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a

Indefinite Article, qualifying the Objective

'horse.' horse

Noun, Objective. with the money Adverbial phrase, qualifying the Predicate-verb

bought. wh he had Adjective-clause, qualifying the noun 'money' saved.

in the Adverbial phrase with the money.'

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Analysis of the Adjective-clause. which Pronoun, introducing the Adjective-clause, and

used as Objective. he

Pronoun, Subject-nominative. had saved. Predicate-verb, compounded of the auxiliary

' had,' and the participle saved.' For Contracted and Elliptical Sentences, see Chapter IV.

Long sentences frequently present combinations of the constructions which we have discussed. The student will examine these in his reading. In this place we shall take two examples, given by Dr. Morell, Grammar, pp. 91 and 99.

Example 1. A reader unacquainted with the real nature of a classical education will probably undervalue it, when he sees that so large a portion of time is devoted to the study of a few ancient authors, whose works seem to have no direct bearing on the studies and duties of our own generation.

First of all we observe that this Compound Sentence exhibits Correlative clauses :

A reader unacquainted with the real Principal Clause.

nature of a classical education will

probably undervalue it:
when he sees that so large a portion Accessory Clause.

of time is devoted to the study of
a few ancient authors, whose works
seem to have no direct bearing on
the studies and duties of our own
generation.

Analysis of the Principal Clause. A

Indefinite article, qualifying the Subject-nomi

native reader.' reader Noun, Subject-nominative. unacquainted Adjective, qualifying the Subject-nominative

reader.' with the real Adverbial phrase, qualifying the Adjective

nature ' unacquainted. of a classical Prepositional phrase, qualifying the Noun

education nature.' will... un- Predicate-verb, compounded of the auxiliary

dervalue will,' and the infinitive 'undervalue.' probably Adverb, qualifying the Predicate-verb will

undervalue.' it

Pronoun, Objective.

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sees

Analysis of the Accessory Clause. when

Connective Particle, introducing the sentence

'he sees,' &c. he

Pronoun, Subject-nominative.

Predicate-verb. that so large Noun-clause, Objective, dependent upon the

a portion Predicate-verb sees.'
of time is
devoted to
the study
of a few

authors. whose works Adjective-clause, qualifying the Noun "authors.'

seem to have no direct bearing on the studies and duties of our own generation.

Analysis of the Noun-clause. that

Connective Particle, introducing the sentence

so large a portion,' &c.
Adverb, qualifying the Adjective large.'

SO

a

large Adjective, qualifying the Subject-nominative

'portion.' Indefinite Article, qualifying the Subject-nomi

native 'portion.' portion Noun, Subject-nominative. of time Prepositional phrase, qualifying the Subject

nominative portion.' is devoted Predicate-verb, compounded of the auxiliary

is,' and the Participle devoted.' to the study Adverbial phrase, qualifying the Predicate-verb

is devoted.' of a few Prepositional phrase, qualifying the Noun

authors study.'

whose

Analysis of the Adjective-clause.
Pronoun, introducing the Adjective-clause, and

qualifying the Subject-nominative works.'
Noun, Subject-nominative.
Predicate-verb.
Infinitive, dependent upon the Predicate-verb

works
seem
to have

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seem.'

no

Adjective, qualifying the Objective bearing. direct Adjective, qualifying the Objective-bearing.' bearing Verbal-noun or rather, Infinitive used sub

stantively), Objective, dependent upon the

Infinitive to have.' on the studies Prepositional phrase, dependent upon the Verbal and duties Noun 'bearing;' (or, Adverbial phrase, de

pendent upon the Infinitive bearing.') Obs. The nouns studies' and duties' are coupled

by the Conjunction and.' of our own Prepositional phrase, qualifying the Nouns

generation. studies and duties.'

Example II.

Bourdaloue is indeed a great reasoner, and inculcates his

doctrines with much zeal, piety, and earnestness ; but his style is verbose, he is disagreeably full of quota

tions from the Fathers, and he wants imagination. The whole sentence is divided into two sections, separated by the adversative but. On the one side, we have a con

tracted sentence; on the other side, we have three coordinates. Bourdaloue is Contracted Sentence.

indeed a great reasoner, and inculcates his doctrines with much zeal, piety, and

earnestness : (1) his style is Three Co-ordinates.

verbose, (2) he is dis

agreeably full of quotations from the

Fathers, (3) he wants

imagination.

The third Co-ordinate is joined to the other two, by the Conjunction and

Analysis of the Contracted Sentence. By supplying he in the second clause, we obtain two coordinate sentences, connected by the Copulative and :

1. Bourdaloue is indeed a great reasoner.
2. [He] inculcates his doctrines with much zeal, piety,

and earnestness.
1. Bourdaloue Noun, Subject-nominative.
is

Predicate-verb. indeed Adverb, qualifying the Predicate-verb is.'

Indefinite Article, qualifying the Predicate

nominative ‘ reasoner.' great

Adjective, qualifying the Predicate-nomina

tive' reasoner.'

Noun, Predicate-nominative. 2. [He]

Pronoun, Subject-nominative. inculcates Predicate-verb. his

Pronoun in the possessive case, qualifying

the Objective .doctrines.' doctrines Noun, Objective. with much Adverbial phrase, qualifying the Predicate

zeal, piety, verb 'inculcates,' and denoting the manand earnesto

a

reasoner.

ner how.

ness :

Analysis of the Three Co-ordinates. 1. his

Pronoun in the possessive case, qualifying

the Subject-nominative 'style.' style

Noun, Subject-nominative. is

Predicate-verb. verbose, Adjective, Predicate-nominative. 2. he

Pronoun, Subject-nominative. is

Predicate-verb. disagreeably Adverb, qualifying the Predicate-nominative

.full.' full

Adjective, Predicate-nominative. of quotations Prepositional phrase, dependent upon the

from the Adjective .full.'

Fathers, 3. he

Pronoun, Subject-nominative. wants

Predicate-verb. imagination. Noun, Objective.

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