with Shirley, under the appointment of the Assembly, in an effort to adjust the accounts of his regiment's pay. The question of this payment of the regiment's expenses developed a number of intricacies, and Shirley took the position that while the officers should be paid in full, the men ought not to receive full pay for the time during which they were at home on furlough. Colonel Williams, however, and all the Connecticut authorities, contended that full pay should be given, under the Duke of Newcastle's original instructions, for the whole time in which the men were under orders. The dispute dragged along. The accounts were presented at London and Eliakim Palmer, the colony's agent in England, was instructed to urge their payment. According to a letter of Palmer to Governor Law (July 23, 1748. Law MS.) the claim for the regiment's services amounted to £30,246. 12s. 8d., which included the whole year of furlough, and this probably does not include the expenses of the maintenance and equipment. But the home government, which had taken such little interest in this affair after authorizing it in the first place, was not disposed to be generous now that nothing had come of it. It seemed necessary to press the claims more actively, and in December, 1749, Colonel Williams, who with some of his friends seems to have advanced their pay to some of his men, sailed from Boston to England to advocate the claims in person, and also, incidentally, to solicit funds for the College of New Jersey. This latter mission is considered another evidence of his New Light tendencies. Indeed military affairs had not taken his mind entirely from religious discussions and his journey oversea cut short a reply he was preparing to Jonathan Edwards's treatise as to the requisites for admission to communion. On his departure from the country Mr. Williams put his notes on this subject into the hands of his brother Solomon, who completed them and published the reply in 1751.

* Copy in Colonel Williams's handwriting of a letter in possession of Connecticut Historical Society from him to Shirley, written early in 1750 when both were in London.

Mr. Williams's life in England was a busy one.

His first attention was of course occupied by his most important mission, the advocacy of the regimental claims. Here he again encountered Shirley, who was representing Massachusetts in the same business, and the relations of the two appear to have become somewhat strained over the matter of pay during the time of furlough. Shirley had originally written Governor Law that while he could not favor such payment he would not call the government's attention to the claim, but he now openly opposed giving full pay to the men for this period, taking this course in Colonel Williams's opinion in order to curry favor with the government. Colonel Williams answered Shirley's arguments as best he could, filing affidavits signed by himself and Lieut.Colonel Talcott, working with the colony's agent and employing counsel to assist him. Richard Partridge, who had succeeded Palmer as the Connecticut agent, wrote to Governor Law, February 16, 1750—"To do the Colonel justice he has labored in these affairs with me indefatigably

& with a great deal of prudence and solid judgment without whose assistance I am satisfied in the intricacy of affairs the cause could not have been so well managed.”

We have no record from his own standpoint of the impression London and English society, of which he saw something, made upon Colonel Williams. Some conjectures on the subject that are not without interest were made by one of his many correspondents--the Rev. Thomas Foxcroft, who wrote him from Boston in June, 1750, as follows:-"I reckon now you've seen London, you've in Effect seen all the world. No one part of

the Earth, I suppose, exceeds it in the Variety of Amusements and pleasing Entertainmt for the Eye, the Ear, and every Sense. But I know you have a Soul form’d for Pleasures superior to all Sensual Satisfactions

According to ту

notion of the Place it has the best and the worst of company in it. The former you chuse and seek and frequently Solace yourself with; tho’ the latter you can't always avoid, but rather, something like Lot in an Age & Place of prevailing Vice & Pro faneness, have your righteous Soul vexed with the filthy Conversation of the Wicked from day to day. When I view you in this last light, I must confess (S") I can't allow myself to envy you the Happiness of your present Situation. I believe, you almost impatiently long to have this new Scene of Life clos’d, and to be dismissed, that you may return to your dear native Country, and enjoy once more the Satisfaction of Quietude and Retirement from a noisy, empty, evil, World."*

Though I have doubts as to the correctness of some of Mr. Foxcroft's assumptions, there is no doubt but that Mr. Williams's sojourn in England was in part a sad one, but for very different reasons from those his correspondent mentions. Within a few months of his departure from home two of his children died, one a daughter of nineteen, the other an infant. Death had before this invaded his family, two of his sons, Samuel and William, both attractive young men, dying in Wethersfield soon after Mr. Williams's retirement from the rectorship of Yale. Of his seven children only two were now left, a son and a daughter-Elisha and Mary-another daughter, Eunice, having died in 1741, at the age of twenty-five. The news of these two bereavements was quickly followed by word of the death of his wife on May 31, 1750. We

We may easily appreciate the sorrow that this news brought to the absent husband and father—a stranger in a strange land. Eunice Williams had been her husband's companion and comforter for thirty-six years--years in which he had grown, from a young, unknown student of theology and law, to be one of the most eminent men of New England. She was said to have been "a

* Original letter, in possession of the author.


sincere Christian of exemplary Meekness, Humility and Patience, full of Good Works and of Faith."*

It was doubtless fortunate for Colonel Williams that he was so fully occupied with his various interests at this time that he had little leisure for mourning or for brooding over these sor

Aside from his business at Parliament he had affairs of his own in connection with the mercantile firm of Williams, Trumbull & Pitkin of which he was senior partner. He made various purchases and investments for the partnership, and the speaker has in his possession a bill of sale to him from one Samuel Sparrow, a merchant of London, of one-half of the ship “Sarah." The matter of raising funds for the New Jersey college also must have occupied much of his time and thought. He met the Countess of Huntington, and other more or less distinguished dissenters—a class that was now, under the influence of the Wesleyans and the preaching of Whitefield, growing in number and importance. Above all, he became a warm friend of Rev. Dr. Philip Doddridge, whose home he often visited. It was in the summer of 1750 that Dr. Doddridge introduced Mr. Williams to Miss Elizabeth Scott, the daughter of the Rev. Thomas Scott, an eminent dissenting divine of Norwich.† At the time Miss Scott was on a visit to London, and tradition has it that when Dr. Doddridge proposed the introduction, Colonel Williams demurred on account of his disinclination, in his state of mourning, to meet strangers, especially such a lively and

woman as Miss Scott was said to be. But Dr. Doddridge, who had just been writing the life of Colonel James Gardiner, who was killed at Preston-Pans, insisted, and presented his friend to Miss Scott as “another praying colonel.”

To be brief, as I must be, and I fear somewhat startling, as I also cannot prevent myself from being, I must confess that it seems to have been a case of love at first sight. Aside from the rapidity with which this event followed Mrs. Williams's death, there was nothing unsuitable in the engagement that ensued. Miss Scott was at this time not greatly inferior to Colonel Williams in age, a most attractive woman whose "Sollicitations to marriage,” wrote her pastor to Elisha's brother Solomon, breaking this news, "have been many, & the offers large, but she had resolutely withstood everything of the kind till Col. Williams made his addresses."

* Mrs. Eunice Williams was eight years and nine months older than her husband. See Wethersfield Town Records.

+ Not, however, the Biblical commentator of the same name as stated in “ Yale Biographies and Annals.” Dr. Scott, the commentator, was not born until after the death of Elizabeth Scott's father.

It has been thought that Dr. Doddridge himself had been a worshipper at this shrine, and Leigh Hunt in one of his essays refers to this as a fact, but modern investigation has failed to confirm such a theory, although the doctor, according to the fashion of the day, expressed himself very tenderly toward her. Once, when she had made an embroidered apron for his wife, Dr. Doddridge wrote --

"Too lovely maid, possess'd of every Art
To charm the fancy and command the heart;
The bloom of Paradise thy needle paints,
Thy song is the echo of celestial Saints,
And the blest youth to whom thy love is given
Will pass through Eden in the way to Heaven.'*

It is interesting to compare with these opinions the statement of a very different type of man from Dr. Doddridge, President Ezra Stiles, who knew Mrs. Williams in 1752.

“She was greatly addicted,” he says succinctly, “to letters and piety.”.

It was a clever letter which the Rev. Samuel Wood wrote to Solomon Williams, announcing the marriage which took place at Norwich on January 29, 1751. He began with a most flattering criticism of the Rev. Solomon's sermons which Colonel Williams had loaned him, finally getting to the history of this “matrimonial alliance," to which in his opinion the “pointings of Providence" were so plain that it would have seemed like

* Leigh Hunt's mention of Dr. Doddridge and Elizabeth Scott, and also the above verses, are quoted by Prof. Henry M. Goodwin in an article entitled “Dr. Doddridge and Miss Scott” in the Independent for June 9, 1881. An interesting letter of Dr. Doddridge to the Rev. Thomas Scott, dated December 15, 1743, is also given entire in this article. See also the Private Diary and Correspondence of Dr. Doddridge. See also articles in Independent during July, 1880, and November, 1883.

+ Literary Diary of Ezra Stiles, vol. II, p. 32.


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