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attempts towards a reformation of

the Church, ibid. difperfes the works

of Wickliff among the common pec-

ple, 140. oppofes the tyranny of Ri-

chard II. ibid. a profecution com-

menced against him for Herefy, 154.

the King exhorts him to retract his

errors, 155. he waits upon his Ma-

jefty with a confeffion of his faith,

156. is committed to the Tower, 157.

his examination before Archbishop

Arundel and the Clergy, 159. his fpi-

rited behaviour, 160. fentence of ex-

communication pronounced against

him, 163. efcapes out of the Tower,

165. is hanged and burned, 167. his

character, ibid. obfervations on the
treatment which he received from the
Romish Clergy, 167.

VI. The life of HENRY

CHICHELY, Archbishop of Can-

terbury. His birth, 169. his educa-

tion, ibid. is made Bishop of St. Da

vid's, ibid. is fent on an Embassy to

France, 170. is made Archbishop of

Canterbury, 171. his fpeech to en-

gage Henry V. to undertake a war

against France, 174. goes over into

France, 178. returns to England

again, and exercifes the power of

ecclefiaftical cenfures against Lord

and Lady Strange, ibid. appointed

one of the Commiffioners to treat of

a peace between England and France,

180. diftinguishes himself by his zeal

against Herefy, 181. founds a Col-

lege at Higham Ferrers, 187, falls

under the difpleafure of the Papal

See, 189. a difpute between him and

Cardinal Kemp about precedency,

193. founds All Souls College, 194.

his death, and character, 196.

VII. The life of JOHN TAL-

BOT, Earl of Shrewsbury. His

birth, 197. his fummons to Parlia-

ment, ibid, his marriage, ibid. com-

mitted to the Tower, ibid. made

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, ibid. is

prefent at the fiege of Caen, 198.

recovers the city of Mans from the

French, 199. takes the town of La-

vai, and goes to the fiege of Orleans,

ibid. diftinguishes himself there, 200.

his intrepid behaviour at the battle of

Patay, 204. is taken prisoner, ibid. is

exchang'd for Xaintrailles, 205. re-

fumes his command in France, ibid.

makes himself mafter of several

sowns, ibid, takes St. Dennis, 206.

and Pontoife, 208. raises the fiege of

Crotoy, 209. ravages Picardy, and

takes feveral towns in Normandy,

ibid. relieves the garrison of Meaux,

210. relieves the garrifon of Pontoife

three feveral times, 211. is created

Earl of Shrewsbury, 212. returns to

England, 213. appointed one of the

Plenipotentiaries for treating of a

peace with England, ibid. his brave

attack upon the French troops at St.

Hillary, 215. appointed Governor of

Guienne, 217. makes himself master

of the city of Bourdeaux, ibid. is

killed, together with his fon Lord

Lifle, at the battle of Chastilion, 219.

his character, ibid.

VIII. The life of RICHARD NE-
VIL, Earl of Warwick. His birth,
221. accompanies his father, the Earl

of Salisbury, into Scotland, ibid. bis

marriage, ibid. lis magnificence and

hofpitality, 225. takes up arms in fa-

vour of the Duke of York, 226.

commands the vanguard of the York-

ifts at the battle of St. Alban's, ibid.

he is made Governor of Calais, 228.

and High Admiral of England, ibid.

takes fome fhips at fea, 230. defeats

and deftroys one of the King's fleets,

233. enters London with a large

army, 234. an inftance of his gallant

behaviour, 238, appointed to treat of

a marriage between King Edward

IV. and the Lady Bona of Savoy,

241. is difgufted, 242.. has an inter-

view with the King of France, 244.

takes up arms against King Edward,

246. takes him prifoner, 247. has an

interview with him in Westminster

Hall, 248. caufes Henry VI. to be

proclaimed, 252. releafes him out of

his confinement in the Tower, 254,

appointed Regent of the kingdom,

in conjunction with the Duke of

Clarence, 254. killed at the battle of

Barnet, z6o. his character, ibid.

IX. The life of Sir JOHN FOR,

TESCUE, His birth, and education,

262. is made Serjeant at Law, 264.

and Chief Justice of the King's

Bench, ibid. is obliged, in conte-

quence of his attachment to the

Houfe of Lancafter, to retire out of

England, 265. his return, 267. hig

death, 270. account of his works,

266, 268, 271.

X. The life of Sir THOMAS

LYTTLETON, 273. Is made one of

the Judges of the Court of Common
Pleas, ibid. and a Knight of the
Bath, 274. his death, 277.

XI. The life of ANTHONY


He is made prisoner by the Earl of

Warwick, and carried to Calais, 279.

his marriage, 280, his folemn en-

counter with the Baftard of Bur-

gundy in Smithfield, 281. attends

King Edward to Holland, 283. made

Governor of Calais, 284. is put to
death at Pontefract, 290. his charac-
ter, 291. account of his works, ibid.
XII. The life of MARGARET,

Countess of Richmond and Derby,

298. Her birth, ibid. and marriage,

ibid. the measures taken by her in fa-

vour of her fen the Earl of Rich-

mond, 300. her piety, 304. and bene-

volence, 305. her munificent founda-

tions, 306, her death, ibid.

XIII. The life of WILLIAM

WARHAM, Archbishop of Canter-

bury, 308. his birth and education,

ibid, fent on an Embaffy to the Arch-

duke Philip, ibid. made Bishop of

London, 312, translated to the See of

Canterbury, 313. elected Chancellor

of the University of Oxford, 314.

his proceedings against Herefy, 315.
his conteft with Wolfey, 317. his
death, 322. and character, 322--325.

XIV. The life of WILLIAM
GROCYN, 326. His birth and edu.
cation, ibid, travels into Italy, ibid.
teaches Greek at Oxford, ibid. his
death, 328.

XV. The life of Dr. THOMAS

LINACRE, 330. His birth and edu

cation, ibid. travels into Italy, ibid.

created Doctor of phyfic at Oxford,

331. applies himself to the study of

Divinity, 332. and enters into holy

orders, ibid. establishes the College

of Physicians, 333. his death and

character, 334. account of his works,


XVI. The life of JOHN FISHER,

Bishop of Rochester, 337. his birth

and education, ibid. takes the degree

of Doctor in Divinity, ibid, appoint-

ed Chaplain to the Lady Margaret,

338. made Bishop of Rochester, ibid.,
preaches and writes against Luther,
339. he is twice in imminent danger
of his life, 344. adjudged guilty of

mifprifion of treafon, for concealing

the fpeeches of Elizabeth Barton,

348. condemned for refusing to take

the oath required by the act of fuc-

ceffion, 354. for which he was be.

headed, ibid. his character, 356. ac-

count of his works, 358.

XVII. The life of Dean COLET,
361. His birth, ibid. his education,
362. enters into holy orders, ibid. tra-

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HE friends of truth, and of liberty, will ever hold in the highest eftimation thofe illuftrious men, who in times of danger and of difficulty, of ignorance, error, and fuperftition, have dared to make a noble ftand against the ufurpations of Ecclefiaftical Tyranny, undaunted by the dangers which fur rounded them. Amongst thefe worthies JOHN WICKLIFF deferves the most diftinguished notice; as his unwearied labours, and the manly spirit which he exerted, in oppofing the numerous errors and corruptions of the Romish church, aided by that fuperior penetration and fagacity, which he difcovered in a barbarous and unlettered age, firft paved the way for that Refor mation, of which we now enjoy the happy effects.

At the period in which this juftly celebrated Reformer lived, the corruptions of the church of Rome were arifen to an amazing height. The condition of the greater part of the laity was fuch, in England, in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, that to those who live in a better and more enlightened age, it muft appear amazing that mankind fhould ever have been funk into fuch a degree of ftupidity, ignorance, and fuperftition. The religion of Jefus, in itfelf plain, rational, and confiftent, unincumbered with trifling and fuperftitious ceremonies, and calculated to promote the best interefts of mankind, was fo obfcured and disfigured, that fcarce any traces of its original beauty were difcernible. Instead of being employed to advance those excellent ends, to which it was fo admirably calculated, it was, by the artifices of wicked and defigning priests, made an inftrument of fraud, injustice, and oppreffion.

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